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### When does a modular form satisfy a differential equation with rational coefficients?

Given a modular form $f$ of weight $k$ for a congruence subgroup $\Gamma$, and a modular function $t$ with $t(i\infty)=0$, we can form a function $F$ such that $F(t(z))=f(z)$ (at least locally), and ...

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647 views

### What is the appropriate setting for Cauchy's Integral Formula?

For a $C^1$ function $f:U\to\mathbb{C}$, where $D\subset U\subseteq \mathbb{C}$ with piecewise $C^1$ boundary $\partial D$, we have the following generalized Cauchy integral formula:
$$
f(\zeta) = ...

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1k views

### Meaning of Cauchy integral theorem - the (co)homology viewpoint

I'm not sure what follows is not just a complicated way to deduce a blatant triviality, or if is even correct. Let's try.
In the elementary theory of analytic functions of $1$ complex variable, one ...

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674 views

### Analytic continuation of the Dirichlet generating series of the multiplicative partition function

Apologies for the lengthy question, but it seems it's the only way i can convey my thoughts. Consider the Dirichlet series:
...

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331 views

### $C^\infty$ function $f:{\bf C}\mapsto {\bf C}$ such that $f(z)\in\overline{{\bf Q}(z)}$ for all $z\in {\bf C}$

Suppose that $f:{\bf C}\mapsto {\bf C}$ is a $C^\infty$ function such that $f(z)\in\overline{{\bf Q}(z)}$ for all $z\in {\bf C}$, ie $f(z)$ is algebraic over the field ${\bf Q}(z)$ generated by $z$ ...

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64 views

### What does this number tell me about a convex lattice polygon?

EDIT: I realized I'd tricked myself by working with a too special case of $f$, the question is now updated (boundary lattice points replaced vertices).
Suppose I have a convex lattice polygon $P$, ...

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285 views

### Convergence at the radius of convergence

Suppose I have (roughly speaking) a multivalued meromorphic function $f(z)$ on all of $\mathbb{C}$ that is single-valued and holomorphic on the open unit disc and has some branch points of finite ...

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581 views

### Hardy spaces: analysis <---> martingales

Let $H^p$ be the Hardy space of analytic functions on the open unit disk $D$: $f \in H^p$ if $f$ is analytic on $D$ and $\sup_{r < 1} \int_0^{2\pi} |f(re^{i\theta})|^p d\theta < \infty$.
...

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156 views

### the “three-point” characterization of holomorphy

I want to know the source of the following "folkloric" fact about holomorphic functions.
It seems well described by the phrase:
The three-point characterization of holomorphy.
If F is a ...

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135 views

### Perturbations of zero-dimensional algebraic varieties

Let $P(z,w):\mathbb C^2\to\mathbb C$ be a certain polynomial, and consider $p(s,t)=P(e^{is},e^{it}):\mathbb T^2\to \mathbb C$ its restriction to the real torus. Assume generic situation, so by ...

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556 views

### some questions about properties of harmonic measure

The original post
The following argument appears in a paper of Nazarov (Lemma 1.2) "Local estimates for exponential polynomials and their applications to inequalities of the uncertainty principle ...

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105 views

### residue and regulator

Let $C$ be a curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. The regulator is a map
$$
reg: K_2(C)_{\mathbb{Q}} \longrightarrow H^1(C(\mathbb{C}), \mathbb{R}).
$$ Here $K_2(C)_{\mathbb{Q}}$ is the K-group tensor ...

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270 views

### Etymology of the O-notation for algebras of holomorphic functions

The notation $O(X)$ seems to be a quite standard notation for the algebra of all holomorphic functions on some connected domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$ (or a complex manifold). I would like to know where ...

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289 views

### Laplace Transform: Are there theorems similar to the Bernstein Theorem?

Bernstein's Theorem states, that if a function is completely monotonic, then it is the Laplace transform of an $L^1$-function. (E.g. Widder, "The Laplace Transform", Chapter IV, Theorem 19b)
Are ...

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321 views

### Is this an injective function ?

Hi all,
I got stuck with a problem that pop up in a paper about location of zeros for some analytic functions that I am working on.
The problem is the following:
Fix two arbitrary positive ...

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803 views

### A “Cauchy integral formula” for the Poisson kernel?

The inspiration for this question is in a certain breakdown of the analogy between holomorphic and harmonic functions.
First recall the Cauchy integral formula:
Let $U$ be an open subset of ...

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326 views

### Adeles of Holomorphic Functions

In number theory, an adele is a kind of product of elements of the completion at each prime. For function fields, we take (a kind of) product of the completion at each point, and at non-singular ...

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72 views

### Grunsky-Motzkin-Schoenberg formula

I found this formula in Brian McCartin's interesting book "Mysteries of the equilateral triangle" http://www.kettering.edu/news/mysteries-equilateral-triangle and it looks as follows:
Suppose that ...

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61 views

### Question concerning Mellin transforms

I've recently come across a result I've been trying to generalize.
Say that $\phi(\sigma \pm iy) < Ce^{\frac{\pi}{2}|y|}$ in the strip $a < \sigma < b$
then then the following integral is ...

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141 views

### elementary proof for existence of point with minimal period 2 for entire function

Fatou proved a very interesting result:
for a transcendental entire function $f$, the second itarate
$f^{2}$ has at least has one fixed point.
(Using the technique of Picard theorem)
This result ...

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109 views

### What is the relationship between complex time singularities and UV fixed points?

In this paper it is described how the turbulent kinetic energy spectrum and the flatness (a measure for intermittency) are governed by the position of the (dominant) singularities of the solutions of ...

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246 views

### The functional equation of Hofstadter's Q sequence

Hofstadter's Q sequence is defined by $Q(1) = Q(2) = 1$ and
$Q(n) = Q(n-Q(n-1)) + Q(n-Q(n-2))$ for $n \geq 3$. So far hardly anything
on this sequence has been proved -- not even that $Q(n)$ is ...

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135 views

### Bounding an integral transform ouside a circle (or inside a strip)

Let $g$ be a symmetric unimodal probability distribution and $H$ be the right half plane.
We call
$$f(z) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{z-i t}g(t)dt$$
the dispersion function of $g$.
Now, one can ...

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360 views

### Real part of a function on a circle in the complex plane

Fix $0 < y <1$.
Assume that $n$ is a large positive integer. Let $H(z):= \sum_{i=1}^n \ln(z^i+i-1)$. Is it true that $\Re(H(e^{\xi+i\theta}))$ has asymptotically (for large $n$) a peak at ...

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343 views

### confusion about rational maps and Fatou components

Dear fellows,
I have come to another conclusion which must be wrong.
Let $f$ be a rational map and let $U$ be a connected but not simply connected open subset of the Fatou set such that $f(U)$ is ...

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457 views

### analytic continuation of an integral involving the mittag-leffler function

greetings. we have the following integral :
$$I(s)=s\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{dx}{2x}\left(E_{s/2}((\pi x)^{s/2})-1\right)\omega(x)-\left(E_{s/2}(( x)^{s/2})-1\right)e^{-x}$$
where :
$E_{\alpha}(z)$ ...

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173 views

### Monotonicity of a certain parametric integral

I would like to ask for some help (hints, ideas) in solving the following problem:
Given integer $n>0$ and real $\alpha>0,\beta>1$ we want to show, that
if we define for any ...

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304 views

### Why is Mellin-inverse of Gamma periodic?

Specific Case
The periodicity is obvious from computation:
$$\cal{M}^{-1}\{\Gamma\}(x) := \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{c}\Gamma(s)x^{-s}d s=e^{-x}$$
However, is there a way to see directly from the integral ...

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408 views

### When checking if a harmonic function is continuous on its boundary, is a dense subset enough?

Let $U$ be an open connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$ and let $u:U\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be harmonic and bounded on $U$.
Let $f:\partial_\infty U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function, ...

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34 views

### Complex function for mapping a circle to a superellipse

I was wondering if anyone knows a complex function that would map a circle to a superellipse, or vice versa. Any ideas, comments, or functions are much appreciated!
Thanks,
Kayvan

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96 views

### Eigenvalue problem

I am studying torsional Alfven waves in spicules.
In this concern I have encountered the following equation:
$
\left(1-m^2 e^{-αz}\right)y''(z)+\left(4π i m ...

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118 views

### Questions about transformation or integral transformation

I have asked several mathematicians about the following questions,but all of them think they are good questions,but can not give a complete answer.Now I have to come here to ask mathematicians all ...

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242 views

### Separating the eigenvalues of a Hermitian matrix with a special block structure

I have a square matrix $J \in \mathbb{C}^{2n \times 2n}$ where,
$J=\begin{pmatrix} A&B \\\bar{B} & A \end{pmatrix}$
$A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and is ${\bf diagonal}$.
$B \in ...

**2**

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217 views

### Convergence of certain L-series

Suppose $|a_{n}| \leq 1$ completely multiplicative function assuming real values.
Suppose further that,
$
L(s)=\sum_{n} \frac{a_{n}}{n^s}
$
may be continued analytically to the left of $s=1$ a bit ...

**2**

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70 views

### Introducing new poles

Suppose we have a contour integral of an entire function along a line in the plane (or perhaps a line segment). I am looking for examples of such integrals that are computed by first altering the ...

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195 views

### An integral with Gamma functions (Part 2)

I was wondering if there is a generalization of the integral discussed here to a case like,
\begin{equation}\int \frac{d^dq}{q^{\nu_1}\vert \vec{q} \pm \vec{k}_1\vert ^{\nu_2}\vert \vec{q} \pm ...

**2**

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208 views

### Analytical continuation of electrostatic potentials

I'm having some trouble figuring out the properties with respect to analytical continuation of functions defined using an integral kernel. More particularly, I am working with the electrostatic ...

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159 views

### Univalent functions with non-negative coefficients

Is anything non-trivial known about univalent functions with non-negative coefficients?
Let $U$ be the unit disc, and $f$ a univalent (=injective) holomorphic function, $f(0)=0$,
$f'(0)>0$. ...

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239 views

### How well do continuously differentiable functions behave from R^2 to R^2 ?

The behaviour of complex smooth vs 1-dimensional real smooth functions is discussed in a previous question.
In "Complex Analysis as Catalyst" by Steven G. Krantz, the Cauchy integral formula is ...

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334 views

### Characterizing essential singularities

In the paper Picture of an essential singularity, an analogy is made between the multipolar moments of infinitesimal charge distributions and the lines of constant modulus/argument around an essential ...

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251 views

### Is the complex harmonic extension of a $\mathcal{C^r}$ map from $S^1$ to $\mathbb{C}$ is smooth upto the boundary ?

Suppose we have a map $ h : S^1\to \mathbb{C} $ that we know is a $\mathcal{C^r} $ map ( in the sense of a map between 1-manifold ( or in the sense of a $2\pi$ periodic map from $\mathbb{R}\to ...

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233 views

### Question in complex analysis arising from large $N$ gauge theory

This is a question in complex analysis that comes up in the treatment of large
$N$ gauge theory with gauge group $SU(N)$ in the 't Hooft limit where $N$ is taken to infinity with $\lambda=g^2 N$ fixed ...

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598 views

### Pole data of meromorphic matrix function

Let $T(z)$ be a meromorphic square matrix function, that is - a matrix whose entries are complex meromorphic function of one variable.
Recall that such a $T$ is said to have a right pole of order $r$ ...

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222 views

### Finer properties of a sequence of harmonic functions

This was a question that arose for me when I was thinking about how one proves strong unique continuation for elliptic equations. I never could come up with a satisfactory answer.
Background:
When ...

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290 views

### What is this effect in Fourier/additive synthesis called?

Hi, I have re-synthesized a cyclic function additively, and I added a fixed offset to the frequency of each partial. So if the function was $\sum a_{n} sin(2 \pi x * n)$ and its frequencies were ...

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56 views

### Uniqueness of an embedding theorem for Real differential fields

I will follow a preliminary exposition for the problem in question, which will essentially follow the format on http://www4.ncsu.edu/~singer/papers/model_diff_fields.pdf [pg. 87]:
Let $K$ be a real ...

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41 views

### Determine the position of the contour with the value of corresponding contour integral

Let $C$ be the contour of the unit square with lower left corner at origin. We define a function $g(z)=\int_{z+C} f(w)dw$ for a given (not necessarily holomorphic) function ...

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33 views

### singularity of the solution to an integral equation

I consider a function $x\mapsto f(x)$ which is the positive solution to the integral equation
$$\int_{f(x)}^\infty \frac{du}{u^\gamma-x}=1, \quad x\ge 0,$$
where $\gamma\in (1, 2]$ is some ...

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111 views

### Asymptotic expansion of an integral, related to Maass forms

I am trying to compute the asymptotic expansion of the integral
$I(t) = \int_{C} e^{\sqrt{1+u}(\frac{1}{t}+\frac{t^2}{\sqrt{u}})}\frac{u^\eta}{\sqrt{1+u}}du$
as $t$ is real and $t\rightarrow +\infty$, ...