**0**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Number of critical points

Let $f:[0,2\pi]\rightarrow R^2$ be a smooth function such that $f([0,2\pi])$ is a smooth closed simple curve $C$. Suppose $(0,0)$ lies inside the the bounded open region enclosed by $C$ and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Condition for boundedness in stationary phase theorem

I am trying to understand theorem 7.7.1 in Hormander's Analysis of linear partial differential operators, vol.1.
Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact set, $X$ an open neighborhood of $K$ and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Maximum modulus principle and restriction

Suppose I have a complex multivariate polynomial $f\in \mathbb{C}[z_1,\ldots,z_n]$ and a connected, bounded open set $U$. The maximum modulus principle says $f$ achieves its maximum value on the ...

**51**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### History of $\frac d{dt}\tan^{-1}(t)=\frac 1{1+t^2}$

Let $\theta = \tan^{-1}(t)$. Nowadays it is taught:
1º that
$$
\frac{d\theta}{dt} = \frac 1{dt\,/\,d\theta} = \frac 1{1+t^2},
\tag1
$$
2º that, via the fundamental theorem of calculus, this is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Homogeneous polynomial

Can a homogeneous harmonic polynomial mapping $p(x)=(p_1(x),p_2(x),p_3(x))$, $p(0)=0$, of odd degree $m\ge 3$, of the unit ball $B^3$ into $R^3$ be injective. This means that $p_i$ are harmonic ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Linear forms with best approximation vectors lying in a subspace

Setup: For $u \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $\rho(u)$ be the Euclidean length, $\sqrt{u_1^2 + \ldots + u_n^2}$. For $x \in \mathbb{R}$ let $\|x\| = \min_{k \in \mathbb{Z}} |x - k|$, and for $x \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Positive curvature of the boundary away from a point implies regularity?

In a paper I'm refereeing, the authors make use of the following geometric fact:
Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. If there is a point $p\in \partial U$ so that $\partial U \backslash p$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Limiting Ratio of Solutions to Ordinary Differential Equations

I'm trying to find the limit of the ratio of two functions
$ \lim_{t \rightarrow \infty} \frac{f(t)}{g(t)} $ but only have the initial conditions and the differential equations they solve, but the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Comparing Calculation Error in Divergent Numerical Methods

I'm not an expert in numerical methods, but I'm doing a simulation based on non-linear differential equations (General Relativity), there solutions has singularities, thus at some points numerical ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

295 views

### What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function
$$
f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du.
$$
It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

485 views

### Surjectivity of curl

Let: $\mathbb R^3\ni x\mapsto v(x)\in\mathbb R^3$ be a vector field with null divergence belonging to the Schwartz class such that
$$
\int_{\mathbb R^3} v(x) dx=0.
$$
Is it true that there exists a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

450 views

### Elementary Proof of the Uniqueness of Smooth Structures on R

Is there any 'elementary' proof of the uniqueness of smooth structures on $\mathbb{R}$? By elementary, I mean that the proof does not use any sophisticated topological machinery. In particular, I'm ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Alternative definition of the Lagrange Inversion formula

While reading this paper, the author provides an alternative definition of the Lagrange inversion formula. Call me crazy, but my intuition tells me that there's something wrong with his derivation. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Unit eigenvalue of the linearized Poincare return map

Consider a surface $S$ and a vector field on the surface which has a closed orbit. The vector field on both sides of the closed orbit spirals towards it, which gives us that the linearized Poincare ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Derivative of Wronskian

In the proof of Theorem 2 in this paper here on arxiv on page 10 for $k=2$ it is claimed that if the Wronskian of two solutions $y_1,y_2$ to the differential equation
$$-y''_i(x) + q(x) y_i(x) = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Survey paper on isoperimetry

I am searching for a comprehensive survey article (or more different articles) on the subject of isoperimetric problems from ancient Greece to modern mathematical physics. Could you point out some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Complete solution set of a Convolutional Equation?

Here is a problem that am I stuck and I appreciate any help. In essence, I am trying to show that the only solutions for the described problem are the ones provided below. Best..
Setup: In what ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

82 views

### Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP:
$x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$.
Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$.
In order for the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

26 views

### Taking the potential of a super additive measure

In recent research of my coauthors and me, it has become necessary to consider the Riesz potential of a superadditive measure.
Recall that the $s$-dimensional Riesz potential of a finite Borel ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### How to find a invariant surface of a diffeomorphism

Recently, I read a paper about discrete Schrödinger operator. There is a map related to trace map from $C^3$ to $C^3$ as follows:
$$T(x,y,z)=(y,z,yz-x).$$
We can calculated that $T$ has the folliwng ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Estimate bounds on Minkowski distance from point to a segment in Lp space

Assumptions
Let
$L_p(x,y)=(\sum_i|x_i - y_i|^p)^{1/p}$ (Minkowski metric),
$a,b$ be arbitrary $n$-dimensional points,
$c$ be a point that satisfies $L_p(a,b) = L_p(a,c) + L_p(c,b)$, i.e., a point ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### PDEs on torus $\mathbb T$

(Hope this question is o.k. for MO)
I have been learning PDE(non linear dispersive equations) techniques, mainly using harmonic analysis(kind of Strichartz estimates, estimates for unimodular ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Notion of solution of pde

Let's consider the following Schrodinger equation
$$iu_t+\Delta u+F(u)=0$$
in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In Cazenave's book, "Semilinear Schrodinger equation", he defines $H^1$-weak solution as $u\in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Does this function have any exponential growth?

Has anyone seen any function of the following type?
$$
g(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}\exp\left(-\frac{a^n}{x}\right),\quad a>1,x\ge 0.
$$
The question is whether for some constant ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Asymptotic analysis of a sum of complex summands using integral

I'm trying to find the exact asymptotics of a sum:
$$A = \sum^n_{i=0} \begin{pmatrix} 2n \\ i \end{pmatrix} x^{i} y^{2n-i} $$
as $n\rightarrow\infty$. Here $x,y$ are complex numbers, $|x|\leq1, ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

62 views

### Systems of ODEs that fulfill a matrix relationship at steady state [closed]

It is well known that for a system of linear ODE $$x'(t) = A(t) \cdot x(t) + b(t)$$
with initial condition $x(t_0) = x_0$, that for a solution at any other time point $t_1$, $x(t_1) = (z_1, \ldots, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Relationship between Laplacian and Hessian on compact Lie groups

If $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is smooth and compactly supported, one has
$$\int |\Delta f(\mathbf{x})|^2\,d\mathbf{x} = \int \| Hf(\mathbf{x}) \|_F^2\,d\mathbf{x}\,,$$
where $\Delta$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### A question about the duality principle

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are finite sets and $K:X\times Y\to \mathbb R$ is some function. We get an integral transform from the space of real functions on $X$ to real functions on $Y$ given by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Condition Number and CFL Condition in Finite difference Methods

when applying a Finite Difference scheme for an IVP, two factors come to mind when considering stability:
One factor would be the condition number of the approximation operator. The other factor ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Is there a unique solution? [closed]

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a given continuous function and $t_0\in (a,b)$ a fixed point. Is it true that the following problem has a unique continuous solution ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### Another type of derivative, and the associated primitive

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous function, such that $||\mathbf{v}(t)||=1,\ \forall t\in (a,b)$. Find all continuous functions $\mathbf{r}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ so that:
$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Composition of Lossless Systems from Delay and Mixing regarding junction admittance

Given $m_1, \dots m_N \in \mathbb{N}$ and matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{C}^{N\times N}$.
Let us define a diagonal matrix $\mathbf{D}(z) = diag(z^{-m_1}, \dots, z^{-m_N})$ with $z\in\mathbb{C}$. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Computing certain integrals over high-dimensional polyhedra

Let $\delta>0$ be a small real number and consider the $k$-dimensional region consisting of points for which
$$\delta\leq x_1\leq x_2\leq\ldots \leq x_k$$
and
$$x_1+\ldots+x_k\leq 1.$$
I am ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### Is this infinite series related to some well-known special functions?

Please allow me to resort once again to the expertise of the MathOverflow community :
During research I encoutered the following infinite series :
$$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{+\infty} ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### How to solve a couple of ODEs

Let $\phi_+ (\phi_-)$ be a strictly increasing (decreasing) function defined on $R_+$ such that $\phi_+(\phi_-)\in\mathcal{C}^0(R_+)\cap\mathcal{C}^1(R_+^{\ast})$ and $\phi_+(0)=0(\phi_-(0)=0)$. ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Regularity of random Fourier series

The following two statements appear to be true (but do correct me if I am wrong):
The coefficients of a $C^k$ function on the torus $T^n$ decay at least as fast as $x^{-k}$ (where $x$ is some norm ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

180 views

### Estimating a sum [closed]

Good morning everyone,
I would like to make a question about estimating a sum.
Consider the following sum
$$S_n:=\sum_{k=0}^{n-1} \frac{k^2}{(n-k)^2 (n+k)^2} $$
It is easy to see that this sum is ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

485 views

### Bound on sum of complex summands involving binomial coefficients

I am trying to find the asymptotic behavior of the sum:
$$ \sum^n_{i=0} \begin{pmatrix} 2n \\ i \end{pmatrix} x^i y^{2n-i}$$
as $n\rightarrow\infty$. Here $x$, $y$ are complex numbers and I have ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Estimate on sum of $J_n^4$

If $J_n(x)$ is the Bessel function of order $n$, we know that for all $x$, $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} J_n^2(x)=J_0^2(x)+2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} J_n^2(x)=1.$$
What is known about
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

77 views

### Maximal minimum of Bessel functions

This comes from a scattering problem. Consider the usual non singular Bessel functions of the first kind, $J_n(x)$. It is known that their zeros are countable, and all zeros are distinct. My question ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Nonlinear ODE system

Let $\Psi(a) = \frac{a}{2}$ if $a>0$ and $0$ if $a\le 0$.
Now we consider the following coupled system of nonlinear ODEs:
$$\begin{aligned}&\frac{1}{2}\sigma_1^2 u_1''(x) + \mu_1 u_1'(x) + ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds:
If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Integrals involving trigonometric functions and polynomes

Let $P(x)$ be a real polynome. Specify all such $P(x)$ that one of the next integrals converge:
$$
\int_0^{\infty} sin(P(x))dx, \int_0^{\infty} cos(P(x))dx ?
$$
Among special cases are such ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### A proof from Lang's undergraduate analysis

This is from P.580 of Serge Lang's undergraduate analysis (2nd edition).
$\textbf {Proposition 2.3.}$ Let $A$ be an admissible set in $\mathbb R^n$ and assume that its closure $\bar{A}$ is contained ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### A calculus question [closed]

Fix $q>1$. Define the function
$$
f_q(c):=\int_e^\infty \frac{e^{-c r^2}r}{\log(r)^q}d r.
$$
The problem is whether the following is true,
$$
\lim_{c\rightarrow 0} c \log(1/c)^q f_q(c) = C \in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

188 views

### Name for series $\sum f_n x^n / (n! (n+k)!)$

Let $(f_n)_{n\ge0}$ be a real sequence. Then $\sum f_n {x^n \over n!}$ is called the exponential generating function of $(f_n)$.
Let $k\ge0$ be a nonnegative integer. If we add another factorial ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### Consistent price index

This question came out of a discussion with a colleague from economics about price indices. Here is MattF's formulation of the question which differs somehow from the original problem.
Let ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### Partitions of ${\rm Sym}(\mathbb{N})$ induced by convergent, but not absolutely convergent series

Let $(a_n) \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence such that the series
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges, but does not converge absolutely.
Then there is a partition of the symmetric group ${\rm ...