**0**

votes

**0**answers

5 views

### Combinations Question about the construction of some special sets

Let n and k are two given numbers and the goal is to choose n subsets from {1,2,…n} such that every k union of these subsets construct the set {1,2,..n} and every m union (m
If n and k are given ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Open problems in compressed sensing

What are the main open problems in compressed sensing?
I am interested in theoretical as well as in numerical point of view.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

187 views

### How many k-subsets of the integers {1,…,n} sum to N?

Given the set of integers $S = \{1,..n\}$, how many subsets of $S$ with $k$ elements sum to $N\in \mathbb Z$?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### On matrix rank inequality

Let $A$ be a $\{0,1\}$ square matrix.
Let $J$ be all $1$ matrix.
Let $\bar{A}=J-A$.
Is it possible for $rk_+(A)\geq c\cdot rk_+(\bar{A})^d-1$ and $rk_+(\bar{A})\geq c\cdot rk_+({A})^d-1$ for some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Hopf structures on “pictorial” descriptions of permutations

There is a well-known Hopf structure on permutations, due to Malvenuto and Reutenauer. Here, the F basis elements are permutations in one-line notation, the product of two permutations is their ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Reducing enumeration of reduced words in general Coxeter groups to another #P-complete problem

There is a polynomial time algorithm that takes as inputs a Coxeter system $(W,S)$ with $S$ finite (but with $W$ not necessarily finite), say encoded as a Coxeter matrix, as well as two reduced words ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Balanced binary code that “resists” local decoding?

I am looking for a construction that can be stated as the following coding problem: a binary code with good distance ($d = \Omega(n)$ where codeword length is $n$) that "resists local decoding" in the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

242 views

### Connected components $0-1$ matrices

Let $M$ be a $0-1$ matrix.
Here a matrix has one component means we can traverse from a matrix entry $(i,j)$ which is $1$ to any other one by moving step of $(i\pm1,j),(i,j\pm1),(i\pm1,j\pm1)$ where ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Derangement,recursion and circular permutation [closed]

N people are invited to a dinner party and they are sitting on a round table.
Each person is sitting on a chair there are exactly N chairs.
So each person has exactly two neighboring chairs, one on ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Numbers with all N-digit prefixes divisible by N

In base 10, the number 3816547290 contains every digit exactly once. When I take the first N digits, that substring is divisible by N. For example, 381 is divisible by 3, 38165 is divisible by 5, etc. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Endomorphisms and almost all graphs

Is it known what fraction (almost all?) of graphs have a trivial endomorphism monoid? I can't seem to find any reference to the question. Maybe it's related to the question: what fraction of graphs ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

150 views

### Generalization of Bracketing (or one of its many equivalences)

I asked the following question on MathStackExchange, but I have not received any answers after almost 3 days. Although it may not be a research level question, I thought I could ask it here.
*"Is ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

280 views

### What is the number of equitriangulations of the n-cube?

I wonder if this question has been considered before and if anything is known. My search attempts have failed so far.
Let's consider the n-dimesnional cube, $[0,1]^n$, and let's call a simplex with ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

482 views

### Conjecture on maximum of symmetric combinatoric function

A curious symmetric function crossed my way in some quantum mechanics calculations, and I'm interested its maximum value (for which I do have a conjecture).
(The question was first asked at math.SE, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### On a positivity property of Hall-Littlewood polynomials

Here's the new, more thought through version.
Consider a sequence of nonnegative integers $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\ldots,\lambda_n)$ with $\lambda_i\ge \lambda_{i+1}+2$ (the weight $\lambda-2\rho$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Determining the number of hamiltonian paths of $K_n-C_n$

I would like to know information regarding the function $h(n)$ where $h(n)$ is the number of hamiltonian cycles the graph $K_n$ has after removing the edges that make up a hamiltonian cycle of $K_n$. ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

576 views

### Lots of combinatorial interpretations of Catalan numbers

During a lecture I gave on Catalan numbers, I pointed out that that it
is possible to give a continuum number of combinatorial
interpretations of these numbers. See the solution to (f$^5$) on
page 54 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Edge density of triangle-free graphs

Let $G$ be a finite, simple, loopless graph with $|V(G)|=n$. We define its edge density as $$ed(G) := \frac{|E(G)|}{n \choose 2}.$$
Moreover we set $$d_n := \text{max}\big\{ed(G): G \text{ is a ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

964 views

### How to prove that the following double sum is always an integer？

I have veriﬁed the following double sum is always an integer for $s$ up to $1000$ via Maple.
But I can not prove it. Proofs, hints, or references are all welcome.
Thanks!
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### A polytope with a bound on the sum of any $k$ variables

Let $2\le k\le n-1$ and define the polytope
$$P_k(n) = \lbrace (x_1,\ldots,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n :
-1\le x_{i_1}+\cdots +x_{i_k} \le 1 \text{ for all } 1\le i_1\lt\cdots\lt i_k\le n\rbrace.$$
There ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Partitions of $\mathbb{R}^+$ into subset closed by sum and product

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a "non trivial" solution of the Cauchy functional equation, i.e. $f$ is not of the form $f(x)=cx$ for any $c\in\mathbb{R}$ and satisfies the relation
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Marked chain polytope, has this been studied?

Fix $n$ and consider the polytope given by the inequalities
$$x_i\leq x_j, \text{ and } 0 \leq x_i \leq a_i \text{ for all } 1\leq i<j \leq n,$$
where $a_i \leq a_i\leq \dots \leq a_n$ are fixed ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Universal graph homomorphisms

By a graph I mean a pair $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) := \{\{a,b\}: a\neq b \in V\}$. A graph homomorphism between graphs $G, H$ is a map $f:V(G)\to V(H)$ such ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Colorful version of Fisher's inequality for block designs

Is there such a thing? I am thinking of Karatheodory and Tverberg analogues here.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### How to generate $n$ FP32 rationals s.t. no two distinct k-el. subsets have same sum?

First some
Background: I have lots and lots of integer matrices, whose rows are $k$-combinations (without repetitions and sorted) of numbers from the set $S:=\{1,...,n\}$ and needed to be compared ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### a question about points and line segments in the plane

Let $P=\{P_1,P_2\cdots P_n\}$ be a set of $n\geq 4$ points in the plane and $P_iP_j$ be the line segment connecting $P_i$ and $P_j$ that satisfy:
$(1)$Any three points of $P$ are not on a line;
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

48 views

### Number of different normalized inner products

Let $u,v\in\{0,1\}^n$ be $0-1$ vectors with $n$ components.
Let $I=\langle u,v \rangle$. Clearly $I$ can take values in $\{0,1,\dots,n-1,n\}$.
How many different values can $$I'=\frac{\langle u,v ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Dehn-Sommerville relations for $\Delta$-complexes

Let $M$ be a closed, triangulated manifold of dimension $m$ and $K(M)$ be its triangulation. Let $f_i$ denote the number of $i$-simplices of $K(M)$. As proved by Klee the face numbers satisfy the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Upper bound on number of cells created by varieties of co-dimension 1

Say I have polynomials $p_1,p_2,\dots,p_m$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (ie. over $n$ variables), each of degree $d$. Is there an upper bound on the number of "regions" created by the surfaces $p_i = 0$? Let's ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Explicit basis/weight vectors for irreducibles inside the plethysm $Sym^m(\bigwedge^p \mathbf(V))$

This is a follow up to this question about finding the multiplicities of irreducible representations restricted to Young diagrams of 2-columns or less, inside the plethysm $Sym^m(\bigwedge^p ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Cauchy-Schwarz proof of Sidorenko for 3-edge path (Blakley-Roy inequality)

Is there a "Cauchy-Schwarz proof" of the following inequality?
Theorem. Given $f \colon [0,1]^2 \to [0,1]$, one has
$$
\int_{[0,1]^4} f(x,y)f(z,y)f(z,w) \, dxdydzdw \geq \left(\int_{[0,1]^2} f(x,y) ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Fastest algorithm to compute the width of a poset

An colleague recently came to me with a problem concerning the scheduling of tasks in the presence of constraints (of the kind: task $x$ can't begin until task $y$ has been completed). It turned out ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Counting path generating sentences in a specific formal language

Given a formal grammar of a language or an Turing machine of the language, can we count the path that generating sentences of the language?
For example, we know that if the grammar is context-free ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

135 views

### Proving a random bipartite graph contains a perfect matching

I have the following problem
consider a random bipartite with vertex classes $A$ and $B$ of size $|A|=|B|=\mathrm{log}^{2}(n)$ graph in which every possible edge is chosen independently with ...

**28**

votes

**8**answers

2k views

### Generalizations of the Four-Color theorem

The four color theorem asserts that every planar graph can be properly colored by four colors.
The purpose of this question is to collect generalizations and strengthenings of the four color theorem ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

61 views

### The number of orderings of elements with order-of-appearance constraints

Consider $(q_1,q_2,...) \in Q$ non-intersecting sets of distinct elements $(e_{(i,1)},e_{(i,2)},...)\in q_i$.
How many ways can one write down an ordering of all of the $\sum_j |q_j|$ elements s.t.:
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

473 views

### A question about symmetric matrix

Let $A= (a_{ij})_{ij}, 1 \leq i, j \leq n$ be a symmetric $n \times n$ matrix. Suppose
(1) $a_{ij} \geq 0$ are real numbers;
(2) The sum of each row $\sum_{j=1}^{n} a_{ij} = 1$ for $1 \leq i \leq ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### A natural sum over multisets (expectation over multinomial)

I think this is a natural question but am not sure where to find resources.
Consider the possible multisets arising from choosing $n$ times an item from one of $k$ categories. We can represent one ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Computation on Random Bipartite graphs

I'm looking at a random bipartite graph $K_{\omega(n)}*K_{\omega(n)}$ where $\mathrm{log}(n)\leq \omega(n) \leq n^{1/2}$, in which each of the $\omega(n)^{2}$ edges is placed randomly with probability ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

133 views

### Matroids relaxations of a given matroid

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a rank-$d$ matroid on $[n]$. Say a matroid $\mathcal{N}$ is a relaxation of $\mathcal{M}$ if $\mathrm{rank}(\mathcal{N})=d$, $\mathrm{groundset}(\mathcal{N})=[n]$, and every ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Matchings in random bipartite graphs

I was wondering if anyone could point me in the direction of a text or paper which would help deal with the following problem
Suppose i am given a $K_{\mathrm{log}(n)} \times K_{\mathrm{log}(n)}$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Minimal “basis” in $n$ dimensional unit cube

Let's
$$
B^n=\{\bar\alpha=(\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n)|\alpha_i\in \{0,1\}\};~~~~n=1,2,\ldots
$$
and let's
$$
C\subseteq B^n,
$$
$$
S(C)=\{\bar\alpha\oplus\bar\beta\ | \bar\alpha,\bar\beta\in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

120 views

### Number of *distinct* dot products of an integer vector by elements of a hyper-rectangle

Imagine a vector $\boldsymbol{v}$ composed of integers, and the set $S$ of all integer vectors within a hyper-rectange, with one corner at the origin and other at $\boldsymbol{m}$. In other words: $S ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Sum over integer compositions of $m$ with $n$ parts of a fixed monomial in the parts

Is there an explicit formula for the following quantity?
$$f_m(a_1,\ldots,a_n):=\sum_{\substack{k_1+\ldots+k_n=m \\ k_1,\ldots,k_n\in \mathbb{N}}} k_1^{a_1}\ldots k_n^{a_n}\ ,\hspace{1cm} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### The weighting function for the infinite product of necklaces

Let us consider the limit $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$ where $N(n,a)$ is the number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads.
Let's rewrite the product in a way ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### “Homomorphism fingerprint” for graphs

Let $G, H$ be simple, undirected graphs without loops. We say that $G, H$ have the same homomorphism fingerprint if $|\text{Hom}(X, G)| = |\text{Hom}(X, H)|$ for all graphs $X$. (By graph ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Properties and name of some polynomials

I have encountered in a problem some polynomials given by $P_k(x) = \prod_{j=0}^{k-2} (kx-j)$. I need to understand if these polynomials are known, and if they have certain special properties, as ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

219 views

### On the number of monic polynomials

Let $a,b,c,d\in\Bbb N$ with $c<b$.
Let $N_+(a,b,c,d)$ be the number of monic polynomials $f\in \Bbb Z[x]$of degree $d$ with non-negative coefficients such that $$f(a)=b$$ $$f(0)=c$$
What is the ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Minimum distance in unit cube

Given the unit cube $I^n=[0,1]^n$, let $x_1,\cdots,x_n\neq (0,0,\cdots,0)$ be $n$ linearly independent vertices (corners) of $I^n$, and $p(x_1, \cdots, x_n)$ be the projection of $(0,0,\cdots,0)$ onto ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Number of distinct integers in average sense

Fix random $A,B,C,D$ positive integers of size $\theta(N)$.
As $w,x,y,z$ vary over numbers of size $\theta(M)$ (where $N\sim M^t$ for fixed $t$, say $100$), it is clear $Aw+Bx$ and $Ay+Bz$ each ...