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21
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0answers
603 views

Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes: Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin d'être aussi ...
14
votes
0answers
494 views

Lifting varieties from char. $p$ to char. 0 after alterations

The question is related to this MO question: Lifting varieties to characteristic zero. Let $X$ be a projective smooth variety over $k$ alg. closed field of char. $p.$ Does there always exist an ...
12
votes
0answers
386 views

Elkies' supersingularity theorem in higher dimension (in terms of the associated Newton polygon)

Elkies' supersingularity theorem: Given an elliptic curve $E$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, there are infinitely many primes $p$ such that $E$ is supersingular over $\mathbb{F}_p$. I have seen another post on ...
11
votes
0answers
498 views

Katz--Mazur for abelian varieties

Over $\mathbb Z$, there is a smooth DM stack $A_g$ classifying abelian varieties. Over $\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]$, there is finite etale cover $A_g(N)_{\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]}\to A_g\otimes\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]...
11
votes
0answers
523 views

What's known about the mod 2 reduction of the level l Jacobi modular equation?

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. Let $A$ in ${\mathbb Z}/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+x^{49}+...$, and $B=A(x^\ell)$. One can use the level $\ell$ Jacobi modular equation to get a polynomial ...
11
votes
0answers
498 views

Lifting abelian varieties in (the closed fiber of) a fixed Neron model

Suppose that $R$ is a dvr with field of fractions $K$ and residue field $k$ and that $A_K$ is an abelian variety over $K$ with Neron model $A$ over $R$. Then the closed fiber $A_k$ is a smooth ...
10
votes
0answers
288 views

The mod 3 reduction of some powers of delta

Let f in Z/3[[x]] be the mod 3 reduction of the Fourier expansion of the normalized weight 12 cusp form delta for the full modular group. The exponents appearing in f are all 1 mod 3. Fix k>0 and ...
9
votes
0answers
666 views

Why was it so difficult to define the relative de Rham-Witt complex?

In Illusie's original article, the de Rham-Witt complex is defined for a smooth scheme over a perfect characteristic $p$ base $S$, without reference to $S$. Some 25 years later, Langer and Zink ...
9
votes
0answers
481 views

Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...
9
votes
0answers
991 views

Do the Standard Conjectures imply parts of the “Weil II” Riemann Hypothesis?

It is known that Grothendieck's Standard Conjectures on algebraic cycles imply the Riemann Hypothesis of the original Weil Conjectures. However, do they also say something about the version of the ...
9
votes
0answers
587 views

Beilinson-Bernstein localization in positive characteristic

This is a follow-up to this question; in particular, I'm wondering if anyone can expand upon the interesting answers given by Kevin McGerty and David Ben-Zvi there. (In particular, in this question I'...
8
votes
0answers
277 views

Degeneration of wildly ramified local monodromy representations - near or far from Deligne?

Suppose we have a surface $S$ mapping to a curve $C$ and a finite cover $Y/S$ that is ramified at a divisor $D$. For each point $x \in C$ we get a ramified cover of the curve $S_x$, and we can study ...
7
votes
0answers
233 views

Are curves over imperfect fields defined over a smaller field?

Let $C$ be regular projective curve defined over a field $K$. Let $K/L$ be a totally inseparable finite extension. Does there exist a regular projective curve $C'$ over $L$ such that that the pullback ...
7
votes
0answers
111 views

Invariant theory of $SL_2$ over a field of positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W$ be a finite dimensional $SL_2$-module over $k$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $SL_2$. What can be said - in ...
7
votes
0answers
238 views

Level p characteristic 2 modular forms and thetas

BACKGROUND Let p be an odd prime. An element of Z/2[[x]] is "modular of level p" if it is the mod 2 reduction of a g in Z[[x]] with g the Fourier expansion of a modular form for gamma_0(p). In ...
7
votes
0answers
154 views

Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$. How precisely can one describe ...
7
votes
0answers
500 views

Resolution of singularities in positive characteristic

I am currently trying to make some small parts of the minimal model program work for some very explicit varities in positive characteristic. I have such a variety $X_1$ and I know that there is a ...
7
votes
0answers
512 views

Ample vector bundles, $H^1=0$ and global generation in characteristic $p$

This is a follow up from this question, in characteristic $p>0$. First, some background. It is known that in characteristic $0$, a vector bundle $E$ on say a projective curve $X$ is ample if and ...
6
votes
0answers
338 views

Alterations of regular varieties

Let $X$ be a regular quasi-projective variety over a perfect field $k$. The existence of a "good compactification" of $X$, i.e. a regular projective variety $\bar{X}$ with an embedding $X\...
6
votes
0answers
414 views

On periods of algebraic integers modulo rational primes

I run, somewhat indirectly, into the following problem and I have no hints where to look in the literature in search for answers or clues. Let $K$ be a number field, which we may assume Galois if it ...
5
votes
0answers
125 views

Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?
5
votes
0answers
328 views

Are these empirical discoveries about the Serre Swinnerton-Dyer ring of prime level modular power series actual theorems?

In this question Joel Bellaiche constructed an algebra, M, of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) in finite characteristic (which he called p, but I'll call ell) and asked to know its structure. Matt ...
5
votes
0answers
294 views

Do there exist weak Lefschetz-type statements that were proved for varieties over complex numbers, but were not proved in finite characteristic?

As far as I understood the situation (reading section 3.5B of Lazarsfeld's "Positivity in algebraic geometry" and also some of the references), some of weak Lefschetz-type statements known rely on '...
5
votes
0answers
378 views

If $p=0$ and $df=0$, is $f$ a $p$th power?

This question is a follow-up to When does the relative differential $df=0$ imply that $f$ comes from the base?. There it was asked, for an $A$-algebra $B$, under what conditions does $df=0$ (in the ...
5
votes
0answers
204 views

Modular reduction of exceptional complex reflection groups

I am interested in reducing reflection representations of complex reflection groups modulo a prime $p$. For the infinite family $G(m,r,n)$, it is straightforward to get "good reduction" provided that $...
5
votes
0answers
350 views

Given two linear operators A and B over a finite field, is there a third operator C whose kernel is the intersection of kernels of A and B?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional linear space over a finite field $k$. Let $A$ and $B$ be two endomorphisms of $V$. Question 1. Is there an endomorphism $C$ of $V$, which is expressed in terms of ...
4
votes
0answers
159 views

Application of Frobenius splitting in characteristic $0$

In general, Frobenius splitting only defines on field of characteristic $p$ (algebraically closed) field. I am reading Brion and Kumar's book and I can see that there are geometric results can be ...
4
votes
0answers
164 views

Mod 2 modular forms in levels 5 and 25--how to account for this Hecke isomorphism?

The space $P1$ of my earlier question 203755 "Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms...", is essentially the space of mod 2 level 3 modular forms. That such a space should appear inside ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Partial differential Equation over characteristic p

I want some references on partial differential equations over characteristic $p$. If we have a first order partial differential equation, how can we check whether there exists polynomials or rational ...
4
votes
0answers
148 views

Are these subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/3[[x]]$ stable under the shallow Hecke algebra?

This is a characteristic $3$ analog of part of my earlier question, "Are these two subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ the same?" Notation Fix a prime $N$ other than $3$. Let $F,G \in \mathbb{Z}/3[[x]]$...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

Is there an analogue of distributions in characteristic p?

Some motivation: When working over $\mathbb{C}$, distributions (in the sense of generalized functions) act as natural generators for $D$-modules (in the sense that any regular holonomic $D$-module is ...
4
votes
0answers
170 views

Does this space of mod 2 modular forms admit a (Z/8)* degree decomposition?

Fix an odd N>0. Let M consist of all odd elements of Z/2[[x]] that are the mod 2 reductions of elements of Z[[x]] arising as the Fourier expansions of modular forms for (Gamma_0)(N); it's easy to see ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

A subring of the Serre Swinnerton -Dyer ring of level N modular power series

Suppose ell is prime and (N,ell)=1. Consider those power series over Z that are expansions at infinity of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) of weight a multiple of ell-1. I'll say that an element of (Z/...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Inequalities between numerical invariants of nonsingular projective Varieties in positive Characteristic

It is well-known that Miyaoka and Yau-type inequalities do not hold in positive characteristic. In "a note on Bogomolov-Gieseker’s inequality in positive characteristic", however, we can ...
4
votes
0answers
401 views

Hochschild Kostant Rosenberg theorem for varieties in positive characteristic?

Is there is a known version of the HKR theorem as proved in say Swan's paper "Hochschild Cohomology of Quasiprojective Varieties" in positive characteristic? I assume something is known about this as ...
3
votes
0answers
353 views

Decomposition theorem for polarized abelian varieties in positive characteristic

In characteristic zero we have the following decomposition theorem for polarized abelian varieties: it gives an isomorphism between a PPAV and a product of PPAV's of lower dimension and is valid (as ...
3
votes
0answers
497 views

Explicit description of O^{cris}_n in Fontaine/Messing

Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p$, $W(k)$ the Witt ring and $K$ its quotient field. In their article "$p$-adic periods and $p$-adic etale cohomology" Fontaine and Messing give in II.1.4 ...
3
votes
0answers
291 views

Invertible Hasse-Witt for non-ordinary curves

Assume that $S$ is a smooth curve of over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ and $f\colon X\to S$ is a relative curve over $S$ (i.e., the fibers are curves). It is well-known that when all the ...
3
votes
0answers
187 views

What would be a characteristic-$p$ analogue for $C^{\infty}$-fiber bundles?

I'd like to know a notion for a morphism between algebraic varieties in characteristic $p$ that plays the role of a $C^{\infty}$-fiber bundle. It should be, in particular, flat. I'm not assuming the ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Vanishing theorems that work in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field of characteristic $p>0$ of dimension at least $2$. I am looking for some examples when $H^2(\mathcal{O}_X)$ vanishes. Is there any standard way ...
2
votes
0answers
172 views

Descent theory of line bundles on abelian varieties under isogenies (in char p>0)

I have a couple of questions regarding the descent theory of line bundles on abelian varieties under isogenies in positive characteristic. Let $X$ be an abelian variety and $L\in Pic(X)$ a line ...
2
votes
0answers
246 views

deRham cohomoloy of CM liftings of Jacobians

Let $k$ be field of characteristic $p>0$ and $W=W(k)$ the ring of Witt vectors of $k$. We call a smooth curve over $k$, ordinary, when the Jacobian of $J(X)$ of $X$ is an ordinary abelian variety. ...
2
votes
0answers
278 views

Dimension of fibres of moment maps in characteristic $p$

Suppose $G$ is a connected semisimple linear algebraic group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and $X$ is a homogeneous $G$-space with isotropy subgroup $H$ (associated Lie algebra $\mathfrak{h}$) that ...
1
vote
0answers
166 views

Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms--a conjectural Hecke isomorphism

MOTIVATION Nicolas and Serre have analyzed the structure of the space of mod $2$ modular forms of level $1$, viewed as a "Hecke-module". They show that for each $p>2$, the operator $T_p$ acting on ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

Dimension of faithful irreducible representations of $\mathbb{Z}_q\rtimes \mathbb{Z}_{p^2}$ in characteristic p,q

Let $p,q$ be primes s.t. $q=np+1$. Denote $m=p^2$. Then $\mathbb{Z}_p$ acts non-trivially on $\mathbb{Z}_q$, so we have a non-abelian semi-direct product $\mathbb{Z}_q\rtimes \mathbb{Z}_m$, with the ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

“Higher” Tangent spaces in char-p geometry - definition?

Hi, everyone! I have some construction that requires exact definition. I considered polynomial homomorphisms from $\Bbbk$ to $U_n(\Bbbk)$ (unitriangular matrices), where $char \Bbbk = p>0$ (more ...
0
votes
0answers
224 views

Foliations in positive characteristic

Ekedahl wrote about foliations in positive characteristic, over the field $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ as a subsheaf of the tangent sheaf, that are closed with respect to involution and $p$-power. My ...
0
votes
0answers
309 views

Liftability in positive characteristic

What clsses of algebraic varieties over field of positive characteristic can be lift to $W_2(k)$?
0
votes
0answers
461 views

DeRham cohomology

The Poincare lemma fails in positive characteristic, since pth powers vanish under differention. My question is : is there still some kind of resolution of the local system k by considering some ...