**11**

votes

**3**answers

403 views

### Algorithmic complexity of formal proof verification?

In this question, suppose $S$ is some popular real-world automated proof system that is stronger than or equivalent to Peano Arithmetic. I would be happy with a positive answer to the following for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Complexity of recognizing equivalent translation surfaces

"A translation surface is a union of polygons with pairs of parallel edges identified by translation, up to cut and paste equivalence."
I take that succinct (and not fully precise) definition ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Complexity of this minimization

For integer $N$ consider the mapping $$f : (0,1)^N \to \mathbb{R}, \quad x \mapsto \min_{b \in \{0,1\}^N} \left\{ x^b + x^{1-b} \right\},$$
where $x^b = x_1^{b_1} \cdots x_N^{b_N}$ and $1-b = (1-b_1, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Complexity of linear solvers vs matrix inversion

Solving linear equations can be reduced to a matrix-inversion problem, implying that the time complexity of the former problem is not greater than the time complexity of the latter. Conversely, given ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

181 views

### On Knot Equivalence problem statement

How is the knot equivalence problem represented?
By this I mean I am looking for an analogy that compares with graph equivalence. For graph equivalence, we have two graphs $G_1$ and $G_2$ with ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is it possible to make an algorithm that could predict the likelihood that a program will halt?

Today I began to read about computability theory. I do not even have an elementary understanding of the topic but it certainly got me thinking. I know there is there is no 'one-for-all' algorithm that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

81 views

### Complexity of $\mathsf{gcd}(a,b)\bmod N$

Given $a,b\in\Bbb N$ where each $a,b$ is $n$-bits, we can compute $\mathsf{gcd}(a,b)$ in $cn^{1+\epsilon}$ bit operations for some fixed $c\geq1$.
My query is given $N,a,b$ where $a,b$ is $n$-bits ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Complexity theory and closed form formulas in analysis

My question concerns definitions of "closed form" solutions. In hamiltonian systems this is closely related to complete integrability. In this context closed form can refers to having $(q(t),p(t))$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

268 views

### Time Hierarchy Theorem and P vs NP

One obvious strategy for proving P not equal to NP would be to show that there is some problem in NP which is hard for a time class strictly containing P (the origin of this question is the recent ...

**53**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### What are the implications of the new quasi-polynomial time solution for the Graph Isomorphism problem?

This week, news came out that Laszlo Babai has found a quasi-polynomial time algorithm to solve the Graph Isomorphism problem (that is: $O(\exp(polylog(n)))$). He is giving a series of talks this ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Effectively non-recursiveness of some sets

A set $A$ is completely productive if there exists a computable function $f$ such that for every $e$, $f(e)\in (A-W_e)\cup (W_e-A)$. A set is effectively non-recursive if it is r.e. and its ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

160 views

### What is the fastest way to sort numbers lexicographically?

I have $N$ sequences of numbers. None of them is longer than $10^6$. I want to sort those sequences lexicographically. For example, given sequences {1, 2, 4}, {1, 2, 3}, {2, 5, 7}, {2}, I want to have ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### On variant of integer factorization

In the post on site cstheory.stackexchange on whether a variant of integer factorization
$$\mathsf{}\mbox{ }{\Pi} = \{\langle a, b, n \rangle \;|\; \exists \mbox{ } \mathsf{ an}\mbox{ }\mathsf{ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### A reference for “Borel Sets and Circuit Complexity”

Is there any pdf version of M.Sipser's "Borel Sets and Circuit Complexity" or , since I am unable to get this paper, is there other reference closely related to theory in that paper?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

22 views

### Complexity of finding algebraic dependency of polynomials over the rationals or in a finite field?

Let $f_1,\ldots f_m \in K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ where $K$ is $\mathbb{Q}$ or a finite field.
Q1 What is the complexity of finding all algebraic dependencies between $f_i$?
Q2 What is the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Computational complexity of low rank SDP

Suppose we are given a general SDP of the form with an additinal rank requirement
\begin{array}{rl} {\displaystyle\min_{X \in \mathbb{S}^n}} & \langle C, X \rangle_{\mathbb{S}^n} \\ \text{subject ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

373 views

### Weighted Median Filtering

Let's begin with a little review of unweighted median filtering.
Suppose I have a list of $N$ real-valued numbers, $x=x_1,...,x_N$. Let $m_i$ be the median of $K$ consecutive values: $m_i=$ ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Complexity classes for BSS machines

Given a first-order structure $\mathcal{S}$, a Blum-Shub-Smale machine on $\mathcal{S}$ is essentially a Turing machine where
Cells on the tape can hold arbitrary elements of $\mathcal{S}$.
The ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Equivalence between Diffie Hellman and Discrete Log

For which non-trivial groups, do we know that the Diffie Hellman problem and the Discrete Log are equivalent?
Is there any group for which we suspect them to be different?
Could there be a finite ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Avoiding Chinese Remainder Theorem

Given $k\in\Bbb N$ with $k<(\log_2N)^{\frac1\alpha}$ where $\alpha>2$ is fixed and $N$ being some integer such that $$N<\prod_{i=1}^k\pi_i^{a_i}$$ where $\pi_1,\pi_2,\dots,\pi_{k-1},\pi_k$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

65 views

### Maximum subgraph edge distance greater than given number

I have a weighted graph G with approximately 75000 nodes. I would like to find subgraph G' induced on a subset of nodes, such that all edge weights in G' are greater than a given constant C and the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Is there a decomposition strengthening of the Sauer-Shelah Lemma?

Let $S \subset \{-1,1\}^n$. For a subset $A \subset [n]$ let $P_A$ denote the coordinate projection operator on S; in other words let $P_A(S)$ be the coordinate projection of $S$ onto the coordinates ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### How can I prove that these two graph coloring problems are polynomial time equivalent?

Given a graph $G(V,E)$. The standard $k$-coloring problem consists in finding a feasible coloring (no two adjacent nodes share the same color) of the nodes with $k$ colors. Let this problem be $P_1$.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Construction of planar embedding

I'm reading the following paper on universality considerations in VLSI circuits
http://www.computer.org/csdl/trans/tc/1981/02/06312176.pdf
In Theorem 2 On the second page it states there exists ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### How hard is recognizing a permutation that is a square for the shift product?

This is a continuation of my attempts to generate simple combinatorial computational problems that turn out to be computationally hard (NP-complete). In this pursuit, I came up with a permutation ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Worst case performance of a simple averaging algorithm

Let $u_1,\ldots,u_n$ be a sequence of rationals with finite binary expansion.
Consider the following simple averaging algorithm:
while the sequence is not monotone increasing, pick $i$ with ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Shortest vector problem over polynomials

In shortest vector problem, given a lattice in $\Bbb Z^n$, we seek the shortest non-zero vector in the lattice. This problem is computationally difficult.
Is there a polynomial analog of this problem ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Existence of universal witness set and efficient sampling of coNP sets

Inspired by this answer given by Noam, which (I think) implies that a set $A \in NP$ if and only if there is polynomial-time computable function $f$ from random strings to elements of $A$ such that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Complexity of a very simple graph partitioning problem

The following problem seems like a very simple and natural one, but I am not familiar with any existing work on it; in particular I am hoping to prove it is NP hard:
Let $G$ be a complete weighted ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### testing singularity of integer matrices

I am looking for the best upper bounds on the bit complexity for testing the singularity of an integer $n\times n$ matrix, where each integer is represented with $k$ bits.
I know the fast method for ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### “Separated” version of Sauer's lemma on VC classes

Sauer's lemma, a well-known result in computational complexity theory, learning theory, and combinatorics, states the following:
Let $\Phi$ be a collection of subsets of a set $U$, and assume that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### A factorial related statement

Is the following promise problem in $\mathsf{NP}$ or $\mathsf{coNP}$ or even in $\mathsf{PH}$?
$$\Pi:\mathsf{Given}\mbox{ }p,a,s\in\Bbb N,\mbox{ }\mathsf{with}\mbox{ }p\mbox{ }\mathsf{a}\mbox{ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### Probability two random intervals overlap

I'm working on an algorithm for orthogonal line intersection detection and am trying to analyze some things about it. For simplicity, we can consider the problem as follows:
Given N randomly ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Understanding Corollary 3, Sec. 5.6, of Papadimitriou's Computational Complexity

I am struggling to understand Corollary 3 from Section 5.6 of Papadimitriou's Complexity Theory book (Addison-Wesley, 1993). It got me completely confused... If anyone out there has read it and ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Most computationally efficient Littlewood-Richardson rule

There are many, many different versions of the Littlewood-Richardson rule: the original characterization via Yamanouchi words, Remmel's version, a description via the Poirier-Reutenauer bialgebra, the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Efficient recognition of sequences sortable by transpositions?

While reading the post, Probability of generating a desired permutation by random swaps, by Aaronson, I got interested in this sorting problem:
Input: a sequence $A$ of $2N$ positive integers.
...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

557 views

### Reference request: Parallel processor theorem of William Thurston

Sometime in the 1980's or 1990's, Bill Thurston proved a theorem regarding the existence of a universal parallel processing machine, using a certain class for such machines having finite deterministic ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Oracle queries asked in parallel

Definition: Assume that $\phi(q)$ is of the form $\exists y \leq 2^{p(n)} \varphi(q,y)$, where $p$ is a polynomial and $n = |q|$ (i.e. $n$ is the length of the binary representation of $q$). Then a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Possible $\mathsf{NP}$ complete problem from number theory

A candidate $\mathsf{NP}$ complete variant of factoring was posted in http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/4769/an-np-complete-variant-of-factoring, where decision problem ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### $n!$ computation in $\mathsf{BSS}$ model

It is well known that if $n!$ cannot be computed in $\mathsf{polylog}(n)$ ring ($\Bbb Z$) operations, then $\mathsf P\neq\mathsf{NP}$ in $\mathsf{BSS}$ model.
Suppose if we assume $\mathsf ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Relation between indexed languages (OI-macro or context-free tree) and scattered context languages

I'm not sure about the relation between indexed languages (generated by indexed grammars--Aho) and scattered context languages (generated by
scattered context grammars--J Hopcroft).
I think that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Complexity of sparse matrix-vector multiplication?

I have a vector $\mathbf{x}$ of size $m\cdot n$ of zeros and ones, i.e., $\mathbf{x}\in\{0,1\}^{m\cdot n}$ and a matrix $\mathbf{A}$ of size $\left(m\cdot n+m+n+1\right)\times\left(m\cdot n\right)$ of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Canonical representation of binary decision trees in Ptime?

I am wondering about the possibility of efficiently (here: in Ptime) representing binary decision trees (BDT) by some other data structure in a way that characterizes their equivalence.
More ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Complexity of edge coloring graphs of sufficiently large maximum degree

I am interested in the complexity of edge coloring
graphs with $\Delta(G) > |V(G)|/3$.
This is closely related to the Overfull conjecture (OC).
Conjecture/Question: If a simple graph G with n ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Digraph weak connectivity in $O(V)$ space and $O(V+E)$ time

A digraph is called weakly connected if its underlying undirected graph is connected.
You are given a digraph $G$ with $V$ vertices and $E$ edges as a read-only data structure consisting of lists of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### Is there a polynomial time algorithm for Poly-trees (Oriented trees) isomorphism?

In terms of graph isomorphism complexity classes Trees have a polynomial time algorithm and Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAG's) do not (so far).
What about Poly-trees (oriented trees)? These are DAG's ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

124 views

### Analogue break down between complexity theory and computability theory

Motivated by my post, Is there a program for theory of incompleteness in NP, much of NP-completeness theory has been heavily influenced by computability theory for which we were successful in proving ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Computation Time of Smith Normal Form in Maple

I am using maple to compute the Smith Normal Form of a matrix of size 120*120 and it seems that I will never get an answer back. I have checked my code for small cases and I believe that it is ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Computing a transversal of a subgroup $H$ of $G$ in expected $O(|G : H|^2 \log |G : H| + |H|)$ time

I have the book "Handbook of Computational Group Theory", by Derek Holt, and in it is a section on finding the transversal of a subgroup. Recall a transversal of a subgroup $H$ of $G$ is a single ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Polynomial-time algorithm solving approximately a generalization of the travelling salesman problem

Take a graph $G$ and a number of sets of nodes of $G$. The problem is to find the shortest path passing through at least one node in each node set. If each node set consists of only one node, the ...