Special functions, orthogonal polynomials, harmonic analysis, ODE's, differential relations, calculus of variations, approximations, expansions, asymptotics.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
0answers
49 views

Finding first integrals

Given a vector field $X \in \mathcal{X}(\Omega)$, a first integral of $X$ is a differentiable mapping $\psi : \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\sum_{0}^{n} X_{i}(x)\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

A question on the Frechet derivative

Suppose the derivative of a functional is given by $\int_{\Omega}(\vec{v}.\nabla u)|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi=\int_{\Omega}\nabla.(u\vec{v})|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi$ for $\phi\in W_0^{1,p}(\Omega)$ where the ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Complete solution set of a Convolutional Equation?

Here is a problem that am I stuck and I appreciate any help. In essence, I am trying to show that the only solutions for the described problem are the ones provided below. Best.. Setup: In what ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and g is radially symmetric, the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions: For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Hyperelliptic generalization of Euler's formula

Are there any hyperelliptic generalizations of the following formula, first proved by Euler in 1782, ...
6
votes
2answers
314 views

Interesting triple integral

Some time ago I stumbled on an alleged identity $$\int\limits_0^\infty \frac{dx}{x} \int\limits_0^x \frac{dy}{y} \int\limits_0^y \frac{dz}{z} [\sin{x}+\sin{(x-y)}-\sin{(x-z)}-\sin{(x-y+z)}]= ...
4
votes
2answers
361 views

Differentiability: Partially Defined Functions

These ideas came to my mind while reading Lee's Introduction to Smooth Manifolds. (Cf. discussion on p. 45.) Definition Let $E$ and $F$ be two Banach spaces together with a plain subset ...
5
votes
3answers
680 views

Action Integral

In the theory of action-angle variables, you wind up having to solve integrals with a characteristic square-root behavior near the endpoints to express the action in terms of the orbital quantities. ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

On the independence of lower and upper asymptotic and Banach densities

Given a set $X \subseteq \mathbf N^+$, denote by $\mathsf{d}_\ast(X)$ and $\mathsf{d}^\ast(X)$, respectively, the lower and upper asymptotic (or natural) density of $X$, viz. $$\mathsf{d}_\ast(X) := ...
4
votes
1answer
549 views

The Weyl algebra modules which are also rings

Consider the space $C^\infty(\mathbb{R})$. We have on it a natural action of the Weyl algebra generated by $x$ and $d/dx$, where $x$ is the coordinate on $\mathbb{R}$, and there is plenty of Weyl ...
9
votes
1answer
238 views

Sard's Theorem For Banach Spaces

Given a smooth map from $\phi: B \rightarrow M$ where $B$ is a Banach Space and $M$ is a finite dimensional smooth manifold (for example, the end point map for a control system), what is the strongest ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Closed form for convolution of two-dimensional Gaussian with characteristic function of a disk

Is there a closed form expression for the convolution of a two-dimensional (elliptical) Gaussian function with the characteristic function of the interior of an ellipse? The motivation is that I have ...
-1
votes
0answers
49 views

A tight bound on $x$ such that $a^x + b^x \le 1$ for $0<a,b<1$ [closed]

Suppose $0<a,b<1$ are two real numbers. Originally I tried to solve $a^x+b^x = 1$. But I don't think it is possible to find a closed form solution for this. So now I aim at finding a good lower ...
11
votes
2answers
389 views

On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Is there an analytic solution for this partial differential equation?

The Fokker-Planck equation for a probability distribution $P(\theta,t)$: \begin{align} \frac{\partial P(\theta,t)}{\partial ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

methods for situations where well-posedness criteria hold but global solutions do not exist

I have been learning PDEs (more specifically, nonlinear dispersive equations (Schrödinger/wave/ Klein-Gordan equations etc...)) through the harmonic analysis methods. And I have read a couple of ...
2
votes
1answer
319 views

Error term in formula for products of necklaces

Let us consider the $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$, where the number of fixed necklaces of length n composed of a types of beads $N(n,a)$ can be calculated via totient function: ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Multivariate Maximal Hilbert Transform

One way to define the maximal Hilbert transform of a function, $f$, is by $$\mathcal{H}[f](x):=\underset{\varepsilon>0}{\sup}\;\left|\int_{|x-t|\geq\varepsilon}\dfrac{f(t)}{x-t}dt\right|,\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

Does the following type of Gronwall inequality hold?

Let $I=[0,b)$, $b< \infty$. Suppose $u$ is a positive bounded measurable function on $I$. $v(s)$ is a positive, smooth function on $I$. Note that $u(b),v(b)$ may be $0$. Suppose that $$ u(t) ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Naive definition of surface area doesn't work?

A first stab at a definition of surface area might go like this: Let S be a surface. Select finitely many points from S and make a bunch of triangles having these points as vertexes. Add up the ...
1
vote
2answers
349 views

Can we extend an a.e. Lipschitz map defined on a closed subset of R^N to the whole space so that it is still a.e. Lipschitz?

I have the following question. Let $A$ be a metrically oriented $n$-dimensional subset of $\mathbb{R}^N$ and $f$ a continuous map from $A$ to $\mathbb{R}^M$. We know that $\operatorname{Lip} f < ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

An integral equation

I have a Fredholm integral equation of second kind $$\frac{-1}{2\pi \omega'^2}+\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{\pi ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Derivative of a conjugation of matrices

Let $\mathcal{M}_n$ be the space of complex $n\times n$ matrices. Let $\Phi\colon \mathbb{D}\to \mathcal{M}_n$ and $\psi \colon \mathbb{D}\to \mathcal{M}_n$ be holomorphic functions. Consider the ...
5
votes
2answers
191 views

A (likely) positivity property of the Lerch zeta-function

The problem is to show that $\Re L(b/2,1/2,p+1)>0$ for all real $b\ne0$ and all real $p>-1$, where $$L(\lambda,c,s):=\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{\exp(2\pi i\lambda k)}{(k+c)^s}$$ is the Lerch ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

gradient flow in simple settings

I have to solve an equation of the type $\partial_t X = \nabla U (X)$ in $\Omega \subset\mathbb{R}^2$ with an initial condition I know that under some conditions, $X(t)$ will converge to a critical ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

help with an asymptotic estimate for a certain product

(I apologize in advance if this question is not suitable for Math Overflow, but it came up in a research problem and thought perhaps I could find some help here.) I'm having difficulty finding an ...
4
votes
5answers
5k views

Beginners text on Calculus of Variations

Hi, I want to begin learning Calculus of Variations. What texts would MathOverflow recommend? Amazon shows up quite a few options: http://tinyurl.com/36koaq4 I work on Machine Learning, and that ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Solution of an Ordinary Differential Equation

I'd like to know if there is an analytical solution of the following Ordinary Differential Equation : $\displaystyle{\dfrac{d}{dt}x_i(t) = D_i + \sum_{j=1}^{n}L_{ij}x_j(t) + ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Uniform boundedness of eigenfunctions of an elementary differential operator

Consider a differential operator $L=(-1)^ma(x)\frac{d^{2m}}{dx^{2m}}$, with boundary value conditions $u^{(j)}(0)=u^{(j)}(1)=0, j=m,m+1,\ldots,2m-1$, where $m\ge1$ is an integer and $a(x)>0$ is ...
14
votes
1answer
415 views

Lower-Hölder embeddings of the sphere

My question is very simple: Given $d\ge 3$, does there exist $s\in (0,1)$ and an embedding $f:S^{d-1}\to \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $$ |f(x)-f(y)| \ge |x-y|^s \quad\textrm{if } |x-y|<r, $$ for ...
-1
votes
0answers
76 views

Interpolation between strongly convex functions

Definition: We call $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a $\lambda$-strongly convex function iff for every $x,y\in \mathbb{R}^d$ and $t\in [0,1]$ it follows $$ f(tx+(1-t)y) \leq t f(x) + (1-t) f(y) ...
10
votes
1answer
323 views

Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $j'_{n+1/2,1}$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$. ...
22
votes
6answers
6k views

Learning roadmap for harmonic analysis

In short, I am interested to know of the various approaches one could take to learn modern harmonic analysis in depth. However, the question deserves additional details. Currently, I am reading Loukas ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Derivative of a time evolution operator w.r.t. a parameter

Let $N\geq1$ be an integer and let $H:[0,1]^2\to\mathbb C^{N\times N}$ be a pointwise hermitean matrix valued function. For $y\in[0,1]$ and $0\leq a\leq b\leq 1$, let $U_y(b,a)$ be the time evolution ...
5
votes
1answer
480 views

Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

behaviour of first eigenfunction near the boundary

Consider $\Omega$ a smooth bounded domain in $R^N$ and suppose $ \phi_1(x)>0$ is the first eigenfunction of $ -\Delta$ in $H_0^1(\Omega)$ normalized however one chooses. My interest is in how $ ...
4
votes
1answer
466 views

What is the advantage of inverting elliptic integrals?

In the case of the circle I can hardly make any conclusions from the integral $(1)$, most of the theorems come from geometrical considerations. It's not clear how to prove periodicity from this ...
2
votes
1answer
591 views

Are there such numbers?

Maybe better to ask for help on this question here: Are there eight numbers $0< x_{1},\ldots,x_{4},y_{1},\ldots,y_{4}<1$, such that $$ ...
-2
votes
3answers
2k views

Factorial of 3/2? [closed]

How do you compute the factorial of something like $3/2$ or $-2$? Wolfram Alpha gives an answer, but how does it arrive at that point?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

On the continuity of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} sin(nx) / n^\alpha$

I know that the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \sin(nx) / n^\alpha$, with $0 < \alpha < 1$, converges for $x \in [0,2\pi]$. I'm trying to understand if the function $f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...
11
votes
1answer
901 views

Does this recursion preserve monotonicity? (was: A nice problem that I am unable to solve)

I have a nice problem which is related to algebra and polynomials or even operator theory. I would be very grateful if any of you could solve it. Here is the problem: Consider the function $f_0(x) ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Motivation for the existence of periodic solutions [closed]

I have been reading the book Critical Point Theory and Hamiltonian System by Mawhin and Willem, as well as several other papers on the existence of periodic solutions for equations of the form ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Orthogonality relation for associated Legendre functions

The associated Legendre Polynomials $P_l^m(x)$ obey orthogonality relations for fixed $m$ and fixed $l$: $$ \begin{align} \int_0^\pi P_k^m(\cos\theta)P_l^m(\cos\theta)\sin\theta d\theta ...
9
votes
1answer
117 views

Nonconventional ergodic averages for commuting transformations

Let $S$ and $T$ be commuting measure-preserving transformations of a standard probability space $(X,\mu)$, so $S$ and $T$ define an action of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ on $(X,\mu)$. I am wondering about ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

A fundamental lemma involving a certain exponential kernel

Let $h \in L^1(\mathbb R^n, \mathbb R)$ be a scalar field and let $\Psi_t: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ be smooth mappings, parameterized by $t \in \mathbb R$. Suppose that we are given data $$D(v,t) = ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

“C^0 estimate for solutions to $\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$”

Let $u: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}.$ Suppose I have a solution to the equation $$\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let r be the radial coordinate on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose that $$lim_{r ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

persistence of regularity for nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

I have been reading the paper on nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation(NLKG) for initial data in modulation space: For detail please see the paper "Klein-Gordon Equations on Modulation Spaces (2014)" ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Global error estimates for numerical solutions of ODEs in Matlab or Mathematica [closed]

I need to find the first zero (smallest positive root) of the solution of the initial value problem $ry''+y'+f(r)y=0, \ \ y(0)=y'(0)=1$ for certain $f \in C^{\infty}(R)$. One can easily use ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Is every set of small measure contained in an open set of small measure with null boundary?

Let $\lambda( \cdot )$ denote Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$. Let $(A_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ be a decreasing sequence of Borel subsets of $[0,1]$ such that $\bigcap_{n=1}^\infty A_n = \emptyset$. Given ...