Calabi-Yau manifolds are higher dimensional generalizations of elliptic curves and K3 surfaces. They can be defined as the compact complex Kähler manifolds with trivial canonical bundle, and play a central role in mirror symmetry. This tag can also be used for Calabi-Yau algebras and categories. ...

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Singularities induced by the toric ambient spaces

Let $\Delta \subset \mathbb{R}^4$ be a (reflexive) polytope and $X$ be the hypersurfacedefined by a generic section of the any-canonical bundle of the toric variety $\mathbb{P}_{\Delta}$. Are there ...
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Mirror Symmetry for Quaternionic-Kähler Manifolds

I take the following quote from Huybrecht's notes on hyperkähler manifolds and mirror symmetry: Mirror symmetry in a first approximation predicts for any Calabi-Yau manifold (M,g) the existence of ...
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Contracting a rational curve in a Calabi-Yau threefold

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and $C \subset X$ be a rational curve with $N_{C/X}\cong \mathcal{O}\oplus \mathcal{O}(-2)$. Can one contract the curve $C$? Assuming the answer is yes, what kind of ...
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State of the art of BPS and Donaldson-Thomas invariants for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds

I am trying to understand what has been done with regards to computing BPS invariants and Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau threefolds. To make the question more focused, let's say that I ...
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l-functions of calabi-yau varieties

This question might not be suitable for MO since i know nothing about Calabi-yau varieties aside the fact that they are used in string theory to compactify additional dimensions, but still, it makes ...
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The moduli space of special Lagrangian submanifolds

Given a special Lagrangian fibration $f:M \rightarrow B$ of a Calabi-Yau manifold $M$, one can associate to it two affine structures (symplectic and complex) on the base space $B$. A theorem of ...
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Why quintics are Calabi-Yau?

Why quintics are Calabi-Yau? Is there a explicit formula of the holomorphic volume form?
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Why should noncommutative CYs be dgas?

For a (commutative) CY manifold of dimension $n$, Serre duality implies that there are ifunctorial isomorphisms $$\operatorname{Hom}_{D^b(X)}(E,F)\cong\operatorname{Hom}_{D^b(X)}(F,E[n])^*$$ in the ...
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Properties of extreme rays

Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, then the effective curves module the numerical equivalence form a cone. For my understanding, if the extreme ray $[C]$ has the property that ...
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What is the meaning of $(h^{11},h^{21})\to (h^{11}-240,h^{21}+240)$ in Calabi-Yau threefolds?

By browsing through the Hodge data of known Calabi-Yau threefolds, I stumbled upon an observation that frequently enough a pair of Hodge numbers $(h^{11},h^{21})$ comes together with the pair $ ...
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Necessary condition on Calabi-Yau manfiold to be a hypersurface in a Fano manifold

Let $X$ be a smooth projective Calabi-Yau threefold. Are there any known obstructions to it being a member of a base-point-free linear system in a nef-Fano fourfold? What, in anything, is known ...
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2 - Calabi Yau algebras and bimodule coherence

Let $\Pi:=\Pi(Q)$ be the preprojective algebra of a connected non-Dynkin quiver over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. In H. Minamoto "Ampleness of two-sided tilting complexes", ...
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$Aut(X)$ and $Bir(X)$ for Calabi-Yau 3-folds with $\rho(X)=1$

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau 3-fold with Picard number one. How can one show that the automorphism group $Aut(X)$ is finite and moreover coincides with the birational automorphism group $Bir(X)$? It seems ...
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Why Yau's theorem implies the existence of hyperkähler metric on complex symplectic manifolds?

Every expository article on hyperkähler manifolds that I have read states without detailed proof the following fact: It follows from Yau's theorem (i.e. a compact Kähler manifold $M$ with $c_1(M)=0$ ...
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Special Lagrangians and fat

I am unable to find the MO comments about the first use of the phrase "fat slags" in an article. On page 26 of this we find "these correspond to thickenings of the corresponding special Lagrangian ...
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Cohomology and conifold transition for the quintic

Let $Y\subset \mathbb{C}P^4$ be the quintic threefold given by the equation $$X^5_0+X^5_1+X^5_2+X^5_3+X^5_4+5X_0X_1X_2X_3X_4=0$$ it has 125 singular points whose links are homeomorphic to $S^2\times ...
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Questions on the Hodge Dual of the Kähler Class

Let $M$ be a compact complex surface, i.e., a complex manifold with complex dimension two. Also, let us denote its Kähler metric by $g$ and its Kähler form by $K$. Let us denote the Kähler class by ...
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Moduli space of K3 surfaces and Bogomolov-Tian-Todorov theorem

The famous Bogomolov-Tian-Todorov theorem says that the moduli space of Calabi-Yau manifold is smooth, that is locally a complex manifold. Doesn't this contradicts to the fact that the moduli space ...
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Example of Calabi-Yau 3-fold fibered by both K3 surface and abelian surface?

I am looking for a compact Calabi-Yau 3-fold which is fibered by both K3 surface and abelian surface (with possibly singular fibers). Are there any examples?
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Why is the mirror of resolved conifold the deformed conifold?

I often see a sentence like "the mirror of resolved conifold is the deformed conifold" in physics literature. I would like to ask, in what sense is this true? What is known for mirror symmetry for ...
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Factoriality of one-nodal Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $X$ be a projective Calabi-Yau threefold with a single ordinary double point at $x \in X$, and smooth elsewhere. Is $X$ necessarily factorial? I suspect that the answer is "yes", for the ...
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fake Calabi-Yau threefold

(1) What is a "fake Calabi-Yau threefold"? Can I describe as a complex or symplectic manifold with trivial canonical bundle, but no compatible Kahler structure? Some mathematicians actually seem to ...
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Physical invariants of Calabi-Yau manifolds and G2 manifolds

Physicists said that for a given Calabi-Yau 3-fold with the topological Euler number $e$, $|e|/2$ corresponds to the number of generations of the elementary particles. My question is: what ...
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Moduli space of CY3 with $h^{2,1}=1$ is $\mathbb{P}^1\setminus \{p_i\}_i$?

It seems to me that all known CY3 with $h^{2,1}=1$ has the complex moduli space of the form $\mathbb{P}^1\setminus \{p_i\}_i$ for some $i \in \mathbb{N}$. Is this true for all CY3 with $h^{2,1}=1$? ...
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A question on the topological change of dualizing a SLAG fibration.

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $\pi:S\rightarrow B$ be a SLAG $T^2$-fibration. I am struggling with a statement that Fiberwise dualization does not change the topology of $S$. Here by fiberwise ...
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Is Gromov-Witten theory of Calabi-Yau threefolds of Type A trivial?

There are some Calabi-Yau threefolds that do not contain any rational curves, e.g. Calabi-Yau threefold of type A in the paper "Calabi-Yau threefolds of quotient type" by Oguiso and Sakurai. My ...
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What can one say about (differentiable) topological structure of CY3s?

It is known that there is unique differantial topological structure on the elliptic curves or K3 surfaces over $\mathbb{C}$. Since we know tons of Hodge diamonds for Calabi-Yau threefolds, we cannot ...
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Is a flop on Calabi-Yau threefolds always Atiyah flop?

Is it true that any flop on a Calabi-Yau threefold is given by the Atiyah flop? That is, there always exists a rigid rational curve $\mathbb{P}^1$ with normal bundle ...
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Why is the mirror of rigid Calabi-Yau threefold singularity theory?

Mirror symmetry relates two Calabi-Yau threefolds with mirrored Hodge diamonds. Since Calabi-Yau threefold is Kahler, this naive correspondence does not hold for rigid Calabi-Yau threefolds. Here ...
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A question on fibered Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $\phi:X\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ be a fibered Calabi-Yau threefold with a general fiber $F$. The following are known $\phi=\Phi_{mF}$ for some $m\in \mathbb{N}$, where $\Phi_D$ stands for the ...
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What information is required for SYZ mirror symmetry?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold. The Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture suggests that $X$ should have a special Lagrangian $T^3$-fibration (when $X$ lies near a large complex structure limit) and a ...
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Questions on how SYZ conjectures is deduced from HMS conjeture.

The Strominge-Yau-Zaslow conjecture is roughly the following. Any Calabi-Yau $m$-manifold $X$ admits a special Lagrangian $T^m$ fibration (maybe at around a special point in its complex moduli space) ...
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Derived category of varieties and derived category of quiver algebras

I have heard that derived category of coherent sheaves $\mathrm{Coh}(X)$ on any Fano varieties $X$ may be realized as derived category $\mathrm{Coh}(\mathrm{Rep}(Q,W))$ of representation of quiver $Q$ ...
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For which Calabi-Yau threefolds is SYZ conjecture known to hold?

I would like to know for which Calabi-Yau threefolds SYZ conjecture is known to hold. I am aware of works by Gross-Wilson (Borcea-Voisin CY3s) and Ruan (quintic CY3), but they are quite classical ...
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Today's world record on the Betti numbers of Calabi-Yau three-folds.

What are largest betti numbers $b_2$ and $b_3$ of three-dimensional Calabi-Yau manifolds that are discovered for today? Is there some nice reference?
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Examples of Calabi-Yau that are birational to each other?

I was told that Calabi-Yau's can be birational to each other but not isomorphic (biholomorphic). But I've never seen explicit examples. Can anybody here show me one? (E.g. maybe an explicit ...
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Why is the base of SLAG fibration of CY3 expected to be $S^3$?

The SYZ conjecture roughly says that any Calabi-Yau threefold $X$ has a special Lagrnagian fibration $\pi:X\rightarrow B$ by 3-tous with section and one of its mirror partners $\check{X}$ is obtained ...
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Crepant resolution of isolated fourfold singularity

I stumbled upon this isolated singularity of a Calabi-Yau fourfold: \begin{equation} x_1x_2+x_3x_4+x_5^2=0 \end{equation} as a hypersurface in $\mathbb{C}^5$. Clearly, I can resolve this by a simple ...
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Moishezon manifolds with vanishing first Chern class

Suppose $M$ is a Moishezon manifold with $c_1(M)=0$ in $H^2(M,\mathbb{R})$. Does it follow that $K_M$ is torsion in $\mathrm{Pic}(M)$? This is true whenever $M$ is Kähler (and therefore ...
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Calabi-Yau fiber space without singular fibers implies finite quotient of product?

While reading this paper of Kollár, the following question came up. If $f:X\to Y$ is a fiber space (i.e. surjective holomorphic map with connected fibers) with $X,Y$ smooth projective ...
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calabi conjecture on compact manifolds

hi, is the calabi conjencture formulated for compact manifolds with boundary ? or only for those without boundary ? excuse me if the question is too trivial but in my literature it isn't mentioned ...
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Theorem of Bryant in higher dimensions

hallo, i have the following question. i read about Bryant's theorem which sais that: any real-analytic 3-dimensional Riemannian manifold $(Y,g)$ with real-analytic metric $g$ can be isometrically ...
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Condition on the canonical divisor for Yau Inequality - effective or ample?

Let $X$ be a complex, projective, nonsingular variety. We also understand it as a Kähler Manifold. My question now is, when people say $c_1(X) < 0$, what exactly do they mean? Let me elaborate. In ...
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Donaldson-Thomas Invariants in Physics

First of all, I am sorry for there are a bunch of questions (though all related)and may not be well framed. What are the DT invariants in physics. When one is computing DT invariants for a Calabi-Yau ...
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Ricci flat metrics on holomorphic vector bundles over Riemann surfaces

I am interested in the local geometry of holomorphic curves in Calabi-Yau threefolds. The setup and question are then the following: Consider a $\mathbb{C}^2$ bundle over a compact Riemann surface ...
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Finite fundamental groups of 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau manifolds

Question. Is there an example of a compact $3$-dimensional Calabi-Yau manifold with finite fundamental group $G$ that does not admit a free action on $S^3$? This question is motivated by the ...
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Are there any symplectic but not holomorphic Calabi-Yau manifolds in real dimensions 4 and 6?

Are there any symplectic but not complex Calabi- Yau manifolds in real dimensions 4 and 6?
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Rational or elliptic curves on Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold. From a complex analytic point of view, it is widely believed that it should not be Kobayashi hyperbolic, that is it should always admit some non-constant entire map ...
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How to construct log-canonical (or Calabi-Yau), non-Cohen-Macaulay singularities of low codimensions?

(EDIT 07/06/11: although the question has not been settled definitely, Sándor's excellent answer and the comments by Angelo and ulrich have highlighted many potential obstructions to the constructions ...
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Is $Sym^g$ of a Riemann Surface of genus $g$ Calabi-Yau?

The $g$-fold symmetric product of a Riemann surface of genus $g$ naturally has both a symplectic structure as well as a complex structure. Is it in fact Calabi-Yau? If so, is anything known about a ...