The commutative-rings tag has no usage guidance.

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### Ring algebraically closed in its completion.

First I would like to be clear about the definition, which I am having trouble finding.
What does: The local ring $A$ is algebraically closed in $B\supset A$. (e.g. for $B:=\hat{A}$, the completion ...

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### for which truth-operations f can f-membership in a prime ideal be represented by a polynomial?

Nota bene: all rings are supposed commutative with $1$ and all ring homomorphism should be unital.
Let $B$ be the set of truth values {True, False}. For a formula $\phi$ denote by $[\phi]\in B$ it's ...

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### Surjectivity of the natural map of injective module to its localization

Hello all,
The lemma 3.3 page 214 in Hartshorne Algebraic Geometry book states:" If $I$ is an injective module over a Noetherian ring $A$. Then for any $f\in A$, the natural map of $I$ to its ...

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### Example of a ring whose minimals are annihilators of idempotents?

I'm looking for examples† of rings with the property that for each
$P={\rm Ann}_R(a)\in{\rm Min}(R)$ then $a\in R$ is idempotent (ie $a^2=a$)
† other than domains!

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### Are roots of transcendental elements transcendental?

This looks extremely easy, but then again it's late at night...
Let $k$ be a commutative ring with unity. An element $a$ of a $k$-algebra $A$ is said to be transcendental over $k$ if and only if ...

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### Relation between $H^i_I(-)$ and $H^i_J(-)$ when $I\subset J$

What is the relation between $H^i_I(-)$ and $H^i_J(-)$ (cohomological functors) when $I\subset J$ are ideals of a (local) noetherian ring?

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### Homological characterization of smooth maps

Let $A \to B$ be a finitely generated homomorphism between two commutative noetherian rings.
As far as I understand, in various generalizations of this situation, such a map is called smooth if $B$ ...

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### An example of a ring $R$ with the property that for each $P=Ann_R(r)\in {\rm Min}(R)$ we have $Ann_R(P)=Rr$.

I'm looking for an example of a commutative (preferably local) ring $R$ such that ${\rm dim}R>0$ and $R$ has the property that for each $P=Ann_R(r)\in {\rm Min}(R)$ we have $Ann_R(P)=Rr$.
This ...

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### Explicit representation of $R[\frac{x}{y}]$ where $x, y\in R$ for non-Euclidean PIDs $R$?

It's a fact proven by Pendleton, Gilmer, and Ohm (as an obvious corollary of their work, anyways) that PIDs are QR-domains, meaning every overring (ring between the domain and the quotient field) is a ...

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### When does “second annihilator” of a (principal) ideal equal the ideal itself , ie $Ann_R(Ann_R(r))=Rr$?

Suppose that $R$ is a (local) ring and $r\in R$. When do the equations $Ann_R(Ann_R(r))=Rr$ or $\sqrt{Ann_R(Ann_R(r))}=\sqrt{Rr}$ hold?
I already know that it holds for Artinian Gorenstein rings (due ...

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190 views

### Number of generators of colon and intersection ideals of two finitely generated ideals in a Prufer domain

Hi!
I'm wanting to see why the following is true: Given 2 finitely generated ideals $B$ and $C$ in a Prufer domain $D$ with bases of $n$ and $m$ generators respectively, $B\cap C$ has a basis of ...

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235 views

### Example of an overring of an integral domain which is not a ring of quotients?

Hi!
I'm trying to make headway on a question for my undergraduate honors thesis, specifically the question of which rings of integer-valued polynomials if any satisfy the QR-property; that is, the ...

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479 views

### When does End(M) consist entirely of zero, zero divisors, and units?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring (with $1$) such that every non-zero divisor in $R$ is a unit (see Rings in which every non-unit is a zero divisor for various stabs at what these are called). Let $M$ be ...

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### Algorithm for computing basis of zero dimensional ring?

If given a zero dimensional ring over a field, for example, a polynomial ring $A=k[x_1,\ldots,x_n]/(f_1,\ldots,f_n)$ such that $A$ is 0-dimensional, is there an algorithm to compute a monomial basis ...

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### Why Does Induction Prove Multiplication is Commutative?

Andrew Boucher's General Arithmetic (GA2) is a weak sub-theory of second order Peano Axioms (PA2). GA has second order induction and a single successor axiom:
$$\forall x \forall y \forall ...

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### Definitions for Oddness

In the thread Even Xor Odd Infinities I defined odd models of Modular Arithmetic (MA) as models satisfying the axioms of MA and two first order statements. Even XOR Odd Infinities?
$O1) \forall x(x=0 ...

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170 views

### lattice of subalgebras of a finite commutative algebra

(I) Suppose A is a finite commutative local algebra. Must every lattice of local subalgebras of A be a distributive lattice ?
By a subalgebra of A we mean an algebra contained in A that shares the ...

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### “thematic” algebras

I scoured what I could in the literature but I have yet to find the information that should be out there. Consider the property
(P1) Every local subalgebra can be embedded in a local ideal ...

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### Even XOR Odd Infinities?

Modular Arithmetic (MA) has the same axioms as first order Peano Arithmetic (PA) except $\forall x (Sx \ne 0)$ is replaced with $\exists x(Sx = 0)$.
...

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337 views

### The equivalence of Artinian and Noetherinan for the modules of a semisimple ring

We know in a semisimple ring R, for every R-module, Noetherian is equivalent to Artinian, my question is:
If for every R-module M Noetherian is equivalent to Artinian, can we prove R is a semisimple ...

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### Does existence of an isolated solution imply the Jacobian determinant is non-zero?

Let $f_1,\dots,f_n$ be formal power series in $\mathbb{C}[[x_1,\dots,x_n]]$ whose constant terms are all zero (i.e. $f_1,\dots f_n$ are not units in the ring). Suppose further that the radical of the ...

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### Localization of a pure-injective module is pure-injective?

Hi,
is there some work on localization of pure-injective modules? Is a localization of a pure-injective module pure-injective?
By localization I mean the standard localization defined for any ...

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292 views

### Orthogonality (wrt. Ext, Tor) in commutative noetherian rings

Hi,
it is a folklore, that:
let $p$, $q$ be two primes of a commutative Gorenstein ring $R$.
$$
\operatorname{Tor}^k(E(R/p), E(R/q)) \neq 0 \iff p = q\mbox{ and }k = \operatorname{height} p.
$$
...

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380 views

### A Question About Free Resolutions

I would warmly appreciate it if someone could tell me whether the following question has an affirmative answer. I am new to the field of commutative algebra, so I am simply trying to fill in some ...

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638 views

### Intersection of maximal ideals contains an ideal

Let $R$ be a commutative unitary ring and $M_{I}$ be the intesection of all maximal ideals contains $I$.
Question: When for any two ideals $I$ and $J$ of $R$ there exists an ideal $K$ of $R$ such that ...

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289 views

### when is a sum of idempotents idempotent in commutative ring theory?

As this question demonstrates that the sum of idempotents is idempotent iff every pairwise product is zero, for finite matrices with complex entries.
What additional restrictions do we need to put ...

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138 views

### Surjective and injective criteria via Hilbert polynomials

Let $X$ be a projective complex manifold. Is it true that any coherent sheaf $\mathcal{E}$ on $X$ whose Hilbert polynomial is a constant has a surjective morphsim $\mathcal{O}_X\rightarrow ...

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### R is regular local rings of Krull dimension 2.Can we find any ideal of height 2 different from m? [closed]

Maybe it is too easy but I want to know that: If $R$ is regular local ring of Krull dimension $2$ and $m$ is the maximal ideal of $R$. (It means that height $m$ is $2$). Can we find any ideal of ...

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### which automorphisms of a subring extend to those of a ring

(Probably a silly question, but..)
Consider the ring $R=k[[x_1,\dots,x_n]]/I$, (e.g. char(k)=0), and its subring, $R_1$, generated by some of $x_i$'s. In general, an automorphism of $R_1$ does not ...

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### Stalks of rings of sections of the Zariski sheaf

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and let $U$ be an open subset of $Spec(A)$. Let $B$ be the ring of sections above $U$ of the affine scheme $Spec(A)$. Pick a prime ideal $p\in U$. Then the natural map ...

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663 views

### Infinite power of in ideal in a Noetherian ring

Let $A$ be Noetherian ring that is an integral domain and let $\frak a$ be a proper ideal.
I would like to know if it can happen that $\cap_{1}^{\infty}{\frak a}^n\ne 0$ and at the same time the ...

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639 views

### $\lambda$-ring structure defined for a graded ring in Fulton-Lang's book

Given a commutative ring $A$ with unity, Grothendieck used universal polynomials to define a special $\lambda$-ring structure on $\Lambda(A):=1+t\:A[[t]]$. Suppose $A$ is graded, say ...

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### Whether the result that an ultraproduct which satisfies ACCP is automatically a field generalizes to ultrafilters on larger indexing sets

Let $F$ be an ultrafilter on some set $X$, $R$ an integral domain and $R_F$ the resulting ultraproduct ring. For an element $(a)$ in the product ring of $R$ indexed by $X$, denote its equivalence ...

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### separability of commutative rings

Before discussing on the main Question I should recall two notions in the area of commutative rings.
By $Max(R)$, we mean the set of all maximal ideals of the commutative unitary ring $R$.
...

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325 views

### The set of Upper semi-continuous functions as a ring.

I should recall that the surgenfery topology on the real numbers is denoted by $\mathbb{R}_l$, and has the set
{$[a , b): a,b \in \mathbb{R} $} as it's base.
If $X$ is a topological space, an upper ...

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406 views

### Lifting identities of formal power series

I am looking for a possibly general class of algebraic structures (maybe special topological rings) in which one can deduce identities of concrete power series from formal ones. This class should ...

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### functional subrings

I should recall the notion of maximal subring of a commutative unitary ring $R$.
Def: A commutative ring $S$ is called a maximal subring of $R$ if $S \subset R$ and if $T \subset R$ constitute a ...

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### Sums of Strongly z-ideals

In the rings of continuous functions,i.e.$(C(X))$ an ideal $I$ is called strongly $z$-ideal if it is an intersection of some maximal ideals of $C(X)$. i.e. $$I=\cap_{\alpha \in A} ...

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### Quotient rings of $C(X)$

Let $X$ be a Tychonoff topological space. Consider the ring $C(X)$ of all continuous real valued functions on $X$. For what conditions on an ideal $I$ of $C(X)$, we could deduce that the quotient ring ...

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### Maximal ideals of the rings of Baire-One Functions

A real function $f:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is called Baire-one function, if there is a sequence $(f_n)_{n=1} ^\infty$ of continuous functions $f_n:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ on $X$ so that for all ...

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### Completion of commutative rings.

Assume that $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ is a commutative local ring of equal characteristic zero. So $R$ contains the field of rationals. The well known $\mathfrak{m}$-adic completion of $R$ provides a ...

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### Divisibility and factorization in rings that are not integral domains

In my course notes for an undergraduate course "Algebra I", I wrote at the point when I'm introducing the notion of divisibility in rings (in a section on unique factorization):
We want to study ...

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### Uniqueness of Hensel factors of a polynomial (invariant to change of “basepoint”)?

An important component of algorithms for factoring multivariate polynomials over a commutative ring $R$ is Hensel lifting. Here's a brief, concrete example to set the stage for my question:
Let $f ...

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### Frobenius base change of etale maps

Let $A$ be a characteristic $p>0$ commutative ring. Let $B$ be a finitely presented etale $A$ algebra i.e.
$$
B=A[x_1,\ldots,x_n]/(f_1,\ldots,f_n),
$$
with $det(\frac{\partial f_i}{\partial ...

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### Infinite domain with finite number of prime ideals(elements)

While trying to prove one property of commutative rings with units I can't prove one fact without assuming existence of infinitely many different prime ideals or elements. I tried to test if it was ...

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### Testing isomorphism of finitely generated algebras

Let $A=\mathbf{Q}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be the polynomial ring in $n$ variables over the rational numbers. Let $B=\mathbf{Q}[f_1,\ldots,f_r]$ and
$C=\mathbf{Q}[g_1,\ldots,g_s]$ be two finitely generated ...

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### Maximal ideals of Z[x,y]

we know that the maximal ideals of ${\mathbb Z}[x]$ are of the form $(p, f(x))$ where $p$ is a prime number and $f(x)$ is a polynomial in ${\mathbb Z}[x]$ which is irreducible modulo $p$.
Is it true ...

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### semilocal total quotient ring whose J(R) is not zero

I am interested in rings in which every non-unit is a zero divisor. Can you give me an example of such a ring that also has FINITELY many maximal ideals (semilocal), and whose Jacobson radical is not ...

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228 views

### level of rings and stable range of rings

The level $s(A)$ of a ring $A$ with unity $1$ is the smallest natural number $s$
such that $-1$ is a sum of $s$ squares in $A$. (If $-1$ is not a sum of squares in $A$, we
say that $s(A) =\infty$.). ...

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### relation between Min(R) and Min(R^)

Let $\hat{R}$ is $m$-adic completion of a local ring $(R,m)$.What is the relation between $Min R$ and $Min \hat{R}$. we know that $\hat{R}$ is faithfully flat $R$-module.
$Min R$=set of all minimal ...