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0
votes
1answer
138 views

An inseparable lift of a regular variety.

Let $X$ be a variety over an (imperfect) field $k$, that is regular as a scheme. Let $k'/k$ be an algebraic inseparable extension (I am interested in $k'$ being the perfection or the algebraic closure ...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

The Frobenius morphism

I found the following list on the "Frobenius Page" by David Ben-Zvi, described by the author as "an outdated collection of intuitive ways to think about raising to the p-th power". Generates a ...
2
votes
1answer
410 views

Quotient by p-th roots of unity in characteristic p

Let $X$ be a variety over $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ (you can assume $k$ algebraically closed and $X$ normal) with an action of the group scheme of $p$-th roots of unity $\mu_p = {\rm Spec}\ ...
8
votes
0answers
866 views

Do the Standard Conjectures imply parts of the “Weil II” Riemann Hypothesis?

It is known that Grothendieck's Standard Conjectures on algebraic cycles imply the Riemann Hypothesis of the original Weil Conjectures. However, do they also say something about the version of the ...
4
votes
0answers
328 views

Given two linear operators A and B over a finite field, is there a third operator C whose kernel is the intersection of kernels of A and B?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional linear space over a finite field $k$. Let $A$ and $B$ be two endomorphisms of $V$. Question 1. Is there an endomorphism $C$ of $V$, which is expressed in terms of ...
7
votes
2answers
487 views

What are the polynomial relations between these characteristic 2 “thetas” ?

Suppose $\ell=2m+1$, $m>0$. Define $[i]$ in $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}[[x]]$ to be $$\sum_{n\equiv i\mod l} x^{n^2}.$$ Note that $[0]=1$, and that $[i]=[j]$ whenever $\ell$ divides $i+j$ or $i-j$. ...
2
votes
0answers
264 views

Dimension of fibres of moment maps in characteristic $p$

Suppose $G$ is a connected semisimple linear algebraic group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and $X$ is a homogeneous $G$-space with isotropy subgroup $H$ (associated Lie algebra $\mathfrak{h}$) that ...
14
votes
1answer
748 views

Is there a connected $k$-group scheme $G$ such that $G_{red}$ is not a subgroup?

I've been trying a learn a little more about group schemes by working through a set of exercises on Brian Conrad's website. Exercise 8.3 of http://math.stanford.edu/~conrad/papers/gpschemehw1.pdf ...
12
votes
2answers
713 views

Can a reductive group act non-linearly on a vector group?

Let $k$ be a field; I'm going to discuss linear algebraic groups over $k$. The question I'll pose is only interesting when the characteristic is $p>0$. 1. Some motivation A vector group is an ...
8
votes
3answers
530 views

Variations on a theme of O'Bryant, Cooper and Eichhorn concerning power series over $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$

Define 2 power series over the field $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$ by $f=1+x+x^3+x^6+\dots$, the exponents being the triangular numbers, and $g=1+x+x^4+x^9+\dots$, the exponents being the squares. Write ...
1
vote
1answer
426 views

hyperalgebras (positive characteristic)

The question is about commutator in integral forms. Let $A$ an associative algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $x\in A$ and $k\in \mathbb Z$, we denote $x^{(k)}=\frac{x^{k}}{k!}$. How to ...
6
votes
1answer
452 views

Geometric (or intuitive) interpretation of additional derivatives in characteristic p > 0

In characteristic $p > 0$ there are "extra" differential operators, i.e., ones that are outside the algebra generated by first-order derivations. Is there any interpretation of these operators in ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

What is the family derived from the absolute Frobenius on the Hilbert scheme?

Let $f$ be a Hilbert polynomial, and $X := Hilb_h(P^d_{F_p})$ a Hilbert scheme defined over $F_p$. Then there is an absolute Frobenius map $F: X \to X$. I'm even interested in the case $f \equiv 1$, ...
6
votes
0answers
295 views

Alterations of regular varieties

Let $X$ be a regular quasi-projective variety over a perfect field $k$. The existence of a "good compactification" of $X$, i.e. a regular projective variety $\bar{X}$ with an embedding ...
10
votes
3answers
915 views

Lifting varieties to characteristic zero.

If you want to compute crystalline cohomology of a smooth proper variety $X$ over a perfect field $k$ of characteristic $p$, the first thing you might want to try is to lift $X$ to the Witt ring $W_k$ ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a nice proof of the fact that there are (p-1)/24 supersingular elliptic curves in characteristic p?

If $k$ is a characteristic $p$ field containing a subfield with $p^2$ elements (e.g., an algebraic closure of $\mathbb{F}_p$), then the number of isomorphism classes of supersingular elliptic curves ...
10
votes
1answer
757 views

Are there “reasonable” criteria for existence/non-existence of Levi factors or their conjugacy in prime characteristic?

Classical theorems attributed to Levi, Mal'cev, Harish-Chandra for a finite dimensional Lie algebra over a field of characteristic 0 state that it has a Levi decomposition (semisimple subalgebra plus ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

Wanted: Quadratic Space in Characteristic 2 as a Counterexample to a Theorem of Arf

Hi. Peter Roquette sent me an email asking for an example of a quadratic space in characteristic 2 having certain features. I have no idea on this, but maybe someone reading this does. He would ...
7
votes
1answer
263 views

Liftability of Enriques Surfaces (from char. p to zero)

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 0$, $X$ a variety over $k$. We say $X$ lifts to characteristic zero, if there exists a local ring $R$ containing $\mathbb Z$ with ...
10
votes
0answers
455 views

Lifting abelian varieties in (the closed fiber of) a fixed Neron model

Suppose that $R$ is a dvr with field of fractions $K$ and residue field $k$ and that $A_K$ is an abelian variety over $K$ with Neron model $A$ over $R$. Then the closed fiber $A_k$ is a smooth ...
4
votes
2answers
342 views

lower bound for torsion of abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety defined over a field $K$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $A[\ell]$ be the group of $\ell$-torsion points, $\ell\neq p$ a prime. Are there positive constants $C, \eta$ ...
3
votes
2answers
391 views

If the morphism of root data induced by an isogeny of a reductive group is a Frobenius, is then the isogeny itself a Frobenius?

Let $G$ be a reductive (or just semisimple) algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p > 0$, let $T$ be a maximal Torus and let $f:G \rightarrow G$ be an isogeny. ...
3
votes
0answers
350 views

Hochschild Kostant Rosenberg theorem for varieties in positive characteristic?

Is there is a known version of the HKR theorem as proved in say Swan's paper "Hochschild Cohomology of Quasiprojective Varieties" in positive characteristic? I assume something is known about this as ...
5
votes
3answers
345 views

Smoothness of hyperplane sections

Suppose $X\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ is a smooth hypersurface defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. For a "generic" prime $p$, what can be said about the set of hyperplanes $H$ in $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{F}_p)$ for ...
6
votes
4answers
475 views

Simply connected quasi-projective varieties in positive characteristic

I am looking for examples of non-projective (quasi-projective) varieties $X$ defined over a field of positive characteristic, which have trivial étale fundamental group. It is well known that the ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

One dimensional (phi,Gamma)-modules in char p

I would like to better understand the simplest case of the correspondence between Galois representations and (phi,Gamma)-modules. Namely, consider 1-dimensional Galois representations of $G_{Q_p}$ ...
8
votes
1answer
536 views

Restriction theorems over finite fields

A short while ago, Dvir proved the Kakeya conjecture over finite fields. Does this have any implications for restriction theorems over finite fields? I am aware only of implications going in the ...
9
votes
1answer
812 views

The Infinitesimal topos in positive characteristic

This question was inspired by and is somewhat related to this question. In his article "Crystals and the de Rham cohomology of schemes" in the collection "Dix exposes sur la cohomologie des schemas" ...
5
votes
2answers
390 views

Concerning the dimension of a complex variety modulo a prime

Let V be a complex affine variety given as the vanishing set of a set of polynomials with integral coefficients. I have 3 questions. 1) Under what assumption will the dimension of V over C remain ...
3
votes
2answers
359 views

What is the correct formulation of the CDE triangle?

The CDE triangle with C Cartan matrix and D decomposition matrix is well-known for finite groups. I have not seen a full account of this for finite dimensional algebras which I find surprising as ...
5
votes
3answers
882 views

Is $Sym^n (V^*) \cong Sym^n (V)^\ast$ naturally in positive characteristic?

Background/motivation It is a classical fact that we have a natural isomorphism $Sym^n (V^*) \cong Sym^n (V) ^\ast$ for vector spaces $V$ over a field $k$ of characteristic 0. One way to see this is ...
25
votes
3answers
1k views

product of all F_p, p prime

Let $R$ be the ring $$R = \prod_{p\ \text{prime}} \mathbb{F}_p$$ where $\mathbb{F}_p$ is the field having $p$ elements. Is it true that $R$ has a quotient by a maximal ideal which is a field of ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Have people successfully worked with the full ring of diferential operators in characteristic p?

This question is inspired by an earlier one about the possibility of using the full ring of differential operators on a flag variety to develop a theory of localization in characteristic $p$. (Here ...
5
votes
0answers
499 views

Beilinson-Bernstein localization in positive characteristic

This is a follow-up to this question; in particular, I'm wondering if anyone can expand upon the interesting answers given by Kevin McGerty and David Ben-Zvi there. (In particular, in this question ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

What would a “moral” proof of the Weil Conjectures require?

At the very end of this 2006 interview (rm), Kontsevich says "...many great theorems are originally proven but I think the proofs are not, kind of, "morally right." There should be better ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

The work of E. Artin and F. K. Schmidt on (what are now called) the Weil conjectures.

I was reading Dieudonne's "On the history of the Weil conjectures" and found two things that surprised me. Dieudonne makes some assertions about the work of Artin and Schmidt which are no doubt ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

congruent to 1 mod p

This is a somewhat vague question: for a prime number p, we often see that various counts come out to be 1 modulo p. What are the possible reasons for this? Here are some I've encountered: For some ...
14
votes
2answers
566 views

Can the failure of the multiplicativity of Euler factors at bad primes be corrected?

Warning: This one of those does-anyone-know-how-to-fix-this-vague-problem questions, and not an actual mathematics question at all. If $X$ is a scheme of finite type over a finite field, then the ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Wild Ramification

The question is, loosely put, what is known about wild ramification? Is there a semi-well-established theory of wild ramification that can be furthered in various specific situations? Or maybe there ...
6
votes
0answers
392 views

On periods of algebraic integers modulo rational primes

I run, somewhat indirectly, into the following problem and I have no hints where to look in the literature in search for answers or clues. Let $K$ be a number field, which we may assume Galois if it ...
8
votes
1answer
820 views

Frobenius Descent

Let $S$ be a scheme of positive characteristic $p$ and $X$ a smooth $S$-scheme. Let $F:X\rightarrow X^{(p)}$ denote the relative Frobenius. A result by Cartier (often called Cartier descent or ...
10
votes
3answers
958 views

Representations in characteristic p

Let G be a finite group and let F be an algebraically closed field. If the characteristic of F is 0, then the number of irreducible F-representations of G is given by the number of conjugacy classes ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is one interested in the mod p reduction of modular curves and Shimura varieties?

Why is one interested in the mod p reduction of modular curves and Shimura varieties? From an article I learned that this can be used to prove the Eichler-Shimura relation which in turn proves the ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

On Category O in positive characteristic

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$. In the case that $k$ has characteristic 0, there has been intensive study of the BGG category O of representations of ...
4
votes
1answer
315 views

F_q-structures on schemes

Let $k|\mathbb{F}_q$ be a field extension. An $\mathbb{F}_q$-structure on a $k$-algebra $A$ is an $\mathbb{F}_q$-subalgebra $A _0$ of $A$ such that $A _0 \otimes _{\mathbb{F}_q} k \cong A$ via the ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Mirror symmetry mod p?! … Physics mod p?!

In his answer to this question, Scott Carnahan mentions "mirror symmetry mod p". What is that? (Some kind of) Gromov-Witten invariants can be defined for varieties over fields other than ...
33
votes
2answers
4k views

current status of crystalline cohomology?

The great references given on Ilya's question make me wonder about the current status of the many conjectures and open questions in Illusie's survey from 1994 on crystalline cohomology. Obviously ...
7
votes
1answer
306 views

algorithm for calculating the Chow groups of a variety over a finite field

Is there an algorithm for calculating the Chow groups of a variety over a finite field? It is know that $H^{2i,i}_\mathrm{mot}(X,\mathbf{Z}) = CH^i(X)$. In how many cases does this help us?
8
votes
2answers
529 views

How does the order of a pole of a zeta function indicate any geometric information?

Here, I'm primarily concerced about zeta functions of hypersurfaces over fields of finite characteristic. Assume $F_q$ to be a finite field with q elements. Consider the zeta function of the ...
7
votes
1answer
632 views

Are automorphism groups of hypersurfaces reduced ?

In the following article : "H. Matsumura, P. Monsky, On the automorphisms of hypersurfaces, J. Math. Kyoto Univ. 3 (1964) 347-361", it is shown that in finite characteristic, automorphism groups of ...