Complex geometry is the study of complex manifolds and complex algebraic varieties. It is a part of both differential geometry and algebraic geometry.

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9
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1answer
448 views

Sheaves on Contractible Analytic Spaces

Let $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a contractible complex analytic space. Suppose that $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules. Can we invoke the fact that $X$ is contractible to ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Explicit form for hermitian structure $h$ with respect to $\omega$

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold. and $\pi:L\to M$ be a complex line bundle , we denote $h$ as hermitian structure,i.e. if $s,s'$ are smooth sections of $L$ and if $X$ is a vector field on ...
2
votes
2answers
284 views

Basic questions on the Hilbert scheme/ Douady space

Let $X$ be a complex projective scheme (resp. complex analytic space). The Hilbert scheme (resp. Douady space) parameterizes closed subschemes (resp. complex analytic subspaces) of $X$. More ...
1
vote
1answer
310 views

Decomposition of hermitian form used in the definition of Griffiths/Nakano positivity

Let $E$ be a hermitian holomorphic vector bundle over a complex manifold $X$. Then $\Theta(E)$, the curvature of $E$, is a section of $\bigwedge^{1,1}X\otimes\operatorname{End}(E)$. However, we have ...
91
votes
5answers
5k views

Gaussian prime spirals

Imagine a particle in the complex plane, starting at $c_0$, a Gaussian integer, moving initially $\pm$ in the horizontal or vertical directions. When it hits a Gaussian prime, it turns left ...
32
votes
5answers
3k views

Which nonlinear PDEs are of interest to algebraic geometers and why?

Motivation I have recently started thinking about the interrelations among algebraic geometry and nonlinear PDEs. It is well known that the methods and ideas of algebraic geometry have lead to a ...
23
votes
8answers
3k views

What's the difference between a real manifold and a smooth variety?

I am teaching a course on Riemann Surfaces next term, and would like a list of facts illustrating the difference between the theory of real (differentiable) manifolds and the theory non-singular ...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

References for “modern” proof of Newlander-Nirenberg Theorem

Hi, I'm starting to prepare a graduate topics course on Complex and Kahler manifolds for January 2011. I want to use this course as an excuse to teach the students some geometric analysis. In ...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

Two definitions of Calabi-Yau manifolds

Why is it that the vanishing of the integral first Chern class of a compact Kahler manifold is equivalent to the canonical bundle being trivial? I can see that it implies that the canonical bundle ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Weitzenböck Identities

I asked this question at Maths Stack Exchange, but I haven't received any replies yet (I'm not sure how long I should wait before it is acceptable to ask here, assuming there is such a period of ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

Why do people think that abelian varieties are the hardest case for the Hodge conjecture?

Today, I heard that people think that if you can prove the Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties, then it should be true in general. Apparently this case is important enough (and hard enough) that ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

A geometric characterization for arithmetic genus

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$. The following information is all equivalent (any of these numbers can be computed by a linear equation from any of the others): the ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

Rep Theory Consequences of Bott--Weil--Borel

I've been getting interested in the (Bott--)Borel--Weil theorem lately. As a (mainly) geometer it is very interesting to see representation appearing (from nowhere as far as I can see) in the theory ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

Diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers

This question made me wonder about the following: Are there orientedly diffeomorphic Kähler manifolds with different Hodge numbers? It seems that this would require that those manifolds are not ...
15
votes
4answers
890 views

Is there any holomorphic version of the tubular neighborhood theorem?

This question arised when I was studying Beauville's book 'Complex Algebraic Surfaces'. Castelnuovo's theorem says that a smooth rational curve $E$ on an algebraic surface $S$ is an exceptional ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

When is a holomorphic submersion with isomorphic fibers locally trivial?

A justly celebrated theorem by Ehresmann states that a proper smooth submersion $\pi: X\to S$ between smooth manifolds is locally trivial in the sense that every point $s\in S$ downstairs has a ...
12
votes
3answers
810 views

What is the DGLA controlling the deformation theory of a complex submanifold?

Let $X$ be a complex manifold, $Y\hookrightarrow X$ a complex compact submanifold. Let $T_{X/Y}$ denote the normal bundle of $Y$ in $X$, and $\mathcal{O}(T_{X/Y})$ its sheaf of holomorphic sections. ...
10
votes
2answers
542 views

A group action of the Heisenberg group with special symmetries

Suppose we look at the Heisenberg group $H_{d}$ as a matrix group of upper triangular matrices over the ring $\mathbb{Z}/d\mathbb{Z}$. You can even choose $d$ to be prime if you want. A natural ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Lefschetz Hyper-plane theorem for singular projective varieties?

Lefschetz hyper-plane theorem for smooth projective varieties, $X\subset \mathbb{P}^{n+1}$ says: For smooth hyperplane section $Y= X\cap H$, the restriction map $H^i(X) \rightarrow H^i(Y)$ is an ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Almost Complex Structure approach to Deformation of Compact Complex Manifolds

I don't know much about the deformation of compact complex manifolds, I've only read chapter 6 of Huybrechts' book Complex Geometry: An Introduction. There are two parts to this chapter. The second ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are local systems on a complex analytic space equivalent to vector bundles with flat connection?

Let X be a complex analytic space. It is a 'well known fact' that the categories of local systems on X (i.e. locally constant sheaves with stalk C^n), and of (holomorphic) vector bundles on X with ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

Edit:For a recent progress on the Hilbert 16th problem see the following note which consider an infinite dimensional nature for this apparently 2 dimensional amazing problem . Best wishes for ...
17
votes
3answers
704 views

Moishezon manifolds with vanishing first Chern class

Suppose $M$ is a Moishezon manifold with $c_1(M)=0$ in $H^2(M,\mathbb{R})$. Does it follow that $K_M$ is torsion in $\mathrm{Pic}(M)$? This is true whenever $M$ is Kähler (and therefore ...
11
votes
1answer
428 views

Parameterization of complex analytic subvarieties

Let $V$ be an analytic subvariety of some open set of $\mathbb{C}^n$ (intersection of finitely many zero-locii of analytic functions). Hironaka's desingularization theorem provides a parameterization ...
4
votes
1answer
869 views

Atiyah class for non-locally free sheaf

Let $E$ be a holomorphic vector bundle over a compact complex manifold (or projective algebraic variety) $X$. The Atiyah class of $E$, $a(E)\in Ext^1(T_X,End(E))$, is defined to be the class of the ...
10
votes
1answer
608 views

Questions about the “universal elliptic curve” over the affine $j$-line punctured at 0 and 1728

So my question refers to families of elliptic curves over the $\mathbb{A}^1_\mathbb{C}\setminus\{0,1728\}$ whose fiber above a point $j$ has $j$-invariant equal to $j$ (I understand it's not ...
12
votes
2answers
697 views

Vector bundles on vector bundles

Are all vector bundles on a given vector bundle the pull back of a vector bundle on the base? In more detail: let $X$ be a space and $p:E\rightarrow X$ a vector bundle over $X$. Let $\iota: X ...
12
votes
5answers
709 views

Comparing fundamental groups of a complex orbifolds and their resolutions.

Let $X$ be a complex manifold with quotient singularities, and let $\tilde X$ be its resolution (that exists, for example, by Hironaka). Then I am pretty sure that $\pi_1(X)\cong \pi_1(\tilde X)$. ...
8
votes
4answers
338 views

Automorphism group of flag manifolds?

If $F=F(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$ is the (complex) flag variety associated to the partition $(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$, what is the automorphism group of $F$? Here I mean holomorphic and/or variety automorphisms. ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Negative holomorphic sectional curvature

Let X be a complex hermitian manifold with hermitian form $\omega$. How can you prove that if $\omega$ has negative holomorphic sectional curvature, then its scalar curvature is negative, too?
8
votes
2answers
525 views

Can projective hypersurfaces contain linear spaces? How big?

I am in this, rather friendly, situation: I have a complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^n$, and there i have a (possibly non-smooth) hypersurface $S$ defined by one irreducible polynomial $P$ of ...
6
votes
1answer
511 views

Blowing-up an ordinary double point, then contracting the exceptional locus to a curve

Let $X\subset\mathbb P^4$ a projective hypersurface with an ordinary double point at $o\in X$. Blow-up $\mathbb P^4$ at $o$ and let $E\simeq\mathbb P^3$ the exceptional divisor of this blow-up. ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Does a generic curve inside the space of curves with a node at a specific point have only finitely many nodes?

Let $\mathcal{D} \approx \mathbb{P}^{\delta_d}$ be the space of homogeneous degree $d$ polynomials in three variables (up to scaling), where $\delta_d = \frac{d(d+3)}{2}$. Define $\mathcal{A}$ to be ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Generalisations of Riemann-Roch for surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic surface (over $\mathbb{C}$ ). For all $L\in \mathrm{Pic}(X)$, we have $$\chi(L)=\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)+\frac{1}{2}(L^2-L\cdot \omega_X).$$ This is the famous ...
16
votes
2answers
683 views

Does equality of Laplacians imply Kähler?

This question follows on from this one. Let $(X, \omega)$ be a Hermitian manifold and define the Laplacians $\Delta_{\partial} = \partial\partial^* + \partial^*\partial$ and $\Delta_{\bar{\partial}} ...
7
votes
1answer
326 views

Intuitive Aproach to Dolbeault Cohomology [closed]

(Duplicated from math.stackexchange) I would like to understand an intuitive approach to the definitions of Dolbeault Cohomology (using $\partial$ and $\bar{\partial}$) similar to the one given here. ...
7
votes
2answers
343 views

Non-bimeromorphic compactifications

Let $X$ be a (smooth, non-compact) complex space. By a compactification of $X$ we mean a compact complex space $\overline X$ which contains a dense open subset biholomorphic to $X$ (we shall identify ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Question about Hodge number

Hi. I am studying Hodge theory on Kahler manifolds. I have several questions. Is Hodge number a topological invariant? (I mean, is it independent of the choice of Kahler structure?) If the ...
6
votes
3answers
677 views

Newlander-Nirenberg for surfaces

Quite a long ago, I tried to work out explicitly the content of the Newlander-Nirenberg theorem. My aim was trying to understand wether a direct proof could work in the simplest possible case, namely ...
4
votes
2answers
293 views

What is the Explicit Relationship between Coadjoint Orbits and Flag Manifolds?

Given a complex semi-simple Lie group $G$, it acts smoothly on the dual $\frak{g}^*$ of its Lie algebra $\frak{g}$ by the coadjoint action. The orbits of that action are called coadjoint orbits. A ...
2
votes
1answer
509 views

Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

Singularities of the moduli stack of Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $M$ be the moduli of polarized Calabi-Yau threefolds over $\mathbb C$ with fixed Euler characteristic. The coarse moduli space is singular (as usual), but what about the stack? In many cases I ...
6
votes
1answer
404 views

Universal covering map from $\mathcal{H}$ to $\mathbb{C}\setminus \mathbb{Z}\oplus i\mathbb{Z}$ (the countably punctured complex plane)

It's a consequence of the uniformization theorem for simply connected Riemann surfaces that the universal cover of $\mathbb{C}\setminus(\mathbb{Z}\oplus i\mathbb{Z})$ ($\mathbb{C}$ punctured at all ...
5
votes
2answers
569 views

On the fundamental group of hypersurfaces

Let $H$ be a smooth projective hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{C})$ where $n\geq 3$. Then by the Lefschetz hyperplane theorem we have that $H^1(H,\mathbb{C})= ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Extending Functions on Closed Submanifolds of C^n

Functions on an algebraic subvariety X of A^n are the same as functions on A^n restricted to X. So the statement that functions on X extend to all of A^n follows by the definition. My question is: ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

examples of Kähler manifolds with trivial odd Betti numbers and first Chern classes

To my limited knowledge, many compact Kähler manifolds have trivial odd Betti numbers. For instance, flag manifolds $G/P$,where $G$ is a semisimple complex Lie group and $P$ a parabolic subgroup, and ...
3
votes
2answers
575 views

Can you ``perturb'' a submanifold to intersect transversally with any other smooth submanifold of projective space?

Let $\mathcal{D} \approx \mathbb{P}^{\delta_d}$ be the space of homogeneous degree $d$ polynomials in three vriables, where $\delta_d = \frac{d(d+3)}{2}$. Let $$ X \subset \mathcal{D} \times ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

Picard group of a K3 surface generated by a curve

In Lazarsfeld's article "Brill Noether Petri without degenerations" he mentions the fact that for any integer $g \geq 2$, one may find a K3 surface $X$ and a curve $C$ of genus $g$ on $X$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
300 views

A Generalized De Rham cohomology

Edit According to the comment of Alex Degtyarev, I deleted the last part of the previous version. Let $E$ be a real vector space. The complex valued $k$- tensors on $E$ is denoted by ...
0
votes
1answer
284 views

Can one embedd the projectivezed tangent space of CP^2 in a projective space?

Given a complex vector bundle $V\rightarrow M$, we can form a fibre bundle $\mathbb{P} V\rightarrow M$, where the fiber over each point is the corresponding projective space. In particular consider ...