**35**

votes

**10**answers

10k views

### What is (co)homology, and how does a beginner gain intuition about it?

This question comes along with a lot of associated sub-questions, most of which would probably be answered by a sufficiently good introductory text. So a perfectly acceptable answer to this question ...

**70**

votes

**2**answers

15k views

### Why is the Hodge Conjecture so important?

The Hodge Conjecture states that every Hodge class of a non singular projective variety over $\mathbf{C}$ is a rational linear combination of cohomology classes of algebraic cycles: Even though I'm ...

**45**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Cohomology and fundamental classes

Let X be a real orientable compact differentiable manifold. Is the (co)homology of X generated by the fundamental classes of oriented subvarieties? And if not, what is known about the subgroup ...

**11**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Cohomology of fibrations over the circle

Are there any general results on the (integral) cohomology of manifolds that are fibrations over the circle? Any literature references much appreciated.

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Cohomology groups of homogeneous spaces

Is there a general method to calculate the cohomology groups of homogeneous spaces ($G/H$), such as $\frac{U(4)}{U(2)\times U(2)}$, $\frac{U(5)}{U(2)\times U(3)}$, $U(4)/U(2)$, etc. If yes, could you ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### For which varieties is the natural map from the Chow ring to integral cohomology an isomorphism?

My apologies if this question is too naive.
Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex variety. There is a natural map $A^{\bullet}(X) \to H^{2\bullet}(X)$ of graded rings from the Chow ring of $X$ to ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### A closed manifold with a subset with the same ring cohomology

Is there an example of a closed manifold $M$ with a proper subset $A\subset M$ such the inclusion $i:A \to M$ gives a ring isomorphism $i^{*}$ between $\mathbb{Z}$-cohomologies?
In this question $...

**63**

votes

**5**answers

9k views

### What is sheaf cohomology intuitively?

What is sheaf cohomology intuitively?
For local systems it is ordinary cohomology with twisted coefficients. But what
if the sheaf in question is far from being constant?
Can one still understand ...

**47**

votes

**11**answers

6k views

### Why torsion is important in (co)homology ?

I've once been told that "torsion in homology and cohomology is regarded by topologists as a very deep and important phenomenon". I presume an analogous statement could be said in the context of ...

**31**

votes

**10**answers

5k views

### de Rham cohomology and flat vector bundles

I was wondering whether there is some notion of "vector bundle de Rham cohomology".
To be more precise: the k-th de Rham cohomology group of a manifold $H_{dR}^{k}(M)$ is defined as the set of closed ...

**33**

votes

**8**answers

5k views

### How should one think about pushforward in cohomology?

Suppose f:X→Y. If I decorate that first sentence with appropriate adjectives, then I get a pushforward map in cohomology H*(X)→H*(Y).
For example, suppose that X and Y are oriented ...

**33**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Why should I care about topological modular forms?

There seems to be a lot of recent activity concerning topological modular forms (TMF), which I gather is an extraordinary cohomology theory constructed from the classical theory of modular forms on ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### BRST cohomology

I am reading some work on Mirror Symmetry from Physics perspective,the physicists seem to use some aspects of BRST quantization and BRST cohomology. What is BRST Quantization and BRST cohomology, in ...

**48**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Can anyone give me a good example of two interestingly different ordinary cohomology theories?

An answer to the following question would clarify my understanding of what a cohomology theory is. I know it's something that satisfies the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms, and I know that those axioms ...

**22**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### de Rham vs Dolbeault Cohomology

For a complex manifold $M$, one can consider (A) its de Rham cohomology, or (B) its Dolbeault cohomology. I'm looking for some motivation as to why one would bother introducing Dolbeault cohomology. ...

**31**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Integral cohomology (stable) operations

There have been a couple questions on MO, and elsewhere, that have made me curious about integral or rational cohomology operations. I feel pretty familiar with the classical Steenrod algebra and its ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

682 views

### Calabi-Yau cohomology?

My question here is going to be this -- but I'll give a bit of background to explain myself in a moment:
What has been done/what results are available on Calabi-Yau cohomology in degree $n \geq 3$ (...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### De Rham cohomology of formal groups

Let $G$ be some (dimension $1$, to simplify) formal group over a characteristic $0$ field $K$. The law of $G$ is denoted by $\oplus$. If $w(X) \in K[[X]] dX$ is a differential form, let $F_w(X)$ be ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### Fomin-Kirillov algebras and Schubert calculus

In
Fomin, Sergey; Kirillov, Anatol N. Quadratic algebras, Dunkl elements, and
Schubert calculus. Advances in geometry, 147--182, Progr. Math., 172,
Birkhäuser Boston, Boston, MA, 1999. MR1667680 (...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

681 views

### Equivalence between statements of Hodge conjecture

Dear everyone,
I was unable to obtain the equivalence between the two statements of the Hodge conjecture. I searched for some previous questions that others asked here, to check whether someone has ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

400 views

### Are generalized cohomology theories a set of complete homotopy invariants for spaces ?

In the same vein of this MO question, one can ask:
If two spaces $X$, $Y$ have isomorphic generalized cohomology rings $\mathrm{h}^{\bullet}(X)\cong \mathrm{h}^{\bullet}(Y)$ for every ...

**25**

votes

**1**answer

807 views

### Making $\mathbb{Q}$-cohomology integral

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (say, smooth and projective) over $\mathbb{C}$, and fix $$\alpha\in H^i(X^{\text{an}}, \mathbb{Q})$$
with $i>0$.
Does there always exist a variety $Y$ and a ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

968 views

### Are the homology and cohomology Serre spectral sequences dual to each other?

If we use homology and cohomology over a field $k$, if a space has homology and cohomology groups of finite type in each degree, then $H_\ast(X;k)$ is dual to $H^\ast(X;k)$ using the universal ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### cohomology and Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

This question is related to this question from Dinakar, which I found interesting but don't yet have the background to understand at that level.
Unless I'm mistaken, the rough statement is that Hn(X;...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

537 views

### “Skew Cohomology” of a Space

Let $X$ be a space. The symmetric group $\Sigma_{n+1}$ acts on the function space
$$
X^{\Delta^n}
$$
of continuous maps from the standard $n$-simplex to $X$. The action is induced
by permuting the ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

620 views

### Relation between cohomology of ordered and unordered configuration spaces?

For any manifold $M$, the unordered configuration space of $k$ points is obtained as a quotient of ordered configuration space of $k$ points by the group action of symmetric group on $k$ letters. Does ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Brauer group of projective space

I've read that $\text{Br} \mathbb{P}^n_k$ (here $\text{Br}$ is the cohomological Brauer group, i.e. $H^2_{ét}(-,\mathbb{G}_m)$) is just isomorphic to $\text{Br} k$. As proof of this fact seems to be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Cohomology Ring of the Flag Manifolds, Cartan Subalgebras, and Weyl Groups

I've recently read the following line in an interesting paper:
It is well-known that the cohomology ring of a flag variety $G/B$ is isomorphic to the quotient ring of the ring of polynomial ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a good definition of (topological) K-Theory over arbitrary spaces?

Hi
(this is my very first question here, so please don't hurt me...)
for some time now i've been looking for a sufficiently aesthetical definition of (topological) K-theory of arbitrary spaces, yet ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### positions of a methane molecule with carbon atom at the origin

Let $\text{CH}_4$ be the molecule of Methane:
The four hydrogen atoms form vertices of a regular tetrahedron with the carbon atom in the center of the regular tetrahedron.
Here we regard all atoms ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

711 views

### $Sq^1$ cohomology of spaces

For any space $X$, the first Steenrod square cohomology operation
$$Sq^1\colon H^\ast(X;\mathbb{Z}_2)\to H^{\ast +1}(X;\mathbb{Z}_2)$$
is a derivation, meaning that $Sq^1\circ Sq^1 = 0$ and $Sq^1(a\...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

379 views

### Group Extensions and Line Bundles on $BG$

I am sure the answer to this question is well-known, but
It is well known that the group cohomology $H^2(G,\mathbb Z)$ classifies group extensions $0\to \mathbb Z\to E\to G\to 1$ and that for a ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is every homology theory given by a spectrum?

Let $E$ be a spectrum. For any CW complex $X$, define $h_*=\pi_i(E\wedge X)$. Then we know that $h_*$ form a homology theory. In other words, there functors satisfy the homotopy invariance, maps a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

460 views

### Intuitive Aproach to Dolbeault Cohomology [closed]

(Duplicated from math.stackexchange)
I would like to understand an intuitive approach to the definitions of Dolbeault Cohomology (using $\partial$ and $\bar{\partial}$) similar to the one given here. ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Why is the derived tensor product only defined for bounded above derived categories?

In "Residues and Duality" by Hartshorne, the derived tensor $\otimes$ only defined for the bounded above categories (see Chapter I, section 4), that is one has
$$\otimes: D^{-}(X) \times D^{-}(X) \to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### group cohomology and cohomology of classifying space [closed]

Let $G$ be a discrete group, and $BG$ is the classifying space.
It is well-known that the group cohomology of $G$-module M, is the same as the cohomology on $BG$ with coefficient in $\tilde{M}$, which ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

312 views

### computing second cohomology $H^2(O_a,\mathbb{Z})\cong \mathbb{Z}^n$ of a generic coadjoint orbit

Let $G$ be a compact , connected and simply connected Lie group and $a\in\mathfrak{g}^*$ (dual of Lie algebra of Lie group $G$). Then let $O_a$ be a generic coadjoint orbit then can we say $H^2(O_a,\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

853 views

### Natural morphism appearing in Grothendieck spectral sequence

Assume we are in the setting of the Grothendieck spectral sequence (Weibel, 5.8): $G : A \to B, F : B \to C$ are left exact functors such that $G$ sends injective objects to $F$-acyclic objects. Now ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

829 views

### The Gysin long exact sequence for the complement of the zero section of a line bundle over a (possibly) singular base

Let $pr:X\to Z$ be a line bundle of (possibly) singular varieties (that could be reducible) over a characteristic $p$ field ($p$ could be zero); $U$ is the complement to the zero section $Z\to X$. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

481 views

### Cohomology groups of quotient by finite group

I know there are already lots of questions about (co)homology groups of a quotient manifold, but please let me ask one more question.
Let $G$ be a finite group acting on a manifold $M$ without fixed ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

370 views

### vanishing theorems

I would be glad to know about possible generalizations of the following results:
1) (Grothendieck) Let $X$ be a noetherian topological space of dimension $n$. Then for all $i>n$ and all sheaves of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

458 views

### Is it always possible to compute the Betti numbers of a nice space with a well-chosen Lefschetz zeta function?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety. If I've understood correctly, the Weil conjectures imply that it is possible to compute the Betti numbers of $X(\mathbb{C})$ by computing the local zeta ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

442 views

### Do modular forms show up in the cohomology of moduli spaces of unmarked curves?

Let $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$ be the compactified Deligne-Mumford moduli stack (although I don't think taking the coarse moduli space will make much of a difference here). If we decompose $g = 1 + ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### An example of two cofibrant dg categories whose tensor product is not cofibrant

I have been reading the paper by Toën "The homotopy theory of dg categories and derived Morita theory" where in chapter 4 it is stated that the tensor product of two cofibrant dg categories $C$ and $D$...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Brauer group of a rational variety

This is a follow-up question to this question. There and here $X$ is a normal projective rational surface over $\mathbb{C}$ with finitely generated divisor class group $\text{Cl}(X)$. My question is:
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Cohomology algebra generated by $n$ Steifel whitney classes and and $k$ dual classes subject only to $n+k$ defining relations? [closed]

Is the cohomology algebra $H^*(G_n(\mathbb{R}^{n+k}))$ over $\mathbb{Z}/2$ generated by the Steifel-Whitney classes $w_1, \dots, w_n$ of $\gamma^n$ and the dual classes $\overline{w}_1, \dots, \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### cohomology algebra of submanifold in euclidean space

If we write a manifold or CW-complex $X$ as a subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, in expression of coordinates, for example, \begin{multline}
F(S^2,k+1)=\{(x_1,x_2,x_3,\cdots, x_{3k+1},x_{3k+2},x_{3k+3})\in\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

317 views

### $\pi$-cohomology class — a variant of cohomology class

Let $X$ be a topological space with a triangulation. The triangulation defines a
chain complex in $X$. Let $\mu_d$ be a cochain and $M^d$ be a chain. We use $<
\mu_d, M^d > \in M$ to denote ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

597 views

### integral or rational cohomology of real grassmannians

I have obtained that the cohomology rings
$$
H^*(G_k(\mathbb{R}^\infty);\mathbb{Z}_2)=\mathbb{Z}_2[w_1,\cdots,w_k].
$$
Also
$$
H^*(G_k(\mathbb{R}^m);\mathbb{Z}_2)=\mathbb{Z}_2[w_1,\cdots,w_k]/(\bar ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

481 views

### Interpretation of the monomorphism $H^2(\pi_1(X),\mathbb{Z}) \rightarrow H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$

Let $X$ be a nice topological space and denote by $\pi_1(X)$ its fundamental group.
It is well-known that there is a well-defined map
$$
0 \rightarrow H^2(\pi_1(X),A) \rightarrow H^2(X,A),$$
where $...