# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### ODE system has zero as the only solution?

Let $V \subset H$ be a continuous, compact and dense embedding with $V$ and $H$ Hilbert spaces.
Let $\beta_j:[0,T] \to \mathbb{R}$ be functions for each $j$, and let $v_j$ be a basis of $V_0$.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Hardy-type inequality for point boundary

Let $f$ be in $W^{2,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $n\geq 3$ and $p>n/2$, with $f=0$ at the origin. I want to show that the integral $$\int_{B(0,r)} (f |x|^{-2})^p dV <\infty$$ for some small $r>0$. A ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple.
There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Operator theory of initial-value ODE problems

The theory of elliptic boundary value problems is usually treated from the perspective of functional analysis, and the theory of operators between Hilbert spaces.
In contrast to that, the theory of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Uniqueness of solutions to an ODE system

For each $i$ (up to infinity), let $u_i \in C^1(0,T)$ satisfy
$$\frac{d}{dt}u_i(t) + \sum_{j=1}^\infty b(t;w_j,w_i)u_j(t) = 0$$
$$u_i(0) = u_i(T)$$
where $b(t;\cdot,\cdot)$ is an inner product on some ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

729 views

### Poincare lemma for non-smooth differentiable forms

The Poincare lemma is almost always formulated for differential forms with smooth coefficients (or sometimes for currents that have distributional coefficients). I would like to have it for ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

309 views

### $L^p$ norm means

Consider the unit sphere $S_p^{n-1}$ of an $L^p$ normin $\mathbb{R}^n.$ The question is: what is the expected value of the $L^q$ norm on $S_p^{n-1}?$ Since (I assume) this is intractable in closed ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

176 views

### A book about almost periodic functions [closed]

Can anyone give me suggestions for new books about Besicovitch's almost periodic functions? Thanks a lot.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### The trivility of Besov space for large parameter

For all $s>0$, $1\le p<+\infty$ and $u\in L^p(\mathrm{d}x)$, we define
$$D_{s,p}(u)=\sup_{r>0}\frac{1}{r^{sp+n}}\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}\int_{B(x,r)}|u(y)-u(x)|^p\mathrm{d}y\mathrm{d}x$$
and
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Laplacian mapping on various function spaces

I have a question related to a certain elliptic operator on $R^N$ but I think i can clarify my confusion if I just consider the Laplacian $\Delta$ on the unit ball in $R^N$.
If $ 1 <p< ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

156 views

### Is there an asymptotic bound for this oscillatory integral?

I have an oscillatory integral:
$$ \int u(x,y) e^{i\lambda f(x,y)} dx $$
with $f(x,y)\in \mathbb{C}^{\infty}$ a complex-valued function in a neighborhood of $(0,0)$ satisfying:
$$ \text{Im} f \geq ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem:
$$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Variational Principle for a System of Differential Equations

I am studying a differential operator of the form $$ L\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) = -\Delta \left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) + V(x)\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### elliptic regularity when right hand side in weak $L^p$

I am interested in the following question (whose answer i assume is well known) but just not by me. Suppose $u,f$ are smooth functions defined on $B_1$ and $ \Delta u = f$ in $B_1$ with $u=0$ on $ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Holder continuity of Poisson equation with divergence free drift

I am interested in the following PDE.
Suppose $u_m$ is a smooth solution of a elliptic equation of the form
$$ -\Delta u_m(x) + a_m(x) \cdot \nabla u_m(x) = f_m(x) \qquad B_1 $$ with $ u_m=0 $ on ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Existence of an integral equation (Faedo-Galerkin, Banach fixed point, Picard-Lindelof)

Let $m \geq 2$ and let $m'$ be its conjugate. Let $w_j$ for $j=1, ..., k$ be a basis of $H_1 \cap L^{m'}$. The task is to show that there is a $u(t) \in \text{span}(w_1, ..., w_k)=:A$ such that
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

355 views

### Spectrum of Mathieu equation

I have the differential equation $-f''(x)-q \cos(x) f(x) = \lambda f(x)$ and I want to find all the eigenvalues of this equation analytically on $[0,2\pi]$ that satisfy the boundary condition $f(0) = ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Can I approximate Schwartz functions which integrate to zero by $C_0^\infty$ functions which integrate to zero?

Let $X$ be the closed subspace of Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
X=\left\{f\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N):\quad \int f\; dx=0\right\}.
\end{equation*}
My ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### smooth Luzin theorem

For measurable functions $f(x)$, $g(x)$ on $[0,1]$ define the distance $\rho(f,g)$ as a Lebesgue measure of the set $\{x:f(x)\ne g(x)\}$. Then Luzin's famous theorem states that $C[0,1]$ is dense with ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

298 views

### Abstract ODE; PDE; uniqueness of solution

I have a somewhat vague question regarding an abstract ODE in a Banach space.
Suppose $A:D(A) \subset X \rightarrow X$ is some linear operator (let's assume it's closed) and maybe add some other ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

639 views

### What can be said about the Fourier transforms of characteristic functions?

What can be said about the Fourier transform of the characteristic function $1_A$, where $A\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is of finite Lebesgue measure? In particular,
What properties are common to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Theorem with an example [closed]

i have this theorem
in the paper they gives an example:
but here $H_1$ is not satisfied !
How to correct it please?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form
$$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$
where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### A differentiable version of the Michael selection theorem

Assume that $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces and $T:X\to Y$ is a bounded surjective linear map.
Is there a Gateaux differentiable function $g:Y\to X$ such that $T\circ g=Id_{Y}$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### A (non trivial) continuous map on a Banach space which is nowhere Frechet differentiable

Assume that $X$ is a Banach space. Is there a continuous map $f:X\to X$ such that $f$ is nowhere Frechet differentiable, but its restriction to every finite dimensional subspace is every where Frechet ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

273 views

### Inverse Transpose of Jacobian Matrix

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n\mapsto\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bijective function. Fixed $a\in\mathbb{R}^n$. For any $x$ closes to $a$, using Taylor's series we can approximate $f(x)$ by
\begin{equation}
f(x)\approx ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

134 views

### Is the speed of a curve in $ \ell^\infty $ zero a.e. if the derivative of each component is zero a.e.?

Let $ A $ be an $ \mathcal{H}^1$-measurable subset of $ \mathbb{R} $ and $ \gamma \colon A \subseteq \mathbb{R} \to \ell^\infty $ be a Lipschitz mapping with the Lipschitz constant $ L $. Also, assume ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### A two dimensional integral equation

I have the following integral equation:
$\phi(x, y) = \frac{a}{x-y} \int_y^x \phi(s, y) ds + \frac{b}{x-y} \int_y^x \phi(x, s) ds$
where $a > 1$ and $b> 1$ are constants, and $x \geq y$. The ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### matrix Khintchine inequality

The usual Khintchine inequality says that if $\{\epsilon_n\}_{n = 1}^N$ are i.i.d. random variables with $\mathbb{P}(\epsilon_n = \pm 1) = \frac{1}{2}$ for each $n$ then
\begin{equation*}
\left( ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

424 views

### What is the translation in Fourier transform for a function to have exp. decay at $x\to -\infty$

It is known that smooth functions with exponential decay at $\pm\infty$ are functions whose Fourier transform have analytic continuation in some suited complex strip. I was wondering what happens if ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Dynamical properties of injective continuous functions on $\mathbb{R}^d$

Let $\varphi:\mathbb{R}^d\to\mathbb{R}^d$ be an injective continuous function.
Denote by $\varphi_n$ the $n$-th iterate of $\varphi$, i.e.
$\varphi_n(x)=\varphi_{n-1}(\varphi(x))$ for all ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

257 views

### What are the basis functions for a product space?

Let $X=L^1\left([0,1]^3\right)$,
for numerical purpose, what are the possible basis function for $X$?
In finite element method, the basis functions are tooth functions, or polynomial functions.
Is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

204 views

### specific improper integral involving erf

I have encountered an integral, and kindly ask for help with a solution. It is beyond my own capabilities, and neither Maple nor Mathematica were of any help:
$$
\int_{1}^{\infty} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

91 views

### growth bound for solution of an ordinary integro-differential equation

I am considering the following ordinary integro-differential equation
$$
A g = \sigma^2(y) + \int_\mathbb{R} \nu(y,dz) z^2
$$
where
$$
A = b(y) \partial + \frac{1}{2} \sigma^2(y) \partial^2
+ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Pseudo-differential operators with compactly supported symbols

If the symbol $p(x,\xi)$ of a pseudodifferential operator $P$ has compact $x$-support, then for any Schwartz function $f$, $Pf$ has compact $x$-support.
Is the reverse true? Namely that if some PDO ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### A contradiction to do with continuity? (involves chain rule)

Suppose for each $t$, $S(t) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a domain (hypersurface). We have a diffeomorphism $D^0_t:S(0) \to S(t)$ for each $t$ such that it solves the ODE
$$\frac{d}{dt}D^0_t(\cdot) = ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

210 views

### decreasing rearrangements: why the asymmetry of measure-preserving maps?

Ryff proved in 1970 that the decreasing rearrangement $f^*$ of a, say, continuous function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ admits a measure preserving map $\phi$ such that $f=f^*\circ\phi$. In general it is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### On the convergence of the the function series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty(-1)^n\frac{f^{(n)}(x)}{n!}x^n$

Let $f$ be a smooth real function defined around origin. If we
informally differentiate from the series
$\hat{f}(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty(-1)^n\frac{f^{(n)}(x)}{n!}x^n$ term
by term we get ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Conditions on a measure to satisfy certain relation on moments.

Suppose we have a measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R_+$ such that $\forall s>-1$ $t^s\in L^1(\mathrm d\mu(t))$.
I'd like to impose some conditions on $\mu$ so the function
$$f:p\to \frac{\int_0^\infty ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### Bruhat-Schwartz functions and derivatives in p-adic numbers

First of all, I am not an expert in neither classical, nor $p$-adic functional analysis, but anyway, I stumbled over the following lately:
Let $\varphi:\mathbb{Q}_p\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Constructing a Sobolev space containing the differential k-forms of a Riemannian manifold

I am currently writing a paper about the Hodge theorem for an algebraic topology course. The specific formulation I am proving can be stated thus. Let $M$ be a compact, orientable n-dimensional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

98 views

### Fundamental solutions for degenerate elliptic equations

Hello,
I am looking for a paper or a book that says about the existence and some estimates (like these in the non-degenerate case) of the fundamental solutions for degenerate elliptic equations $L = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Variation on Fatou's lemma for Sobolev norms

Recall that Fatou's Lemma says that for every sequence $f_n$ of non-negative measurable functions
$$\int \liminf_{n\to \infty} f_n \ d\mu\leq \liminf_{n\to \infty} \int f_n\ d\mu \ .$$
If I am not ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Could we interpolate the compactness of compact operators?

Classical theorems of Marcinkiewicz and Riesz and their extensions to general Banach spaces by CalderÃ³n, Lions, Peetre, et al. allow us to interpolate the continuity of two operators, viz., the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

278 views

### A sufficient condition for a probability measure to have compact support

Consider a probability measure $\mu$ on, let's say, $\mathbb R$.
Is there a necessary and sufficient condition so that $\mu$ has compact support $Supp(\mu)$ ?
I agree this question is too vague, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

438 views

### For what spaces is the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator of strong type $(p,p)$ if and only if $p > p_0 > 1$?

(This is essentially a continuation of my previous question, here.)
Let $(X,d,\mu)$ be a metric measure space, i.e. $\mu$ is a Borel measure on the metric space $(X,d)$. Further assume (though you ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does the derivative of log have a Dirac delta term?

Dirac writes down the following formula on page 61 of his "Principles of quantum mechanics":
$\frac{d}{dx}\log x = \frac{1}{x} -i\pi\delta(x)$, see http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1947pqm..book.....D ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### weak*closure of {f:||f||=1} in dual.

What is the weak* closure of {f:||f||=1}? I am sure this set is not closed in weak* topology.
So what is the weak* closure of this set. Thanks.

**0**

votes

**2**answers

370 views