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2answers
177 views

Rational Conjugacy Classes of Finite Groups

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $A$ is the set of all character values of $G$. By character values, I mean entries of the character table of $G$. Let $\Gamma = ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Dirichlet Characters as Eigenvectors

This was asked in Math Stackexchange here but generated no comments or answers. I have slightly edited the original question with the comment in the fourth paragraph and the explicit matrix example at ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Quadratic Gauss sums: Explicit determinations?

Can anyone please tell me (give me a reference, preferably) if there is any explicit determination of sums of the form $g(n,\chi):=\sum_{r=1}^{q}\chi(r)e(\frac{rn+r^2}{q})$ where $\chi$ is a Dirichlet ...
2
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1answer
172 views

Extension of a formula for the quadratic Gauss sums

I am interested in the sums $$g(a,k)=\sum_{n=0}^{p-1}e^{2\pi i a n^k/p}$$ where $p\equiv1\mod k$ is a prime and $a$ is coprime with $p$. When $k=2$, it is a classical fact that $g(a,2)=\chi(a)g(1,2)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Explicit bound on $\sum_{N\mathfrak p \leq x}\chi(\mathfrak p)\ln(N\mathfrak p)$

I'm looking for an explicit bound for $f(x) = \sum_{N\mathfrak p \leq x}\chi(\mathfrak p)\ln(N\mathfrak p)$, where $\chi$ is a Hecke character for a number field $K$ of degree $n$, on the ideals ...
1
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1answer
199 views

On the character degrees of a finite group with special structure

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $G$ has a normal subgroup $N$ of order $p(p^2+1)/2$, where $p>13$ is an odd prime and $p\ne 239$. Also $G/N\cong \text{PSL}(2,p)$. Can we say that there exists a ...
2
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1answer
212 views

In which finite groups is there a non-central g such that, for all irreducible characters, Chi(i)(g) <> zero?

What is the character of Pi(G), the tensor product of all inequivalent irreducible representations of G?
2
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0answers
198 views

The tallest possible lattice?

Let O be a complete discrete valuation ring and G a finite group. Recall that a finitely generated O-free OG-module $M$ such that the traces of the invertible endomorphisms of $M$ generate a strictly ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

To whom is the internal characterization of $Q$-groups due?

A group is said to be a $Q$-group if the character of any complex representation is rational valued. A well-known internal characterization of $Q$-groups is the following: $G$ is a $Q$-group if ...
21
votes
3answers
950 views

How can classifying irreducible representations be a “wild” problem?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $U_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$ be the group of unitriangular $n\times n$-matrices. I've read and heard in several places (see e.g. this mathoverflow question) that classifying ...
3
votes
3answers
256 views

Finding a character of height zero

My character theory is rather weak, so excuse me if this is a triviality. I have read on the encyclopedia of maths that for any group $G$, every block of $G$ contains an irreducible character of ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

differences between character distributions of supercuspidal representations and others

Let $G$ be a $p$-adic linear reductive group. For an irreducible admissible smooth representation $\pi$ of $G$, there is a distribution $\Theta(\pi)$, called the character distribution, attached to ...
10
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1answer
311 views

Asymptotic Weyl Character Formula

Let $G$ be a complex semi-simple group along with a chosen pair of opposite Borel subgroups (so we get all the root-theoretic data we need). Let $\lambda$ be a dominant weight, and let $V(\lambda)$ be ...
0
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1answer
269 views

Missing formula! [closed]

I am doing a project on group association schemes, in particular looking at the structure constant $$p_{KL}^M = \#\{(x, y, xy) : x \in K, y\in L, xy \in M\}$$ where $K, L$ and $M$ are conjugacy ...
1
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1answer
109 views

Hecke Character vs Grossencharakter

I would like to know if there is any difference between (1) an algebraic Hecke character (2) a Hecke character (3) a Grössencharakter All of the above in the setting of ellitpic curves with complex ...
7
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1answer
584 views

On Applications of Murnaghan Nakayama Rule

This question is crossposted at math.stackexchange here and may be beyond the usual scope of the site. The question is located below. In short, I am looking for an accessible explanation of the ...
33
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2answers
1k views

How much of character theory can be done without Schur's lemma or the Artin-Wedderburn theorem?

This is a somewhat imprecise question, as I am not sure how exactly how to formalise how to do mathematics "without" a certain key tool, but hopefully the intent of the question will still be clear. ...
3
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2answers
360 views

On finite groups with same complex-valued character table

What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for two finite groups $G$ and $H$ to have same complex-valued character table? Is there any criterion for which one could know about the character ...
6
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3answers
342 views

Characters of p-groups

Berkovich mentioned the following result of Mann in his book on p-groups: The number of nonlinear irreducible characters of given degree in a p-group is divided by p-1. Do you know any reference for ...
6
votes
2answers
386 views

Character table entries and sums of roots of unity

It is well-known that the entries of the character table of a finite group are sums of roots of unity. Question: Is the converse true? Explicitly, given $z\in \mathbb{Z}[\mu_\infty]$, can I find a ...
7
votes
1answer
453 views

Permutation character of the symmetric group on subsets of certain size

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$, thereby inducing an action on the set $$\wp_k(n)=\{\: A\subseteq[n] \::\: \#A=k \:\}$$ of subsets of cardinality $k$, simply by $$(g,A)\mapsto ...
0
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1answer
408 views

When does the modulus of a sum of an integer and an algebraic integer equal an integer?

Let say Z is a sum of n-roots of unity and thus an algebraic integer, and D is an rational integer. If |z+D| is an integer, what can we conclude regarding Z? can we say |Z| is integer? Another ...
24
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0answers
403 views

Class function counting solutions of equation in finite group: when is it a virtual character?

Let $w=w(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a word in a free group of rank $n$. Let $G$ be a finite group. Then we may define a class function $f=f_w$ of $G$ by $$ f_w(g) = |\{ (x_1,\dots, x_n)\in G^n\mid ...
4
votes
0answers
197 views

Interplay between two definitions of the transfer homomorphism.

The transfer homomorphism can be defined in a couple of ways. For the purposes of this question, assume that all groups are finite. Defintion 1. Let $1\leqslant K'\leqslant L \leqslant K\leqslant ...
3
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0answers
336 views

Degrees of irreducible characters of groups of order 48 [closed]

Hello i wonder if there is a simple argument to show that no group of order 48 can have an irreducible character of degree larger than 4? Thanks, Karim
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Induced character for non-injective homomorphisms

Any group homomorphism $\phi\colon H\to G$ gives rise to an induction/restriction adjunction between $G$-representations and $H$-representations: $$ \hom_G(\phi_! M, N) \cong \hom_H(M, \phi^* N) $$ ...
3
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3answers
484 views

Finite, abelian, yet “fugitive” orthogonal subgroups

Update July 29, 2013. I have still not found a good textbook for this topic, if you point one to me I will be grateful :) I have accepted BS's answer anyway, since their explanation was useful to me ...
6
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2answers
946 views

Two Definitions of “Character” of topological groups

When I first met the concept of "characters" of topological groups in Pontryagin's book "Topological groups", it was defined as follows: Let $G$ be a topological group. A character of $G$ is a ...
4
votes
2answers
414 views

When is a class function on a group G (finite abelian) into the rational numbers Q an element of the rational representation ring of G?

Given a class function $f: G \to \mathbb Q$, where $G$ is a finite abelian group, is there an easy way to decide whether $f$ is an element of the rational representation ring $R_{\mathbb Q}(G)$, i.e. ...
1
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2answers
447 views

Weil bound for characters sums. (reference-request )

Do you know on any good reference on Weil bound for charcter sums over algebraic curves. I prefer reference which assume few previous knowlage.
3
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2answers
364 views

Compute formal character of semisimple Lie algebras.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra and $V_{\lambda}$ be the irreducible $\mathfrak{g}$-module with highest weight $\lambda$. Are there some softwares which can compute the formal character ...
7
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4answers
1k views

Introduction to L-series and Dirichlet characters?

I'm looking for an introductory text on Dirichlet characters and the L-series of a field K, specifically for quartic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. I have Davenport's Multiplicative Number Theory, ...
1
vote
1answer
403 views

Some special characters of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group, for each irreducible character $\chi$, we define ${\bf Z}(\chi)$ to be the set of all $x\in G$ such that $|\chi(x)|=\chi(e)$ when $e$ is the identity of the group. For every ...
4
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3answers
368 views

A question about the existence of a specific extension of a character.

general situation: Let $ N \leq G $ be a subgroup,and let $ \chi \in Irr(G) $ be an irreducible character of G such that $\chi_N $ is not irreducible( i dont think that this is really needed) and let ...
15
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2answers
834 views

Groups of order $n$ with a character whose degree is at least $0.8\sqrt{n}$ (say)

[edited in response to some corrections by Geoff Robinson and F. Ladisch] Throughout, all my groups are finite, and all my representations are over the complex numbers. If $G$ is a group and $\chi$ ...
5
votes
5answers
709 views

Irreducible representations of the unitriangular group

Hi, I wonder how much is known about the irreducible representations of the nxn unitriangular group over a finite field with q elements. I know that all characterdegrees are a power of q and all ...
10
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2answers
529 views

Is 2-sylow subgroup of a rational group also a rational group?

As we know, a finite group $G$ is a rational group if $\chi (g)\in\mathbb{Q}$, where $\chi$ is every irreducible charahter and $g\in G$. I have an interesting question that is "Is 2-Sylow subgroup of ...
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2answers
408 views

Primitive Characters

Let $f(n)$ be an arithmetic function with period $q$ such that $f(n)=0$ whenever $(n,q)>1$. Call $d$ a quasiperiod of $f$ if $f(m)=f(n)$ whenever $m\equiv n \bmod d$ and $(mn,q)=1$. Suppose $d_1$ ...
1
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0answers
199 views

On the decomposition of two representations of the Iwahori-Hecke algebra of type A_n

Consider the Iwahori Hecke algebra $H_q(n)$ of the symmetric group $S(n)$, the $\Bbb{Z}[q^{1/2},q^{-1/2}]$ algebra with generators $T_i$, $1 \leq i \leq n-1$, subject to the braid relations and the ...
6
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2answers
601 views

Character group of Frobenius kernels

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$ (e.g., $G=SL_n(k)$). Then $G$ is equal to its derived subgroup $[G,G]$. Consequently, the character ...
7
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2answers
466 views

The natural inclusion of an infinite abelian group $G$ into $\widehat{\widehat{G}}$

I was recently trying to think of a simple example that demonstrates that the natural inclusion of an abelian group $G$ into ...
7
votes
2answers
577 views

characters on a finite group with `extremal' behaviour

The following question is a bit technical, and I haven't got to grips with it enough to be able to present it as a well-focused question. However, my hope is that the collective group-theoretic ...
7
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1answer
478 views

On the determinant of an odd, continuous Galois representation.

In his paper, Duke paper, Serre consider continuous, odd Galois representation $\rho: G_{\mathbb{Q}}\longrightarrow GL_{n}(\overline{\mathbb{F}}_{p})$ where $p$ is a rational prime. Roughly, (I don't ...
2
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1answer
286 views

Restriction from $\mathfrak{gl}_{2n}$ to $\mathfrak{sp}_{2n}$

Hi, I am faced with a finite-dimensional representation $V$ of $\mathfrak{gl}_{2n}$, whose character I know. I know how to use this character to determine the irreducibles for $\mathfrak{gl}_{2n}$ ...
6
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4answers
709 views

Proving interesting theorems about S_n using its character table.

Hi, i wonder if there are interesting proofs about $S_n$ (group theoretic or not) using its character table. Using the Murnaghan-Nakayama rule you can for example prove that for $n>4$ $A_n$ is the ...
26
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2answers
1k views

Are there “real” vs. “quaternionic” conjugacy classes in finite groups?

The complex irreps of a finite group come in three types: self-dual by a symmetric form, self-dual by a symplectic form, and not self-dual at all. In the first two cases, the character is real-valued, ...
3
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1answer
709 views

Fundamental characters of level 1,2, etc.

I'm trying to understand the concept (definition) of the fundamental characters of level 1,2, etc. as Serre defined those in his Inventiones'72 paper and how they are related to Serre's conjecture. ...
9
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2answers
532 views

Positivity of $L(1,\chi)$ for real Dirichlet's character

Let $\chi$ be a real nonprincipal Dirichlet's character modulo $m$. In my answer to the question on $L(1,\chi)$, I explain a trick for showing that $L(1,\chi)>0$ on the simplest examples of the ...