**2**

votes

**3**answers

184 views

### Nonzero solutions of an infinite product

Let $-\frac{1}{2}\le a \le\frac{1}{2}$ and $b\in[0,\infty)$.
Definitions: $$f_k(a;b):=\frac{(2k+\frac{1}{2}+a)^2+b}{(2k+\frac{1}{2}-a)^2+b}(\frac{k}{k+1})^{2a},$$
$$f(a;b):=\prod\limits_{k=1}^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Modified Jacobi’s theta function

Be $t\in\mathbb{R}_0^+$.
Jacobi’s theta function is $$\Theta(t):=\sum\limits_{k=-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{-\pi k^2 t}$$ with $$\Theta(\frac{1}{t})=\sqrt{t}\Theta(t)$$
Therefore $$\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

33 views

### convergence of ODE [on hold]

I have 2 coupled linear ODEs. I used Mathematica to solve for analytical solution. But the analytical solution looks too complicated. I only need to derive some monotonicity property of the solution. ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

82 views

### Analytic continuation of a specific integral with respect to a parameter

The following integral absolutely converges for $Re(z)<0$ and is analytic in this domain:
$$F(z):=\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin r}{r}e^{\sqrt{r^2+m^2}z}dr ,$$
where $m>0$ is fixed.
Question. To ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

900 views

### Wasserstein distance in R^d from one dimensional marginals

This question occurred to me while I was reading Klartag's papers on central limit theorems for convex bodies.
Given probability measures $\mu$, $\nu$ on (the Borel $\sigma$-field of) $R^d$ with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Challenging problems concerning Jacobian elliptic functions with complex modulus

I study some qualitative properties of Jacobian elliptic functions. Consider, for example, function $sn(u,k)$. In most applications, modulus $k\in(0,1)$ and then everything is very clear, since ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### What is the value of this infinite product? [closed]

$\prod^{\infty}_{n=3}\cos\frac{\pi}{n!}=?$
I can calculate the product, $\prod^{\infty}_{n=3}\cos\frac{\pi}{2^n}$, but I don't know how to calculate the above product. Could you help me?
Thanks a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### What are the best known bounds on the Hermite polynomials?

The best I could find on the net is this paper,
http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0401310.pdf
Has this been improved?

**14**

votes

**4**answers

474 views

### Maximum of the Vandermonde determinant / minimum of the logarithmic energy

The problem is to find the asymptotics (as $n\to\infty$) of the maximum (say $M_n$) of the Vandermonde determinant
$$V_n:=\prod_{0\le i<j\le n-1}(a_j-a_i)
$$
over all $a_0,\dots,a_{n-1}$ such ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### Extremal problem for sequences

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of positive numbers and define $$A_n=\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k a_{n-k}.$$ I am interested in the supremum of the following quantity $X/Y$ where $$X=\sum _{i=1}^{\infty } \left(\sum ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Harmonic functions in tempered distribution sense

Suppose $g$ is a metric on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $\Omega \subset\subset \mathbb{R}^3$. We assume that $g$ is euclidean outside $\Omega$.
My question concerns solutions to $\triangle_g u =0$ that are say ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

122 views

### Integral over the Cantor's set Hausdorff dimension

As can be seen in the David Morin's Classical Mechanics, there are some scaling strategies in order to calculate the moments of inertia of certain fractals, for example, the Cantor's set has a moment ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Uniqueness and Properties of Nonlinear 2nd Order ODE with Asymptotically Constant Coefficients

I have the following differential equation:
$$ V(z) = e^z [1-\varphi(\gamma)]+(\gamma-g)V'(z)+\frac{1}{2}\kappa^2 V''(z)$$ with
$$ e^z \varphi'(\gamma) = V'(z)$$ where $\varphi(\cdot)$ is a ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

697 views

### When are some products of gamma functions algebraic numbers?

I want to know when certain expressions of the form
$ {\Gamma(r_1/m) \Gamma(r_2/m) \ldots \Gamma(r_j/m) \over \Gamma(s_1/m) \Gamma(s_2/m) \ldots \Gamma(s_j/m)} $
are algebraic numbers. These ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

374 views

### How do the roots of a polynomial change when another polynomial is added?

I need to obtain an analytical solution to an equation of the following form:
$$
(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)=d(x-e)(x-f),
$$
where $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$, and $f$ are known numbers and $x$ is the variable.
Of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### 1D inhomogeneous linear Schrodinger equation

I have the following problem:
$iu_t - u_{xx} = f$ on the interval $[0,L]$ with $u(0,t)=u(L,t)=0$ and $u(x,0)=0$. I can show that $\|u\|_{L^2(x,t)}$ (space-time) is controlled by the norm ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### On nonlinear fractional field equations

In a paper by Vazquez I read that an interesting variant of fractional diffusion (where the fractional operator is usually $(-\Delta)^s$) could be $(I-\Delta)^s$. Therefore I am wondering if there are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

147 views

### find solution of complex number recurrence equation

I have the following recurrence equation:
$$(\mu\ n + \nu) f_{n} + J\Phi^{*} \sqrt{n+1}f_{n+1} + J\Phi\ \sqrt{n}f_{n-1} = 0$$
for complex numbers $f_{n}$ where $n = 0,1,2,3,...,\infty$ and complex ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Does this set of (structured) equations always have a solution?

Let $r_1,\ldots,r_K$ be arbitrary positive numbers.
Does
$$|\mathcal{A}|\log\left(1+\frac{1}{|\mathcal{A}|}\left(\sum_{n\in \mathcal{A}} \sqrt{x_n(\exp(r_n)-1)}\right)^2\right)\leq \sum_{n\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Is a one-dimensional unstable manifold of an ODE a union of the associated equilibrium point and two full orbits? [closed]

Consider an ordinary differential equation (ODE) system \begin{align}
\frac{dx}{dt} = f(x)
\end{align} where $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ ($n \geq 2$) and the vector field $f$ is defined on an open subset $X$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### A question about Carleman linearization

Carleman linearization is a technique used to embed a finite dimensional system of analytic ordinary differential equations into an infinite system of linear differential equations:¹⁻²
Let $f$ be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story
I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that
\begin{equation*}
f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s)
\end{equation*}
is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

600 views

### Is the following integral nonzero?

Recently I met an integral as follow:
$$\int_0^{2\pi}\cdots\int_0^{2\pi}\left(\prod\limits_{1\leq ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### roots of sum of two polynomials

I believe that there is no common theory for finding roots of polynomial sum. In my case I have
$$P_{n}(x)+AQ_{n}(x)$$.
I am wondering how roots of this sum depend on $A$?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

366 views

### What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function
$$
f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du.
$$
It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Dominated convergence to characteristic function

Let $\phi_m(x):=\chi_{[0,1]} * \chi_{[0,1]} *...* \chi_{[0,1]}$ be the m -times convolution (so $m+1$ characteristic functions are involved).
Then the Fourier transform of this function is given by
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Estimate a Fourier Transform [closed]

I'm reading an article which claims the following result (p.9): if $f : \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ is of the form $f(x_1,x_2) = \sin (N x_{1}) h (g^{-1}(x))$, where $g$ is a diffeomorphism and $h$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### π based on the perimeter of inscribed polygons [closed]

So, last year I got obsessed with the idea of finding a way to calculate π that wasn't already done. After reading some history, the Greek idea of measuring polygons inscribed within circles and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

117 views

### An English version Borok's work on finite-infinite systems of ordinary differential equations

I am looking for the English translation of the paper by V. M. Borok (originally in Russian)
The Cauchy problem for finite-infinite systems of linear differential equations. This work is about the ...

**21**

votes

**8**answers

9k views

### Does the exponential function have a square root?

(asked by Nathaniel Hellerstein on the Q&A board at JMM)
Is there a "half-exponential" function $h(x)$ such that $h(h(x))=e^x$? Is it unique? Is it analytic?
Related question: Is there an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### What does the square root sign tells us in the wave equation? [closed]

I have been reading the paper on wave equations, and I have some confusion in notations.
Consider the initial value problem(IVP)(Wave equation):
$\frac{\partial ^2 u } {\partial t^2}(x,t) = ...

**48**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Square root of dirac delta function

Is there a measurable function $ f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}^+ $ so that $ f*f(x)=1 $ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $, i.e $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)f(x-t) dt=1 $$ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $.

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Where was/is Compensated Compactness used?

This last summer, I read up on Tartar's so called Method of Compensated Compactness (or at least how it applied to scalar conservation laws). I used this theory to prove the existence of $L^{\infty}$ ...

**35**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Undergraduate ODE textbook following Rota

I imagine many people are familiar with the extremely entertaining article "Ten Lessons I Wish I Had Learned Before I Started Teaching Differential Equations" by Gian-Carlo Rota. (If you're not, do ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Are the extremal points of a certain set of functions $\mathcal P(\mathbf N) \to \bf R$ weakly additive?

Let an upper density (on $\mathbf N$) be a (set) function $f: \mathcal P(\mathbf N) \to \mathbf R$ such that, for all $X, Y \subseteq \bf N$ and $h,k \in \mathbf N^+$, the following hold:
(F1) ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### An inequality which involves a sum of integrals

Please help me to prove
$$
\sum\limits_{j=2}^n \frac{1}{j^\alpha (j-1)^\alpha} \int\limits_{j-1}^j \frac{dx}{x^{1-\alpha}(n-x)^\alpha} \leq \int\limits_0^1 \frac{dx}{x^{1-\alpha}(n-x)^\alpha},\quad ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Finding a closed form for a certain double integral

I am working with bivariate and accurate Birnbaum-Saunders distribution to find the probability density function of a particular model for this, I would like to find a closed form for the full below:
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### The boundedness of an entire function along the imaginary axis

I am looking for an answer in the affirmative or the negative concerning the asymptotics of an entire function. The question, relatively simple to state, has proven very taxing to solve and requires ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Multidimensional integrals that diverge by oscillation

It's not hard to extend the theory of integration over ${\bf R}$ so that the integral of any compactly supported function is its usual value, while the integral of $f(t) = \cos (at+b)$ (with $a \neq ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

251 views

### Ordinal of injectivity for a smooth regular curve with a finite arc-length

Let $\gamma: [a,b]\to\mathbb{R}^d$ defined by $$\gamma(t)=(\gamma_1(t),\dots,\gamma_d(t)) $$ be a smooth (i.e., $\gamma\in C^\infty (\mathbb{R}))$ and regular ($\gamma^\prime(t)\neq \vec 0$) curve ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### How to relate this summation to standard discrete cosine transformation?

The standard type III discrete cosine transformation (DCT) is defined as follows:
$${X_k} = \frac{1}{2}{x_0} + \sum\limits_{n = 1}^{N - 1} {{x_n}} \cos \left[ {\frac{\pi }{N}n\left( {k + \frac{1}{2}} ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Metrics for a Wireless Sensor Network coherent model

If we describe the signal of a Wireless Sensor Network through the following coherent Gaussian model
$$ S(x,y; \boldsymbol{r}_i) = \sum_{i=1}^N \exp\left[-\frac{(x-x_i)^2+(y-y_i)^2}{2 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Lebesgue measurability of singular set

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ and $f:Q\to\mathbb{R}$ be continuous function.
Define a superdifferential of $f$ at $x\in Q$ by
$$
D^{+}f(x)=\{p\in\mathbb{R}^{d} \mid ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

76 views

### Root of a special rational function with positive coefficients

During my research I came across the following problem:
I need to find a root of the following function:
$$\Gamma_{N}(x) = \sum\limits_{i=0}^{M}\left(\frac{\sum\limits_{n=0}^{n_F}n\ \alpha_{i,n} ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### Convexity of two variables function depending in a parameter

Let $~f_V : \Omega \subset R^2 \to R$ be a function that associates to $(x\in R^2$ the value $~f_V(x)$ (which is non linear and there is no explicit formula for $f_V(x)$).
$V \in R^M$ is a parameter ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Nonzero solutions to the functional ODE $f'(x)=f(f(x))$

Does $\frac{df}{dx}=f(f(x))$ have nonzero solutions? And if so, what analytic/numerical methods can be used to characterize them?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Interpolation functional for BV spaces?

Recently, while trying to tackle a problem, I found that it would be convenient that I could find some sort of 'interpolation theorem' for Bounded Variation Spaces. More specifically, let's define, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

70 views

### Sequence of subharmonic functions on shrinking domains

Set $G_\eta:=\{(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2|-\eta<x<\eta, 0<y<1\}$. If $u_\eta\geq 0$ is a sequence of subharmonic functions defined on $G_\eta$ such that
$$
\int_{G_\eta}|u_\eta|^2dx\wedge ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

70 views

### On Wazewski's theorem on system of differential inequalities

According to Springer's Encyclopedia of Math entry on differential inequalities, T. Wazewski proved in 1950 the following theorem:
Consider the system of differential inequalities given by
$$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### A polynomial inequality

Given $x_1,x_2, \ldots, x_n \ge 0, \alpha \ge 1$, show that
$\sum_{i}\alpha x_i(\sum_{j \le i}{x_j})^{\alpha-1} \ge (\sum_{i}x_i)^\alpha$
We're pretty sure the inequality holds for the given ...