Special functions, orthogonal polynomials, harmonic analysis, ODE's, differential relations, calculus of variations, approximations, expansions, asymptotics.

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51 views

Implicit function theorem for boundary value problems

I have a nonlinear, two point boundary value problem of the form $F(x, y(x), y'(x); \Omega ) = y''$ along with some boundary conditions of the form $y_\Omega(0) = a_\Omega, y_{\Omega}(1) = b_\Omega$. ...
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1answer
83 views

Absolute convergence of multi-dimensional Fourier series

For a Lipschitz function $f$ defined in $[0,2\pi]^d$ for $d>1$, is that true that the multi-dimensional Fourier series converges absolutely? In other words, $\sum_{k\in ...
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1answer
127 views

Characterization of a particular integrable function

Let $f$ be a strictly positive function such that $\int_{0}^{\infty}f(x)dx=\int_{0}^{\infty}xf(x)=1$ (i.e., a probability density function with expectation one). Let also $g$ be a nonnegative ...
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73 views

Detailed Taxonomy of Multivariate Real Functions: $\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$

I want to classify the following functions: $$ f:(x,y)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\sqrt{(x+1)^2+y^2}+\sqrt{(x-1)^2+y^2}-2$$ $$ ...
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1answer
64 views

Examples of Bivariate Analytic, Globally Continuous Functions, whose Set of Zeros are Boundaries of Polygons

Are there any known examples of analytic, globally continuous functions $f(x,y): (x,y)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ such that $$f(x,y)\lt 0\Leftrightarrow ...
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515 views

Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$

Solve $f(x)=\int_{x-1}^{x+1} f(t) \mathrm{d}t$. When $f$ is a function, it looks like the only solution is $f(x)=0$. But what if we allow distributions, such as the Dirac delta?
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49 views

Does there exists $f\in A_{\mathbb R}(\mathbb T)$ with $||f||=r$ such that $||e^{if}||=e^{r}$?

Let $\mathbb Z$, the set of integers, be a group with respect to addition and its dual group is the $\mathbb T = \{z\in \mathbb C : |z|=1\}$ , one dimensional torus. Put, $\ell^{1}(\mathbb Z)= ...
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113 views

Is there a dense rational sequence of positive separation?

Let us consider the set $\ell_\neq$ of bounded sequences of unequal real terms. We use the following descriptions. A sequence $x=(x_0,x_1,...)\in\ell_\neq$ is dense if, for all $\varepsilon>0$, ...
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3answers
467 views

history of calculus of several variables

Everybody knows that Leibniz and Newton (or Newton and Leibniz, if you wish) invented calculus, i.e. they developed the notion of differentiability for a function of one real variable. But who had for ...
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98 views

Positive kernel property

Let $k:[0,1]^2\rightarrow (0,+\infty)$ be a continuous function and let $f,g:[0,1]\rightarrow (0,+\infty)$ be measurable functions. We assume that $$\forall x\in [0,1],\quad f(x)=\int_0^1 k(x,y) g(y) ...
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1answer
210 views

Convergence of a Trigonometric Series

After working with a Fourier series for a while, I realized that it would be of great help to me if I could prove that the following limit is zero: $$\lim_{N\to\infty}_{N\in ...
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1answer
68 views

Energy of repeated filter

For given sequences $a=(a_1, a_2, \cdots)$ and $b=(b_1, b_2, \cdots)$, define $$a \star b$$ as the convolution. Formally, $$c=a \star b$$ implies the $i$th element of $c$, $c_i$, satisfies the ...
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0answers
30 views

Inverse Barnes G(n) function?

It is known that Barnes $G$-function is an analytic continuation of the $G$-function defined in the construction of the Glaisher-Kinkelin constant. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BarnesG-Function.html ...
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3answers
426 views

Taylor series coefficients

This question arose in connection with A hard integral identity on MATH.SE. Let $$f(x)=\arctan{\left (\frac{S(x)}{\pi+S(x)}\right)}$$ with $S(x)=\operatorname{arctanh} x -\arctan x$, and let ...
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0answers
56 views

Estimation of part of parameters from an ODE

Suppose, we have an ODE $$ \frac{dy}{dt}= f(t,y;p',a)$$ or alternatively $$ \frac{dy}{dt}= f(t,y;p)$$ where the set of all parameters $p = (p',a)$. We only need to estimate part of parameter set ...
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1answer
129 views

Is the speed of a curve in $ \ell^\infty $ zero a.e. if the derivative of each component is zero a.e.?

Let $ A $ be an $ \mathcal{H}^1$-measurable subset of $ \mathbb{R} $ and $ \gamma \colon A \subseteq \mathbb{R} \to \ell^\infty $ be a Lipschitz mapping with the Lipschitz constant $ L $. Also, assume ...
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1answer
2k views

A hard integral identity on MATH.SE

The following identity on MATH.SE $$\int_0^{1}\arctan\left(\frac{\mathrm{arctanh}\ x-\arctan{x}}{\pi+\mathrm{arctanh}\ x-\arctan{x}}\right)\frac{dx}{x}=\frac{\pi}{8}\log\frac{\pi^2}{8}$$ seems to be ...
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54 views

Generalized Radon transform with limited hyperplanes

The generalized Radon transform maps a function $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, usually interpreted as a density of an object, to its integral value over an $(n-1)$-dimensional affine subspace. To be more ...
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1answer
115 views

Local positivity of solutions to linear differential inequalities (Chaplygin's theorem)

According to the entry "Differential inequality" of the Encyclopedia of Mathematics http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Differential_inequality the following result is due to Chaplygin ...
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274 views

The intersection of $n$ cylinders in $3$-dimensional space

A standard question in vector calculus is to calculate the volume of the shape carved out by the intersection of $2$ or $3$ perpendicular cylinders of radius $1$ in three dimensional space. Such ...
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2answers
139 views

Decidability of differential equations

Is there anything well-known about the algorithmic decidability of the satisfiability of an ODE $\dot{x}=f(x)$, $x: [0,1]\to R^n$ with an initial condition $x(0)=x_0$, given that $f(x)$ belongs to ...
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1answer
191 views

Is it always possible to “encircle” exactly $n$ points in an infinite subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ without limit points?

Let $d$ be a positive integer, and let $\mathbb{R}^d$ be endowed with the Euclidean metric. Given an infinite set $S \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ without limit points and a positive integer $n$, is there ...
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1answer
113 views

Pohozaev result for equations with weights

I am interested in nonnegative solutions of $-div( e^{-\gamma(x)} \nabla u(x)) = e^{-\gamma(x)} u(x)^p$ in $\Omega$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$. Or instead the equation $ -\Delta u + ...
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1answer
204 views

Lower-Hölder embeddings of the sphere

My question is very simple: Given $d\ge 3$, does there exist $s\in (0,1)$ and an embedding $f:S^{d-1}\to \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $$ |f(x)-f(y)| \ge |x-y|^s \quad\textrm{if } |x-y|<r, $$ for ...
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1answer
161 views

Fundamental proof of the baby case of Hofer's theorem about displacement energy

In 1990, Hofer proved that the displacement energy of a standard ball in $C^{n}$ equals it's Gromov area. Here is the baby case: Consider a smooth bounded function $f:R^{2}\rightarrow R$. Consider ...
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2answers
1k views

Geometric interpretation of the half-derivative?

For $f(x)=x$, the half-derivative of $f$ is $$\frac{d^{\frac{1}{2}}}{dx^{\frac{1}{2}}} x = 2 \sqrt{\frac{x}{\pi}} \;.$$ Is there some geometric interpretation of (Q1) this specific derivative, and, ...
2
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1answer
110 views

The epigraph of a semi-convex function has positive reach

I've been trying to prove the following theorem for several hours with no result so far. Claim. Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a semi-convex function, i.e. there exists a constant $C > 0$ ...
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1answer
328 views

Find functions such that f(f(x))=f(x)e^x

Are there monotonically increasing functions $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $f(f(x)) = e^x f(x)$?
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1answer
111 views

Is Poisson's kernel integrable?

Let $E$ be a smooth domain. Green's function is defined as $G(x,y)=F(x,y)-\Phi(x,y)$ where $F$ is the fundamental solution to the Laplace equation. For a fixed $x\in E$, $\Phi(x,\cdot)$ is a harmonic ...
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3answers
485 views

Relating the roots of polynomials to the solution sets of certain functional equations

Consider a functional equation of the following form: $$\sum_{k=0}^n a_k\,\underbrace{f(f(\cdots f}_{k}(x)\cdots )=0\quad \big(f:\,\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R},\;a_i\in ...
39
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2answers
1k views

Is a function with nowhere vanishing derivatives analytic?

My question is the following: Let $f\in C^\infty(a,b)$, such that $f^{(n)}(x)\ne 0$, for every $n\in\mathbb N$, and every $x\in (a,b)$. Does that imply that $f$ is real analytic? EDIT. According to ...
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2answers
850 views

Generalization of Darboux's Theorem

Darboux's Theorem. If $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb R$ is differentiable and $f'(a)<\xi<f'(b)$, then there exists a $c\in (a,b)$, such that $\,f'(c)=\xi$. Does any of the following generalizations Let ...
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1answer
156 views

Alternative proof of Lojasiewicz inequality

is there a "brute force proof" of the Lojasiewicz inequality? By "brute force" i mean without introducing the machinery of semianalytic sets and so on but only using elementary results (i.e. standard ...
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0answers
87 views

A two dimensional integral equation

I have the following integral equation: $\phi(x, y) = \frac{a}{x-y} \int_y^x \phi(s, y) ds + \frac{b}{x-y} \int_y^x \phi(x, s) ds$ where $a > 1$ and $b> 1$ are constants, and $x \geq y$. The ...
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1answer
86 views

Compactly supported smooth function with Laplace transform bounded on a cone

My question is if it is possible to find a compactly supported smooth function $\varphi:\mathbf{R}\to \mathbf{R}$ s.t. the following integration $\int_{\mathbf{R}}\varphi(t)e^{itx}e^{tx}dt$ stays ...
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1answer
99 views

Lipschitz boundary vs rectifiable curve boundary

I was looking at an old paper about domains with Lipschitz boundary. I am wondering, suppose that the boundary of a compact domain homeomorphic to a disk is a rectifiable injective curve : is this ...
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1answer
164 views

Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations $$ \sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n, $$ has ...
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1answer
59 views

Expressions in “continued” monotone functions

Recall continued fractions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continued_fraction Now take a look at this question: ...
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1answer
109 views

Solution of $y'' - ax y' - y = 0$ [closed]

I am looking for solutions $y(x)$, $x$ positive, for the ODE $y''(x) - a x y'(x) - y(x) = 0$, where $a$ is any real number. It seems not to be any of the usual ODEs (i.e. those listet on Wikipedia), ...
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59 views

From Selberg integral to Dyson integral

My question is from the drivation from Slberg integral to Dyson integral in this paper: Selberg integral : $$ S_n(\alpha,\beta,\gamma) = \int_0 ^1 \cdots \int_0 ^1 \prod_{i=1}^n ...
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2answers
82 views

Bounds on coefficients of factors of a multivariate polynomial

Given a multivariate polynomial $F(x, y, ..)$ what is the smallest bound B that can be quickly found such that $|G|_{\infty} \le B$ for all factors $G$ of $F$. (I'm using $|G|_{\infty}$ to denote the ...
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1answer
158 views

Problem with understanding an equation

I have read the article Short-wavelength Spectral Properties of the Gravity Field from a Range of Regional Data Sets and I don't know how to interpret Equation (10) on page 630, because this equation ...
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1answer
216 views

Is there a differentiable but nonsmooth version of the continuous Implicit Function Theorem?

From the result discussed in Does the inverse function theorem hold for everywhere differentiable maps? (which I'll call the differentiable nonsmooth Inverse Function Theorem) one can obtain a ...
5
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2answers
257 views

Thurston-Cannon $S^2$-filling curves

I have been looking into equivariant space-filling curves $S^1\to S^2$ as discussed by Cannon & Thurston in these two papers: Three-Dimensional Manifolds, Kleinian Groups and Hyperbolic Geometry ...
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1answer
134 views

Parameter dependent differential equation in a Lie group

It is well-known that a linear differential equation in a finite-dimensional vector space depends continuously on some external parameters (for details see below). I search for an explicit reference ...
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1answer
53 views

Gradient of Ronkin function

I have a complex curve $P(z,w)=z+w-1=0$. I get the amoeba map $$(z,w)\rightarrow (\log|z|,\log|w|)$$ of this curve. It's look like this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amoeba_(mathematics) (the first ...
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1answer
188 views

Integral of a product of Laguerre polynomials

In order to estimate the non linear term in a particular PDE, I have to decompose $L_k^\alpha(x)^3\cdot x^{-\delta}$ (with $0<\delta<\alpha+1$) into a basis consisting of Laguerre polynomials ...
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1answer
156 views

A special case of the Divergence theorem

I am interested in the following statement: Let $F$ be a vector field in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is $C^1$-smooth in a domain $U$, continuous up to the boundary $\partial U$, and vanishing on ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Hopf bifurcation for systems where the dynamics is homogeneous of degree 1

Consider dynamical system in dimension 3 $$x'(t)=f(x(t),d)$$ where the dynamics f is homogeneous of degree 1 and there is exactly one line of equilibrium points. This line is independent of the ...
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0answers
116 views

How many ways we have to prove that a topologically (or analytically) nice mapping is injective?

I would like to know what are the methods people have used to prove that a topologically (or analytically) nice mapping $f: B\to \Omega$ is injective? Above, $B$ is the unit ball in $\Bbb R^n$ and ...