# Tagged Questions

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### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diﬀusing Particles. The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...
300 views

### Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...
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### Birth-Death Process associated with Orthogonal Polynomials

I have read in various places the following objects are related: orthogonal polynomials birth-death processes Lattice paths continued fractions After a lot of searching online, I found sketches ...
312 views

### Gaussian type integral with inverse square root

Hi, I have encountered an integral of the following type in an engineering application: $\int_{-\infty}^\infty dx \frac{1}{\sqrt{x^2+a^2}}\exp(-x^2/2+i x b)$, where $a$ and $b$ are real ($a$ could ...
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### Does the existence of an asymtpotic density imply the existence of a measure on infinite dimensional (path) space?

This question is related to the following question Question about a Limit of Gaussian Integrals and how it relates to Path Integration (if at all)? A couple of authors have observed that composing a ...
428 views

### Wightman fields vs local functionals vs operators

In QFT literature one wants to look at $n-$point correlation functions of "operators" inserted at $x$ say, $\cal{O}(x)$ and if $\phi_i$ are the fields then the quantity one has in mind is written as, ...
311 views

### mechanics: convergence to an equilibrium point

Hello, this is a math forum, I know, but my question is about classical mechanics. I am looking for a general (but simple proof) of the very intuitive idea physicists have about the following ...
334 views

### Regarding Discrete Eigenvalues

For many eigenvalue problems for differential operators (for example the quantum harmonic oscillator (HO)), unless we impose some behaviour at infinity, the eigenvalues will not be discrete. But, ...
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### Poisson equation in the plane

Hello, as I'm not an analyst, I'm having difficulties with the following, certainly well-known problem: one is given the PDE $\Delta u(x,y)=\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ in the "region" $x^2+y^2\leq1$ with the ...
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### Question about a Limit of Gaussian Integrals and how it relates to Path Integration (if at all)?

I have come across a limit of Gaussian integrals in the literature and am wondering if this is a well known result. The background for this problem comes from the composition of Brownian motion and ...
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### Finite dimensional Feynman integrals

In a sense this is a follow up question to The mathematical theory of Feynman integrals although by all rights it should precede that question. Let $S$ be a polynomial with real coefficients in $n$ ...
3k views

### Ways to prove an inequality

It seems that there are three basic ways to prove an inequality eg $x>0$. Show that x is a sum of squares. Use an entropy argument. (Entropy always increases) Convexity. Are there other means? ...
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### Uniform variant of Stirling's approximation

Stirling's formula is usually stated in the form $\log \Gamma(s) = (s-\frac12) \log{s} - s + \log\sqrt{2\pi} + E(s)$, where $E(s) = c_1/s + c_2/s^2 + \dots + O(s^{-K})$ for certain absolute ...
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### For which values of $N$ is known the Lieb-Simon Inequality for $Z_N$ Models ?

Background: Let $\mathbb Z^d$ denote the $d$-dimensional integer lattice with norm $|x|=\sum_i|x_i|$. For each $x\in\mathbb Z^d$ we associate a spin variable, $\sigma_x$ taking values on the set ...
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### Can I relate the L1 norm of a function to its Fourier expansion?

I would like to express the integral of the absolute value of a real-valued function $f$ (over a finite interval) in terms of the Fourier coefficients of $f$. Failing that, I would like to know of any ...
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### Path integrals, localisation

Physicists use the "Atiyah-Bott formula" for path "integrals" (for instance the supersymmetric proof of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem. Is there some way to make atleast some of these ideas rigorous? ...
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### Which functions are Wiener-integrable?

I'm looking for either a few precise mathematical statements about Wiener integrals, or a reference where I can find them. Background The Wiener integral is an analytic tool to define certain ...
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### Approximation to divergent integral

Hi everyone, I'm a physicist working on stochastic processes and I've come up against an integral that I'm not able to approximate using steepest descent (I don't have a large or small parameter), ...
5k views

### Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian $1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest, and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...