**0**

votes

**1**answer

15 views

### Zeroes of Sturm-Liouville solutions as a function of the (complex) eigenvalue

Given the Sturm-Liouville type (time independent Schroedinger) equation
\begin{equation}
\frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} - \left(\mu + V(x)\right) y = \lambda \, y,\quad x \in \mathbb{R}
\end{equation}
where ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help!
One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### Does this integral have a closed form? [migrated]

$I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1-x)\,\ln(1+x)\,\ln(1+2x)}{1+2x}dx$
I saw this question here. It is really hard to find a closed form. Or is there no closed form? Please give me a hand. Thanks!

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple.
There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

442 views

### Prove that the Dirichlet eta function is monotonic

Let us consider $\eta(p):= \sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n^p}$ for $p>0$. Has anyone come along with an elementary proof that $\eta(x)$ is monotonically increasing on this set? By ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Operator theory of initial-value ODE problems

The theory of elliptic boundary value problems is usually treated from the perspective of functional analysis, and the theory of operators between Hilbert spaces.
In contrast to that, the theory of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

373 views

### the existence of a real polynomial satisfying the following property

It is easy to verify that
$$ \frac{t}{2}\leq \frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}t^2\leq \frac{t}{1-(1-t^2)^2}-\frac{t}{2}
\quad \quad 0<t\leq1$$
I want to ask if there exist a real polynomial $h(t)$ such ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Estimates on gamma- functions [on hold]

I need a special inequality related to a fractional derivative problem.
Let k∈ℕ ,0<α<1 , 0<β<1.Consider :
A=[Γ(1-α)Γ(1+k-β)/Γ(2-β-α+k)].(1-α)
On what conditions (on k ,β and α) A is less ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Does the following measurable Halmilton-Jacobian equation admit a Lipschitz solution?

I have the following question:
Let $F:\Omega\times \mathbb{R}^n\to [0,\infty)$ be a convex Finsler norm, which means that
$F(x,\cdot)$ is convex with respect to the second variable.
$F(\cdot,v)$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### Uniqueness of solutions to an ODE system

For each $i$ (up to infinity), let $u_i \in C^1(0,T)$ satisfy
$$\frac{d}{dt}u_i(t) + \sum_{j=1}^\infty b(t;w_j,w_i)u_j(t) = 0$$
$$u_i(0) = u_i(T)$$
where $b(t;\cdot,\cdot)$ is an inner product on some ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

694 views

### Poincare lemma for non-smooth differentiable forms

The Poincare lemma is almost always formulated for differential forms with smooth coefficients (or sometimes for currents that have distributional coefficients). I would like to have it for ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

297 views

### $L^p$ norm means

Consider the unit sphere $S_p^{n-1}$ of an $L^p$ normin $\mathbb{R}^n.$ The question is: what is the expected value of the $L^q$ norm on $S_p^{n-1}?$ Since (I assume) this is intractable in closed ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### A book about almost periodic functions [closed]

Can anyone give me suggestions for new books about Besicovitch's almost periodic functions? Thanks a lot.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

129 views

### Solving polynomials of arbitrary degree

Is there any analogue of the method for expressing roots of polynomials of degree 5 with elliptic and η-functions that generalizes to polynomials of degrees n>5?
More specifically: does there exist ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

47 views

### Extending point-wise bound to uniform bound

Suppose $f(t,x)\in \mathcal{C}^0([0,1]\times \mathbb{R}^n)$. Further suppose that for each $t$
$$ C(t):= \sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}^n} |f(t,x)|<\infty \, .$$
Does it follow that $f$ is bounded?
Note ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

987 views

### How much can one say about this differential equation?

Consider the ODE $y^{\prime \prime}(x) = \cos(x) y(x)$ with boundary value conditions $y(0)=1$, $y(1)=2$. Solving it results in a linear combination of Mathieu functions, but what I find more ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### A conjecture about the measure estimates of a trigonometric polynomial

Formulation of the Conjecture
Let $\Omega =(0,\pi)\times (0,2\pi)\subset\mathbb R^2$ and let $\psi:\Omega\to \mathbb{R}$ defined by $$\psi(x,t)=\sum_{k\in S \,j\in S'} \sin(kx)\left( ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Are there superexponential Pfaffian functions?

This question is motivated by model theory, but it's really an analysis question (which means it may have an easy analysis answer that I just don't have the background for). Here's the main question, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### The trivility of Besov space for large parameter

For all $s>0$, $1\le p<+\infty$ and $u\in L^p(\mathrm{d}x)$, we define
$$D_{s,p}(u)=\sup_{r>0}\frac{1}{r^{sp+n}}\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}\int_{B(x,r)}|u(y)-u(x)|^p\mathrm{d}y\mathrm{d}x$$
and
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Symmetry on a sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the sphere $S^2$. Suppose there exists $C>0$ such that for all $R \in SO(3)$, the area of every nonempty connected component of $\{x\in S^2: u(x)> u(Rx)\}$ is at ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definition
We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are allowed to have values in $\mathbb{R}^m$, via working with ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Laplacian mapping on various function spaces

I have a question related to a certain elliptic operator on $R^N$ but I think i can clarify my confusion if I just consider the Laplacian $\Delta$ on the unit ball in $R^N$.
If $ 1 <p< ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

79 views

### Controling mixed derivatives

This is a cross-post from Math.SE since the question got nothing (but upvotes) even after offering a decent bounty. If it is too trivial or in other ways not suited for this site, please let me know ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

117 views

### Caratheodory equations

Ok, I am reading Fillipov book on discontinuous right hand side differential equations (the red book).
He states the next lemma:
"
Let the function $f(t,x)$ satisfy the Caratheodory conditions and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### Estimating convolutions of powers

I would like an asymptotic estimate of
$$
\sum_{y \in \mathbb{Z}^d} \frac{1}{|y-a_1|^{d-1} \ldots |y-a_n|^{d-1}}
$$
that does not involve any infinite summation. In order to lighten the notation, I ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

151 views

### Is there an asymptotic bound for this oscillatory integral?

I have an oscillatory integral:
$$ \int u(x,y) e^{i\lambda f(x,y)} dx $$
with $f(x,y)\in \mathbb{C}^{\infty}$ a complex-valued function in a neighborhood of $(0,0)$ satisfying:
$$ \text{Im} f \geq ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

70 views

### Solution of General Parametric Oscillator

I am wondering if there is a general solution for this ODE
$\ddot X +2\gamma \alpha \dot X + (\alpha+S(t)) X = \beta $
the dot represents time derivative, and $\gamma>1$, so it is in the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem:
$$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Prove that …, f(x-2), f(x-1), f(x), f(x+1), f(x+2),… is algebraically linearly independent without the Fourier transform

Suppose that $f$ is in $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ and consider the set of integer translates of this function, $V=\{f(x-k):k\in\mathbb{Z}\}$. This set is linearly independent: taking the Fourier transform of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### A solution of a q-difference equation

Is it possible to find a solution of the $q$-difference equation
$$f(q^{-1}x)-f(qx)=x(a-x)f(x),$$
with $f(0)=1$, (perhaps) in terms of basic hypergeometric series? Or in another rather explicit form? ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Is this graph of reciprocal power means always convex?

Let
$$
p = (p_1, \ldots, p_n)
$$
be a finite probability distribution, which for convenience I'll assume to have no zeroes: thus, $p_i > 0$ for all $i$ and $\sum_i p_i = 1$.
Is the function
...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Derivatives of infinite order [closed]

Is there any sense of taking an infinite number of derivatives? Is it discussed in the literature?
For example, can one make sense of
$$\frac{\partial^{\infty}f(x_1,x_2,\cdots)}{\partial x_1 ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Variational Principle for a System of Differential Equations

I am studying a differential operator of the form $$ L\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) = -\Delta \left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) + V(x)\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Positive Definiteness of a certain function

Recall that a function $f: \mathbb{R}^d \longrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is positive definite, iff for all numbers $N$ and $x_1, \dots, x_N \in \mathbb{R}^d$, the matrix $(a_{ij})$ with entries
$$a_{ij} = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### M-Wright function asymptotics

Let $M(z;\nu):= \frac{1}{\pi}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-z)^{n-1}}{(n-1)!}\Gamma(\nu n)\sin(\nu n\pi)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\text{H}_a}\exp(\sigma -z\sigma^{\nu})/\sigma^{1-\nu} d\sigma$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

30 views

### Backlund transformation related to two NL differential equations

I'm looking for a Backlund transformation linking the following two nonlinear differential equations for real $t$:
$$\dfrac{d^2}{dt^2}f(t)=\cos\left[f(t)\right]$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Integral of Bessel function of 1st kind with complex exponential

Does someone know the solution (simple closed form) of one of theses integrals:
$$\int_0^t J_l(s) e^{-iA(t-s)}ds$$
$$\int_0^t \frac{J_l(s)}{s} e^{-iA(t-s)}ds$$
with $l>0$, $t>0$, $\Re(A)>0$, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### elliptic regularity when right hand side in weak $L^p$

I am interested in the following question (whose answer i assume is well known) but just not by me. Suppose $u,f$ are smooth functions defined on $B_1$ and $ \Delta u = f$ in $B_1$ with $u=0$ on $ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

564 views

### Functions that Calculate their $L_p$ Norm

are there any examples of functions $f:x\in\mathbb{R}_0^+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}_0^+$ and intervals $(a,b), 0\le a \lt b \le \infty$ , for which $$\Big(\int_a^b{|f(x)|^p dx}\Big)^\frac{1}{p} = f(p)$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### A question on existence of solutions of a linear ODE system

I am working on a problem of harmonic functions on surfaces, and in one step I got the following system of ODEs with prescribed asymptotes. I was wondering what methods could give us the existence or ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Holder continuity of Poisson equation with divergence free drift

I am interested in the following PDE.
Suppose $u_m$ is a smooth solution of a elliptic equation of the form
$$ -\Delta u_m(x) + a_m(x) \cdot \nabla u_m(x) = f_m(x) \qquad B_1 $$ with $ u_m=0 $ on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### A Non-homogeneous, Linear (Matrix) System of ODEs: What's Known About it? [closed]

Consider the following system of ODEs
$$
Y^{'}(t) = - \left[ A Y(t) + Y(t) A \right] + B(t)
,
$$
where $Y(t)$,$A$,$B(t)$ are all matrices, with the properties $A=A^T$, $Y=Y^T$. $Y(t)$ is the matrix ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### All solutions to a set of integral equations

I would like a better understanding of the set of pairs $(f_1,f_2)$ of functions $[0,1] \times [0,1] \to [0,1]$ which satisfy the following conditions:
For all $y \in [0,1]$, $f_1(x,y) \geq ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### A multiple integral

Let us consider the multiple integral
$$I_{n}=\int_{-\infty }^{\infty }ds_{1}\int_{-\infty}^{s_{1}}ds_{2}\cdots
\int_{-\infty }^{s_{2n-1}}ds_{2n}\;\cos {(s_{1}^{2}-s_{2}^{2})}\;\cdots
\cos ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Convergence and summation of power towers or Ackermann functions

I deleted this at StackExchange as it seems advanced or not very relevant for there and I want to ask here.
Let z be a complex number, $Im(z)\neq 0$ or $Re(z)<4$, m be a natural number, let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Estimating number of zeros of solutions of linear 2nd order ode

Let $y''+fy=0$ be a second-order linear ode on $y$, where $f(x)>0$, and $I=\left[ a,b \right)$ be an interval. Suppose we want to estimate the number of zeros of a (not identically zero) solution ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### If two functions are equal to their Newton series, is their composition also equal to its Newton series?

Suppose we have two real-valued functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, both equal to their Newton series expansion:
$$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left (0\right)$$
$$g(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### proving quasi convexity of multivariable function

Given
an arbitrary $(N \times N)$ square matrix ${\bf X}$
a positive definite $(M\times M)$ matrix ${\bf T}$
a $(Q\times MN), Q< MN$ matrix ${\bf Z}$ consisting of only 1s and 0s where there is
...

**47**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Is it possible to express $\int\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x+1}}}dx$ in elementary functions?

I asked a question at Math.SE last year and later offered a bounty for it, but it remains unsolved even in the simplest case. So I finally decided to repost this case here:
Is it possible to express ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Existence and smoothness of convolutions of distributions in Sobolev spaces

Let $f\in H^{s_1}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $g\in H^{s_2}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, where $s_1, s_2 \in \mathbb{R}$ and can be positive or negative.
It is easy to show that $f *g$ is defined pointwise when ...