**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### help with an asymptotic estimate for a certain product

(I apologize in advance if this question is not suitable for Math Overflow, but it came up in a research problem and thought perhaps I could find some help here.)
I'm having difficulty finding an ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

558 views

### A (likely) positivity property of the Lerch zeta-function

The problem is to show that $\Re L(b/2,1/2,p+1)>0$ for all real $b\ne0$ and all real $p>-1$, where
$$L(\lambda,c,s):=\sum_{k=0}^\infty\frac{\exp(2\pi i\lambda k)}{(k+c)^s}$$
is the Lerch ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### On nonlinear fractional field equations

In a paper by Vazquez I read that an interesting variant of fractional diffusion (where the fractional operator is usually $(-\Delta)^s$) could be $(I-\Delta)^s$. Therefore I am wondering if there are ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Uniform boundedness of eigenfunctions of an elementary differential operator

Consider a differential operator
$L=(-1)^ma(x)\frac{d^{2m}}{dx^{2m}}$, with boundary value conditions
$u^{(j)}(0)=u^{(j)}(1)=0, j=m,m+1,\ldots,2m-1$,
where $m\ge1$ is an integer and $a(x)>0$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Does the following type of Gronwall inequality hold?

Let $I=[0,b)$, $b< \infty$. Suppose $u$ is a positive bounded measurable function on $I$. $v(s)$ is a positive, smooth function on $I$. Note that $u(b),v(b)$ may be $0$.
Suppose that
$$
u(t) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### On isolated points of the approximate point spectrum of a bounded operator

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T$ be a bounded operator acting on $X$.
Let $\sigma(T)$ and $\sigma_{ap}(T)$ denote the spectrum and approximate point spectrum of $T$, respectively.
Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

92 views

### Derivative of a time evolution operator w.r.t. a parameter

Let $N\geq1$ be an integer and let $H:[0,1]^2\to\mathbb C^{N\times N}$ be a pointwise hermitean matrix valued function.
For $y\in[0,1]$ and $0\leq a\leq b\leq 1$, let $U_y(b,a)$ be the time evolution ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### behaviour of first eigenfunction near the boundary

Consider $\Omega$ a smooth bounded domain in $R^N$ and suppose $ \phi_1(x)>0$ is the first eigenfunction of $ -\Delta$ in $H_0^1(\Omega)$ normalized however one chooses.
My interest is in how $ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

339 views

### Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and
g is radially symmetric,
the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Motivation for the existence of periodic solutions [closed]

I have been reading the book Critical Point Theory and Hamiltonian System by Mawhin and Willem, as well as several other papers on the existence of periodic solutions for equations of the form
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Characterization of the maximizer of a function based on a parameter's value

Consider a smooth, continuously differentiable, and jointly concave function $f(x,y,z;a)$, where $x,y$ and $z$ are decision variables and $a$ is a problem parameter.
I have two optimization problems. ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

542 views

### Is there an analytic solution for this partial differential equation?

The Fokker-Planck equation for a probability distribution $P(\theta,t)$:
\begin{align}
\frac{\partial P(\theta,t)}{\partial ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### methods for situations where well-posedness criteria hold but global solutions do not exist

I have been learning PDEs (more specifically, nonlinear dispersive equations (Schrödinger/wave/ Klein-Gordan equations etc...)) through the harmonic analysis methods. And I have read a couple of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Orthogonality relation for associated Legendre functions

The associated Legendre Polynomials $P_l^m(x)$ obey orthogonality relations for fixed $m$ and fixed $l$:
$$
\begin{align}
\int_0^\pi P_k^m(\cos\theta)P_l^m(\cos\theta)\sin\theta d\theta ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### A fundamental lemma involving a certain exponential kernel

Let $h \in L^1(\mathbb R^n, \mathbb R)$ be a scalar field and let $\Psi_t: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ be smooth mappings, parameterized by $t \in \mathbb R$.
Suppose that we are given data $$D(v,t) = ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Nonconventional ergodic averages for commuting transformations

Let $S$ and $T$ be commuting measure-preserving transformations of a standard probability space $(X,\mu)$, so $S$ and $T$ define an action of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ on $(X,\mu)$. I am wondering about ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### persistence of regularity for nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

I have been reading the paper on nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation(NLKG) for initial data in modulation space: For detail please see the paper "Klein-Gordon Equations on Modulation Spaces (2014)" ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Is every set of small measure contained in an open set of small measure with null boundary?

Let $\lambda( \cdot )$ denote Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$. Let $(A_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ be a decreasing sequence of Borel subsets of $[0,1]$ such that $\bigcap_{n=1}^\infty A_n = \emptyset$. Given ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

184 views

### “C^0 estimate for solutions to $\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$”

Let $u: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}.$ Suppose I have a solution to the equation
$$\Delta(u)+e^{-u} \geq 0$$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let r be the radial coordinate on $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose that $$lim_{r ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

383 views

### Texts about Dwork's work

I want to ask about references to papers, that probably exist, which explain the articles of Bernard Dwork starting from "The rationality of the zeta function of an algebraic variety" to "On the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Oscillation aspects of two-way infinite alternating series (a followup from the MO-question “functions that eventually oscillate”)

In the recent question on "eventually oscillating function" I had a heuristic for the function $d(x)$ that its amplitude is constant, but could not further describe that function. I just found a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### What can we say about variational energies here?

Let $V_{ij}^{lk}$ be any $nm \times nm$ real symmetric matrix, $\forall i,j,k,l$
\begin{equation}
V_{ij}^{kl}=V_{ji}^{lk}
\end{equation}
(So for the indices we have $1 \leq k,l \leq m$ and $1 \leq i,j ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

401 views

### Interesting triple integral

Some time ago I stumbled on an alleged identity
$$\int\limits_0^\infty \frac{dx}{x} \int\limits_0^x \frac{dy}{y}
\int\limits_0^y \frac{dz}{z} [\sin{x}+\sin{(x-y)}-\sin{(x-z)}-\sin{(x-y+z)}]=
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Solving the transcendental equation $Li_{3}(e^{-kx}) + x\, Li_{2}(e^{-kx}) = k\, x^3$

I need to solve the following equation:
$Li_{3}(e^{-kx}) + x\, Li_{2}(e^{-kx}) = k\, x^3$
for $x\in\mathbb{R}^{\ast}$ and where $k\in\mathbb{R}^{+}$. Here $Li_{3}$ and $Li_{2}$ are the third and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Hyperbolic toral automorphisms, and maximizing over orbits the minimum along an orbit of a function

Setup:
Let $\phi\colon T^2 \to T^2$ be a hyperbolic toral automorphism. Let $f\colon T^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function.
For $x \in T^2$, let $\underline{f}(x) = \inf_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Reference for higher order Campanato Lemmas, e.g. `Sufficiently fast L^2 decay on balls to affine functions implies C^{1,\alpha}'

Whence can I reference the following fact (I have seen it quoted as `standard' in respectable places, so I hope it is so)?:
Let $f : B_2(0) \to \mathbb{R}$, say $f \in L^2(B_2(0))$ . Suppose that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Generating function for products of laguerre polynomials?

In a quantum physics context, I would like to evaluate $S=\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n\cos(\pi L_n(x))$ for $z<1$. I found generating functions for squares of Laguerre polynomials but not for any higher ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Summing cosines

Suppose I want to compute $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \cos(n x)/n^{2k}.$$ Now, For any fixed $k$ this is, at least in principle, doable (see the excellent answer to my math.SE question a while back), but the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Equality cannot hold unless $x \in \{-1,1\}$ and/or Wronskian is not zero [closed]

By playing around with assoc. Legendre polynomials, I arrived at
$$((l+1)+m) (P_l^m(x))^2+((l+1)-m)(P_{l+1}^m(x))^2 = 2(l+1)x P_l^m(x)P_{l+1}^m(x).$$
Now, I want to show that we don't have equality ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

369 views

### More recently published comprehensive reference on inequalities in the spirit of Hardy-Littlewood-Pólya

Is there a comprehensive reference book on inequalities in the
spirit of the one written by G.H. Hardy, J.E. Littlewood, and G. Pólya(*), but more up-to-date (i.e., published in more recent years and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

21 views

### Solution to Helmholtz equation with non-circular boundary

Let $D$ be an homogeneous 2D domain with non-circular boundary $\partial D$.
I am trying to solve the Helmholtz equation
$$
\nabla^2 u(r, \varphi) + k^2 u(r, \varphi) = - f(r, \varphi)
$$
in which ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Symmetric inequality on generalized means

Do there exist two functions $f$ and $g$ continuous and strictly increasing $[0,1] \to \mathbf{R}$ such that
$$ f^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{3} f(x) + \frac{2}{3} f(y)\right)<g^{-1}\left(\frac{1}{3} g(x) + ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Global existence for infinite dimensional ODE

Let us consider the ODE $\hskip3pt \dot x=F(t,x)\hskip3pt $ in an infinite-dimensional Banach space $E$, where the flux $F$ is defined and continous from the whole $\mathbb R\times E$ into $E$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Trigonometric multiple integral identity

How this alleged multiple integral identity can be proved?
$$\int\limits_{-\infty }^{\infty }ds_{1}\int\limits_{-\infty}^{s_{1}}ds_{2}\cdots \int\limits_{-\infty }^{s_{2n-1}}ds_{2n}\;\cos {
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Uniqueness of solution of elliptic equation with exponential nonlinearity

Consider the following equation
$$\Delta v + p(r)e^v = 0$$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$
where $p(r)$ is a polynomial in $r = |(x_1,..., x_n)|$. I want to understand when equations like these have unique ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Infinite dimensional Cauchy-Lipschitz theorem [duplicate]

From the answers to Mathoverflow Question "Continuity in Banach space for non-linear maps", it is possible to infer that the assumption of the Cauchy-Lipschitz theorem for the autonomous equation
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

24 views

### Renormalization for Transport Equations with SBD velocity field

In the paper Traces and fine properties of a $BD$ class of vector fields and applications by Ambrosio, Crippa and Maniglia (to be found here)the authors prove a chain rule for vector fields $B\in ...

**34**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### On an example of an eventually oscillating function

For $x\in(0,1)$, put
$$f(x):=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^{n}x^{2^{n}}.$$
This function possesses interesting properties. It grows monotonically from $0$ up to certain point. Then it starts to oscillate ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Deriving inequalities from a polynomially-bounded derivative

In this paper (p. 2, definition/remark) the following notion of ‘polynomial growth’ is defined for a non-negative real function $g(x)$ and a real constant $b\in(0;1)$:
There exist positive ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Multivariate Maximal Hilbert Transform

One way to define the maximal Hilbert transform of a function, $f$, is by
$$\mathcal{H}[f](x):=\sup_{\varepsilon>0} \left| \int_{|x-t|\geq\varepsilon} \frac{f(t)}{x-t} \, dt\right|, \quad ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Searching for conditions?

I have this operator $$Au(t)=\int_0^1 G(t,s) f(s,u(s)) ds$$defined from $H^1_{0}$ to $H_0^1$ and satisfy the problem: $$\begin{cases} -(Au)''(t)=f(t,u(t)), t\in[0,1]\\Au(0)=Au(1)=0\end{cases}$$
Where ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### Asymptotic expansion of $\zeta(s \mid a,b)= \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+a)^{s}(n+b)}$

I'm interested in an asymptotic expansion of the following Riemann zeta-type function
$$
\begin{align}
\displaystyle \zeta(s \mid a,b) := \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+a)^{s}(n+b)},
\quad \Re a ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

623 views

### Interesting integral

Numerical evidence shows the validity of the following identity
$$\int\limits_0^z\frac{xdx}{\sin{x}\sqrt{\sin^2{z}-\sin^2{x}}}=\frac{\pi}{4\sin{z}}\ln{\frac{1+\sin{z}}{1-\sin{z}}},\tag{1}$$
if $0< ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### Uniqueness of analytic center manifold

In a book, i have read a remark which says that the center manifold of an equilibrium point of a differential equation is not unique in general but is unique in the class of analytic manifold. The ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

126 views

### A Characterization of Closed Ideals in $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$

The space $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ can be turned into a topological ring using the Whitney topology. Whitney's Spectral Theorem says that the closure of an ideal in this ring is the ideal of all ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Number of critical points

Let $f:[0,2\pi]\rightarrow R^2$ be a smooth function such that $f([0,2\pi])$ is a smooth closed simple curve $C$. Suppose $(0,0)$ lies inside the the bounded open region enclosed by $C$ and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Wong-Zakai smooth approximation in probabilty for stochastic differential equations

I'm looking for a result of the form: Let $B_\epsilon$ denote a "natural" smooth $\epsilon$-approximation to an $n$-dimensional Brownian motion $B$ (e.g. by mollification or simply piecewise linear) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Condition for boundedness in stationary phase theorem

I am trying to understand theorem 7.7.1 in Hormander's Analysis of linear partial differential operators, vol.1.
Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact set, $X$ an open neighborhood of $K$ and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Maximum modulus principle and restriction

Suppose I have a complex multivariate polynomial $f\in \mathbb{C}[z_1,\ldots,z_n]$ and a connected, bounded open set $U$. The maximum modulus principle says $f$ achieves its maximum value on the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Heredity of harmonic functions

We know that if $u(x,y,z)$ is harmonic in
$\mathbb{R}^3\text{ or }\mathbb{R}^3-\{0\} $, then
$v(x,y):=u(x,y,1)$ may not be harmonic in $\mathbb{R}^2$.
($u = 1/r$, for example)
I wonder what ...