**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### elliptic regularity when right hand side in weak $L^p$

I am interested in the following question (whose answer i assume is well known) but just not by me. Suppose $u,f$ are smooth functions defined on $B_1$ and $ \Delta u = f$ in $B_1$ with $u=0$ on $ ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

586 views

### Functions that Calculate their $L_p$ Norm

are there any examples of functions $f:x\in\mathbb{R}_0^+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}_0^+$ and intervals $(a,b), 0\le a \lt b \le \infty$ , for which $$\Big(\int_a^b{|f(x)|^p dx}\Big)^\frac{1}{p} = f(p)$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### A question on existence of solutions of a linear ODE system

I am working on a problem of harmonic functions on surfaces, and in one step I got the following system of ODEs with prescribed asymptotes. I was wondering what methods could give us the existence or ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Holder continuity of Poisson equation with divergence free drift

I am interested in the following PDE.
Suppose $u_m$ is a smooth solution of a elliptic equation of the form
$$ -\Delta u_m(x) + a_m(x) \cdot \nabla u_m(x) = f_m(x) \qquad B_1 $$ with $ u_m=0 $ on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### A Non-homogeneous, Linear (Matrix) System of ODEs: What's Known About it? [closed]

Consider the following system of ODEs
$$
Y^{'}(t) = - \left[ A Y(t) + Y(t) A \right] + B(t)
,
$$
where $Y(t)$,$A$,$B(t)$ are all matrices, with the properties $A=A^T$, $Y=Y^T$. $Y(t)$ is the matrix ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions:
For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

250 views

### A multiple integral

Let us consider the multiple integral
$$I_{n}=\int_{-\infty }^{\infty }ds_{1}\int_{-\infty}^{s_{1}}ds_{2}\cdots
\int_{-\infty }^{s_{2n-1}}ds_{2n}\;\cos {(s_{1}^{2}-s_{2}^{2})}\;\cdots
\cos ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

86 views

### Convergence and summation of power towers or Ackermann functions

I deleted this at StackExchange as it seems advanced or not very relevant for there and I want to ask here.
Let z be a complex number, $Im(z)\neq 0$ or $Re(z)<4$, m be a natural number, let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Estimating number of zeros of solutions of linear 2nd order ode

Let $y''+fy=0$ be a second-order linear ode on $y$, where $f(x)>0$, and $I=\left[ a,b \right)$ be an interval. Suppose we want to estimate the number of zeros of a (not identically zero) solution ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### If two functions are equal to their Newton series, is their composition also equal to its Newton series?

Suppose we have two real-valued functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, both equal to their Newton series expansion:
$$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left (0\right)$$
$$g(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### proving quasi convexity of multivariable function

Given
an arbitrary $(N \times N)$ square matrix ${\bf X}$
a positive definite $(M\times M)$ matrix ${\bf T}$
a $(Q\times MN), Q< MN$ matrix ${\bf Z}$ consisting of only 1s and 0s where there is
...

**54**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Is it possible to express $\int\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x+1}}}dx$ in elementary functions?

I asked a question at Math.SE last year and later offered a bounty for it, but it remains unsolved even in the simplest case. So I finally decided to repost this case here:
Is it possible to express ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Existence and smoothness of convolutions of distributions in Sobolev spaces

Let $f\in H^{s_1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $g\in H^{s_2}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, where $s_1, s_2 \in \mathbb{R}$ and can be positive or negative.
It is easy to show that $f *g$ is defined pointwise when ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### Differentiability: Partially Defined Functions

These ideas came to my mind while reading Lee's Introduction to Smooth Manifolds.
(Cf. discussion on p. 45.)
Definition
Let $E$ and $F$ be two Banach spaces together with a plain subset ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### Survey of the history of calculus?

Boyer 1939 is a nice readable survey of the history of the calculus, but it's showing its age. Discussing the notion of instantaneous velocity, he has:
Mathematics knows no minimum interval of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad)
Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

323 views

### Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $j'_{n+1/2,1}$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Carleman estimates on monotonicity formulas

I am trying to derive a monotonicity formula for a certain Dirichlet critical point (or even maybe a minimizer) of an energy of the type, say for simplicity, an energy of the from
$$\int_{B_r} ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Resources about integral maximization problem

I am looking at the following problem. Given an interval I, and a function f over that interval, find sub-intervals for which:
The sum of the length of the sub-intervals is < k;
The sub-intervals ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### What does this ODE have to do with the associated Legendre polynomials?

I am currently struggeling with the following differential equation:
$$(t^2-1)f''(t)+tf'(t)(1-8a+8at^2)-4(a+a^2-2at^2+\phi (-a+2at^2))f(t)= 4\lambda f(t),$$
where $a \in \mathbb{R}$ constant, $\phi ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

246 views

### Existence of an integral equation (Faedo-Galerkin, Banach fixed point, Picard-Lindelof)

Let $m \geq 2$ and let $m'$ be its conjugate. Let $w_j$ for $j=1, ..., k$ be a basis of $H_1 \cap L^{m'}$. The task is to show that there is a $u(t) \in \text{span}(w_1, ..., w_k)=:A$ such that
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Linear dynamical system with discontinuous coefficients

I am solving a linear dynamical system $X'=A(t) X$, where $t$ is the independent variable and $A(t)$ is a square matrix. Some of the coefficients of $A(t)$ have a discontinuity at a certain value of ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### Spectrum of Mathieu equation

I have the differential equation $-f''(x)-q \cos(x) f(x) = \lambda f(x)$ and I want to find all the eigenvalues of this equation analytically on $[0,2\pi]$ that satisfy the boundary condition $f(0) = ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### Shortcut from discrete Fourier transform F{x} to zero-padded F{x:0…0}

Summary:
Given $X$ (the discrete Fourier transform of some unknown vector $x$ of length $N$), is there any shortcut to computing $X'$ (the Fourier transform of $x$ after padding it with $N$ zeros)?
...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Cesaro(?)/Euler(?) - summation of the $s(p)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^{H(k)} (1+k)^p$ for $p=1,2,3,…$ (where $H(k)$ is the Hamming-weight)

In another thread (in MO) there was a question about a series where the signs at the terms alternate with the "Hamming-weight", that means according to the number of bits in the binary representation ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### Sum of series $a^{i^2}$

Is there any closed form known for the expression $\sum_{i=1}^\infty a^{i^2}$ where $|a|<1$? Thanks!

**1**

vote

**2**answers

259 views

### What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$?

What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$? I am very interested in the possible applications of this series.
I have asked about this on Mathematics Stack Exchange here.
I'm wondering if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

471 views

### Monge–Ampère type equation

Let $B(x,y) \geq 0$ be a function defined for $x, y \geq 0$ such that $B(x,0)=B(0,y)=0$ and $B''_{xx}\leq 0, B''_{yy}\leq 0$ (i.e. it is bicocncave function).
I am looking for the solutions among of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Taylor Series Expansion [closed]

I am reading an article and came across this expression and would appreciate some explanation.
"We have a function
$$u(F)=2\Big[\frac{F-L}{L}-ln\frac{F}{L}\Big]$$
Since $u''(F)>0$ a Taylor ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Can I approximate Schwartz functions which integrate to zero by $C_0^\infty$ functions which integrate to zero?

Let $X$ be the closed subspace of Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
X=\left\{f\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N):\quad \int f\; dx=0\right\}.
\end{equation*}
My ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Monotonicity of solution of very simple integral equation [closed]

Given p>1 denote by x=x(p) the solution of
$$
\int_0^x\frac{dt}{1+t^p}=1.
$$
Prove that $p\to x(p)$ is a decreasing function of $p$ on $(1,\infty)$

**10**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### smooth Luzin theorem

For measurable functions $f(x)$, $g(x)$ on $[0,1]$ define the distance $\rho(f,g)$ as a Lebesgue measure of the set $\{x:f(x)\ne g(x)\}$. Then Luzin's famous theorem states that $C[0,1]$ is dense with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Generalization of the Hermite-Bielher-Kakeya Theorem

A stable polynomial is one with zeros in the upper half plane or lower half plane. Interlacing polynomials are polynomials with only real zeros, where between every two zeros of one polynomial lies a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Estimating decay of certain trigonometric polynomials

For $p=0,1,2,\dots$ and $n=0,1,2,\dots,$, let $f_{n,p}(z)=\sum_{k=0}^n k^p z^k$ be a sequence of polynomials. Restricted to the unit circle, the functions $g_{n,p}(t):=f_{n,p}(e^{it})$ are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### More information on Kruskal's treatment of Surreal numbers as an asymptotic behavior of a real valued function

The only way that I could think about Surreal numbers is how Conway defined them inductively, with the two axioms and so on. I can't find any information about Kruskal's point of view and would very ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### a question regarding the interchange the order of finite summation with finite integration [closed]

Question (1) What are the conditions the complex function $f_n(t)$ and real parameter $B>1$ and positive integer $N>1$ need to satisfy such that the interchange of the finite summation with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diﬀusing Particles.
The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

367 views

### Abstract ODE; PDE; uniqueness of solution

I have a somewhat vague question regarding an abstract ODE in a Banach space.
Suppose $A:D(A) \subset X \rightarrow X$ is some linear operator (let's assume it's closed) and maybe add some other ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

757 views

### What can be said about the Fourier transforms of characteristic functions?

What can be said about the Fourier transform of the characteristic function $1_A$, where $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is of finite Lebesgue measure? In particular,
What properties are common to ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Theorem with an example [closed]

i have this theorem
in the paper they gives an example:
but here $H_1$ is not satisfied !
How to correct it please?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Error term in formula for products of necklaces

Let us consider the $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$, where the number of fixed necklaces of length n composed of a types of beads $N(n,a)$ can be calculated via totient function: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### On the geometry of roots of a sum of complex linear fractions

I was wondering if there is anything known about the geometry (position) of the roots of a rational map of the form
$$R(z):= \sum_{j=1}^{n} \frac{a_j}{z-p_j},$$
where the $a_j$'s are nonzero complex ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### On the convexity of certain integrals involving Bessel functions

Let $n\geq 0$ be an integer and let $J_n=J_n(r)$ denote the usual Bessel function (of the first kind) of order $n$ i.e. one of the solutions to Bessel's differential equation
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Asymptotic expansion of the Mordell integral

my question concerns the Mordell integral
$$h(z;\tau):=\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{\pi i\tau w^2-2\pi zw}}{\cosh(\pi w)}dw,\qquad \Im(\tau)>0,\quad z\in\mathbb{C},$$
which frequently occurs in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Quick estimate of attractor of non-linear dynamical system [closed]

Say I have a system of form
$$
\frac{dy}{dt} = f(y),
$$
and it is know this system has an attractor. Can I quickly for given $\varepsilon$ guess some point, such in its $\varepsilon$- neighbourhood ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

340 views

### solution of functional equation $f^{\circ k}(x) = x$

The equation $f^{\circ k}(x) = \mathrm{Id}$ for $x\in E$ is called the Babbage equation and the general solution is given in the following way [M. Kuczma, Functional equations in a single variable]:
...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

584 views

### NP-hard problems in linear algebra and real analysis [closed]

I am curious about NP-hard problems in linear algebra and real analysis. An example in linear algebra would be the calculation of the permanent.
I would thus like to collect in this thread a list of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

213 views

### Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form
$$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$
where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

221 views

### Looking for a limit related to the series in a previous post

Can any one show that the following limit?
$$
\lim_{z\rightarrow \infty} \sqrt{z} \: e^{-z}\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{z^k}{k! \sqrt{k}} \quad \stackrel{?}{=} \quad\sqrt{2}-1.
$$
If one uses the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### Inversion of incomplete elliptic integral of third kind

I would like to know whether there is any solution available on the inversion of elliptic integrals of the third kind (incomplete)?
That means that given $\Pi(n,u,m) = f(x)$, I would like to obtain ...