**1**

vote

**1**answer

33 views

### Bound for a combinatorial sum

I was playing around with a problem and I obtained a certain
combinatorial sum. I was wondering if there was a way to simplify or bound it.
I have a real valued function $f$, which satisfies $|f(x)| ...

**23**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### Submitting to arXiv when unaffiliated

I am writing a short paper in the area of combinatorics.
When the paper is complete, I would like to be able to submit it to arXiv.
The reasons that I would like to submit to arXiv are:
To obtain ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

219 views

### Characterizing and counting boolean functions with all influences 1/2

Is there a characterization of boolean functions $f:\{-1,1\}^n \longrightarrow \{-1,1\}$,
so that $\mathbf{Inf_i}[f]=\frac{1} {2}$, for all $1\leq i\leq n$? Is it known how many such functions there ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

301 views

### Can we sometimes define the parity of a set?

Suppose that ${n\choose k}, {n-1\choose k-1}, \ldots, {n-k+1\choose 1}$ are all even. (This happens for example if $k=2^\alpha-1$ and $n=2k$.) In this case, can we select ${n\choose k}/2$ sets of size ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Triangulations of special polyhedra

Let $A_1,A_2,A_3 \in \mathbb{N}^3$ be three points in space all lying in some plane $x+y+z=d$ where $d$ is a positive integer. If $\{e_1,e_2,e_3\}$ is the standard basis in $\mathbb{R}^3$, we can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Looking for a canonical (matroid polytope) subdivision of the hypersimplex

A matroid polytope is the convex hull of the indicator vectors of the bases of a matroid, and a matroid polytope subdivision (MPS) is a polyhedral subdivision of a matroid polytope whose cells are ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Collecting terms of a linear expression with nested sums and combinatorics in coefficients

I need to collect the $\Pr(\cdot)$ terms of the following expression:
$\sum_{m=3}^{n}\frac{g_{m}\left( \cdot \right) }{\left( \sqrt{\theta \left(
1-\theta \right) }\right) ^{m}}\left[ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Maximal $k$-chordal subgraph

Recall that a graph is called $k$-chordal if any cycle $C$ of length $> k$ contains a chord, i.e. an edge joining to non-consecutive vertices in $C$. Let $f(n, k)$ be the minimal number of edges ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Matching in the Boolean Algebra

We consider the Boolean Algebra of the set $[n]=\{1,\dots,n\}$ and the matching $\psi$ from the $m+1$ subsets of $[n]$ into the $m$ subsets of $[n]$ for $(n+1)/2\leq m+1\leq n$, which is used to show ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### sum calculation

I would like to calculate, or bound from above, the following sum
$$
\sum_{i=0}^n(n-2i)^p{p \choose i},
$$
here $p\geq 2$.
Any references are very welcome.
Thank you.

**13**

votes

**0**answers

483 views

### What is the best lower bound for 3-sunflowers?

A collection of $t$ sets $A_i$ is called a t-sunflower if $A_i \cap A_j = Z $ for all $i \neq j$ for some fixed $Z$. A well-known conjecture of Erdos and Rado says that there is a constant $C_t$ such ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Computing a Levenshtein edit distance between two strings when a particular set of string edits is forbidden

Let's imagine we'd like to compute a Levenshtein edit distance between two strings, $S_1$ of length $n_1$ and $S_2$ or length $n_2$, consisting of characters over a finite alphabet $R$ of size $q$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

123 views

### Less general edge reconstruction problem for simple graphs

Let $G$ be a simple graph. Let $E^-(G)$ denote the set of (isomorphism classes) of subgraphs of $G$ that can be obtained by deleting a single edge of $G$. Similarly, let $E^+(G)$ be the set of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Proof of existence of recursively inaccessible and Mahlo ordinals

As in title - I'm looking for a proof of the existence of a countable recursively inaccessible or recursively Mahlo ordinals, especially the first one. When looking for it in all the papers I stumbled ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Probability of differently loaded dice summing to a value [on hold]

I have a real world problem that boils down to the following:
I'm playing dice. I have $n \approx o(10)$ differently biased die. The probability of the $i^{th}$ die showing $x_i$ is given by ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Under which constraints are there only finite numbers of irreducible eta product identities?

For the Dedekind eta function, defined as usual by $\eta(q) = q^{\frac1{24}} \prod\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} (1-q^{n})$, let for brevity $e_k:=\eta(q^k)$.
An eta product identity (or eta identity for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

24 views

### TSP: Approximation Ratio of the Double Tree Heuristic after Diagonals have been Removed

In their article "Double-Tree Approximations for the Metric TSP: Is the Best One Good Enough?", Vladimir Deineko and Alexander Tiskin derive a lower bound for the approximation ratio of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### What is the Essential Reason that allows a PTAS for the EUCLIDEAN TSP?

Questions:
Is there some understanding of the reason, why the euclidean TSP allows a PTAS, whereas the metric TSP in general does not and, is the PTAS stable under sufficiently small perturbation ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Conjecture of a subset of Wang tile which might be decidable

From the two papers proving the undecidability of Wang tile in 1966 by Berger and in 1971 by RM Robinson, the tiles used in proving undecidability has a general common feature:
The left color and ...

**28**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### An edge partitioning problem on cubic graphs

Hello everyone,
I already asked this question on the TCS Stack Exchange, but it has not been resolved yet. Maybe readers of this forum will have other ideas or information, although I suspect that ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Solving a general two-term combinatorial recurrence relation

What is known about explicit (not necessarily closed-form) solutions to the recurrence
$$R^n_k= (\alpha n) R^{n-1}_k + (\alpha' n + \beta' k) R^{n-1} _{k-1},$$
with initial condition $R_0^0 = 1$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Reference for Frobenius’s proof of Schur’s finite version of the Rogers - Ramanujan identities

In his paper “Ein Beitrag zur additiven Zahlentheorie und zur Theorie der Kettenbrüche” I. Schur has stated that Frobenius has communicated to him a simple direct proof of his finite version of the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Error term in formula for products of necklaces

Let us consider the $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$, where the number of fixed necklaces of length n composed of a types of beads $N(n,a)$ can be calculated via totient function: ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Existence of a certain subset of natural numbers equidistributed modulo $m$ for every $m$

I was talking to a friend and the following set $S$ came up.
Let $f$ be some real valued function tending to infinity.
Let $S$ be a subset of natural numbers such that $|S \cap [1,N]| = N^{\delta}+ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Asymptotics and combinatorics

Wright's expansion of
$$
(1-z)^b\exp[A/(1-z)^c], \text{for } A > 0, 0<c<1\tag{1}
$$
is, in the words of the late, great Mark Kac "well known to those that know it well".
(See, for example, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

187 views

### A generalized urn-ball matching problem; Complicated combinatoric/probabilistic limit

I'm looking for a generalization to the urn-ball matching problem. As a reminder of what I've got in mind, here's the simple version:
Randomly assign (with replacement) $N$ balls to $M$ urns. ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

312 views

### Determine if a graph has a large clique

This question is quite specific and practical. I hope it is still relevant for MO and will not be removed.
I have a collection $\mathcal{C}$ of graphs having from 5000-6000 vertices and edge density ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Single element extensions of subspace arrangement over finite field

Matroids have single element extensions found by Crapo[2] to create ground set size $n+1$ matroids from ground set size $n$ matroids. Do subspace arrangements over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ have ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Extremal graph theory for directed graphs

In extremal graph theory, there are results such as
$$t(C_4,G)\geq t(K_2,G)^4,$$
where $G$ is an undirected graph, $C_4$ is a cycle graph on 4 nodes, $K_2$ is a complete graph of $2$ nodes, and ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### departure time/overlap algorithm [closed]

i'm looking for "departure time/overlap algorithm" or any other idea.
Suppose you have n trains and each one has a performance profile(how much electricity they need at the current time while driving ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

748 views

### Goin' with the flow with Kummer and Pascal: Combinatorics and geometry underlying the logarithm of the derivative operator

In a MO-Q111165 and associated MSE-Q125343, I present a pair of raising / lowering (creation / annihilation) operators $R_x = log(D)$ and $L_x = -x·D$ with $D=d/dx$ (for a sequence of functions ...

**34**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Placing numbers $1,2,\ldots,n^3$ in a cube so that numbers of any two adjacent unit subcube are coprime

This is a question first I asked in SE but since there was no suggestion or solution, I decide to put it here.
Consider an $n\times n \times n$ Cube containing $n^3$ unit cubes. Is it possible to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### battleship permutation

Consider the following one-dimensional version of the game battleships. There is a battleship somewhere on $\mathbb N$, i.e., a interval $N,\ldots,N+k$. Your task is to find whether this battleship ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Generalized permutahedron and random polytopes

The Birkhoff polytope $B_n$ is defined as the convex hull of the set of permutation matrices, which gives us the set of doubly stochastic matrices. A concept which is intimately related is that of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Computational complexity of deciding isomorphism of rational polyhedral cones

Let $C,C'$ be rational polyhedral cones in $\mathbb R^n$ both with non-empty interior. Rational means they are generated by vectors with rational entries. One says that $C,C'$ are isomorphic if there ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What have simplicial complexes ever done for graph theory?

(I am asking in a somewhat tongue-in-cheek fashion, of course, but nevertheless...)
Are there examples of results in "classical" [*] graph theory that have
been achieved by using simplicial ...

**12**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### Cyclotomic Polynomials in Combinatorics

I am searching for a combinatorial significance of cyclotomic polynomials. The only examples I got are a paper by Neville Robbins http://www.emis.de/journals/INTEGERS/papers/a6/a6.pdf and two recent ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Conjecture relating differential equation and sum of a function over partitions

The following is an addition to A function from partitions to natural numbers - is it familiar?; the function $f(\lambda)$ as defined there, when summed over all partitions of n, gives an unexpected ...

**50**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Existence of a zero-sum subset

Some time ago I heard this question and tried playing around with it. I've never succeeded to making actual progress. Here it goes:
Given a finite (nonempty) set of real numbers, $S=\{a_1,a_2,\dots, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

581 views

### Big binary tree as an induced subgraph

I believe this is true:
Suppose $G$ is a graph. If $G$ has a subdivision of a large binary tree, prove that $G$ has an
induced subgraph which is a subdivision of a large binary tree or the line ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### A variant of Kruskal's theorem

For $X$ and $Y$ finite sequences of finite trees, let us say that $X$ is everywhere contained in $Y$ ($X\subseteq_{ec}Y$) iff, for every $y\in Y$, there is some $x\in X$ such that $x$ is a minor of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Pros and cons of probability model for permutations

I am studying probability model of random permetuation
Let $b(n; k)$ denote the number of permutations of {1,...,n} with precisely k
inversions ($inv(\pi)$). The analytic approach was considered by ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

496 views

### In Szemerédi's Regularity Lemma, how many blocks are in the partition?

Suppose $G = (V,E)$ is a directed graph.
For sets $A$ and $B$ of vertices of $G$,
let $d(A,B) = |(A \times B) \cap E| / (|A||B|)$ denote the edge density between $A$ and $B$,
and say that the pair ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

489 views

### A sum involving derivatives of Vandermonde

Consider the standard Vandermonde $V(x_1, \ldots, x_n) = \prod_{i < j} (x_i - x_j)$.
I am intersted in the calculation of the following expression for fixed $k$:
$$\sum_i (x_i)^k (d/dx_i)^k V(x_1 , ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### There are n horses. At a time only k horse can run in the single race. How many minimum races are required to find the top m fastest horses?

There are n horses. At a time only k horse can run in the single race. How many minimum races are required to find the top m fastest horses? Please explain your answer. (There is no timer.)
This was ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

209 views

### An infinite product: combinatorial interpretation

It is an undergraduate exercise to show that the generating function for the sequence of unrestricted integer partitions $p(n)$ is the celebrated infinite product
...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

287 views

### Extremal examples for a folklore lemma on subgraphs of large minimum degree

It's a well known fact that a graph $G$ of average degree $d$ has a subgraph $G'$ of minimum degree at least $d/2$ and that the constant $1/2$ cannot be improved. The proof I know, which proceeds by ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### More asymptotics for trees

This is a follow up to my recent question on the asymptotics of A003238. Lucia gave a fine answer to that question, but as I hinted the 'real' problem I have in mind is slightly different, and I've ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

275 views

### Do graphs with large number of cycles always contain large necklace minor?

Let "$k$-necklace" denote the (multi)graph obtained from a cycle of length $k$ by duplicating every edge.
Note that the number of cycles in $k$-necklace is at least $2^k.$
Question : Suppose a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Bases of a matroid such that their complement is an independent set

Let $M$ be some matroid on $[n]$ with set of bases $\mathcal{B}$. I am interested in the subset $\mathcal{B}' \subseteq \mathcal{B}$ of bases $b \in \mathcal{B}$ with the property that $[n] \setminus ...