The commutative-rings tag has no wiki summary.

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### A problem on Moebius transformations

We have the following result:
Let $R=\mathbb{C}[t]_f$, with $f=(t-a_1)(t-a_2)\cdots (t-a_n)$. Then the automorphism group of $R$ is isomorphic to the group of all Moebius transformations which fix ...

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### A problem for finite dimensional commutative algebra

Let $(A,m)$ be a local commutative associative algebra over the field of complex numbers, $m^n\ne 0$, $m^{n+1}=0$ for some $n>0$, and
(1) $A$ is finite dimensional as vector space
(2) for any ...

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### Are units of rings of functions on algebraic varieties finitely generated (mod. constants)?

Hello,
Consider the following question. Let $A$ be a finitely generated reduced algebra over an algebraically closed field $k$. Consider the group of units of $A$, modulo the group $k^*$. Is this ...

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### Invariance of $Z[x]$ under a self-equivalence of the category of commutative rings with 1.

Let $\mbox{Rings}$ be the category of commutative rings with $1$.
Is there an equivalence of categories $F: \mbox{Rings} \to \mbox{Rings}$ s.t.
$$F(\mathbb{Z}[x])\not\cong \mathbb{Z}[x]?$$

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### module of differentials of formal power series ring and of its field of quotiens

For any $A$-algebra $B$ ( commutative ring with 1 ), we have the existence of $\Omega_{B/A}$, the module of relative differentials of $B$ over $A$, which can be defined by an universal property. In ...

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### Unimodular column property

Hi, I know that if $R$ is a ring such that every projective $R$-module finitely generated is free then $R$ has the unimodular column property.
I would like to know if there is a ring $R$ that doesn't ...

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### Direct sum of injective modules over non-Noetherian rings

Hi. I know, by the Bass-Papp theorem, that if every direct sum of injective $R$-modules is injective then $R$ is Noetherian. I would like to know if there exists a direct sum of injective $R$-modules ...

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### Stably free module not finitely generated is free

Hi. I have read that stably free modules not finitely generated are free; this is proved in
M.R. Gabel, stably free projectives over commutative rings, Thesis, Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA 1972.
But ...

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### Generalized Euler phi function

Let $n$ be an integer, there is a well-known formula for $\varphi(n)$ where $\varphi$ is the Euler phi function. Essentially, $\varphi(n)$ gives the number of invertible elements in ...

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### Related to fractional ideals

$K$ a field, $A\subset K$ a subring, $M\subset K$ an $A$-submodule. Define
$$(A:_{K}M):= \lbrace s\in K|sM\subset A\rbrace$$
Then it is easy to see that
$$M\subset A\Longleftrightarrow A\subset ...

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### Is being finitely generated a local property?

I am trying ot figure out a proof of the following fact, that I believe is true, but it seems to me that something is lacking.
Suppose we have commutative, unitary rings $A,B$ and a (unit preserving) ...

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### Commutative ring Notes by M. Artin

In 1966, Professor Michael Artin gave a course for first-year graduate students at MIT on commutative algebra. In that course he covered many classical topics, (the Spectrum of a commutative ring, ...

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### Decomposition group vs Galois group of completed extension for height > 1 primes

Assume
Let $R$ be a Noetherian normal excellent domain, $F$ its field of fractions.
Let $S$ be a finite $R$-algebra, $L$ its field of fractions.
$L/F$ a (finite) Galois extension
$S$ normal in $L$
...

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### Does $SL_3(R)$ embed in $SL_2(R)$?

Is there any non-trivial ring such that $SL_{3}(R)$ is isomorphic to a subgroup of $SL_{2}(R)$?
$SL_{3}(\mathbb{Z})$ is not an amalgam, and has the wrong number of order $2$ elements to be a subgroup ...

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### Functoriality of a standard integral domain construction.

The evident forgetful functor from fields to integral domains has a left adjoint, namely the construction of the quotient field for a given integral domain. Another standard construction is taking the ...

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### Are local, Noetherian rings with principal maximal ideal PIR?

A question asked by a friend. I believe it's false, but lack a decisive counterexample.
This question shows that it is true for valuation rings, but I know too little about them.
In the wider ...

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### Generic Rank of R^{1/p}

Suppose $R$ is a local Noetherian domain of dimension $d$ in characteristic $p>0$. Suppose $R^{1/p}$ is a finitely generated $R$-module, and suppose $k$ is the residue field of $R$. Is the ...

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### nilpotent matrices over polynomial rings

I am looking for an analogue of the Jordan normal form for nilpotent matrices over the
polynomial ring ${\mathbb Z}[x_1, \dots, x_n]$. More precisely, is there a description for the orbits of action ...

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### When is the ring of invariants of a finite group generated by symplectic reflections a complete intersection ring?

Let V be a finite dimensional symplectic vector space over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of the symplectic group $Sp(V),$ which is
generated by symplectic reflections, i.e. by elements ...

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### Basic commutative algebra question.

Suppose that A is a local ring (commutative with unit), finite over a field k. Let L be the residue field A / m where m is the unique maximal ideal of A.
Does the dimension of L (as a k-vector space) ...

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### Homological dimensions of module

$(A,\mathfrak{m})$ a Noetherian local ring, $M\neq 0$ a finitely generated $A$-module. As I understand, $\mbox{Ext }^{j}(A/\mathfrak{m}, M) = 0$ for $j<\mbox{depth }(M)$ and for $j>\mbox{inj. ...

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### Existence of a minimal generating set of a module

Does a module (over a commutative ring) always possess a minimal generating set? When the module is not finitely generated, the typical Zorn's lemma type argument doesn't seem to work. More precisely, ...

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### Flatness and local freeness

The following statement is well-known:
$A$ a commutative Noetherian ring, $M$ a finitely generated $A$-module. Than $M$ is flat if and only if $M_{\mathfrak{p}}$ is free for all $\mathfrak{p}$.
My ...

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### Non-finite version of Nakayama's lemma?

Let $A$ be a local ring with nilpotent maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ (i.e., some power of $\mathfrak{m}$ vanishes), and $M$ an $A$-module (not necessarily finitely generated). Let $\bar{S}\subset ...

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### Reduced rings, idempotents and their prime spectrum

Let $B$ be a commutative unitary reduced ring and let $A$ be a subring of it. Let $e$ be an idempotent of $B$. Then we have a natural surjective ring homomorphism $A\rightarrow Ae$ defined by ...

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### On a theorem of Jacobson

In a comment to an answer to a MO question, in which Bill Dubuque mentioned Jacobson's theorem stating that a ring in which $X^n=X$ is an identity is commutative (theorem which has shown up on MO ...

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### Can an infinite commutative ring have a finite (but nonzero) number of non-nilpotent zero-divisors?

By a theorem of Ganesan, if a commutative ring not a domain has only finitely many zero-divisors, then the ring must be finite. (There are analogous results for non-commutative rings.)
There are ...

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### What are the units in the ring of Laurent polynomials?

What are the units in $R[X,X^{-1}]$, where $R$ is a commutative ring with $1$? I know that the question for polynomial rings is a standard textbook exercise. However, I couldn't find a reference for ...

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### A condition that implies commutativity

Let $R$ be a ring. A notable theorem of N. Jacobson states that if the identity $x^{n}=x$ holds for every $x \in R$ and a fixed $n \geq 2$ then $R$ is a commutative ring.
The proof of the result for ...

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### What does the semiring of ideals of a ring R tell us about R?

Here is something I've wondered about since I was an undergraduate. Let $R$ be a ring (commutative, let's say, although the generalization to noncommutative rings is obvious). Ideals of $R$ can be ...

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### Axiomatic definition of integers

The real numbers can be axiomatically defined (up to isomorphism) as a Dedekind-complete ordered field.
What is a similar standard axiomatic definition of the integer numbers?
A commutative ordered ...