# Tagged Questions

Dynamics of holomorphic transformations; Mandelbrot and Julia sets.

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**1**answer

127 views

+300

### On the conformal removability of Jordan curves

We say that a compact subset $E$ of the Riemann sphere $\mathbb{C}_\infty$ is (conformally) removable if every homeomorphism of $\mathbb{C}_\infty$ conformal outside $E$ is actually conformal ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

566 views

### Representing a number close to 1 with a sum of reciprocals of natural numbers

For positive integers $n_1, \ldots, n_k$, let $H(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$ denote $1/n_1 + \ldots + 1/n_k$. Let $V(N)$ be the largest possible value of $H(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$ that is less than 1, subject to ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Periodicities of a Complex Dynamical System

Consider A function $f:\mathbf{C}^2\rightarrow \mathbf{C}$ defined as $$f_{\alpha, \beta}(z,w)=\frac{\alpha}{z}+\frac{\beta}{w}$$ where $\alpha$ and $\beta$ both are complex number.
It is easy to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### Smoothness in Ecalle's method for fractional iterates

Some four years ago I answered my own question on fractional iteration, concluding that there is a half iterate of sine, that is $f(f(x)) = \sin x,$ which is real analytic for $0 < x < \pi$ but ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

227 views

### Examples of cubic Julia sets

I'm looking for information on explicit cubic filled Julia sets with interesting properties such as:
Having two different finite attractors (such as $f(z)=z^3-1.5z$)
Being disconnected with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### When is a Newton basin fractal continuously determined by the roots of its polynomial?

Newton basin fractals are visualizations of the Julia sets of functions of the form:
$$f_p(z) = z - p(z)/p'(z)$$
where $p$ is a complex polynomial. My question is:
When is the Julia set, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous
Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

139 views

### Is there a effective computational criterion to all periodic points of a rational function are repelling.

I came up with a question to know the fatou component of of some types of rational function. In some sense, I may need to give a computational criterion to existence of attracting periodic basin for a ...

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votes

**3**answers

301 views

### Precise location of the Mandelbrot Bulb Attachment to the main Cardioid

Is there an analytical formula for determining the location of the attachment points of the bulbs on the main cardioid? I was told there is an exact parametrization of the boundary of the main ...

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vote

**1**answer

67 views

### A question for the inverse orbit in the construction of conformal measure

Recently, I read a theorem of existence of conformal measure for the rational map.
I did not understand two places in the proof. The author claims that
there exists an open set $V\subset ...

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vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Algebraic set given by sequence of polynomials

When working on some problem, I have end up with a following situation. Suppose
$P(z)=z^d+a_{d-1}z^{d-1}+\ldots+a_1z+a_0$ is a complex polynomial $d\geq2$ and that $\gamma$ and $\delta$ are non-zero ...

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**0**answers

71 views

### Question about a length inequality in algebraic dynamics

Let $X$ be a Noetherian scheme. Let $f\colon X\rightarrow X$ be an integral self-morphism. If $x\in X$ is a closed point, I will write $\mathcal{F}_{1}^x$ for the coherent sheaf of ...

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votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Power series expansion of the Koenigs function

Given a non-zero holomorphic function $f$ fixing $0$ which isn't a Mobius transform, the Koenigs function of $f$, which we'll call $h$, is the function which linearizes $f$ in the sense that
$$
...

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votes

**4**answers

421 views

### When are those subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{C})$ discrete?

Let $A = \pmatrix{1 & 0 \\ \alpha & 1} $ and $ B = \pmatrix{1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1}$, where $\alpha \in \mathbb{C}$ is a complex parameter.
Now consider the family of representations ...

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votes

**1**answer

275 views

### degree of a rational map on infinitely connected fatou component

Given a rational map $f$ on the Riemann sphere, for their Fatou components, we can calculate the relations between the degree $k=\deg(f|_F)$, connectivity number $n=\mathrm{conn}(F)$ and number of ...

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vote

**1**answer

81 views

### Normal family and arithmetic progression

It is basic fact that for a holomorphic (or mermorphic) map $f$, the family of iterates $\{f^n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$, is normal if and only if $\{f^{mn}\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$, is normal $\forall m\geq 1$.
...

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vote

**0**answers

47 views

### A criterion or algorithm for polynomial which admits Markov partition on its Julia set

For a given polynomials $P(z)$, whether there exists general algorithm to check it admits a Markov partition on its Julia sets. (in finite computation time.)
May be it is more difficult for the ...

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vote

**2**answers

97 views

### general variational principle for the Julia sets of mermorphic function?

I have seen some attempt in considering topological pressure for Julia sets of exponential function, and elliptic function. However, there exists few reference according to my knowledge?
I want to ...

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votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Fixed points on Riemann surface

It is well known theorem that for a conformal mapping $\phi$ from a bounded and planar domain $\Omega$ to itself has three fixed points , then it must be identity mapping. However, I cannot find a ...

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237 views

### Fatou sets and topological entropy

Let us consider a diffeomorphism of a compact real manifold (complex manifold defined over the reals), and let us say that the diffeomorphism is birational. Hence, it extends to a birational map from ...

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votes

**2**answers

157 views

### Is the Hausdorff dimension $Dim_{H}(J(f))$ of the Julia set less than 2 for quadratic rational map?

Let $f(z)$ be a quadratic rational map with two Siegel disks which can be normalized to be $$f(z)=z\frac{z+e^{2\pi i\alpha}}{e^{2\pi i\beta}z+1}.$$ If one of the ratation numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$ ...

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votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Reachability in dynamic random graphs

There has been some advice on how to ask questions. So I reask my question.I have a problem related to graph theory, random graphs or random geometric graphs in special that really confuses me. ...

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votes

**3**answers

331 views

### Dynamics in one matrix variable

Are dynamical systems
$$X \mapsto F(X)$$
studied where $X \in \mathrm{M}_n$, $\mathrm{M}_n:=\mathrm{Mat}(n,\mathbb{C})$ or $\mathrm{Mat}(n,\mathbb{R})$, and $F$ is a (properly defined ...

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vote

**2**answers

293 views

### complex dynamics in several variables

Dear mathematicians,
I want to know how much advance there has been in complex dynamics of several variables. I am at present reading Carleson's book on Complex Dynamics on one variables.Curious to ...

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**2**answers

345 views

### Algebraicity of the “outer” boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Let $M$ be the Mandelbrot set and let $\lambda\in M, \mu\in \mathbb C$ be algebraic numbers. Let $t_{\lambda,\mu}$ be defined as
$$
t_{\lambda,\mu} = \sup \lbrace t\in \mathbb R\colon \lambda +t\mu ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Roadmap to Complex Dynamics (Particularly the works of Hubbard, Douady, and Yoccoz regarding the Mandelbrot set)

As others have had great success with their question, I hope to ask one in a similar vein. As a student who has some background in complex analysis and dynamical systems, I am hoping to explore ...

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votes

**5**answers

737 views

### Arithmetic dynamics and dynamics on moduli spaces

The following question is more of a request for pointers to suitable literature on introductory material for arithmetic dynamics and dynamics on moduli spaces.
In my dissertation, I have been ...

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votes

**2**answers

660 views

### Is this a Julia set (and if so, for which function family is it the Julia set)?

Consider the function family given by $f_\lambda(z) = z - p_\lambda(z)/p_\lambda'(z)$ where $p_\lambda(z) = (z^2 - 1)(z - \lambda)$. Every attracting cycle and every rational neutral cycle of ...

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votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Hausdorff dimension of Julia sets of quadratics not in the Mandelbrot set.

What are the bounds on the possible values of the Hausdorff dimension of the Julia sets of quadratics not in the Mandelbrot set? In particular, assume we have a quadratic $q_c: z \mapsto z^2 + c$ on ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### If Fatou set has a Multiply connected Fatou component implies every component of F(f) is bounded

Recently when I read a paper about Fatou component, I met the following theorem which cited in Professor
Eremenko's paper "on the iteration of entire functions"
If Fatou set has a Multiply connected ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Limit sets of Fuchsian groups and relation between lifts to $H$ of homotopic maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces

Let $f,g : X \to Y$ be homotopic (quasiconformal) maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces $X,Y$. Consider their (unique) lifts $\tilde{f},\tilde{g}: H\to H$ , that fix $0,1,\infty $. My question is : ...

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votes

**0**answers

335 views

### confusion about rational maps and Fatou components

Dear fellows,
I have come to another conclusion which must be wrong.
Let $f$ be a rational map and let $U$ be a connected but not simply connected open subset of the Fatou set such that $f(U)$ is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### parabolic immediate basins always simply connected?

Edit: So, my original question (stated below) was to find an error in my "proof" that immediate parabolic basins for rational maps are always simply connected.
Since I have not received any answers as ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Teichmuller Theory question : Beltrami forms on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces whose lifts are smooth upto the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$

Hello, my question is related to Teichmuller Theory. Let $D$ be the open unit disk and $X=D/{\Gamma}$ be a hyperbolic Riemann surface of the Fuchsian group $\Gamma$. In Teichmuller theory, we have ...

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votes

**2**answers

482 views

### How many times line segments can intersect a Jordan curve?

I posted a question on math.stackexchange.com but it seems this question might be open
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/109752/line-segments-intersecting-jordan-curve
Namely,
is there a set ...

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votes

**3**answers

2k views

### The deep significance of the question of the Mandelbrot set's local connectedness?

I am given to understand that the celebrated open problem (MLC) of the Mandelbrot set's local connectness has broader and deeper significance deeper than some mere curiosity of point-set topology.
...

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votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Fatou Coordinate for function with rationally indifferent fixed point, and repelling fixed point

Lets say I have f(z)=z^2+c, with c=0.35676274578 + 0.32858194507i. Then f(z) has a fixed point=0.15450849719 + 0.47552825815i, which is rationally indifferent with a period=5. The "Complex Dynamics" ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How is the Julia set of $fg$ related to the Julia set of $gf$?

Let $f$ and $g$ be complex rational functions (of degree $\geq 2$ if that helps). What can be said about the relationship between $J(fg)$ and $J(gf)$, the Julia sets of the composite functions $f ...

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votes

**7**answers

822 views

### Are there some original papers or books related to applications of algebraic topology and algebraic geometry in complex dynamic systems

Recently I have much interest in algebraic topology and algebraic geometry, I am a student of field of complex dynamic systems. According to my knowledge, my friends told me that there are many ...

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vote

**2**answers

609 views

### Composition of circle inversions

I would like to understand the map of $\mathbb{C}$ to $\mathbb{C}$
that results by iterating inversion in a unit circle.
Let $f(z)$ for $z \in \mathbb{C}$ invert $z$ in a unit circle
centered on ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Picture of the set of discontinuity of degree 2 rational Julia sets

Let $Rat_d$ be the set of all rational fraction of degree $d$ and $X_d \subset Rat_d$ be the bifurcation locus of rational fractions of degree $d$, i.e. the closure of the set of discontinuity of the ...

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votes

**1**answer

826 views

### Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary), with an iterated function system?

Is there some known way to create the Mandelbrot set (the boundary),
with an iterated function system (IFS)?
Julia sets can be formed by iterating the two functions $z \mapsto \pm \sqrt{z-c},$
and ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

536 views

### A follow up question related to entropy

For a self-map $\varphi:X\longrightarrow X$ of a space $X$, many important notions of entropy are defined through a limit of the form $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{1}{n}\log a_n,$$ where in each ...

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votes

**2**answers

616 views

### Is complex analytic extension of real-analytic diffeomorphism a diffeomorphism ?

Hi, my question is :
Let $D$ be the open unit disk in $\mathbb{C}=R^2$ and $f:D\to D$ be a real-analytic diffeomorphism. Let us think of the canonical embedding : $\mathbb{C}=R^2\subset \mathbb{C^2}. ...

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votes

**6**answers

1k views

### If you were to axiomatize the notion of entropy …

What are the axioms that a good notion of entropy must satisfy? Please note that I am not asking for the definitions of various types of entropy such as topological entropy or measure-theoretic ...

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votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Parametrization of the boundary of the Mandelbrot set

Does anyone know how to parametrize the boundary of the Mandelbrot set? I am not a fractal-geometer or a dynamical systems person. I just have some idle curiosity about this question.
The ...

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votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Harmonic level sets and boundary data

This is probably a classic problem, so a good reference book or paper to get me started on this type of question would be great:
Let $\mathbb{D} \subset \mathbb{C}$ be the unit disk with boundary ...

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votes

**1**answer

418 views

### Attractive Basins and Loops in Julia Sets

I recently learned about the Mandelbrot set for the first time from a presentation by some undergraduates in honor of Mandelbrot's death. The presentation was short and by non-experts so I left with ...

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votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Meaning of \Subset notation

The symbol $\Subset$ (occurring in places where $\subseteq$ could occur syntactically) comes up frequently in a paper I'm reading. The paper lives at the intersection of a few areas of math, and I ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

555 views

### Symmetries of the Julia sets for $z^2+c$

The julia set seems to have symmetries roughly corresponding to translation, rotation and scaling.
In the following image
You can see the horizontal translation, which leaves the extremal left and ...