computational complexity theory; complexity classes, such as P, NP, PSPACE, and so on; resource-limited computation; NP-completeness and other completeness concepts; oracle analogues of complexity classes; complexity-theoretic computational models such as automata, circuits; regular languages; ...

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63 views

Some questions about the paper, “Hypercontractivity, Sum-of-squares Proofs and Their Applications” [on hold]

I am referring to this famous paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.4484 At the top of page 42, the authors define an equation like $f=Gg$, for two functions $f$ and $g$ defined on a graph $G$. This seems ...
0
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77 views

What is wrong with the argument that zero permanent is polynomial?

This Lecture summarizes some well known facts about $\#P$ completeness of permanent. Given a CNF formula $\phi$ on $n$ variables, they construct matrix $A$ such that: $$perm(A)=4^{3m} \#SAT(\phi)$$ ...
3
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1answer
77 views

What is the Complexity Class of the “Function Variant” of the Integer Factorization Problem?

I've been reading up a lot Prime Factorization and it's complexity, including a fair number of questions on this very site. However, I still feel there is a question still left unanswered. So, ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Polynomial degree comparison of Nullstellensatz and Positivstellensatz over real algebraic sets

Suppose we have a (finite) system of polynomials $P = \{ p_i \} \subseteq \mathbb{R}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$. Then it is well known by the Nullstellensatz that either $P$ has a simultaneous zero over ...
0
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57 views

How create counterexample for some set in Complexity Theory? [closed]

We know from Martin Davis's book, $K$ is a Halting Set Problem as $K=\{e \mid e \in W_e\}$. $W_e$ is the set of inputs for which the program encoded by $e$ halts. I read in the book that written ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Connection between Barnette conjecture and hardness of cubic graph decomposition

Motivated by this post on cubic graphs decompositions and the connection to Barnette conjecture, I am interested in decomposing a connected bridgeless cubic graph into edge-disjoint paths of length 3 ...
0
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1answer
83 views

A particular argument in the review on expanders by Hoory-Linial-Wigderson

I am thinking about the third bullet point on page 455 here, http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2006-43-04/S0273-0979-06-01126-8/ Can someone explain what is the argument there which seems to conclude ...
5
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1answer
266 views

When are (Abelian) Cayley graphs also expanders?

I want to ask the question in two parts, (1) Is there some fundamental distinguishing property between Abelian and non-Abelian Cayley graphs? (say some specific proof technique which distinguishes ...
2
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0answers
95 views

About the small set expansion conjecture

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a $\delta > 0$ one wants to calculate $h(G,\delta)=min_{\vert S\vert \leq \delta \vert V \vert } \phi(S)$. ($\phi(S) = \frac{ E(S,\bar{S}) }{d min \{\vert S \vert , n - ...
6
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77 views

Is there a ``Ladner's Theorem" for the PH-vs-PSPACE scenario?

Like a statement of the kind, ``If the Polynomial Hierarchy (PH) $\neq$ PSPACE then there exists $L \in PSPACE \backslash PH$ which is not PSPACE-complete"? Or is there something else that states ...
11
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1answer
312 views

Is factorial definable using a $\Delta_0$ formula?

The factorial function is primitive recursive, and therefore definable by a $\Sigma_1$ formula. Is it also definable by a $\Delta_0$ formula (i.e. bounded quantifiers)? If not, why?
2
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1answer
200 views

Why a tensor product of $2\times 2$ unitaries cannot implement a $3\times 3$ unitary?

Let $\{v_1, \dotsc, v_m\} \in \mathbb{C}^{2^n}$ be a set of orthonormal vectors. Define a map $R_m$ from $2^n \times 2^n$ to $m \times m$ matrices as follows: $$R_m(M) := \sum_{i,j=1}^m (v_i^*M v_j) ...
7
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0answers
115 views

Ricocheting pinball-like shot: Complexity?

Suppose one has $n$ perfect two-sided mirror segments in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. The segments are open, excluding their endpoints. They are disjoint as closed segments, i.e., no pair shares an ...
4
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1answer
187 views

Explicit bounds for transfer results in algebraic geometry

Assume you have an ideal $I\subseteq\mathbb{Z}[X_1,\ldots,X_n]$ of the polynomial ring in $n$ variables over the integers. For any field $\Bbbk$, I can consider the ideal ...
3
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0answers
61 views

Are all $k$th-longest-tour problems equally hard?

It is well known, that determining the shortest and, the longest Hamilton Cycle of a complete graph with real edge weights are algorithmically two sides of the same medal: one transforms to the other ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Confusion about reduction counting vertex covers to counting cycle covers

Cross-posted from cstheory This confuses me. One easy case of counting is when the decision problem is in $P$ and there are no solutions. A lecture show that the problem of counting the number of ...
6
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2answers
163 views

Geometric dominating set: NP-complete?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a geometric graph, a graph embedded in the plane whose edge lengths are the Euclidean distance between its endpoint vertices. Say that a set of vertices $D \subseteq V$ is a geometric ...
10
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0answers
706 views

Primes and Parity

This problem is motivated by the polymath4 project. There, the aim was to find an efficient deterministic algorithm for finding a prime larger than $N$. The hope was to find a polynomial algorithm in ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Tiling with restricted overlap

Non-overlapping tilings of regions is a well-studied topic. I wonder if the following variant has been considered: A tile can be partitioned into several regions, where such regions from different ...
7
votes
2answers
213 views

Recent trends in effective analysis

The references listed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computable_analysis have all been published 30-15 years ago. Are the approaches which these references expose still up-to-date and relevant to the ...
10
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5answers
1k views

Bounds for constructing $n!$ with additions, subtractions, and multiplications starting from $1$

Found this on Complexity Zoo warning expired certificate check NP Over The Complex Numbers. [BCS+97] show the following striking result. For a positive integer $n$, let $t(n)$ denote the minimum ...
1
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1answer
100 views

Graph classes where finding explicit coloring have certificate that it is minumum

Graph coloring doesn't have certificate that smaller coloring doesn't exist in general. I am looking for graph classes where finding explicit coloring is not polynomial and have polynomially ...
2
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1answer
130 views

NP-hardness of finding maximum of minimum element in diagonal of a matrix

For $A = \{a_{ij}\} \in R^{n\times n}$, is finding $$ \max_{\sigma \in S_n}\min_{1 \le i \le n} a_{i,\ \sigma_i} $$ NP-hard?
0
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53 views

Surd Partition Problem

Could the following "Surd Partition" problem be NP complete? Note that if the square roots are omitted in the following then the problem is well known to have a polynomial solution. Surd Partition ...
1
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0answers
102 views

Determining strong base-orderability of a matroid

A matroid is said to be strongly base-orderable when for any two bases $B_1,B_2$ there exists a bijection $f:B_1 \mapsto B_2$ such that for any $X\subseteq B_1$ set $B_1 - X+ f(X)$ is also a base. ...
2
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0answers
107 views

Number of degree $k$ functions [closed]

Given a Boolean function $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow\{0,1\}$, there is a real multivariate multilinear polynomial that is associated with in through interpolation. Example: ...
4
votes
2answers
184 views

Complexity of finding the maximum sum divided by product

What is the complexity of the following optimization problem? Problem. Given $n$ pairs of positive reals $(a_i,b_i)_{i=1}^n$, choose a subset $S \subseteq [n]$ to maximize $$ \frac{\sum_{i\in S} ...
2
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1answer
58 views

What is Known about Preprocessing for Stabbing Queries?

In a concrete setting, I have the following problem: given a fixed set of simple objects (e.g. disks or, convex polygons with few vertices), I need to quickly report the objects that are hit (i.e. ...
7
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0answers
136 views

Is there an infinite increasing sequence of naturals for which Landau's function can be efficiently computed?

Landau's function $g(n)$ is the largest order of an element of the symmetric group $S_n$. Equivalently, $g(n)$ is the largest least common multiple (lcm) of any partition of $n$. In general $g(n)$ is ...
2
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1answer
216 views

Given a set of 2D vertices, how to create a minimum-area polygon which contains all the given vertices?

Not sure whether this question belongs here or math.stackexchange. You can assume that all the vertices are unique. The given vertices can be the vertices of the polygon, thus they do NOT have to be ...
6
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0answers
274 views

Evidence that Graph Isomorphism problem is not $NP$-complete

Graph isomorphism problem is one of the longest standing problems that resisted classification into $P$ or $NP$-complete problems. We have evidences that it can not be $NP$-complete. Firstly, Graph ...
3
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0answers
110 views

On the computational complexity of the Hilbert polynomial of numerical semigroup rings

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m}) = k[[X^a, X^b, X^c]]$, $a<b<c$, $gcd(a, b, c) = 1$, be a semigroup ring. We have $R$ is a Cohen-Macaulay local ring of dimension one. It is well known that ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Sorting interleaved sorted lists

By interleaving two lists I mean to combine them into a single list in any way that maintains the relative order of the elements coming from each list. For example, interleaving $(x_1,x_2,x_3)$ and ...
5
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1answer
156 views

Finding sparsest solution of a linear system

I want to find the solution with most zero-components for the following problem: $Ax=b$ for $A\in \mathbb{R}^{k\times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^{k},k<n$, where $x$ is real and has no additional ...
2
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0answers
56 views

Recognizing sequences sortable by transpositions?

While reading the post, Probability of generating a desired permutation by random swaps, by Aaronson, and to continue my program I started in this post, How hard is reconstructing a permutation from ...
1
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0answers
56 views

Reducing enumeration of reduced words in general Coxeter groups to another #P-complete problem

There is a polynomial time algorithm that takes as inputs a Coxeter system $(W,S)$ with $S$ finite (but with $W$ not necessarily finite), say encoded as a Coxeter matrix, as well as two reduced words ...
-2
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2answers
174 views

Time estimate to determine if a number is prime [closed]

How long does it take to verify that a given number is a prime number, as a function of its number of digits, in a personal computer, say? How computationally hard is this?
12
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1answer
528 views

Is there a known primitive recursive upper bound on the nth “Zhang prime”

(This question is pure curiosity. Feel free to close it if you feel it is not appropriate for mathoverflow.) In 2013 Zhang showed that there are infinitely many pairs of primes which are less that ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What is Known About the Complexity of Calculating Minimal Surface Polyhedra?

I am currently ruminating about ways of generalizing Minimum Spanning Trees to Minimum Spanning "Hypertrees", where the cost is associated with simplex volumes and, where certain topological ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Is there any SMT solver which allows a call to another SMT solver?

I have a problem to solve which is likely to be $\mathbf{NP}^{\mathbf{NP}}$-hard. That is, I could solve it if I could take advantage of an instruction such as "assert UNSAT using ...
1
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0answers
99 views

NP hard problems on geometric graphs

I have posted this question before but i don't feel i expressed my confusion clearly enough. So i would like to try and explain again. This is a proof of the minimum vertex cover for unit disk graphs ...
2
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0answers
96 views

counting irreducible factors

In How hard is it to compute the number of prime factors of a given integer? a question was asked on computing number of prime factors of an integer. Suppose we have a polynomial $f(X)\in \Bbb Z[X]$ ...
28
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4answers
3k views

Massive cancellations

Let $A=\{a_1,\ldots,a_k\}$ be a fixed, finite set of reals. Let $S_A(n)$ be the set of all reals that are expressible as the sum of at most $2^n$ terms, where each term is a product of at most $n$ ...
2
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0answers
58 views

relationship of max-sat and min-cut in theory and practice

I have been using MAX-SAT solver to obtain the exact ground state of ising spin glass model: For 1D periodic model, for systems with 50 binary variables and interaction range of 15th nearest ...
2
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0answers
68 views

What is the computational complexity to compute the integral numerically?

Given $$\int_{\Delta}\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial(that is $P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n), P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ are polynomial) whose coefficients are ...
-2
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1answer
94 views

how to reduce 3-colorable graph to this? [closed]

suppose we have a finite set X and a set S of subsets of X and we want to determine is there a subset S' of S such that all members of X belong to exactly one set in S' I think the best problem to ...
0
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0answers
139 views

Prove that the subset sum problem with fixed size and number reusability is NP complete

I'm trying to solve the following problem: There are B lists of unspecified size containing integers. Pick a number from each list so that the sum of all the picks is exactly A. Prove that this ...
1
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1answer
137 views

NP hard problems on UD graphs

I'm reading up on NP hard problems in Unit Disk graphs. I'd like to point out i'm fairly new to this NP hard stuff so i'm trying to get around how to prove something is NP hard. ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Intersection graphs

Does anybody know of a paper which proves that finding the maximum independent set in geometric intersection graphs is NP hard? Even general intersection graphs?
6
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89 views

Checking if a multiplication table represents a group [duplicate]

Given an $n \times n$ multiplication table, can one check if it represents a group in $o(n^3)$ time? All properties can be checked by mindless try-all possibilities loops: Whether there is an ...