11
votes
1answer
707 views

The “Level N modular equation for delta” in characteristics 3, 5, 7 and 13

When $N > 1$, the modular forms $\Delta(z)$ and $\Delta(Nz)$ are algebraically independent over the complexes, and the same then is true of their expansions at infinity. But using the fact that the ...
15
votes
1answer
616 views

Higher level analogs of Nicolas-Serre theory

NICOLAS-SERRE THEORY Let $F \in Z/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+...$, the exponents being the odd squares, and $V$ be the space spanned by the $F^k$ with $k$ odd. Nicolas and Serre define formal Hecke ...
4
votes
0answers
152 views

Does this space of mod 2 modular forms admit a (Z/8)* degree decomposition?

Fix an odd N>0. Let M consist of all odd elements of Z/2[[x]] that are the mod 2 reductions of elements of Z[[x]] arising as the Fourier expansions of modular forms for (Gamma_0)(N); it's easy to see ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

A subring of the Serre Swinnerton -Dyer ring of level N modular power series

Suppose ell is prime and (N,ell)=1. Consider those power series over Z that are expansions at infinity of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) of weight a multiple of ell-1. I'll say that an element of ...
5
votes
0answers
290 views

Are these empirical discoveries about the Serre Swinnerton-Dyer ring of prime level modular power series actual theorems?

In this question Joel Bellaiche constructed an algebra, M, of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) in finite characteristic (which he called p, but I'll call ell) and asked to know its structure. Matt ...
7
votes
0answers
208 views

Level p characteristic 2 modular forms and thetas

BACKGROUND Let p be an odd prime. An element of Z/2[[x]] is "modular of level p" if it is the mod 2 reduction of a g in Z[[x]] with g the Fourier expansion of a modular form for gamma_0(p). In ...
10
votes
0answers
278 views

The mod 3 reduction of some powers of delta

Let f in Z/3[[x]] be the mod 3 reduction of the Fourier expansion of the normalized weight 12 cusp form delta for the full modular group. The exponents appearing in f are all 1 mod 3. Fix k>0 and ...
9
votes
0answers
439 views

Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...
4
votes
1answer
369 views

More questions involving characteristic 2 theta series identities

In my answer to my earlier question, "Existence of certain identities involving characteristic 2 thetas", I established some curious identities when the thetas have prime "level" congruent to 1 mod 4 ...
5
votes
2answers
504 views

Existence of certain identities involving characteristic 2 “thetas”

Let l=2m+1 be prime. In my previous MO question, "What are the polynomial relations between these characteristic 2 thetas?", I defined a subring of Z/2[[x]] as follows: The subring, S, is generated ...
11
votes
0answers
485 views

What's known about the mod 2 reduction of the level l Jacobi modular equation?

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. Let $A$ in ${\mathbb Z}/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+x^{49}+...$, and $B=A(x^\ell)$. One can use the level $\ell$ Jacobi modular equation to get a polynomial ...
7
votes
2answers
493 views

What are the polynomial relations between these characteristic 2 “thetas” ?

Suppose $\ell=2m+1$, $m>0$. Define $[i]$ in $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}[[x]]$ to be $$\sum_{n\equiv i\mod l} x^{n^2}.$$ Note that $[0]=1$, and that $[i]=[j]$ whenever $\ell$ divides $i+j$ or $i-j$. ...
8
votes
3answers
538 views

Variations on a theme of O'Bryant, Cooper and Eichhorn concerning power series over $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$

Define 2 power series over the field $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$ by $f=1+x+x^3+x^6+\dots$, the exponents being the triangular numbers, and $g=1+x+x^4+x^9+\dots$, the exponents being the squares. Write ...
6
votes
1answer
428 views

Ways to characterize supersingular primes?

I've read the definition, and it basically says p is a supersingular prime iff the fundamental domain of a group generated by \Gamma(p) and a matrix ((0, 1), (-p, 0)) is rational. And there's a ...