# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Coloring summands of given n-partition with given weights of colors

Let $\lambda$ and $\sigma$ be n-partitions $\lambda_1+\lambda_2+\cdots+\lambda_l=n$ and $\sigma_1+\sigma_2+\cdots+\sigma_s=n$
Then let $M_{\lambda \sigma}$ be the number of ways to colour blocks of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### A variation on Bulgarian solitare

It appears that a variation on Bulgarian solitare has a fixed point regardless
of the starting $n$.
For example, let $n=69$, and consider this partition:
$$
(8,8,7,7,5,5,5,5,5,4,3,3,2,2)
$$
In ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Faster formula to compute sum over partitions

Let $f$ be a function from the positive integers to the real numbers (or some ring...). Let
$$(\star) \quad F(n) = \sum_{n_1 \leq \cdots \leq n_j\atop n_1 + \cdots + n_j = n} f(n_1) \cdots f(n_j), $$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Sequences that represent different drawing of chords?

In combinatorics there are there are special kind of sequences, in which their terms represent the number of different ways that we can draw chords with some properties.
Actually my question is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### How to prove this identity? (Perhaps related to partition) [closed]

How to prove this identity?
$ \sum_{n\ge 0} \frac{x^{n^2}}{(1-x)(1-x^2)\cdots(1-x^n)}= \frac{1}{\prod_{k \ge 0}(1-x^{5k+1})(1-x^{5k+4})}$
I will appreciate it a lot if a solution using method ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

238 views

### An infinite product: combinatorial interpretation

It is an undergraduate exercise to show that the generating function for the sequence of unrestricted integer partitions $p(n)$ is the celebrated infinite product
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### The number of partitions between two fixed partitions

Given two partitions M and N, with $M_i \leq N_i$ for all $1\leq i\leq \max\{l(M),l(N)\}$. Is there a formula for the generating function: $$\sum_{\lambda: M_i\leq \lambda_i\leq N_i} ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### Length of the longest chain in dominance order

If $\Pi_n$ is the set of partitions of $n$, then for $\lambda, \mu\in \Pi_n$ we say $\mu$ dominates $\lambda$ if $\sum\limits_{i=1}^k \lambda_i \leq \sum\limits_{i=1}^k \mu_i$ for all $k$. This gives ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Generating random weak k-bounded reverse plane partitions

Fix a partition $\lambda$. A weak reverse plane partition of shape $\lambda$ is a filling $0\leq \pi_{ij}$ of $\lambda$ with $\pi_{ij}\leq \pi_{kl}$ whenever $i\leq k$ or $j\leq l$. Note that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Asymptotics of partitions in at most n parts, bounded by r

I posted this question on MathStackexchange (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/639878/asymptotics-of-partitions-in-at-most-n-parts-bounded-by-r) some time ago, but it did not receive any answer, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Combinatorial Technique Needed

The following problem is likely too special for MO.
However I have no clue how to deal with it, so I'll just try. Nevertheless
it is a combinatorial problem and a discussion about general methods
in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Unique Domino Tiling

Question: how does one enumerate all star-convex $2n$-vertex sublattices of the plane that have the unique domino-tiling property?
Definitions:
A subset S of the xy-plane is star-convex if there is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Computing the lexicographic indices of integer partition

If we order all the partitions of a integer in a lexicographic order, how can we compute the position of each partition in this order without having to explicitly list all other partitions that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Number of 3-tuple partitions of a multiple of three which follow the triangle inequality

Given n=3t, t$\in \mathbb N$; let $\mathbb L_3$ be set of all distinct integer partitions of n having 3 parts; say $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\lambda_3$ .
If I chose any one partition randomly from ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

907 views

### A problem on a specific integer partition

Let $n$ be a positive integer, we consider partitions of the following form :
$$n = d^{2}_{1} + d^{2}_{2} + ... + d^{2}_{r}$$ such that :
$d_{i}\vert n$
$1=d_{1}<d_{2} \le d_{3} \le ... \le ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

442 views

### Recurrence relation for coefficients of product of generating functions for partition numbers

It is well known that
$$Z(x,q) = \prod_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{(1-xq^n)} = \sum_{m=0}^\infty\sum_{k=0}^m p_{m,k}x^kq^m$$
is the generating function for the number $p_{m,k}$ of partitions of $m$ in ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### Which unordered partition of $n$ gives rise to the largest number of ordered partitions?

A quick look at the wikipedia article on partitions of $n \in \mathbb{N}$ shows that the number of ordered partitions is $2^{n-1}$, and the number of unordered partitions is asymptotically $ \sim ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

139 views

### Databases for sequences indexed by partitions

Is there a database for sequences indexed by partitions similar to Sloane's OEIS? I mean, I am aware that in the OEIS there are some arrays indexed by partitions, but I feel as though most of such ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### bounded partitions and bounded signed partitions of integers

Define a bounded signed partition of length $m$ and of bounded height $h$ of an integer $n$ by a relation:
$$n = \pm a_{1} \pm a_{2} \pm a_{3} \pm \dots \pm a_{m}$$ where each $a_{i}$ is a integer in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

181 views

### Random RSK and Plancherel Measure

Let $(X_1,X_2,\ldots)$ be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables. It is known that if these random variables are distributed uniformly on the unit interval, then applying the RSK algorithm to this ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Why are the dinv-statistic and the partition length equidistributed?

A partition of $n$ is a weakly decreasing sequence of natural numbers $\lambda = (\lambda_1, \lambda_2, \dots)$ such that $\sum \lambda_i = n$. Its length $l(\lambda)$ is the number of positive ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

327 views

### 3D generalizations of permutations, RSK correspondence, contingency tables, etc.

I want to gather facts and questions related to 3D generalizations
of permutations, RSK correspondence, contingency tables,
etc. One reason I am interested in this is because it is potentially
related ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Semimagic Squares and Partitions

Say, we have a semimagic square $X$, that is, an $n\times n$ square matrix with entries from natural numbers, such that each row and column of it sums up to the same natural number $s$.
Let $M$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Partitions comprised only of divisors

How many of the partitions of a natural number $n$ are comprised only of its divisors? That is, if $$p(n)=\sum_{\sum_{1}^n kj_k=n:j_k\geq 0} 1_{\[j_1,j_2,...\]},$$
is the ordinary partition function ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

584 views

### Partitions into parts from an arithmetic progresion

Fix an arithmetic progression $R=(a, a+m, a+2m, \ldots)$, and assume that $gcd(a,m)=1$. Define $q_R(n)$ as the following coefficients:
$$\prod_{i=0}^\infty (1+ t^{a+mi}) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty q_R(n) ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

967 views

### Explicit formula for the number of compositions with m strictly positive parts bounded by n?

Is there any known formula for the number of compositions of an integer k (partitions with considering the order of the parts) of length m (exactly m parts) where the parts do not exceed a given ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Functions consistent with two partitions of a finite set

Suppose that $P$ and $C$ are two unordered partitions of $[n]$, the set of positive integers from 1 to $n$. Let $c(C,P,x)$ be the number of functions $f$ from $[n]$ to $[x]$ for which
(1) ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

391 views

### A product identity for partitions

For a partition $\lambda=(\lambda_1\ge \lambda_2\ge \dots)$, let
$m_\lambda=\prod_i (\lambda_i-\lambda_{i+1})!$ be the product of factorials of consecutive differences and let $v_\lambda=\prod_{i | ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Box-dual of a partition - what is it called?

Fix natural numbers $n,m\in\mathbb{N}$. Given a partition $\lambda\vdash d$ with at most $n$ rows (and at most $m$ columns), we can define a partition ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Partitions limit shape and LDP

Hello!
I am trying to understand the paper of Dembo-Vershik-Zeitouni, Large deviations for integer partitions. I am only interested in Theorem 2, which deals with the case of the uniform ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

727 views

### Inverse map for partition transform

Let $(a_n)$, $n\in\mathbb{N}$, be a sequence of complex numbers, then formally one has
(1)
$$\prod_{1}^{\infty}\left(1-a_nx^n\right)^{-1}=1+\sum_{1}^{\infty}\left(\sum_{j_1+2j_2+\cdots ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### shape of random q-weighted lattice path

Where can I find a detailed write-up of the asymptotic shape of a $q$-weighted Young diagram inside an $a$-by-$b$ box, especially one that uses a variational approach?
Equivalently, we can look at ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Distribution of big component of set partitions

Consider the set $S_n = \{1, \dotsc, n\},$ and consider the set $P(n, k)$ of partitions of $S_n$ into $k$ parts (the cardinality of $P(n, k)$ is the Stirling number of the second kind $S(n, k).$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

277 views

### What is 'arch' in Vershik-Kerov's 1984 paper?

In their 1984 paper Asymptotic of the Largest and the Typical Dimensions of Irreducible Representations of a Symmetric Group, Vershik and Kerov use the notation $\DeclareMathOperator{\arch}{arch}\arch ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

565 views

### How local the property of “being a partition” is?

Note: The problem is solved! See EDIT below.
The following question about integer partitions arose from a purely "practical" question: Does there exist better dynamic programming algorithms for the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Seeking a solution algorithm to the 3-partition problem

I need to divide 48 pieces of jewelry between 3 inheritors so as to give equal, or nearly equal value, to each. I have learned that this is called the 3-partition problem. I solved it for 9 pieces of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Article about partitions with forbidden parts/multiplicities

I am looking for an article, most likely from the 90s, that generalized the bijection between partitions with odd and distinct parts by explaining how a bijection between the forbidden parts could be ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

749 views

### Binomial coefficient in Andrews' partition book

First of all, i think MathOverflow is a very great community to discuss math, either basic or advanced, and i'm glad to participate here. It's my first post, so i'm sorry if i did anything wrong, and ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

823 views

### What are the best known bounds on the number of partitions of $n$ into exactly $k$ distinct parts?

For example, if $n = 10$ and $k = 3$, then the legal partitions are
$$10 = 7 + 2 + 1 = 6 + 3 + 1 = 5 + 4 + 1 = 5 + 3 + 2$$
so the answer is $4$. By choosing $k$ random elements of $\{1,\ldots,2n/k\}$, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

309 views

### Partitions into 0,1, and 2 with a partial sum condition.

On a tangent to a problem I've been working on, I've run into a combinatorial/partition-theoretic problem that I wondered if anyone had run into before.
Let $N$ be a positive integer, and ad-hoc-ly ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

460 views

### a simple combinatorial problems

what sequence $C=(c_1,\cdots,c_n)\in \mathbb{N}^n$ with $\sum ic_i=n$ maximizes the number of
$\omega\in\mathfrak{S}_n$ of type $C$? For instance,when $n=4$ the maximizing sequence is
$(1,0,1,0)$.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

480 views

### Split sum into equal terms

Given a sum of $l$ integers $r_1+...+r_k+...+r_l$ and an integer $t$.
Find indices
$1 < p_1 <...< p_h <...< p_{t-1} < l$
such that in sum
...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

847 views

### Partitions to different parts not exceeding $n$

Consider the polynomial $(1+x)(1+x^2)\dots (1+x^n)=1+x+\dots+x^{n(n+1)/2}$, which enumerates subj. How to prove that it's coefficients increase up to $x^{n(n+1)/4}$ (and hence decrease after this)? Or ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

418 views

### Does this type of partition have a name?

If this question is dumb please excuse me.
Does this type of partition have a name and if so, what is it?
A sequence of partitions of an integer $\vec{\lambda}_1, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

175 views

### Explicit formulas for the action of the Hall algebra of the cyclic quiver on q-Fock space?

In their paper on the decomposition numbers of Schur algebra, Vasserot and Varagnolo introduce an action of the (twisted) Hall algebra of a cyclic quiver $\Gamma$ on q-Fock space.
Without q-shifts, ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

555 views

### How to recover partition from its multiset of hook lengths?

One of the invariants associated to a partition is its multiset of hook lengths. For instance, as shown here, the partition (5,4,1) has hook lengths {1,1,1,2,3,3,4,5,5,7}. Is there a good way to go ...

**23**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Asymptotic growth of a certain integer sequence

Some time ago, while putting my nose in the Sloane's Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, I came over the sequence A019568 defined as follows:
$a(n):=$ the smallest positive integer $k$ such
...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

953 views

### unique integer partitions

Let me motivate my general question with an explicit example:
Suppose I am looking for all unique combinations of exactly three non-negative integers that sum to five. The solutions are 005, 014, ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### I am searching for the name of a partition (if it already exists)

I derived this definition by searching for a representation of a family of sets. I am quite sure that someone should have thought to this before, because it seems to be quite straightforward given a ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

431 views

### Unique way to partition into two parts of equal weight

A special case says it all ... Let $ w_1 < w_2 < \ldots < w_{12} $ be an increasing sequence of $12$ integers ("weights") such that the total weight $W=\sum_{k=1}^{12}w_k$ is even.
Say that ...