**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Harmonic functions in tempered distribution sense

Suppose $g$ is a metric on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $\Omega \subset\subset \mathbb{R}^3$. We assume that $g$ is euclidean outside $\Omega$.
My question concerns solutions to $\triangle_g u =0$ that are say ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Uniqueness and Properties of Nonlinear 2nd Order ODE with Asymptotically Constant Coefficients

I have the following differential equation:
$$ V(z) = e^z [1-\varphi(\gamma)]+(\gamma-g)V'(z)+\frac{1}{2}\kappa^2 V''(z)$$ with
$$ e^z \varphi'(\gamma) = V'(z)$$ where $\varphi(\cdot)$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### 1D inhomogeneous linear Schrodinger equation

I have the following problem:
$iu_t - u_{xx} = f$ on the interval $[0,L]$ with $u(0,t)=u(L,t)=0$ and $u(x,0)=0$. I can show that $\|u\|_{L^2(x,t)}$ (space-time) is controlled by the norm $\|f\|_{L^2(...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### A question about Carleman linearization

Carleman linearization is a technique used to embed a finite dimensional system of analytic ordinary differential equations into an infinite system of linear differential equations:¹⁻²
Let $f$ be ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

419 views

### How do the roots of a polynomial change when another polynomial is added?

I need to obtain an analytical solution to an equation of the following form:
$$
(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)=d(x-e)(x-f),
$$
where $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$, and $f$ are known numbers and $x$ is the variable.
Of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### find solution of complex number recurrence equation

I have the following recurrence equation:
$$(\mu\ n + \nu) f_{n} + J\Phi^{*} \sqrt{n+1}f_{n+1} + J\Phi\ \sqrt{n}f_{n-1} = 0$$
for complex numbers $f_{n}$ where $n = 0,1,2,3,...,\infty$ and complex $\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Is a one-dimensional unstable manifold of an ODE a union of the associated equilibrium point and two full orbits? [closed]

Consider an ordinary differential equation (ODE) system \begin{align}
\frac{dx}{dt} = f(x)
\end{align} where $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ ($n \geq 2$) and the vector field $f$ is defined on an open subset $X$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story
I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that
\begin{equation*}
f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s)
\end{equation*}
is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Does this set of (structured) equations always have a solution?

Let $r_1,\ldots,r_K$ be arbitrary positive numbers.
Does
$$|\mathcal{A}|\log\left(1+\frac{1}{|\mathcal{A}|}\left(\sum_{n\in \mathcal{A}} \sqrt{x_n(\exp(r_n)-1)}\right)^2\right)\leq \sum_{n\in \...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### π based on the perimeter of inscribed polygons [closed]

So, last year I got obsessed with the idea of finding a way to calculate π that wasn't already done. After reading some history, the Greek idea of measuring polygons inscribed within circles and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

620 views

### Is the following integral nonzero?

Recently I met an integral as follow:
$$\int_0^{2\pi}\cdots\int_0^{2\pi}\left(\prod\limits_{1\leq i<j\leq9}\sin\frac{\theta_i-\theta_j}{2}\right)\left(\prod\limits_{i=1}^9(1+\cos(\theta_i-\theta_{i+...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

120 views

### An English version Borok's work on finite-infinite systems of ordinary differential equations

I am looking for the English translation of the paper by V. M. Borok (originally in Russian)
The Cauchy problem for finite-infinite systems of linear differential equations. This work is about the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### Estimate a Fourier Transform [closed]

I'm reading an article which claims the following result (p.9): if $f : \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ is of the form $f(x_1,x_2) = \sin (N x_{1}) h (g^{-1}(x))$, where $g$ is a diffeomorphism and $h$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### What does the square root sign tells us in the wave equation? [closed]

I have been reading the paper on wave equations, and I have some confusion in notations.
Consider the initial value problem(IVP)(Wave equation):
$\frac{\partial ^2 u } {\partial t^2}(x,t) = \...

**50**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Square root of dirac delta function

Is there a measurable function $ f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}^+ $ so that $ f*f(x)=1 $ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $, i.e $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)f(x-t) dt=1 $$ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $.

**36**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Undergraduate ODE textbook following Rota

I imagine many people are familiar with the extremely entertaining article "Ten Lessons I Wish I Had Learned Before I Started Teaching Differential Equations" by Gian-Carlo Rota. (If you're not, do ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### Integral over the Cantor's set Hausdorff dimension

As can be seen in the David Morin's Classical Mechanics, there are some scaling strategies in order to calculate the moments of inertia of certain fractals, for example, the Cantor's set has a moment ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### The boundedness of an entire function along the imaginary axis

I am looking for an answer in the affirmative or the negative concerning the asymptotics of an entire function. The question, relatively simple to state, has proven very taxing to solve and requires ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Multidimensional integrals that diverge by oscillation

It's not hard to extend the theory of integration over ${\bf R}$ so that the integral of any compactly supported function is its usual value, while the integral of $f(t) = \cos (at+b)$ (with $a \neq 0$...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### How to relate this summation to standard discrete cosine transformation?

The standard type III discrete cosine transformation (DCT) is defined as follows:
$${X_k} = \frac{1}{2}{x_0} + \sum\limits_{n = 1}^{N - 1} {{x_n}} \cos \left[ {\frac{\pi }{N}n\left( {k + \frac{1}{2}} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Lebesgue measurability of singular set

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ and $f:Q\to\mathbb{R}$ be continuous function.
Define a superdifferential of $f$ at $x\in Q$ by
$$
D^{+}f(x)=\{p\in\mathbb{R}^{d} \mid \text{$f(y)\...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

78 views

### Root of a special rational function with positive coefficients

During my research I came across the following problem:
I need to find a root of the following function:
$$\Gamma_{N}(x) = \sum\limits_{i=0}^{M}\left(\frac{\sum\limits_{n=0}^{n_F}n\ \alpha_{i,n} x^n}{...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

205 views

### Nonzero solutions to the functional ODE $f'(x)=f(f(x))$

Does $\frac{df}{dx}=f(f(x))$ have nonzero solutions? And if so, what analytic/numerical methods can be used to characterize them?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Interpolation functional for BV spaces?

Recently, while trying to tackle a problem, I found that it would be convenient that I could find some sort of 'interpolation theorem' for Bounded Variation Spaces. More specifically, let's define, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

74 views

### Sequence of subharmonic functions on shrinking domains

Set $G_\eta:=\{(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2|-\eta<x<\eta, 0<y<1\}$. If $u_\eta\geq 0$ is a sequence of subharmonic functions defined on $G_\eta$ such that
$$
\int_{G_\eta}|u_\eta|^2dx\wedge dy\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

81 views

### On Wazewski's theorem on system of differential inequalities

According to Springer's Encyclopedia of Math entry on differential inequalities, T. Wazewski proved in 1950 the following theorem:
Consider the system of differential inequalities given by
$$ \...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### Density of polynomials in $C^k(\overline\Omega)$

Let $\Omega$ be an open and bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $C^k(\Omega)$, $1\leq k<\infty$, be the space of functions $f$ with continuous derivatives of order $\leq k$ in $\Omega$, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Complex L^1 spaces; reference request

I have been doing a fair amount of research into a complex analytic modified version of the Mellin transform. I have hit a few roadblocks, and am hoping there may already be literature on the subject. ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Solution set of non-unique solutions to First order ODE's

In short: What can we say about the collection of all solutions of an ODE when we don't have uniqueness?
When we teach a first course in ODE's, we look at the equation
$f:D\to \mathbb{R}, \quad D\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

70 views

### Lower Matuszewska index of positive increasing $O$-regular functions

I am not sure if this question is too specific on notations (I think the question is intuitive, but basically the only reference I know with this kind of notations is Bingham, Goldie & Teugels ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

29 views

### Fractional sobolev regularity of a truncated function

I want to generalize the following result to fractional derivatives, specifically the fractional Laplacian.
Consider a function f which belongs to L2, and all its first order distributional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Properties of a Sobolev bound

I am interested in computing
$$
A:=\inf_{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^3)}\frac{||K^{\frac{1}{4}}f||_2^2}{||f||_{\frac{5}{2}}^2}
$$
where $K:=-\Delta+1$. We call $f_c$ the function that saturates the bound.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Lojasiewicz's structure theorem

The Lojasiewicz structure theorem on p. 169 in the book of Krantz/Parks A primer of real analytic functions confuses me. According to the stratification property, the zeroes of a real analytic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

56 views

### Upper-bounding the value of a generalized Laguerre polynomial (using recurrence relation?)

I would like to produce an easily-interpretable explicit upper bound (i.e. no unspecified constants) for the function
$$
f(n) := L_n^{\left(-n-\frac{d}{2}\right)}\left(-\frac{1}{2}\right), \quad n,d \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

25 views

### Duality of plurisubharmonic functions

Let $F$ be a cone of upper bounded upper semicontinuous functions on a compact set set $X$ containing all the constants. Let $z\in X $ and define a class of positive measure by $$M_z^F=\{ \mu : u(z)...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### inverse problem to resolution of the identity

Suppose $f_\lambda(x),\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous/smooth family of bounded function on $\mathbb{R}$. Given a measurable set $\mathfrak{m}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, define $$E_\mathfrak{m}:L^2\...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Does element-wise concavity guarantee joint concavity?

I have a function of two variables, and I have checked that along one direction (fixing another variable), it is a monotonically increasing and concave function. Whereas in another direction (fixing ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Convex Hull and Least Area Discs in Riemannian 3-Manifolds

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian 3-manifold and $\gamma \subset M$ a simple closed curve that bounds a least-area disc $D$ - a disc that minimizes the area among all discs bounded by $\gamma$.
Let $...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### continuous linear recurrent relations

For a function $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ denote $f_0(x)=x$, $f_n(x)=f(f_{n-1}(x))$. Assume that $f$ satisfies a functional equation
$$f_n(x)+a_{n-1} f_{n-1}(x)+\dots+a_0 f_0(x)\equiv 0$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

258 views

### Ordinal of injectivity for a smooth regular curve with a finite arc-length

Let $\gamma: [a,b]\to\mathbb{R}^d$ defined by $$\gamma(t)=(\gamma_1(t),\dots,\gamma_d(t)) $$ be a smooth (i.e., $\gamma\in C^\infty (\mathbb{R}))$ and regular ($\gamma^\prime(t)\neq \vec 0$) curve ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### Expansion of a power series as integral of cosine functions

Suppose $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^k x^{2k} \int_0^1 p(\xi_{2k})\int_0^{\xi_{2k}}q(\xi_{2k-1})\cdots\int_0^{\xi_3}p(\xi_2)\int_0^{\xi_2}q(\xi_1) d\xi_1 \;d\xi_2\cdots d\xi_{2k-1}\;d\xi_{2k},$$
...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

385 views

### Evaluating an infinite sum related to $\sinh$

How can we show the following equation
$$\sum_{n\text{ odd}}\frac1{n\sinh(n\pi)}=\frac{\mathrm{ln}2}8\;?$$
I found it in a physics book(David J. Griffiths,'Introduction to electrodynamics',in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### bounded analytic function as a power series

Suppose $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty a_k\frac{(i x)^k}{k!}$$ where $$a_k=k!\int_0^1 p_k(y_{k-1})\int_0^{y_{k-1}}p_{k-1}(y_{k-2})\cdots \int_0^{y_1}p_1(y_0) dy_0\cdots dy_{k-2}\;dy_{k-1}$$ for functions $...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### How to prove that $\int _0^\infty\frac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$ is a rational combination of zeta values?

For $n\ge m\ge 2$, define $$I(n,m):= \int _0^\infty\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$ Computer algebra systems say that the indefinite integral can be expressed in terms of polylog functions (of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Representation of multi-variable functions as a composition of 1- or 2-variable functions [duplicate]

This is a re-post of my question from M.SE that remains unanswered for several months.
I'm familiar with Kolmogorov–Arnold representation theorem, but AFAIK their construction makes essential use of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

208 views

### Extremal problem for sequences

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of positive numbers and define $$A_n=\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k a_{n-k}.$$ I am interested in the supremum of the following quantity $X/Y$ where $$X=\sum _{i=1}^{\infty } \left(\sum ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Asymptotics of a special function

In my research, I came up with a special function which I denote by $B(q)$ and is defined by the integral
$$B(q)\equiv \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{\sin\left(\frac{q}{2}\tan\theta\right)}{\sin\theta}d\...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

429 views

### Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ such that $ \|f''\|_p \geq Cn^2 \| f \|_p$, where $1 \leq p\leq \infty$?

Let $f$ be a trigonometric polynomial on the circle $\mathbb{T}$ with $\hat{f}(j) = 0$ for all $j \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $\lvert j \rvert < n$. Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Using $H^2$ to find a cyclic vector in $\ell^2$

Let us consider $\ell^p(\mathbb{Z})$. We know that the vector $e_1=(\dots,0,0,1,0,0,\dots)$ is a cyclic vector in sense that given the right shift operator $S:(\dots,x_0,x_1,x_2,\dots)\mapsto (\dots,...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Generalized Plateau problem with non-Jordan boundary

Let $C_\pm$ be the two circles obtained by intersecting the cylinder $x^2+y^2=R^2$ with the planes $z=\pm 1$, on which we mark four points $A_\pm:(R,0,\pm 1)$ and $B_\pm:(-R,0,\pm 1)$. Assume that $R$...