2
votes
1answer
95 views

Dimension independent computational complexity of singular value decomposition

Suppose $X$ is a $m \times n$ real matrix, which has only $k$ number of nonzero elements ($k \ll mn$). Given a vector $y$, the sparsity of $X$ allows $X y$ to be computed in $O(k)$ time which is ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

How fast can we *really* multiply matrices?

Background: The Strassen Algorithm, described here, has a computational complexity of $\text{O}(n^{2.8})$ for the multiplication of two $n \times n$ matrices. However, the constant is so large that ...
2
votes
2answers
569 views

sparsity of QR decomposition

Hi, everyone! I have a sparse $n \times n$ matrix $A$ with $nnz(A)$ denoting the number of non-zero entries in $A$. Now I use QR factorization to decompose $A$ into an orthogonal matrix $Q$ and ...
5
votes
2answers
415 views

Complexity of Membership-Testing for finite abelian groups

Consider the following abelian-subgroup membership-testing problem. Inputs: A finite abelian group $G=\mathbb{Z}_{d_1}\times\mathbb{Z}_{d_1}\ldots\times\mathbb{Z}_{d_m}$ with ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Stochastic Matrix: Second largest eigenvalue and second largest absolute value of eigen value

Setup Let $A$ be a stochastic matrix. Let the eigenvalues of $A$ be $1 = \lambda_1 \geq \lambda_2 \geq \lambda_3 ... \geq -1$. Let $\lambda = \max_{x: x \perp 1} \frac{||Ax||}{|| x ||}$ Question: ...
3
votes
2answers
329 views

Finding the solution to b = Ax that minimizes the Hamming weight (everything over the field F_2).

Is there an efficient algorithm for finding the solution $x$ of $b = Ax$ that minimizes the Hamming weight of $x$, where $A$ is a nxm-matrix over the field $\mathbb{F}_2$ ("integer matrix modulo ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Finding a 5-cycle in a sparse graph efficiently.

Hi, I was reading this thread: Finding a cycle of fixed length I want to find a 5-cycle in a graph. Actually, what I really want is a shortest odd cycle of length at least 5, but maybe that is a ...
2
votes
0answers
266 views

Do Isometry Groups Tell Us How Difficult Norms are to Compute?

The question: Consider two norms N1 and N2 on the space of n-by-n complex matrices. N1 and N2 have the same isometry group and computing N1 is NP-HARD. Does it follow that computing N2 is NP-HARD as ...
11
votes
0answers
565 views

Regular languages of matrices and their generating functions

My question is somewhat related to this question. Let us fix natural numbers $k$ and $C$. Let $A$ be an automaton whose alphabet consists of $k\times k$ matrices with integer coefficients of ...
1
vote
0answers
364 views

Minimizing quadratic form over permutations

Let $Q$ be an $n \times n$ real symmetric matrix and $x$ an $n \times 1$ real vector. Consider the following minimization problem: $\min_{\pi \in S_n} ~(\pi x)^{\rm T} Q (\pi x)$, where $S_n$ ...