6
votes
1answer
172 views

Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help! One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Variational Principle for a System of Differential Equations

I am studying a differential operator of the form $$ L\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) = -\Delta \left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) + V(x)\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Implicit function theorem for boundary value problems

I have a nonlinear, two point boundary value problem of the form $F(x, y(x), y'(x); \Omega ) = y''$ along with some boundary conditions of the form $y_\Omega(0) = a_\Omega, y_{\Omega}(1) = b_\Omega$. ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

variational problem related to an integral

Recently I came up with a type of variational problem in stochastic process. It can be stated in the following way: Given $a$ and $b$ positive, and an increasing function $f$ on $(0,1)$ (may be not ...
4
votes
2answers
398 views

The Isoperimetric problem for domains constrained to lie between two parallel planes

It is well known that for a given volume $V$, a sphere is the shape that minimizes the surface area. I am interested in the same problem under the constraint that the shape must lie between the planes ...
5
votes
1answer
220 views

A Lagrangian problem with a countable family of local extrema ?

Dear MO contributors, let $r > 0, L > 0$. I am interested in maximizing the integral: $$ \int_0^{2\pi} \frac{f(\alpha)^2 f'(\alpha)^2}{\sqrt{f(\alpha)^2 + f'(\alpha)^2}} \ \mathrm{d} \alpha $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
645 views

Results about existence/uniqueness of solution to Euler-Lagrange equations?

While studying calculus of variations, there is one question that I feel is missing in the texts I'm reading: What can we say about the existence and/or uniqueness of solutions to Euler-Lagrange ...
0
votes
1answer
780 views

Functionals continuous with respect to weak convergence

It's well known that a functional of the form $u \mapsto \int f(u) dx$ is continuous with respect to weak convergence (say weak* convergence in $L^\infty$) if and only if the function $f$ is affine. ...
7
votes
1answer
374 views

A toy model for the t-section problem

Let $S(x)$ be the area of the yellow curvilinear triangle. I'd like to find a graph for which $S(x)=H(x)$ where $H $ is some prescribed function (small, smooth, vanishing near the endpoints to any ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

Beginners text on Calculus of Variations

Hi, I want to begin learning Calculus of Variations. What texts would MathOverflow recommend? Amazon shows up quite a few options: http://tinyurl.com/36koaq4 I work on Machine Learning, and that ...
5
votes
2answers
687 views

Is perfect play possible in continuous rock-paper-scissors? game “step size” vs. “acceleration”

The first part of my question is simple: Is every game continuous in time and strategy-space also a game of perfect information with a good equilibrium? For example, consider rock-paper-scissors. The ...