**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Apply 'splitting' in regenerating codes in locally repairable codes

In network coding for distributed storage system, regenerating codes are known to exist only in theory due to its complex implementation in storage system. In the codes, 'splitting' is applied in the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Mutual information staying constant under composition of channels

Consider the following scenario: one has 2 communication channels $C_1$ and $C_2$. Denote by $p(x)$ the input probability distribution.
The mutual information between the input and the output of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### What is matrix A such that Hamming weight of [x, Ax] is maximal ? (Min distance of 1/2 block code?)

Everything over F_2.
For any matrix $A$ define the number $N(A) = min_{x}$ HammingWeight $( [x , Ax])$.
Where $x$ is vector and [a,b] is just concatenation of vectors: (a_1,...a_n, b_1,...,b_m).
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### “Codes” in which a group of words are pairwise different at a certain position

I read the following problem, claimed to be in the IMO shortlist in 1988:
A test consists of four multiple choice problems, each with three options, and the students should give an unique answer ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

128 views

### Another formulation of error-correcting coding problem

Consider classic error-correcting problem:
there is finite set $A$ and string $a_1...a_n$, $a_i \in A$ in the begin.
in the end we have $b_1...b_n$. Set places of errors $E = \{i| a_i\not= b_i \}$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

101 views

### Group action of $G<\mathbb Z^\infty_2$ over the Golden mean shif [closed]

I'm am looking for an action of an infinite subgroup of $\mathbb Z^\infty_2$ over the golden mean shift space $$X=\{x\in \{0,1\}^\mathbb N : x_i=1\Rightarrow x_{i+1}=0\}$$ such that any element of $G$ ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

575 views

### MacWilliams Identity for Asymptotic Weight Spectrum of a Code

Introduction
Let $C$ be a code of block length $n$ having $A_i^C$ words of Hamming weight $i$, for $i\in [n]$, where $[n]:=\{0,\ldots,n\}$. Then, the sequence $\{ A_i^C \}_{i \in [n]} $ is called the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

49 views

### Function field Towers of larger depth of recursion

A function field tower is a sequence of function fields
$$\mathcal{F}_0 \subset \mathcal{F}_1 \subset \mathcal{F}_2 \dots \subset \mathcal{F}_{n} \subset \mathcal{F}_{n+1} \subset \dots $$
over a base ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Isomorphic Algebraic Geometric codes

Let $\chi/\Bbb F_q$ be an algebraic curve over a finite field $\Bbb F_q$ with $q^s$ rational points for some $s\in(0,1)$. Let $L(D)$ be the riemann roch space with prescribed zeros and poles. Let ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

322 views

### On the rank of a matrix $S$ with coefficients in $\mathbb F_{2^m}$

Let $\mathbb F$ be a finite field with characteristic 2 and let $S \in M(2k, 2k, \mathbb F)$ be the matrix defined as follows
$$ S=\left[\begin{array}{ccccccc}
0 & ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

806 views

### Hot-topics in error correcting coding related to interesting math. ?

What are topics in error-correcting coding which are related to interesting math. ?
I am primarely interested in nowdays hot topics, but old days topics are also welcome.
Let me try to mention what ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Certain subgroup of automorphism groups of binary codes

Suppose that $C$ is an binary linear code of length $n$ and dimension $k$ (i.e. it's a $k$-dimensional linear subspace of $\mathbb{F}_2^n$). As usual, the automorphism group of $C$ is the subgroup of ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### Automorphisms of subgroup of hamming cube under distance constraint

Let $S$ be a subset of $\{0,1\}^n$ such that any two elements of $S$ are at least (Hamming) distance 5 apart. I'm looking for an upper bound on the size of the automorphism group of $S$.
There's a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### When does the Lloyd polynomial have only integral roots?

For a $t$-error correcting code of length $n$ over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, the Lloyd polynomial is given by
$$
L_t(n,x):=\sum_{j=0}^t(-1)^j\binom{x-1}{j}\binom{n-x}{t-j}(q-1)^{t-j}.
$$
A ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

570 views

### covering by spherical caps

Consider the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^d.$ Pick now some $\alpha$ (I am thinking of $\alpha \ll 1,$ but I don't know how germane this is). The question is: how many spherical caps of angular radius ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

108 views

### Designing almost orthogonal vectors in a deterministic manner

Consider the vector space $\mathbb{R}^n$, the standard inner product $\langle \cdot,\cdot \rangle:\mathbb{R}^n\times\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, and some $0<\epsilon\leq ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Partial backups

Suppose you have some storage medium of a given size M, and can make some kind of backup on another medium of size B with M > B. You can choose the scheme to determine the contents of the backup.
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

128 views

### Techniques for showing optimality of given packing

There are some natural packing problems that have been asked in mathematics. Some of them are:
1)How many balls can be placed with in a cube?
2)How many equidistant points can be place on the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Fully Homomorphic Error Correction?

Consider a field $F$. Suppose we have two vectors $a,b\in F^n$, and an invertible matrix $G\in F^{n\times n}$. Let $c\in F^n$ be the point-wise product of $a$ and $b$, that is, $c_i=a_ib_i$. Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### On MDS code property

Is there a code that is Maximum Distance Separable and not isomorphic to Reed Solomon Codes? When is a MDS code isomorphic to Reed Solomon Code?
Is there an easy test? If so, could someone provide ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

290 views

### Cyclic Hamming Code

I know that Hamming codes can be arranged in cyclic form. But my question is how can I prove this.
My idea was to find a generator/primitive polynomial $p(x)$?
For example I want to show that the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Doing column permutation under row overlap constraint

In coding theory, there are parity-check codes whose parity-check matrices $H$ are generated via column permutations. For instance, the binary LDPC codes constructed in Gallager's 1962 IRE Trans paper ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Binary codes with upper bound on pairwise distance

A fundamental problem in coding theory is:
Given positive integers $k\le n$, determine or bound the maximal cardinality of a set $S\subset \mathbb{F}_{2}^{n}$ such that $\forall x,y\in S: x\ne ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Probability of false decoding with LDPC codes

It is well known that given a binary linear code $C$ under maximum likelihood decoding the probability of false decoding $P_C$ in a Binary Symmetric Channel with cross over probability $p$, in other ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

378 views

### request sources about self-dual cyclic codes

X. Kai and S. Zhu in the paper "On cyclic self-dual codes", AAECC, vol. 19, pp. 509-525, 2008, at page 510 in line 6 said that, It is well Known that there are no cyclic self-dual codes over $F_q$ ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### “sparse graphs are locally tree-like”

I would like to be able to state with confidence that sparse graphs (graphs with small numbers of edges) are locally tree-like (they have few short cycles). Apparently "Sparse graphs are locally tree ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

174 views

### Are there subsets L in R^n such that it is “easy to find” closest point in L to a given P in R^n ? Vague question motivated by error-correcting codes

Math Motivation: consider LINEAR subspace $L$ in $R^n$ and given vector $E$ in $R^n$, then it is easy to find a closest vector $S \in L$ to $E$ - just ortogonal projection.
Question Are they some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Generator Matrices of Best Known Linear Codes

Is there a location where one can access generator matrices (not just bounds) of best known linear codes?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Looking for Camion - Abelian codes

I am looking for a copy of the old report "Paul Camion - Abelian codes", Technical Report 1059, University of Wisconsin 1971. I have asked Paul himself, but he could not help me. Anyone out there has ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Reference for partial Hadamard matrices

Definition. An $m\times n$ matrix is said to be a partial Hadamard matrix (let's say PHM) if its entries are chosen from $\lbrace -1, 1 \rbrace$ such that the dot product of each pair of row vectors ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Comparison Huffman Encoding and Arithmetic Coding dependent on Entropy

Where can I get an understanding of how Arithmetic Coding and Huffman Encoding compare as entropy increases. I know Arithmetic Coding is better for low entropy distributions, but how can I get a sense ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Is there a code which corrects corruption of any two bits in a block?

Background
I've just learned a bit about linear codes. Hamming codes have the property that up to one bit in a block can be corrupted, and we still communicate the message correctly. This is done by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

146 views

### Extended Hypercube Graph

Definition 1. The $n$-hypercube graph has vertices which are the elements of the set $\lbrace 0,1\rbrace^n$ of $n$-bit binary strings, and an edge is drawn between each pair of vertices representing a ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

359 views

### Hamming codes from overlapping vectors

I am interested in whether the following problem is known.
For a given binary vector $V$ of length $n\geq m$, let $S$ be a subset of the possible subvectors of $V$ of length $m$ and say that the size ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

412 views

### Good codes in practice for correcting combination of errors and erasures

In practice, both errors and erasures might be introduced in the channel. Could you point me to some good codes for correcting such combinations. Also what are their correction capabilities?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Best upper bound on rate for q-ary codes

Among the many upper bounds for families of codes in $\mathbb F _2 ^n$, the best known bound is the one by McEliece, Rodemich, Rumsey and Welch which states that the rate $R(\delta)$ corresponding to ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

284 views

### Bounded Hamming distance

Definition 1. For each $n\in\mathbb{Z}^+$, the $n$-dimensional Hamming cube is the set of ordered $n$-tuples of $\lbrace 0,1\rbrace$, denoted by $\lbrace 0,1\rbrace ^n$.
Definition 2. The binary ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Isometry on a Hamming cube

Let $E^n$ be a Hamming cube of dimension $n$, and $\phi$ be a mapping from $E^n$ to $E^n$ that preserves Hamming distance, i.e. $d(x,y)=d(\phi (x),\phi (y))$. The question is the following: show that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Matrix where every subset of rows has maximal rank

I am looking for a class of matrices $M(n(m), m, k(m), \phi)$ with the following properties:
M is $n \times m$ where $n(m) > m$.
Every subset of rows of size $k$ has (maximal) rank $m$.
$n(m)$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Lower bound on the dimension of a subspace of $\mathbb Z_2^r$?

This question may be very trivial, I apologize if it is so.
I have subspace $V\subset \mathbb Z_2^r$ with the property that for every choice of a subset $I$ of $k$ elements in $\{1,2,\dots r\}$, the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

115 views

### (A)periodicity and (In)dependence on the boundary condition for some discrete analog of ODE (convolutional codes)

(See also MO117508, MO116611). This post describes somewhat real problem with convolutional codes. Let me first try to give brief and vague formulation of the question, later give details.
Problem ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### If “force” is periodic does it imply “velocity” is periodic ? (or decoding tail-bited conv. codes)

I'll try to translate certain problem about convolutional codes to more common language of ODE, hope my translation is correct, but welcome to criticize.
Consider two given functions periodic ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

715 views

### Can you cover the Boolean cube {0,1}^n with O(1) Hamming-balls each of radius n/2-c*sqrt(n)?

(where c>0 and the balls need not be disjoint?)
This is an embarrassingly simple question, yet somehow I couldn't find an answer (not even, "this is a well-known open problem") after spending some ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Most orthogonal lattice basis

Let $n \in \mathbf{N}$ be a natural number and $v_1,\cdots,v_n$ a set of basis vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. How does one find the matrix $g \in \mathbf{GL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ orthogonalizing these best ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

265 views

### Cancellation theorem for lattices

By a lattice, we mean a finitely generated, free $\mathbb{Z}$-module together with a symmetric bilinear form. Typical examples are the hyperbolic lattices $U$ and the root lattices $A_{n}, D_{n}, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### Is there any relationship between a tree(graph theory) and semi-metric?

suppose we have a tree(undirected) with $n$ vertices.The edges are weighted(distances). Is it possible to impose a semi-metric structure on the graph using these distances and adjacency matrix?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

315 views

### How to find next to optimal path in hidden Markov model or what should be LIST-Viterbi algorithm ?

The Viterbi algorithm is an algorithm for finding the most likely sequence of hidden states – called the Viterbi path.
Question If I am interested in list of several paths - optimal, sub-optimal, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### How many combinations exist of $M'$ items from a set of $M$ items such that each combination is not similar at more than $m$ elements?

I apologize if this has been answered before.
I would like to know how many ways there are to choose $M'$ elements from a set of $M$ elements such that any two sets selected are not similar at more ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### What are “best” polynoms f(x) g(x) of degree n ? I.e. ideal generated by them is as far from zero as possible ? (Best convolutional codes.)

Consider polynoms f(x) g(x) of degree at most n. (I am mostly interested about F_2[x]).
Let us multiply them by arbitrary polynoms p(x) i.e. consider ideal (p f , p g) in $F_2[x]\oplus F_2[x]$.
Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

518 views

### “Trellis graph” is it standard term in graph theory ? What are its properties ?

In coding theory (convolutional codes) the graph called "trellis diagramm" is used
to visualize something.
I wonder is it a standard term in graph theory? Corresponding Wikipedia article is not
...