The central-simple-algebras tag has no usage guidance.

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### Reference for classification of positive involutions

An involution on a finite dimensional algebra $A$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is an involutive anti-automorphism of $A$. If $\sigma$ is an involution on $A$, we say that $\sigma$ is positive if $\mathrm{Tr}_{A/\...

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### Non-commutative Galois theory

Recall that an finite-dimensional algebra $A$ over a field $k$ is central simple iff there is an iso
$A \otimes_k A^{op} \cong M_n(k)$
where $A^{op}$ is the opposite ring and $M_n(k)$ is the matrix ...

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### When is a crossed-product algebra a division algebra?

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension with Galois group $G$. For every 2-cocycle $\gamma$ of $G$ with values in $L^\times$ there is the crossed-product $K$-algebra
$$S(L,G,\gamma) = \bigoplus_{g\in ...

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### Dimension of the center of a subalgebra of a simple algebra

Let $F$ be a field. Let $A$ be a simple (associative unital) $F$-algebra with center reduced to $F$. Let $B$ be a $F$-subalgebra of $A$;
assume that $A$ is can be generated as left $B$-module by $n$ ...

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### On conductors, levels and traces on quaternion algebras

I am currently working on level issues in the division central simple algebra case, say $D$ over a local non-archimedean field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbf{Q}_p$). Let say that $\mathcal{O}_D$ and $\mathcal{O}...

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### Orders in Central Simple Algebras. Applications

It is known that orders in quaternion algebras (over a number field) are used for constructing geometric objects like hyperbolic orbifolds and Shimura curves. Moreover, if one knows embedding ...

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### Let $A\in\operatorname{M}_n(F)$ be a matrix, how to prove $\bigcap_{X\in C(A)}C(X)=F[A]=\frac{F[x]}{(m_A(x))}$

I asked the following question on Math Stack Exchange, but no people reply. I know MO is more professional and it is for mathematicians to discuss research problems. Maybe this question is unsuitable ...

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### Does every equivalence class in a Brauer-Wall group have a (graded) division algebra?

It is known that each equivalence class in a Brauer group has a division algebra (or, in other words, every central simple algebra is isomorphic to $\mathrm{Mat}(D)$ for some division algebra $D$). Is ...

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### Infinite dimensional simple algebras of finite degree

Let $F$ be a field and let $B$ be an $F$-algebra. The degree of $B$ over $F$ is the smallest positive integer $\deg_F B = d \geq 1$ such that every element of $B$ satisfies a (monic) polynomial of ...

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### Regular or elliptic elements in the multiplicative group of central division algebra

For an element $g$ of a connected reductive group $G$ over a field $F$,
$g$ is called $regular$ if the dimension of the centralizer of $g$ is equal to the rank of the algebraic group $G$,
$g$ is ...

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### Discussion of specific arithmetic triangle groups?

Arithmetic triangle groups were classified in Takeuchi, Arithmetic triangle groups, J. Math. Soc. Japan Volume 29, Number 1 (1977), 91-106. The (2,3,7) case was discussed in detail in a number of ...

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### What does the tensor product of two central simple algebras correspond to geometrically?

Let $k$ be a field, assumed to have characteristic $0$ for simplicity (though this probably isn't necessary).
Let $A$ be a central simple algebra over $k$ of dimension $n^2$. Then the collection of ...

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### How to distinguish division algebras from matrix algebras?

Suppose $D$ is an explicitly given rank 9 central simple algebra over ${\mathbb Q}$ (or a number field). For example it could be specified by two cubic subfields ${\mathbb Q}(a), {\mathbb Q}(b)\subset ...

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### Galois theory of endomorphism rings of irreducible representations

Let $k$ be a field which I don't suppose to be algebraically closed. Then, the endomorphism ring of any irreducible representation of a finite group over $k$ is a division ring.
What is known about ...

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### Special subalgebras of central simple algebras

In this question F is a field and all algebras are finite dimensional F algebras.
Let X be the set of all F algebras A for which there exist an F algebra B and an F division algebra D such that F is ...

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### units in distinct division algebras over number fields---are they definitely not isomorphic as abstract groups?

This is really an irrelevant question in the sense that the answer isn't remotely "logically crucial for the Langlands programme" or whatever---it's just something that occurred to me when writing ...

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### “Cholesky decomposition” X=YY* for p-adic matrices?

Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of $p$-adic fields. Consider $M_n(E)$ with the unitary (aka 2nd kind) involution $X \mapsto \sigma(X)^{tr}$, where $\sigma(X)$ denotes the entry-wise application of $...

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### Central simple algebras approach to classfield theory, Merits of.

As noted earlier, I found reading Weil's book "Basic Number Theory" to be a harrowing experience, and I find his writing to be intrinsically hard to understand, though it is perfectly rigorous and ...