2
votes
1answer
538 views

A formula combining Euler $\phi$ and $\gcd$

Let us fix a natural number $N>1$ and $a_1, \ldots, a_n$ natural numbers satisfying $0 \leq a_i < N$, with the property that $1+ \sum a_i$ is divisible by $N$. Let $\phi$ be the Euler totient ...
2
votes
2answers
755 views

Proving generating functions equality

What do you use to prove the following equality (and possibly more general ones of the kind)? \begin{align*}\sum_{r,s,t} \frac{q^{r^2+rs+s^2+st+t^2}}{(q)_r (q)_s (q)_t} z_1^{r+s} z_2^{s+t} = ...
1
vote
0answers
316 views

P-Adic poly Bernoulli numbers

we can define p-adic Bernoulli polynomials by using q-integral on $Z_p$ and T.Kim's method, But how can we define p-adic poly-Bernoulli numbers and polynomials by using integral on $Z_p$ ?
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Gauss sum (with sign) through algebra

Let $p$ be an odd prime, and $\zeta$ a primitive $p$-th root of unity over a field of characteristic $0$. Let $G = \sum\limits_{j=0}^{p-1} \zeta^{j\left(j-1\right)/2}$ be the standard Gauss sum for ...
4
votes
0answers
283 views

Generalization of Tamarkin’s ARO 1993, final round, problem 10/8: part II

Let us use the notations of my previous question about Tamarkin's problem. Let $\ell\in\left\lbrace 0,1,...,p\right\rbrace$. An element $f\in \mathbb Z^{\mathbb Z}$ is said to be ...
0
votes
1answer
327 views

Finite sums with Binomial and Catalan inverses

In a recent failed-post about some partial sums with respect to the Central Binomial and Catalan number the formulas $$\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{4^k}{B_k}=\frac{4^{n+1}(2n+1)}{3 B_{n+1}}+\frac{1}{3}$$ ...
29
votes
2answers
2k views

Generalization of Tamarkin's ARO 1993, final round, problem 10/8: still a conjecture?

This is from the category "problems I cannot believe that are still open". But then again, I don't know whether it is still open; it seems to have escaped the attention of most number theorists and ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

A binomial sum is divisible by p^2

This is a question I have since longer time, but I have absolutely no idea how to proceed on it. Let $p>3$ be a prime. Prove that ...