# Tagged Questions

Special functions, orthogonal polynomials, harmonic analysis, ODE's, differential relations, calculus of variations, approximations, expansions, asymptotics.

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### Harmonic functions in tempered distribution sense

Suppose $g$ is a metric on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $\Omega \subset\subset \mathbb{R}^3$. We assume that $g$ is euclidean outside $\Omega$. My question concerns solutions to $\triangle_g u =0$ that are say ...
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### Uniqueness and Properties of Nonlinear 2nd Order ODE with Asymptotically Constant Coefficients

I have the following differential equation: $$V(z) = e^z [1-\varphi(\gamma)]+(\gamma-g)V'(z)+\frac{1}{2}\kappa^2 V''(z)$$ with $$e^z \varphi'(\gamma) = V'(z)$$ where $\varphi(\cdot)$ is a ...
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### Is a one-dimensional unstable manifold of an ODE a union of the associated equilibrium point and two full orbits? [closed]

Consider an ordinary differential equation (ODE) system \begin{align} \frac{dx}{dt} = f(x) \end{align} where $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ ($n \geq 2$) and the vector field $f$ is defined on an open subset $X$ ...
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### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that \begin{equation*} f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s) \end{equation*} is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...
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### An English version Borok's work on finite-infinite systems of ordinary differential equations

I am looking for the English translation of the paper by V. M. Borok (originally in Russian) The Cauchy problem for finite-infinite systems of linear differential equations. This work is about the ...
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### Estimate a Fourier Transform [closed]

I'm reading an article which claims the following result (p.9): if $f : \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ is of the form $f(x_1,x_2) = \sin (N x_{1}) h (g^{-1}(x))$, where $g$ is a diffeomorphism and $h$ ...
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### Does element-wise concavity guarantee joint concavity?

I have a function of two variables, and I have checked that along one direction (fixing another variable), it is a monotonically increasing and concave function. Whereas in another direction (fixing ...
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### How to prove that $\int _0^\infty\frac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$ is a rational combination of zeta values?

For $n\ge m\ge 2$, define $$I(n,m):= \int _0^\infty\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$ Computer algebra systems say that the indefinite integral can be expressed in terms of polylog functions (of ...
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### Representation of multi-variable functions as a composition of 1- or 2-variable functions [duplicate]

This is a re-post of my question from M.SE that remains unanswered for several months. I'm familiar with Kolmogorov–Arnold representation theorem, but AFAIK their construction makes essential use of ...
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### Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ such that $\|f''\|_p \geq Cn^2 \| f \|_p$, where $1 \leq p\leq \infty$?
Let $f$ be a trigonometric polynomial on the circle $\mathbb{T}$ with $\hat{f}(j) = 0$ for all $j \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $\lvert j \rvert < n$. Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ ...