# Tagged Questions

**6**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Who first noticed that Stirling numbers of the second kind count partitions?

When the Stirling numbers of the second kind were introduced by James Stirling in 1730, it was not combinatorially; rather, the numbers ${n \brace k}$ were defined via the polynomial identity
$$
x^n = ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Arranging books into bags [on hold]

I'm trying to find an algorithm to answer the following question (informal): given a (finite) set of distinct books of different (positive integer) sizes and a (finite) set of bags of different ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### When is a group Fibonacci sequence contained in a single conjugacy class?

First a definition: a Fibonacci sequence in a group is a sequence in which the first two elements may be arbitrary, and from there on each element is a product (using the group operation) of the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Lattice model for Affine Grassmannians of non type A

There is a Lattice model for affine Grassmannians of type A, due to Lusztig. It describes affine Grassmannians of type A as the moduli space of certain subspaces in an infinite-dimensional ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### How to visualise Bollobas' 1965 theorem?

Theorem
$[n]=\{1,\ldots,n\}$. Let $\lbrace (R_i, S_i), i \in I \rbrace, R_i, S_i \subset [n]$ be such that $R_i \cap S_i = \emptyset, R_i \cap S_j \ne \emptyset (i \ne j)$. Then $$\sum_{i \in I} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Computing row-sum scaled unsigned Stirling nos. of the 1st kind

As the title suggests, I would like to compute probability vectors with elements proportional to (unsigned) Stirling numbers of the first kind by row. For easy reference, here is the Wiki page.
For ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Semigroup nilpotents and compostional inversion

The integer coefficients of a general partition formula for the compositional inverse of a function are a refined version of the coefficients of the generating series for the number of nilpotents in a ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

125 views

+50

### Probability that a sum of intependent random variables hits a point

Let $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ be independent random elements of a normed space $X$. Suppose that $\sup_{x\in X}\mathbb{P}(X_i=x)=p_i$. What is the best known upper bound for
$$\sup_{x\in X} ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Are sums of 0-1 Pareto efficient vectors Pareto efficient?

Does there exist an $m \times n$ matrix $A$ and a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^m$ such that:
The entries of $A$ are $\in \{0, 1\}$.
For all pairs of columns $u, v$ of $A$ the entries of $u - v$ are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### What is God's number for the WrapSlide puzzle?

WrapSlide is a slide-puzzle (reminding of Rubik's Cube) consisting of a 6x6 grid of coloured tiles which are separated into four quadrants of 3x3 tiles. When it is unmixed all the tiles in a quadrant ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### When are all sums of the elements of a set different?

Consider a set $S = \{x_1, \dots, x_n\} \subset \mathbb{Q}\setminus\{0\}$ and assume that for any $I, J \subset [n]$ with $I \neq J$ we have that
\begin{equation}
\sum_{i \in I} x_i \neq \sum_{j \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### K-Permutations with forbidden numbers [on hold]

This question has some references to programming and not as many mathematical terms as you might like, but I think it's more appropriate in a mathematics forum.
Introduction (Skip if you are ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Combinatorial Proof Problem [on hold]

I'm having trouble solving this because I'm only familiar with algebraic proofs instead of combinatorial.
$$\binom{3n}{3}=n^3+6n\binom{n}{2}+3\binom{n}{3},\quad\text{for }n\ge3.$$

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### A problem on chains of squares — can one find an easy combinatorial proof?

Consider the unit square $ S = [0,1] \times [0,1] $. For each $ n \in \mathbb{N} $, we can tessellate $ S $ by the collection
$$
A
= \left\{
\left[ \frac{i}{n},\frac{i + 1}{n} \right] \times
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Number of maximal chains in Bruhat order

Is there a formula for the number of maximal chains between two permutation in the (strong) Bruhat order?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### A number array related to colored necklaces and the primes

I stumbled upon entry OEIS-A208535 on the enumeration of certain kinds of colored necklaces and noticed that the integers for the odd prime rows of the table there seem to be given by the Moreau ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### What is known about the chromatic number for minimum-distance graphs in higher dimensions?

For a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with minimum distance $a$, the minimum-distance graph connect two points iff they are at distance $a$. We can also view it as the tangency graph for a set of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$.
Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### On the ratio of Gilbreath sequences

Definitions: let $n \in \mathbb{N}_{>0} \cup \{ \infty \}$ and let $E_n$ be the set of sequences $(d_i)_{i=1}^n$ such that $d_1=1$, $d_i$ is an even integer (for $i > 1$) and $0<d_i \le i$. ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

434 views

+50

### Separating points in the plane II

Let A be a set of $2m$ points on the plane so that no open set of diameter $2$ has more than m of them. Define $A+A+...+A$ ($k$ times) to be the multiset of $k$-sums from $A$. That is, we consider all ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### Is fourier analysis necessary to prove this?

I have a couple of inequalities that I want to prove. The proof is easy using fourier analysis but I am wondering whether there is a proof that does not use fourier analysis.
1) For any $c, s > ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### quadratic knacksack problem, state of art [closed]

What is the current status to quadratic knacksack problem? Say, how many variables can the state of art solver handle? Thank you.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Poisson approximation of random sub-graphs

I add the edges of $G(n)$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices one by one, at random and without replacement, and denote by $G(n,m)$ the resulting Erdos Renyi random graph process. At step $m$ in the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### A generalisation of Narayana-like numbers (walks on the 2D lattice)

I apologize in advance if this question has a trivial answer. I am pretty sure this kind of problem was already studied and I am mostly asking for good references.
Given integers $0 < k \le n+1,$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### Ordinary or Rational Generating Function for Associated Stirling Numbers $b(n,k)$

I am trying to identify or find the ordinary or rational generating function (not the exponential generating function) for the Associated Stirling numbers of the Second kind, denoted ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

272 views

### Does a classification of simultaneous conjugacy classes in a product of symmetric groups exist?

Let the symmetric group $S_n$ on $n$ letters act on $S_n^d=S_n\times\cdots\times S_n$ by simultaneous conjugation, i.e. $\pi\in S_n$ acts on $(\sigma_1,\ldots,\sigma_d)\in S_n^d$ by ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### Are all marked order polytopes normal?

Richard Stanley showed that order polytopes have a unimodlar ttriangulation.
In particular, this implies that they are integrally closed/normal.
One can generalize order polytopes to marked order ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

155 views

### Name for series $\sum f_n x^n / (n! (n+k)!)$

Let $(f_n)_{n\ge0}$ be a real sequence. Then $\sum f_n {x^n \over n!}$ is called the exponential generating function of $(f_n)$.
Let $k\ge0$ be a nonnegative integer. If we add another factorial ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

354 views

### What is the minimal $C_k$, such that every $f\colon \{-1,1\}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ of degree at most $k$ satisfies $\|f\|_2\le C_k\|f\|_1$

Every $f\colon\{-1,1\}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ can be repsenented as a multilinean polynomial of the form $$f(x_1,x_2,\ldots ,x_n)=\sum _{S\subseteq [n]} \hat{f}(S)\prod_{i\in S} x_i $$ The degree of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

101 views

### current status of combinatorial optimization solvers [closed]

What is the current status of the solvers in combinatorial optimization? For example, what is the "usual feasible size" for a traveller sale's man problem, say, how many nodes and edges are "usually ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

118 views

### Choosing subsets to cover larger sets

Consider the set $S=\{1,2,\ldots, n\}$, and let $a<b<n$. What is the minimum number $f(a,b)$ such that there exist $f(a,b)$ subsets of $S$ of size $a$ for which any subset of $S$ of size $b$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### Average vertex degree in finite Delaunay triangulations in high dimensions

In $\mathbb{R}^2$ it's known that with a "random" point configuration, the average degree of a vertex in its Delaunay triangulation is 6.
Does anyone know of a similar result in higher dimension? I ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

83 views

### Probability of a contiguous sub-sequence with different elements

Let $a$ and $b$ be two positive integers, and say $b\gg a$. Let $S$ be a random sequence with $ab$ elements, whose entries are all integers from $1$ to $a$, such that each number from $1$ to $a$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Coloring of the plane

I would like to know the minimum number k such that the plane R^2 can be coloured with k colors such that no colour contain all the possible distances. In other words, a colouring such that each color ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Some polytopes in $\mathbb R^n$ whose vertices have coordinates 1, -1 or 0

Let $n$ and $k$ be positive integers with $k\leq n$.
Let $P(n,k)$ be the convex hull in $\mathbb R^n$ of the $2^k {n \choose k}$ vectors whose exactly $k$ coordinates belong to $\{\pm 1\}$ all the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### Evaluation of the multiple integral [closed]

Would you give me any suggestions or comments on evaluating the following $n$-dimensional
integral? $$ \int_{[0,t]^n} h(x) dx $$
where
$ x=(x_1 ,x_2 , \cdots, x_n ), h(x)= \prod_{k=1}^n min( ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Computing basis of a lower set given basis of complementary upper set

In a poset $P$, $U\subseteq P$ is an upper set when for all $x\in U$, we have $y\ge x$ implies $y\in U$. Any subset of $P$ generates an upper set, and the basis of an upper set $U$ is the smallest ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Counting strings with alternating letters with generating functions

It is a classical problem that of finding the generating function (GF) of the number of strings with length $n$ having $m$ different letters (basically, the problem reduces to that of writing the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Counting Problems where Labeled is Known but Unlabeled is Not

Cayley's formula states that the number of labeled trees on $n$ vertices is $n^{n-2}$. There are many nice proofs of this compact formula.
To contrast, counting unlabeled trees is considerably ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

93 views

### Is there a formula for the number of labeled forests with $k$ components on $n$ vertices?

Cayley's formula states that the number of labeled trees on $n$ vertices is $n^{n-2}$. My question is: Is there a generalization of this formula for forests?
Let $f_{n,k}$ denote the number of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### How to prove an elementary functional equation for polylogarithms?

Let $Li_s(z)$ denote the usual polylogarithm. The elementary functional equation $$Li_{-n}(z)=(-1)^{n-1}Li_{-n}(1/z)$$ holds for $n\geq 1$. I remember only that the proof used some reproducing ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Generalized Cauchy-Binet sum over a fixed subset of indices

I originally posted this on math.stackexchange, but it quickly got buried. I removed it not too long after, thinking of rewriting it for MO, but I didn’t have a chance to post it until now. Apologies ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

495 views

### An Intriguing Tapestry: Number triangles, polytopes, Grassmannians, and scattering amplitudes

$$Prelude \;\;on \;\;Two\;\; Threads$$
Last month the workshop New Geometric Structures in Scatering Amplitudes was hosted by CMI with the following partial overview:
Recently, remarkable ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Counting rooted labelled trees with fixed height AND fixed # of vertices

Consider the set of rooted labeled trees in which each node may have up to $d$ children. It is well known that the number of such trees with $\leq v$ vertices is (approximately) $(ed)^v$ and that the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### G-equivariant coherent sheaves on Bott-Samelson Resolutions

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $B$ be a Borel subgroup. $G/B$ is the corresponding flag variety.
Let $w$ be an element of the Weyl group $W$ with a reduced expression
$w = s_1 \cdots s_n$. Let $X_w$ be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### enumeration of connected blocks in finite size square

Given a square of size n by m, how many ways could we choose sites, such that all the sites are connected?
By "connected" we mean "connected" by adjacent sites. We will illustrate by example, say, we ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### lower bound for difference between max cut and min cut

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph on $n$ vertices with edge weights $w=(w_e)_{e\in E}$. Let $M^+$ and $M^-$ be the maximum and the minimum cut values, i.e.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

138 views

### How to understand a rooting of a dessin d'enfant?

As I understand it, rooted maps on surfaces were first introduced in enumerative combinatorics because they are easier to count than unrooted maps, which can have non-trivial symmetries. A map is a ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

135 views

### open question on intersecting rectangles - reference request

In the now-inactive (and very nice) "Tricki" website that describes various proof techniques, there is an article (written I think by Timothy Gowers) that describes the following Ramsey-type problem:
...