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### Frobenius splitting of Fano varieties

Dear MO,
Question 1. Do you know of an example of a Fano variety which is not Frobenius split?
Background
(1) A variety $X$ in characteristic $p$ is called Frobenius split if there is a "$p$-th ...

**10**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Characteristic zero and characteristic $p$ in algebraic geometry

Are there non-trivial (i.e. excluding concepts that can be defined only for $p>0$) statements in algebraic geometry that hold for all fields of characteristic $p$ for all prime $p$ but are known ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$.
How precisely can one describe ...

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votes

**0**answers

245 views

### deRham cohomoloy of CM liftings of Jacobians

Let $k$ be field of characteristic $p>0$ and $W=W(k)$ the ring of Witt vectors of $k$. We call a smooth curve over $k$, ordinary, when the Jacobian of $J(X)$ of $X$ is an ordinary abelian variety. ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What are supersingular varieties?

For varieties over a field of characteristic $p$, I saw people talking about supersingular varieties.
I wanted to ask "why are supersingular varieties interesting". However, as I don't want to ask an ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

488 views

### Explicit description of O^{cris}_n in Fontaine/Messing

Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p$, $W(k)$ the Witt ring and $K$ its quotient field. In their article "$p$-adic periods and $p$-adic etale cohomology" Fontaine and Messing give in II.1.4 ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

542 views

### Is there a really big ring of differential operators in characteristic p?

$k$ is a field of characteristic $p$.
$k[t]$ has canonical first-order differential operator $\partial$
As an endomorphism of $k[t]$, $\partial^p=0$.
First way to fix it:
Use the divided power ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

512 views

### Deformation space of non-ordinary abelian varieties

It is a well known result of Serre and Tate that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, then the deformation space $\mathcal{M}$ of $A$ to an abelian ...

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votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Proofs in the same vein as Ax-Grothendieck

I would like to see other examples of (ideas of) proofs and results in the same vein as the proof of the Ax-Grothendieck theorem. To explain what I mean by "in the same vein", I will quote from the ...

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**0**answers

293 views

### Do there exist weak Lefschetz-type statements that were proved for varieties over complex numbers, but were not proved in finite characteristic?

As far as I understood the situation (reading section 3.5B of Lazarsfeld's "Positivity in algebraic geometry" and also some of the references), some of weak Lefschetz-type statements known rely on ...

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votes

**1**answer

794 views

### Minimal Model Program for surfaces over algebraically closed fields of characteristic p

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$.
I have been trying to find out unsuccessfully if there is a mmp for algebraic surfaces over $k$. I know minimal surfaces are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

290 views

### Invertible Hasse-Witt for non-ordinary curves

Assume that $S$ is a smooth curve of over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ and $f\colon X\to S$ is a relative curve over $S$ (i.e., the fibers are curves). It is well-known that when all the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

641 views

### Finite connected groups over a perfect field of characteristic p

In 14.4 of "Introduction to Affine Group Schemes" it is proved (!) that if $A$ represents a finite connected group scheme over a perfect field $k$ of characteristic $p$ then $A$ has the form $k[X_{1}, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Frobenius functor and length of local cohomology

Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian local ring of positive prime characteristic $p$ and let $F$ be the Frobenius functor. Write $d$ for dimension of $R$. Assume that for some $0\leq i< d $ the ...

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votes

**0**answers

336 views

### If $p=0$ and $df=0$, is $f$ a $p$th power?

This question is a follow-up to When does the relative differential $df=0$ imply that $f$ comes from the base?. There it was asked, for an $A$-algebra $B$, under what conditions does $df=0$ (in the ...

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votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Chevalley's Theorem on Constructible Sets

I'm having a hard time understanding the theorem in the title, more specifically the proof of the related fact that the image of a dominant morphism contains a dense open set of it's closure. (My ...

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votes

**1**answer

592 views

### Top chern class in positive characteristic

Given a nonsingular, projective variety $X$ of dimension $n$ over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Over $k=\mathbb{C}$, the top chern class $c_n(T_X)$ of the tangent sheaf is the Euler ...

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**0**answers

157 views

### Inequalities between numerical invariants of nonsingular projective Varieties in positive Characteristic

It is well-known that Miyaoka and Yau-type inequalities do not hold in positive characteristic. In "a note on Bogomolov-Gieseker’s inequality in positive characteristic", however, we can ...

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vote

**1**answer

409 views

### CM liftings of abelian varieties and liftings of Frobenius

It is well-known that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a finite perfect field $ k$ of characteristic $ p>0$ and $ W=W(k)$ is the ring of Witt vectors over $ k$, then the canonical ...

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votes

**2**answers

343 views

### Zariski closures of one parameter additive maps in positive characteristic

Suppose we are in characteristic $p$, and that the field, $K$, that we are working over is imperfect. We have a map $\Theta: K \to K^{\delta}$ where each coordinate function $\Theta_i$ is an additive ...

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votes

**1**answer

415 views

### Inseparable Galois Cohomology

First let me give a general form of my question, and then I'll give some motivation and a more specific version of it. Let $K/k$ be a Galois extension of fields with Galois group $G$, and let $X$ be ...

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votes

**1**answer

360 views

### Log resolutions on surfaces and 3-folds in characteristic p

If $X$ is a normal projective variety and $D$ a divisor in it, we say that $\pi\colon (\widetilde X,\widetilde D)\rightarrow (X,D)$ is a log resolution if $\widetilde X$ is a resolution of $X$, the ...

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votes

**0**answers

495 views

### Resolution of singularities in positive characteristic

I am currently trying to make some small parts of the minimal model program work for some very explicit varities in positive characteristic. I have such a variety $X_1$ and I know that there is a ...

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**0**answers

480 views

### Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...

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votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Isomorphism between pull-backs of an F-crystal by different liftings of Frobenius

This might be a naive question. But since I haven't seen this in any reference, I'll try to ask it here. Let $T$ be a smooth scheme over the algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

498 views

### Del pezzo surfaces in positive characteristic

For me a Del Pezzo surface $X$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$ is an algebraic surface where the anticanonical bundle $\omega^{-1}_X$ or $-K_X$ is ample. (I prefer the second ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

949 views

### When does the relative differential $df=0$ imply that $f$ comes from the base?

Let $A \to B$ be a map of commutative rings, and $d : B \to I/I^2$ be
defined by $df = f\otimes 1 - 1\otimes f$, where $I$ is the kernel of
$B \otimes_A B \to B$, as in [Hartshorne II.8].
If ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### More questions involving characteristic 2 theta series identities

In my answer to my earlier question, "Existence of certain identities involving characteristic 2 thetas", I established some curious identities when the thetas have prime "level" congruent to 1 mod 4 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Connected extensions of finite by connected algebraic groups

Let $1\to H\to E\to G\to 1$ be a short exact sequence of algebraic groups defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Suppose $H$ is a finite group, and $G$ and $E$ are ...

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**1**answer

460 views

### Do Richardson varieties have rational singularities in arbitrary characteristic?

The title basically asks the question. I'll review the relevant terminology and explain what I have and haven't found in the literature.
Let $G$ be a reductive group. Let $v \leq w$ be elements of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### If C is a fusion category over a field of nonzero characteristic and dim C = 0, is Z(C) ever fusion?

If $C$ is a fusion category and $\dim(C) \neq 0$ (the latter is automatic in characteristic zero, but not in nonzero characteristic), then the Drinfel'd center $Z(C)$ is fusion. More generally, if ...

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votes

**0**answers

186 views

### What would be a characteristic-$p$ analogue for $C^{\infty}$-fiber bundles?

I'd like to know a notion for a morphism between algebraic varieties in characteristic $p$ that plays the role of a $C^{\infty}$-fiber bundle. It should be, in particular, flat. I'm not assuming the ...

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votes

**1**answer

552 views

### Coderivations of S(V) correspond to linear maps S(V) -> V. Only over characteristic 0?

Definition. Let $k$ be a commutative ring. Let $V$ be a $k$-module. We turn the symmetric algebra $\mathrm{S}\left(V\right)$ of $V$ into a graded Hopf algebra by defining the comultiplication
$\Delta ...

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**1**answer

563 views

### Obstructions to formally integrating vector fields in characteristic p?

Let $M$ be a smooth scheme over some field $k$ of characteristic $p$, and $\vec X$ a vector field on it. Equivalently, $\vec X$ gives a map $Spec\ k[\epsilon]/\langle \epsilon^2 \rangle \times M \to ...

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votes

**1**answer

921 views

### Replacement for derivations in characteristic p?

Let $k$ be a field.
If $f \in k[x]$ is a polynomial, and $d/dx\ f = 0$, then either
$f$ is constant, or
$char\ k = p$ and $f \in k[x^p]$.
So "annihilated by all derivations" is perhaps not the ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Simplest example of jumping of cohomology of structure sheaf in smooth families?

Using Hodge theory (and the ill-defined Lefschetz principle), one can show that in characteristic 0, given a proper smooth family $X \rightarrow B$, the cohomology groups of the structure sheaf of the ...

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votes

**1**answer

414 views

### Can the projection (tensor algebra) -> (symmetric algebra) be forced to split in char. p by factoring out p-th powers?

Question 1 (the weak and simple statement, which, I think, already is wrong): Let $p$ be a prime. Let $k$ be a field with characteristic $p$.
For any $k$-vector space $V$, consider the canonical ...

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votes

**0**answers

506 views

### Ample vector bundles, $H^1=0$ and global generation in characteristic $p$

This is a follow up from this question, in characteristic $p>0$. First, some background. It is known that in characteristic $0$, a vector bundle $E$ on say a projective curve $X$ is ample if and ...

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votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Which 'well-known' algebraic geometric results do not hold in characteristic 2?

A smooth curve $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is strange if there is a point $p$ which lies on all the tangent lines of $X$.
Examples are $\mathbb{P}^1$ is strange and so is $y=x^2$ in characteristic $2$. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Do permutation modules of solvable groups have self-dual socle in characteristic 2?

I was searching through the small groups database in GAP to find counterexamples to a certain conjecture (which is not important here). I was checking non-nilpotent solvable groups and noticed that ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

525 views

### Existence of certain identities involving characteristic 2 “thetas”

Let l=2m+1 be prime. In my previous MO question, "What are the polynomial relations between these characteristic 2 thetas?", I defined a subring of Z/2[[x]] as follows:
The subring, S, is generated ...

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votes

**2**answers

544 views

### How does one compute induced representations for modular representations?

The set-up is this: Let $G$ be a finite group, and $H$ a subgroup. We are given an irreducible representation of $H, \rho: H\rightarrow GL_n(K)$ (I will notationally identify $\rho$ with its ...

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votes

**0**answers

204 views

### Modular reduction of exceptional complex reflection groups

I am interested in reducing reflection representations of complex reflection groups modulo a prime $p$. For the infinite family $G(m,r,n)$, it is straightforward to get "good reduction" provided that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

923 views

### Can proper-smooth base change be used to show that varieties cannot be lifted to characteristic zero?

Recall the following corollary to the proper and smooth base change theorems:
Let $\pi: X \to S$ be a proper, smooth morphism. Then the direct images $R^i \pi_* \mathcal{F}$ are locally constant ...

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votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Bertini theorems for base-point-free linear systems in positive characteristics

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth algebraic variety over an algebraically closed (uncountable if it helps) field of characteristic $p > 0$. Suppose that $L$ is a line bundle, probably ample or at least ...

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votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Finite subgroups of $PGL_2(K)$ in characteristic $p$

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic $p$. What are the finite subgroups of $PGL_2(K)$ whose orders are divisible by $p$? And if $G$ and $H$ are two such subgroups that are isomorphic, can one say when ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

456 views

### Restricted universal enveloping algebra of Abelian p-Lie algebra

Question: Let $p$ be a prime. Let $k$ be a commutative ring such that $p=0$ in $k$.
Let $\mathfrak g$ be an abelian $p$-restricted Lie algebra over $k$. In other words, let $\mathfrak g$ be a ...

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votes

**2**answers

576 views

### Is the Characteristic of a Field Detectable from the Topology of a Topological Vector Space?

Motivation
A topological vector space is a vector space over a (topological) field, K, that carries a topology such that addition and scalar multiplication are continuous maps, e.g., all normed ...

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votes

**1**answer

552 views

### Help wanted with Chebotarev condition in characteristic 2

Having promised a longtime collaborator that I would clear my plate to finish up some joint work of ours, I am swallowing my pride and tossing up the following technical point of function field ...

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**0**answers

490 views

### Lifting varieties from char. $p$ to char. 0 after alterations

The question is related to this MO question:
Lifting varieties to characteristic zero.
Let $X$ be a projective smooth variety over $k$ alg. closed field of char. $p.$ Does there always exist an ...