Using computers to solve geometric problems. Questions with this tag should typically have at least one other tag indicating what sort of geometry is involved, such as ag.algebraic-geometry or mg.metric-geometry.

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4
votes
1answer
295 views

Biggest ball included in an intersection of balls

I would like to prove that for any family of balls $\{B(c_i,r_i)\}_i \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $\{c_1, \dots, c_n\} \subset \bigcap_i B(c_i,r_i) $ and $\forall i, r_i \geq 1$, there exists a ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Number of isomorphism classes of triangulations of a convex polygon

The number of triangulations of a convex $n$-gon is $C_{n-2}$ the $n-2$nd Catalan number. What I am wondering, is if there is a way to enumerate the isomorphism types of these as graphs? I am ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Regularity of Delaunay triangulation of a hypercube

First using a three dimensional unit cube as an example for the term "regularity", we can have two possible triangulations: (A) (B) We say the lower triangulation is more "regular" than upper ...
44
votes
2answers
977 views

Reasons to prefer one large prime over another to approximate characteristic zero

Background: In running algebraic geometry computations using software such as Macaulay2, it is often easier and faster to work over $\mathbb F_p = \mathbb Z / p\mathbb Z$ for a large prime $p$, rather ...
0
votes
2answers
236 views

Higher dimensional convex hull

Let $CH(S)$ be a convex hull of a finite set $S$ and denote the set of all the vertices of $CH(S)$ as $Vert(S)$. For a vertex $v \in Vert(S)$, it has an associated set $E(v)$ which is defined as ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Inferring the properties of a visibility blocker tangential to a point-like light source

Imagine there's a point-like particle undergoing radioactive decay at some position $(0,0,0)$ in Euclidean $3$-space. We encapsulate this particle with a spherical detector for the decay products it ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Boundary surfaces in a 3d Voronoi tessellation with obstacles

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n$ be a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $\mathcal{O}_1 ,\dots, \mathcal{O}_m$ denote a set of polyhedral obstacles. What is the name for the surfaces that describe the ...
6
votes
2answers
327 views

Intersection of 2 visibility polygons

Let $P$ be a simple, closed and bounded polygon and $p_1,p_2 \in \mathrm{int}(P)$ be two points in its interior. Is it true that the intersection of the visibility polygons of $p_1$ and $p_2$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

The discrete theory of compressible fluids dynamics

I am working on the discrete theory of compressible fluids dynamics, i.e., numerically solving and simulating the compressible fluids , we are interested in the way using discrete exterior calculus, ...
0
votes
2answers
172 views

Incidences of quadratic forms and points

Is there anything that is known about what is the maximal number of incidences between quadratic forms and points? I looked at the internet and I haven't found anything that works for something that ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

minimizing the sum of euclidean norms

minimizing the sum of euclidean norms with box constraints I am a graduate student in computer science, making a thesis on uncertainty geometry. During my thesis I came across the following ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

Questions on Discrete Exterior Calculus in numerial computing

I have several questions about the Discrete Exterior Calculus (DEC) in the numerical method for solving partial differential equation in physics: (Discrete Exterious Calculus is the newly developed ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Uniformly sampling the solution space for points where the free termini of two rays, anchored at 3-space points, can intersect

I have two rays, one of length $L_1$ and one of length $L_2$. I anchor these rays, each at one end, on the 3-space points $p_1$ and $p_2$. Assuming that the Euclidean distance between $p_1$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Triangulation of the surface determined by sampling two of its cross-sections

I have a data set that essentially looks like the picture below, i.e., it's given by sets of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that sample the cross-sections of a certain surface that in principle I do not ...
7
votes
0answers
140 views

Fractional Helly for more than one piercing

Fractional Helly Theorem says the following: For every $0<\alpha\leq 1$ there exists $\beta = \beta(d, \alpha)$ with the following property. Let $C_1 , C_2 , ..., C_n$ be convex sets in $R^d$, $n ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

What properties does generalized Delaunay triangulation have?

Suppose that instead of the usual circle, we pick some other convex set D and make the Delaunay triangulation of a finite planar point set with respect to this set, i.e. connect two points if there is ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Intersection of Cones in Three Space

In several branches of applied mathematics the problem arises to describe the intersection of two cones in three space. I have searched and found a few references that discuss the problem for cones ...
1
vote
2answers
572 views

Projection of a point to a convex hull in d dimensions

Hi, I've got n points in d dimensions (typically n is around 30k-60k and d is 5 or 6). I'm using qhull to calculate the Delaunay triangulation and the convex hull of the set of points. You can ...
3
votes
2answers
433 views

Find longest segment through centroid of 2D convex polygon?

Given a 2D convex polygon P and its centroid C, how do I find the longest line segment passing through C, where the endpoints of the segment lie on the boundary of P? Intuitively I imagine there ...
3
votes
1answer
909 views

Subtract Rectangle from Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm that will subtract a rectangle from a simple, concave polygon and return a remainder of polygons. If the rectangle encloses the polygon, the remainder is null. In most ...
0
votes
0answers
188 views

Determining the simplices in freudenthal triangulation

HI, I have a doubt on Freudenthal Triangulation. I want to partition a simplex into finer simplices. The FT gives me the vertices of the simplices which partition my original simplex into ...
2
votes
0answers
288 views

Solving 3D equation system (inverse-projecting a triangle)

Please, how is the equation system below named exactly (to search further literature)? Does it have an analytical solution? If it doesn't, then what could be the fastest numerical method for it ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Compute generalized pentagram map

Hi, (This is my first question on MathOverflow! :-) Imagine you have a set of points $S = \{p_1, \ldots, p_n\}$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$, of which $t$ are "bad". I want to compute a "safe convex hull", ...
10
votes
3answers
456 views

Algorithms in Invariant Theory

Let $V$ be a polynomial representation of the general linear group $\Gamma:=\DeclareMathOperator{\Gl}{Gl}\Gl_n(\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C)$. In chapter 4.6 of his book "Algorithms in Invariant ...
5
votes
5answers
520 views

Finding an axis-aligned ellipsoid of minimal volume which contains a given ellipsoid

A friend asked me to post the following question. He's not an MO user and felt it would be better received if asked by someone who was already known to the community. This is not my area, but I'll do ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Get Largest Inscribed Rectangle of a Concave Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm to find a set of largest inscribed rectangles of a concave polygon where each rectangle must be collinear with one of the edges of the polygon. In other words, I want to ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Covering a Polygon with Rectangles

I am tyring to cover a simple concave polygon with a minimum rectangles. My rectangles can be any length, but they have maximum widths, and the polygon will never have an acute angle. I thought about ...
3
votes
2answers
398 views

The (Sigma) Algebra of Convex Sets

This is a question-by-proxy for a colleague from computer science. I'm sure many people here are already aware that convex decomposition forms an important sub-field of both computational geometry and ...
2
votes
2answers
518 views

Decomposing a polygon with holes

It is known that given a polygon $P$ with holes it is NP-hard to find a decomposition of $P$ into convex polygons, s.t. their number is minimized (even if Steiner points are allowed). I am wondering ...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

Techniques for refining or constraining a Voronoi diagram?

I have a dataset coming from weather stations where each vertex used to generate the Voronoi diagram is the lat/long of the station. As such, each cell represents the area whose weather is being ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

Orientation predicate CG

Shewchuk 97 gives me the orientation of 4 points, by finding the sign of a determinant, where the matrix is composed of the coordinates of the points. So, the signed volume of a tetrahedron, or which ...
11
votes
3answers
475 views

finding the most-isolated point in a high-dimensional cube

I have a set of points {$x_1,\ldots,x_n$} located in the d-dimensional unit cube $[0,1]^d$. $n$ is about 1000 and $d$ is about 25. I'd like to find $\max_{\omega\in [0,1]^d}\min_{i=1,\ldots,n} ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Are point sets of the same order type connected by continuous (order type)-preserving motion?

Given two general position point sets in $\mathbb{R}^2$ of the same size and order type, is it possible to continuously move the points of one set until they coincide with those of the other set in ...
4
votes
5answers
639 views

Segments of Voronoi Diagrams on smooth manifolds. Are they geodesics?

Let $S$ be a patch of a smooth 2-manifold in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and pick two distinct points $a,\ b \in S$. Let $c$ be the set of points on $S$ equidistant to $a$ and $b$, where distance is defined by ...
3
votes
3answers
438 views

How to find the minimum number of hyperplanes to define a convex hull?

I have the following problem: I have a convex hull $\Omega$ defined by a set of n-dimensional hyperplanes $S = [(n_1,d_1), (n_2,d_2),...,(n_k,d_k)]$ such that a point $p \in \Omega$ if $n_i^T p \geq ...
2
votes
2answers
540 views

maximum number of shortest path among a set of n triangle obstacles

Assume that we have a two distinct points. The number of shortest path between these two points is one. When we add a triangle obstacle to the plane and this triangle intersects the line connecting ...
2
votes
1answer
609 views

practical algorithm for constrained triangulation in two dimensions?

I'm looking for an algorithm that is easy to implement in practice (resulting in small amount of code), preferably incremental. As far as I know, the biggest problem with incremental constrained ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Checking if one polytope is contained in another

Hi, I have two sets of inequalities, say, $Ax \leq 0$ and $Bx \leq 0$. I would like to know if they both define the same polytope. Or, even, whether one is contained in the other. At the moment I am ...
4
votes
2answers
465 views

Area ratio of a minimum bounding rectangle of a convex polygon

Take a convex polygon $P$ in the plane, and find its minimum area bounding rectangle, $R$. I'm interested in the ratio of the area of $R$ to the area of $P$. The ratio has a minimum of $1$ for ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Known graph/surface invariants that can be extracted from homology over different fields

The $Z_2$-homology of a surface viewed as a simplicial complex allows us to extract interesting invariants from the resulting homology groups. $\beta_0$ is the number of connected components, ...
9
votes
3answers
396 views

Degree of generators of irreducible components

Let $V$ be a Zariski-closed subset of $\mathbb{A}^n_k$, where $k$ is an algebraically closed field. Assume that $V$ may be defined by polynomials of degree at most $d$ (or to put it otherwise $V$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

'Reference' request: Program to work with cyclic quotient singularities.

I'm looking for program code to deal with cyclic quotient singularities on normal surfaces. In particular, at the moment I need that given a singularity $p$ like $p=\frac{1}{n}(1,a)$ the code ...
8
votes
3answers
808 views

Complexity of matching red and blue points in the plane.

I'm just asking because I'm curious. I was seeking references on the following problem, that a friend exposed to me last holidays : Problem Given $n$ red points and $n$ blue points in the plane in ...
3
votes
2answers
514 views

Area of a Convex Polygon (Described via Half-Planes)

The intersection of a collection of half-planes describes a convex polygon, whose vertices can be constructed in $O(n \log n)$ time using a divide-and-conquer approach (e.g., intersect each half-plane ...
6
votes
3answers
249 views

Minimum separating subdivision in Plane

Hi I was thinking about the following problem: Given a planar Graph embedded in the plane and a set of points $P$ contained in the faces (no face contains more than one point) I want to determine ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How to efficiently vacuum the house

Let $P$ be a polygon (perhaps with no acute angles inside) and let $L$ be a line segment. The segment may move through the area inside $P$ in straight lines, orthogonal to $L$, or it may pivot on any ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Characteristics of locally triangle-free graph

Hi I am given a triangulation $T $ of a set of points $S $ in the plane and a disk $D$ which doesn't contain any triangle. If I now look at the subgraph $G(V,E)$ of $T $ whose vertices are the points ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Euclidean neighborhoods on Polyhedral surface

Let $(X, Vertex(X))$ be a Polyhedral surface (defined like in Polthier) , $x_0 \in X$ a vertex. Let $B_\epsilon(x_0)$ the euclidean ball centred at $x_0$ with radius $\epsilon$, $\epsilon > max ...
10
votes
1answer
522 views

Complexity of a weirdo two-dimensional sorting problem

Please forgive me if this is easy for some reason. Suppose given $S$, a set of $n^2$ points in $\mathbb{R}^2$. I want to choose a bijective map $f$ from $S$ to the set of lattice points in $\lbrace ...
1
vote
1answer
481 views

Graph drawing: unrooted undirected tree graphs with specified edge lengths.

Has Joseph Felsenstein's equal daylight layout been analyzed by the graph drawing community? The following description is taken from his drawtree documentation: "This iteratively improves an ...