Using computers to solve geometric problems. Questions with this tag should typically have at least one other tag indicating what sort of geometry is involved, such as ag.algebraic-geometry or mg.metric-geometry.

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Non-Convex Polygons with “Antipodal Visibility”

by "antipodal visibility" of planar, simple polygons I mean the following property: if two points $p$ and $q$ on the polygon's boundary divide the polygon's boundary into two polylines of equal ...
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Is there a Gröbner basis analogue that exists for vector spaces?

Suppose I have a coordinate system $t_1,\ldots t_N$ with a lexicographical ordering. Let LT denote choosing the lowest term of a polynomial with respect to this ordering. e.g. LT$(t_1 + t_2)=t_2$. ...
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Dissection of a polygon into convex polygons

Problem: for a fixed integer $m\geqslant 3$ find all $n$ such that no $n$-gon can be dissected into convex $m$-gons. I would be very grateful for any information on this problem. Remark 1. There ...
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Dubins car shortest paths: Decidable?

A Dubins car follows a Dubins path in $\mathbb{R}^2$, with constant wheel speed and limited turning radius. It is known that the shortest Dubins path in the absence of obstacles follows circular arcs ...
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Number of edges in linklessly embeddable graphs

Consider graphs over $n$ nodes. What is the maximum number of edges of a linklessly embeddable graph? A more general question is the following. Given $\mu$ what is the maximum number of edges of ...
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Paper on unit disk graphs

I was wondering if anybody knows of a 'link' to the paper by Marathe 1995 et al on analysis of the greedy algorithm for finding a Max independent set in Unit Disk Graphs?
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Complexity of Untwisting Polygons

What is the complexity of the following task: given a sequence $p_1, ..., p_n, p_1$ that defines a closed polyline in the euclidean plane, what is the complexity of finding a reordering of the points, ...
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Ways to show a system of polynomial equations has no solution

I came across the following system of polynomial equations on $X_1,\dots,X_{m-2}$: $$ \begin{cases} 2X_{2s}+\sum\limits_{t=1}^{2s-1}(-1)^tX_tX_{2s-t}=0,\quad s=1,\dots,\frac{m}{2}-1,\\ ...
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Random Vornoi Diagrams (particular measures)

This is my second question about Random Voronoi diagrams, in my first question was given some excellent advice but i was not clear in explaining what i was looking for. I'm interested to know ...
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702 views

Random Voronoi Diagrams

I'm interested in what research has already been done with regards to the statistics of random voronoi diagrams. I have had a look on google scholar and results are a little inconclusive. I'm ...
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Computable link invariants

I am interested in the following situation: given a braid $B$, it induces a link $L$ in a pretty straightforward way ("glue" the endpoints, like here). For a braid $B$, we know how to represent it in ...
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252 views

Hilbert function of points in $\mathrm{P}^2$

Let $\Gamma$ be a collection of $d$ points in $\mathrm{P}^2$, and $I$ the graded ideal of $\Gamma$.If $$ ...
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106 views

Finding a minimum covering of a polygon with interesting shapes

After reading many papers about problems of minimum polygon covering, I found out that there are four different types of units that are considered for covering polygons, in increasing order of ...
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100 views

mean length of the non-crossing graphs on n points

My original question is rather vague so I'll start with a precise example and then indicate possible generalisations. Given a n-tuple $x=(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ in, say, a square with side-length $1$ in the ...
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359 views

“Average” Voronoi diagrams without probability?

A plane Poisson process with uniform intensity scatters "sites" about the plane. If I'm not mistaken, in a sense the "average" Voronoi diagram of that set of sites is a honeycomb. I know it's been ...
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Find shift direction for min overlap area of 2 polygons

I have 2 arbitrary polygons (concave or convex) with certain overlap. Now there is some relative shift between these 2 polygons (vector s with a constant length). I want to find the direction of s ...
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Dead Flies Problem [duplicate]

If a set of points in the plane contains one point in each convex region of area 1, then can it have finite density? what is the density of the points? In my understanding, it means the average ...
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237 views

Combinatorial design for minimization problem over binary strings

Suppose the cost of a binary string $B$ of length $k$ is the number of $1$s that occur before the last $0$. For example, $1110$ has cost 3 while $0111$ has cost 0. Now suppose you can choose $k$ ...
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Number of lattice polytopes contained in a given lattice polytope?

Given a (convex) lattice polytope, suppose we want to list or count all (convex) lattice polytopes (of the same dimension) contained in it. Are there efficient ways to do this?
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335 views

How hard is it to determine if a weighted graph can be isometrically embedded in R^3?

Consider a graph $G$ with nonnegative edge weights. Question: In $\mathbb{R}^3$, how hard is it to assign coordinates to vertices such that the Euclidean length of each edge is equal to its weight? ...
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184 views

Given a polygon with holes, find a maximum distance pair in two subsets

I am curious about the following problem: Given a polygon with holes and two convex subsets, $S$ and $T$, find points $s \in S, t \in T$ such that the shortest path between the two points has maximal ...
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200 views

Simultaneous geometric separator

A geometric separator is a line that separates a given set of shapes to two subsets of approximately the same size (up to a constant), while intersecting only a small number of shapes. When a ...
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1answer
386 views

Explicit computation of the action of a Dehn twist on the fundamental group of a surface

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g$. Now let $p\in S$ and $\gamma$ a closed simple curve on $S$ disjoint from $p$. It is not very difficult to compute the action of a Dehn twist along ...
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184 views

A Claim on Typical Voronoi Cells

I am trying to prove the following claim (may be it has been proven). Claim: Consider a set of points $\phi=\{x_1,x_2,...,x_i,...\}$ generated by a homogeneous PPP with rate $\lambda$ in the 2-D ...
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Place N points in a 3d cube in a way that maximizes the minimum of their pairwise distances

Place $N$ points in a 3d cube in a way that maximizes the minimum of their pairwise distances. The problem can easily be solved for $N\lt5$, but how to proceed for larger $N$?
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Covering a set of points by bounded geometric object/objects

1) Let $S$ be a set of $n$ points in $R^d$. Now, given a bounded geometric object $G$, the problem is to check whether $S$ can be contained in $G$. 2) Also, in general setting, the problem is to ...
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Constructing a polyhedron of maximal possible volume from given bounds on areas of its faces

Consider $n$ variables $a_1,...,a_n$ ranging over $\mathbb{R}^+$. Suppose we are given $n$ pairs of positive rational numbers $(p_1,q_1),...,(p_n,q_n)$ where each pair imposes bounds on the ...
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1answer
71 views

Smoothly deforming a set of three-dimensional points

I want to deform a 3D mesh according to 3 or more control points, meaning that the transformation is constituted by pre-images $c_i$ and images $c_i'$ of these control points. Each point of the mesh ...
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237 views

Largest inscribed rectangle inside a convex polygon

It has been proved by Radziszewski in this paper K. Radziszewski. Sur une probleme extremal relatif aux gures inscrites et circonscrites aux gures convexes. Ann. Univ. Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, Sect. ...
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Maximal geometric mean of distances between points on an interval

Suppose I had T points in the interval $[0,1]$. Call them $e_1, \dots, e_T$. Question 1: What is a good nontrivial bound on the geometric mean of $$\{|e_i - e_j| : 1 \leq i < j \leq T \}, $$ as a ...
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171 views

Hamiltonian circuit

Let us consider a disk with one labelled point on the boundary and $n$ labelled points in the interior. Let T be a triangulation of the whole disk with vertices on the labelled points such that T ...
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Intuition behind minimizing the Dirichlet energy of a mapping

What does minimizing the Dirichlet energy of a mapping $\Phi$ achieve intuitively? Roughly it is the integral (or sum, if discrete) of $|\nabla \Phi(\;)|^2 dV$, with $V$ the volume. So is it, in some ...
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point in polytope

Suppose I have the convex hull $P$ of a finite collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^d,$ and I want to see whether a point $p$ is contained in $P.$ This is a standard (some would say the standard linear ...
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753 views

Intersection of Polyhedra

I'm writing a collision detection algorithm, and so far I've been using Joseph O'Rourke's book "Computational Geometry in C" as reference. It outlines an algorithm to determine whether a point is ...
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111 views

Incremental structure of a delaunay triangulation

This would probably be considered a reference request, as I would imagine it has been studied extensively in earlier work. Say I have a collection of distinct points $X = \{x_1,\dots,x_n\}$ in the ...
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249 views

Software computation with arithmetic schemes

For rings such as $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ is there software to compute any of: 1.) The integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]/(f)$. de Jong has a very general algorithm that works in this context ...
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638 views

Hyperrectangle partition of set of overlapping hyperrectangles

I have a set of $n$, $d$-dimensional hyperrectangles which may be overlapping in arbitrary ways. I would like to partition the area covered by this set into a set of non-overlapping hyperrectangles. ...
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828 views

Finding the vertices of a convex polyhedron from a set of planes

I'm new to computational geometry and advanced mathematics in general here so bear with me. I've spent a decent amount of time attempting to figure out this problem and I just can't find a solution. ...
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Computing with Graphs in Surfaces

I asked this question yesterday on math.stackexchange, but the only response so far hasn't really addressed the question, so I thought I'd cross-post it. I am currently working on a research project ...
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598 views

An NP-hard $n$ fold integral

We are given rational numbers $[c_1, c_2, \ldots, c_n]$ and $v$ from the interval $[0,1]$. Consider the $n$-fold integral $$ J = \int_{\theta_1 \in I_1, \theta_2 \in I_2 \ldots, \theta_n \in I_n} ...
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Upper bounds on art gallery problems using independent witnesses

Given a polygon $P$, the art gallery problem looks to find a smallest set of points that sees all of $P$. One way of bounding the number of guards necessary (from below) is to find a largest set of ...
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911 views

Any reference to an algorithm for finding the largest empty circle on a sphere (with great-circle distance)?

Given a set $S$ of 2D points in the plane, there are known algorithms for finding the largest empty circle ($LEC$) of the set of points. The $LEC$ problem is stated in this way: find a $LEC$ whose ...
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Construction of an integral point set given the set of distances, its minimal description to get a measure of its complexity and its unique identifier

Given a set of distances between every pair of points of an integral point set $P$ of $n$ points; say $D = \{{d_i}\}$. Q1. What is the least time complexity possible/known for recreating the ...
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404 views

Checking if a binary vector lies in the affine span of given binary vectors

Let $x_1,\ldots,x_N \in \{0,1\}^D$ be $N$ binary vectors in ${\mathbb R}^D$, assumed affinely independent. Is there an efficient algorithm for determining whether a new binary vector $x_{N+1}$ is in ...
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91 views

Covering the annulus of d-cube

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C + x = \{ \lambda c+x \mid c\in C \}$, for some $x\in R^d$, is called a homothetic copy of $C$. The ...
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Covering the annulus of symmetric convex body

Consider a symmetric convex body $A$ in $R^d$. Now, we draw another object, $A'$, concentric and translated with respect to A and having radius slightly greater than twice to the radius of $A$. Now ...
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465 views

Algorithms for covering a rectilinear polygon using the same multiple rectangles

Sorry for the crossing-posting: original post is here All angles of the polygon (representing a room) are right. It may be convex or concave. Use rectangles of the same size (representing a sensor ...
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232 views

convex polyhedron in the unit cube

Let $P$ be a given finite set of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube. A finite set $Q$ of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube covers $P$ if $\operatorname{conv}(Q) \supseteq P$ where ...
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340 views

Biggest ball included in an intersection of balls

I would like to prove that for any family of balls $\{B(c_i,r_i)\}_i \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $\{c_1, \dots, c_n\} \subset \bigcap_i B(c_i,r_i) $ and $\forall i, r_i \geq 1$, there exists a ...
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172 views

Number of isomorphism classes of triangulations of a convex polygon

The number of triangulations of a convex $n$-gon is $C_{n-2}$ the $n-2$nd Catalan number. What I am wondering, is if there is a way to enumerate the isomorphism types of these as graphs? I am ...