# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### path integral and index theorem

I actually have an integral which is used to prove Atiyah-Singer index theorem for spin complex in a path integral fashion. The integral I need to evaluate is following (in simplified form)
$\int ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help!
One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...

**2**

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**0**answers

82 views

### Diffusion equation on mixing of diffusing particles

I am trying to study mixing of diffusing particles like it was done by E. Ben-Naim On the Mixing of Diﬀusing Particles.
The picture below shows the idea how permutations and inversion numbers reflect ...

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**0**answers

302 views

### Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...

**2**

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**0**answers

93 views

### Positiveness of the double integral

How it can be proved that the following double integral (which emerged in a physics project) $$\int\limits_{-1}^1d\tau\;\tau \int\limits_0^\infty dk\frac{k\sin{(kr\tau)}}{(1+\beta ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

232 views

### Limit of a double integral

What is the $\varepsilon\to 0$ limit of the following double integral
$$\int\limits_{-1}^1d\tau\;\sqrt{1-\tau^2}\;\tau\int\limits_0^\infty dq\;q^2e^{iq(\tau+i\varepsilon)}\;?$$
I was asked about this ...

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**2**answers

166 views

### Ewald's generalized theta function

Could anyone provide me some materials on the derivation of Ewald's generalized theta function (in English)? The original paper was written in German :-(
Die Berechnung optischer und ...

**6**

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**0**answers

152 views

### Spectral theory for Dirac Laplacian on a funnel

I would like to study the spectral theory of the Dirac Laplacian on a non-compact quotient of the hyperbolic plane by a discrete group (I am particularly interested in the simple case where the ...

**4**

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**0**answers

134 views

### semiclassical proof of Wigner semicircle

In Terence Tao's discussion of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble, he derives the Dyson and Airy kernels. The GUE is the probability distribution of the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix.
\[ \int ...

**4**

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**3**answers

1k views

### Does the derivative of log have a Dirac delta term?

Dirac writes down the following formula on page 61 of his "Principles of quantum mechanics":
$\frac{d}{dx}\log x = \frac{1}{x} -i\pi\delta(x)$, see http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1947pqm..book.....D ...

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**1**answer

231 views

### A counterexample to the Polya-Schur master theorems for half-planes

Given an integer $n\ge 1$ we say that $f\in C[z_1,\ldots,z_n]$ is stable if $f(z_1,\ldots,z_n)\neq 0$ whenever $\text{Im}\ z_i>0$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$.
Stable polynomials with all real ...

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**0**answers

132 views

### Weyl quantization and convexity

Let $C$ be a convex subset of $\mathbb R^{2n}$ and $\mathbf 1_C$ be the characteristic function of $C$. Is it true that
$$\forall u\in\mathscr S(\mathbb R^n),\quad
\langle\mathbf ...

**6**

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**0**answers

245 views

### Birth-Death Process associated with Orthogonal Polynomials

I have read in various places the following objects are related:
orthogonal polynomials
birth-death processes
Lattice paths
continued fractions
After a lot of searching online, I found sketches ...

**2**

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**0**answers

316 views

### Gaussian type integral with inverse square root

Hi,
I have encountered an integral of the following type in an engineering application:
$\int_{-\infty}^\infty dx \frac{1}{\sqrt{x^2+a^2}}\exp(-x^2/2+i x b)$,
where $a$ and $b$ are real ($a$ could ...

**3**

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**0**answers

150 views

### Does the existence of an asymtpotic density imply the existence of a measure on infinite dimensional (path) space?

This question is related to the following question
Question about a Limit of Gaussian Integrals and how it relates to Path Integration (if at all)?
A couple of authors have observed that composing a ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

437 views

### Wightman fields vs local functionals vs operators

In QFT literature one wants to look at $n-$point correlation functions of "operators" inserted at $x$ say, $\cal{O}(x)$ and if $\phi_i$ are the fields then the quantity one has in mind is written as, ...

**4**

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**2**answers

312 views

### mechanics: convergence to an equilibrium point

Hello,
this is a math forum, I know, but my question is about classical mechanics. I am looking for a general (but simple proof) of the very intuitive idea physicists have about the following ...

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**1**answer

337 views

### Regarding Discrete Eigenvalues

For many eigenvalue problems for differential operators (for example the quantum harmonic oscillator (HO)), unless we impose some behaviour at infinity, the eigenvalues will not be discrete.
But, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

387 views

### Simple system of ODEs with periodic coefficients

I am stuck with a little problem that I cannot solve mith the standard methods I learn at university. I have a system of coupled ODEs:
$f'(t) = P \cos(k t + \Phi_1) g(t)$
$g'(t) = Q \cos(k t + ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

390 views

### Vandermonde-type identity for Jacobi theta functions?

My question concerns an application in physics. By Vandermonde identity I refer to the following statement: take $f_j (z)=z^j$, where $z=x+iy$ is a complex coordinate and $j$ an integer. Make an ...

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votes

**3**answers

691 views

### Homogeneous linear differential equation system with simple periodical coefficient matrix

Hello, I encountered the following system of linear first-order differential equations:
$y'(z)=A(z) y(z)$
where
$y(z): R \rightarrow R^2$ and
$A(z)=\begin{pmatrix}
0 & B Cos(\alpha z + \Phi_b) ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Poisson equation in the plane

Hello,
as I'm not an analyst, I'm having difficulties with the following, certainly well-known problem: one is given the PDE $\Delta u(x,y)=\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ in the "region" $x^2+y^2\leq1$ with the ...

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votes

**1**answer

981 views

### Question about a Limit of Gaussian Integrals and how it relates to Path Integration (if at all)?

I have come across a limit of Gaussian integrals in the literature and am wondering if this is a well known result.
The background for this problem comes from the composition of Brownian motion and ...

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**0**answers

337 views

### problem with non linear pde

I have the following pde which i cannot solve. any suggestions, tips on how to approach a solution?
$$\left(1-x^3 \frac{\partial y}{\partial x} \partial_{y}\right) f(y(x))-1/4 \left(1-\frac{1}{x^3 ...

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vote

**3**answers

307 views

### another solution to PDE possible?

hi there,
i have the following pde:
$$(\partial_x x^4 \partial_x - \partial_t^2)y(x,t)=0$$ and found the solution $$y=a+t^2-1/x^2$$, with a a constant.
Is this solution unique? Does anyone know of any ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### fundamental solution of radial wave equation

i am trying to find resources on the derivation of the fundamental solution to the radial wave equation. any suggestions of or links to books, papers, and/or notes would be much appreciated. i have ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Justification for the matching condition for the wave function at potential jumps. Why is it both restrictive enough and sufficiently general?

Consider Schrödinger's time-independent equation
$$
-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\nabla^2\psi+V\psi=E\psi.
$$
In typical examples, the potential $V(x)$ has discontinuities, called potential jumps.
Outside ...

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votes

**3**answers

803 views

### Finite dimensional Feynman integrals

In a sense this is a follow up question to The mathematical theory of Feynman integrals although by all rights it should precede that question.
Let $S$ be a polynomial with real coefficients in $n$ ...

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**9**answers

3k views

### Ways to prove an inequality

It seems that there are three basic ways to prove an inequality eg $x>0$.
Show that x is a sum of squares.
Use an entropy argument. (Entropy always increases)
Convexity.
Are there other means?
...

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votes

**2**answers

683 views

### Uniform variant of Stirling's approximation

Stirling's formula is usually stated in the form $\log \Gamma(s) = (s-\frac12) \log{s} - s + \log\sqrt{2\pi} + E(s)$, where
$E(s) = c_1/s + c_2/s^2 + \dots + O(s^{-K})$ for certain absolute ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### For which values of $N$ is known the Lieb-Simon Inequality for $Z_N$ Models ?

Background:
Let $\mathbb Z^d$ denote the $d$-dimensional integer lattice with norm $|x|=\sum_i|x_i|$.
For each $x\in\mathbb Z^d$ we associate a spin variable, $\sigma_x$ taking values on the set
...

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votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Can I relate the L1 norm of a function to its Fourier expansion?

I would like to express the integral of the absolute value of a real-valued function $f$ (over a finite interval) in terms of the Fourier coefficients of $f$. Failing that, I would like to know of any ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

817 views

### Path integrals, localisation

Physicists use the "Atiyah-Bott formula" for path "integrals" (for instance the supersymmetric proof of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem. Is there some way to make atleast some of these ideas rigorous? ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

539 views

### Which functions are Wiener-integrable?

I'm looking for either a few precise mathematical statements about Wiener integrals, or a reference where I can find them.
Background
The Wiener integral is an analytic tool to define certain ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

608 views

### Approximation to divergent integral

Hi everyone,
I'm a physicist working on stochastic processes and I've come up against an integral that I'm not able to approximate using steepest descent (I don't have a large or small parameter), ...

**67**

votes

**0**answers

5k views

### Dropping three bodies

Consider the usual three-body problem with Newtonian
$1/r^2$ force between masses. Let the three masses start off at rest,
and not collinear. Then they will become collinear a finite time ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

360 views

### Infinite electrical networks and possible connections with LERW

I've been exposed to various problems involving infinite circuits but never seen an extensive treatment on the subject. The main problem I am referring to is
Given a lattice L, we turn it into a ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Where can I learn about (the asymptotics of) Toeplitz operators?

Toeplitz operators provide a natural language with which to do geometric quantization. I don't want to really understand them, and I don't need them in full generality. I'm looking for some ...