The characteristic-p tag has no wiki summary.

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### The “Level N modular equation for delta” in characteristics 3, 5, 7 and 13

When $N > 1$, the modular forms $\Delta(z)$ and $\Delta(Nz)$ are algebraically independent over the complexes, and the same then is true of their expansions at infinity. But using the fact that
the ...

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### Lifting varieties to characteristic zero.

If you want to compute crystalline cohomology of a smooth proper variety $X$ over a perfect field $k$ of characteristic $p$, the first thing you might want to try is to lift $X$ to the Witt ring $W_k$ ...

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### Extended Deformation Theory (dg-Lie algebra principle in positive characteristic?)

Recently, I looked at articles that make use of Deligne's idea that "in characteristic 0 every deformation problem is governed by a differential graded
Lie algebra" as explained first in ...

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### Higher level analogs of Nicolas-Serre theory

NICOLAS-SERRE THEORY
Let $F \in Z/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+...$, the exponents being the odd squares, and $V$ be the space spanned by the $F^k$ with $k$ odd. Nicolas and Serre define formal Hecke ...

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### Representations of $SL(2)$ in characteristic 2

In characteristic zero one can use the Clebsch-Gordan rule to decompose tensor products of SL(2)-modules. In characteristic $p$ things are more complicated.
I am interested in the special case ...

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### Invariant theory of $SL_2$ over a field of positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $W$ be a finite dimensional $SL_2$-module over $k$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $SL_2$.
What can be said - in ...

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### Elkies' supersingularity theorem in higher dimension

The following is a theorem of Elkies:
Let $X$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. Then there are infinitely many primes $p$ such that the action of Frobenius on $H^1(\mathcal{O}, X)$ is zero.
...

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### Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?

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### Characterisation for separable extension of a field

Can someone verify this for me.. or tell me what reference shows me this... is this true:
Let $k$ be a field. Then a field extension $K$ of $k$ is separable over $k$ iff for any field extension $L ...

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### What's known about the mod 2 reduction of the level l Jacobi modular equation?

Motivation:
Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. Let $A$ in ${\mathbb Z}/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+x^{49}+...$, and $B=A(x^\ell)$. One can use the level $\ell$ Jacobi modular equation to get a polynomial ...

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### If C is a fusion category over a field of nonzero characteristic and dim C = 0, is Z(C) ever fusion?

If $C$ is a fusion category and $\dim(C) \neq 0$ (the latter is automatic in characteristic zero, but not in nonzero characteristic), then the Drinfel'd center $Z(C)$ is fusion. More generally, if ...

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### Katz--Mazur for abelian varieties

Over $\mathbb Z$, there is a smooth DM stack $A_g$ classifying abelian varieties.
Over $\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]$, there is finite etale cover $A_g(N)_{\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]}\to A_g\otimes\mathbb Z[\frac ...

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### Do varieties with ample canonical bundle have finite automorphism group in small characteristic?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth projective variety over a field $k$, with ample canonical bundle. If $\operatorname{char}(k)=0$ or $\operatorname{char}(k)>\dim(X)$ and $X$ lifts to $W_2(k)$ (thanks ...

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### Why was it so difficult to define the relative de Rham-Witt complex?

In Illusie's original article, the de Rham-Witt complex is defined for a smooth scheme over a perfect characteristic $p$ base $S$, without reference to $S$. Some 25 years later, Langer and Zink ...

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### Characteristic zero and characteristic $p$ in algebraic geometry

Are there non-trivial (i.e. excluding concepts that can be defined only for $p>0$) statements in algebraic geometry that hold for all fields of characteristic $p$ for all prime $p$ but are known ...

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### Vanishing theorems that work in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field of characteristic $p>0$ of dimension at least $2$. I am looking for some examples when $H^2(\mathcal{O}_X)$ vanishes. Is there any standard way ...

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### Given two linear operators A and B over a finite field, is there a third operator C whose kernel is the intersection of kernels of A and B?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional linear space over a finite field $k$. Let $A$ and $B$ be two endomorphisms of $V$.
Question 1. Is there an endomorphism $C$ of $V$, which is expressed in terms of ...

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### Branching rule for classical Lie algebras in positive characteristic

The restriction of an irreducible $\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{C})$-module to $\mathfrak{sl}_{n-1}(\mathbb{C})$ is described by a branching rule which says that if $L(\lambda)$ is the simple ...

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### Colon property of Gorenstein rings

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a Gorenstein local ring of characteistic $p>0$. Let $x_1,...,x_d$ be a system of parameters of $R$. Let $I$ be an $\mathfrak{m}$-primary ideal containg $(x_1,...,x_d)$. ...

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### What would a “moral” proof of the Weil Conjectures require?

At the very end of this 2006 interview (rm), Kontsevich says
"...many great theorems are originally proven but I think the proofs are not, kind of, "morally right." There should be better ...

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### Are these subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/3[[x]]$ stable under the shallow Hecke algebra?

This is a characteristic $3$ analog of part of my earlier question, "Are these two subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ the same?"
Notation
Fix a prime $N$ other than $3$. Let $F,G \in ...

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### Descent theory of line bundles on abelian varieties under isogenies (in char p>0)

I have a couple of questions regarding the descent theory of line bundles on abelian varieties under isogenies in positive characteristic.
Let $X$ be an abelian variety and $L\in Pic(X)$ a line ...

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### Decomposition theorem for polarized abelian varieties in positive characteristic

In characteristic zero we have the following decomposition theorem for polarized abelian varieties: it gives an isomorphism between a PPAV and a product of PPAV's of lower dimension and is valid (as ...

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### current status of crystalline cohomology?

The great references given on Ilya's question make me wonder about the current status of the many conjectures and open questions in Illusie's survey from 1994 on crystalline cohomology. Obviously ...

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### Is there an analogue of distributions in characteristic p?

Some motivation: When working over $\mathbb{C}$, distributions (in the sense of generalized functions) act as natural generators for $D$-modules (in the sense that any regular holonomic $D$-module is ...

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### $(\varphi, \Gamma)$-module of dimension 2 modulo $p$

Let $p$ be a prime number $\geq 3$. Let $V$ be a representation of $Gal(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p/ \mathbb{Q}_p)$ with coefficients in $\mathbb{F}_p$. Assume $V$ is a non-split extension of two characters ...

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### Does this space of mod 2 modular forms admit a (Z/8)* degree decomposition?

Fix an odd N>0. Let M consist of all odd elements of Z/2[[x]] that are the mod 2 reductions of elements of Z[[x]] arising as the Fourier expansions of modular forms for (Gamma_0)(N); it's easy to see ...

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### Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `CaractÃ©risque d'Euler-PoincarÃ©, Verdier writes:
Enfin signalons que la situation en caractÃ©ristique positive est loin
d'Ãªtre aussi ...

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### Quotient of a reductive group by a non-smooth subgroup

This is a continuation of my question Quotient of a reductive group by a non-smooth central finite subgroup.
Let $G$ be a smooth, connected, reductive $k$-group over a field $k$ of characteristic ...

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### A subring of the Serre Swinnerton -Dyer ring of level N modular power series

Suppose ell is prime and (N,ell)=1. Consider those power series over Z that are expansions at infinity of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) of weight a multiple of ell-1. I'll say that an element of ...

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### Wild Ramification

The question is, loosely put, what is known about wild ramification?
Is there a semi-well-established theory of wild ramification that can be furthered in various specific situations? Or maybe there ...

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### Have we ever proved any non-solvable case of reciprocity without the Langlands program ?

The reciprocity of the title is the following not completely well-posed problem:
Fix $P(X)$ a monic irreducible polynomial of degree $n$, with coefficients in $\mathbb Z$. "Describe"
(in some sense) ...

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### Gauss mapping in finite characteristic

Suppose that $X\subset\mathbb P^n$ is a $d$-dimentional smooth projective variety (not a linear subspace) over an algebraically closed field. If $\gamma\colon X\to\mathrm{Gr}(d,\mathbb P^n)$ is Gauss ...

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### Are these empirical discoveries about the Serre Swinnerton-Dyer ring of prime level modular power series actual theorems?

In this question Joel Bellaiche constructed an algebra, M, of modular forms for
gamma_0 (N) in finite characteristic (which he called p, but I'll call ell) and asked to know its structure. Matt ...

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### Lifting vector fields to its resolution in char $p$

In this paper 4.7, the authors showed that on a normal variety $X$, if there is a tangent vector field on its smooth locus, then it can be lifted as a logarithmic tangent vector field on a log ...

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### Level p characteristic 2 modular forms and thetas

BACKGROUND
Let p be an odd prime. An element of Z/2[[x]] is "modular of level p" if it is the mod 2 reduction of a g in Z[[x]] with g the Fourier expansion of a modular form for gamma_0(p). In ...

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### Deformation space of non-ordinary abelian varieties

It is a well known result of Serre and Tate that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, then the deformation space $\mathcal{M}$ of $A$ to an abelian ...

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### Dimension of faithful irreducible representations of $\mathbb{Z}_q\rtimes \mathbb{Z}_{p^2}$ in characteristic p,q

Let $p,q$ be primes s.t. $q=np+1$. Denote $m=p^2$. Then $\mathbb{Z}_p$ acts non-trivially on $\mathbb{Z}_q$, so we have a non-abelian semi-direct product $\mathbb{Z}_q\rtimes \mathbb{Z}_m$, with the ...

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### Dimension of irreducible representations in characteristic p

Hi, I know that over $\mathbb{C}$ the dimension of an irreducible representation of a finite group $G$ must divide the order of the group. I've read somewhere that if $p$ does not divide the order of ...

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### Intuitive pictures in characteristic p

This is a tough one, but does anyone know of any images that recall characteristic p geometry (over algebraically closed fields) in some sense? It is not enough if it is some picture that can be also ...

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### The mod 3 reduction of some powers of delta

Let f in Z/3[[x]] be the mod 3 reduction of the Fourier expansion of the normalized weight 12 cusp form delta for the full modular group. The exponents appearing in f are all 1 mod 3. Fix
k>0 and ...

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### Is there a high-concept explanation for why characteristic 2 is special?

The structure of the multiplicative groups of Z/pZ or of Zp is the same for odd primes, but not for 2. Quadratic reciprocity has a uniform statement for odd primes, but an extra statement for 2. So ...

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### Can a reductive group act non-linearly on a vector group?

Let $k$ be a field; I'm going to discuss linear algebraic groups over $k$. The question I'll pose is only interesting when the characteristic is $p>0$.
1. Some motivation
A vector group is an ...

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### Foliation over characteristic positive

Ekedahl wrote about foliation in characteristic positive, over the field $/frac{Z}{pZ}$ as a subsheaft of the tangent sheaft, that is closed over involution and $p$-power, My question is if there ...

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### Top chern class in positive characteristic

Given a nonsingular, projective variety $X$ of dimension $n$ over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Over $k=\mathbb{C}$, the top chern class $c_n(T_X)$ of the tangent sheaf is the Euler ...

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### CM liftings of abelian varieties and liftings of Frobenius

It is well-known that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a finite perfect field $ k$ of characteristic $ p>0$ and $ W=W(k)$ is the ring of Witt vectors over $ k$, then the canonical ...

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### “Higher” Tangent spaces in char-p geometry - definition?

Hi, everyone!
I have some construction that requires exact definition.
I considered polynomial homomorphisms from $\Bbbk$ to $U_n(\Bbbk)$ (unitriangular matrices), where $char \Bbbk = p>0$ (more ...

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### Frobenius splitting of Fano varieties

Dear MO,
Question 1. Do you know of an example of a Fano variety which is not Frobenius split?
Background
(1) A variety $X$ in characteristic $p$ is called Frobenius split if there is a "$p$-th ...

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### Restricted universal enveloping algebra of Abelian p-Lie algebra

Question: Let $p$ be a prime. Let $k$ be a commutative ring such that $p=0$ in $k$.
Let $\mathfrak g$ be an abelian $p$-restricted Lie algebra over $k$. In other words, let $\mathfrak g$ be a ...

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### Is there a connected $k$-group scheme $G$ such that $G_{red}$ is not a subgroup?

I've been trying a learn a little more about group schemes by working through a set of exercises on Brian Conrad's website. Exercise 8.3 of http://math.stanford.edu/~conrad/papers/gpschemehw1.pdf ...