**4**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### uniform one-sided van der Corput inequality

Is the following true (and if yes, where the best proof is written?)?
For any $c>0$ for large enough positive integers $N$ we have $\sum_{k=0}^{N-1} \cos(k^2t)\geqslant -cN$ for all real $t$?
Hm,...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Conditions for convergence to non-isolated fixed points

Consider a dynamical system of the form
$$
\dot{x}=f(x), \quad x\in X,
$$
and assume that the system possesses a set of non-isolated fixed points. Suppose moreover that there exists a Lyapunov $V(x)$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### For $f$ a polynomial, does strict convexity of $\log f(e^s)$ imply that the second derviative of $\log f(e^s)$ has no zeros?

Let $f(t)$ be a monic real polynomial such that $f(t) > 0$ for all $t \ge 0$. Suppose that $\log f(e^x)$ is strictly convex on $\mathbb{R}$, i.e.
$f(s^2) \cdot f(t^2) > f(st)^2$
for all $s, t \...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### References for the Sturm oscillation theorem

What is the most general form of the Sturm oscillation theorem?
So far I have only seen cases that treat either unbounded intervals or weighted $L^2$ spaces. I would be especially interested in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### Continuity and divergence

Put
\begin{equation}
F(s) = \sum_{n \geq 1}a_{n}(s),
\end{equation}
where $a_{n}(s) \geq 0$ for all $s \in \mathbb{R}$ and
the series converges for $\text{Re}(s) > 1$.
Suppose that $F(s)$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Imposing boundary conditions and self-similarity on a PDE

This question is an exact duplicate of the question
Imposing boundary conditions AND self-similarity on a PDE
posted by Stan Corey Carter on math.stackexchange.com.
I have a PDE in the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### L1 analog of Bernstein's inequality

Let $p(x)$ be a degree $n$ polynomial over $[-1, 1]$, and let $q(x) = p'(x) \sqrt{1-x^2}$. Is it true that
$$
\|q\|_1 \leq O(n) \|p\|_1
$$
where we define $\|f\|_p := \left(\int_{-1}^1 |f(x)|^pdx\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### some strange sums ramanujan type

i found sum as
$$\sum _{k=0}^{\infty } \frac{e^{k x} \left(-\frac{1}{y}\right)^k}{p-e^{k x}}=\sum _{n=1}^{\infty } \left(\frac{-1+\, _2F_1\left(1,\frac{2 i n \pi -\log \left(-\frac{1}{y}\right)}{x};\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Decay of the Fourier transform of a surface area measure

Let $\mu$ be a surface area measure of a manifold $M\hookrightarrow\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. If $M$ is the unit sphere $S^n$, it's known that surprisingly the Fourier transform of $\mu$ decays: $$|\hat\mu(\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### Can we always extract a proper Hausdorff measurable subset from a Hausdorff measurable set?

I also put this question on MSE here
Let $\Gamma\subset \Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be such that $\mathcal H^{N-1}(\Gamma)<+\infty$ (this also implise that $\Gamma$ is Hausdorff measurable).
Let $\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### The spherical harmonics are the EIGENVECTORS of Beltrami operator [closed]

In the well-known book "THE PRINCETON COMPANION TO MATHEMATICS" page 296, it is indicated that the spherical harmonics are the EIGENVECTORS of the Beltrami operator. In the document Spectral Geometry ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Optimal constant for a Sobolev-type inequality

Let $\overset{\circ}{H^s}(\mathbb T)$, where $s\ge 0$, be the space zero average of $2\pi$-periodic functions $u(x)=\sum_{k\in\mathbb Z}\hat u_k\,\mathrm{e}^{ikx},$ such that
$$
\lvert u\rvert_s = \...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Parametric normalized Fermat curves (Fermat functions)

The normalized Fermat curve is $X^n+Y^n=1$. We have of course infinite possibilities for parametrisation, but the periodicity is a special characteristic here.
E.g. $\cos^2x+\sin^2x=1$ has ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

433 views

### Why sum of three squares of real polynomials is a sum of two squares?

If $f(x),g(x)$ are real polynomials, then $f^2+g^2+1$ is a sum of two squares of polynomials. This easily follows from Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, but is there an argument avoiding it? What are ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### characterization of normality by selection theorem

The Urysohn's extension theorem states that a space $X$ is normal iff every continuous function $f:A \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, with $A$ a closed subset of $X$, can be extended to a continuous function $...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### The “Peano phenomenon” for differential equations

Consider the following statement:
If $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function, for the autonomous equation $$x' = f (x)$$
the "Peano phenomenon" can arise only at those values ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

283 views

### Nonlinear ODE: $y'=(1+axy)/(1+bxy)$

Consider the first order nonlinear ODE problem:
$$
y'(x)=\frac{1+ay(x)x}{1+by(x)x}, \quad x>0
$$
where $a, b>0$ are some constants. I would like to know if these kind of equations were ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

359 views

### An integral identity evaluating the gamma function

While reading a number theory paper I encountered the identity
$$ \int_{- \infty}^{\infty} (1 + x^2)^{ - \frac{z}{2} - 1} dx = \sqrt{\pi} \frac{ \Gamma(\frac{z + 1}{2}) }{\Gamma(\frac{z}{2} + 1)},$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Optimal Kakeya Maximal Bound for Bushes

Let $\{T_{\alpha}\}$ be a collection of $1\times\cdots\times 1\times N$ tubes, where $N\gg 1$, with maximal $1/N$-separated directions, which all are centered at the origin (i.e. they form a bush). In ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Behavior of a Solution of a Nonlinear ODE

In my work, I encountered the following equation:
$$
(a'(x)+1)^2+k^2(x) a^2(x)=1,\;\;k(x)=2 {\mbox{sech}}(x).
$$
I would like to know as much as possible about the solution. More particularly, I would ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

312 views

### Needing proof of convergence for a sequence

Let $\left\{u_i\right\}_{i=1}^\infty$ be a sequence of real vectors (i.e. $u_i\in R^n, i=1,2,... $) and $m$ an integer large enough such that $\sum_{i=1}^m u_i u_i^T$ is a positive definite matrix. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Domain of Laplacian

Let $L$ be an operator on $C^2(\mathbb R)$, defined by
$$L \phi (x) = \int_{|y|<1} (\phi(x+y) - \phi(x) - \phi'(x) \ y)\ \nu(dy), \text{ for all } x\in \mathbb R$$
for a measure $\nu(dy) = |y|^{-2} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### Is there a way to solve this integral equation?

I have ran into the following integral equation as part of my phd research project, trying to enforce a boundary condition of a parabolic pde problem.
For $\xi = (\alpha\theta)^{1/\alpha}$ and for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### diffusion and potentials in several dimensions

In a Lagrangian field theory there are conserved quantities, like total energy. This allows geometric arguments to be made about the behaviour of a system with known potential. (E.g. on asymptotic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Smooth dependence on the initial condition of the integral of an ODE

I am considering an ODE $\dot{x}=f(x)$, with $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $d<\infty$. $f$ is a $C^k$ function and I denote by $\Phi_t x$ be the value of the solution at time $t$.
I assume that my ODE ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

382 views

### Generalizations of the Euler-Maclaurin Summation Formula

I'm using the Euler-Maclaurin formula in a research I'm working on. However brilliant is the elementary proof found here, I need and want to know more about it. Namely
Specifically, I would like to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Is there a matrix that converts the gradient of every possible function to gradient of other function?

I have already asked this question on math.stackexchange.com
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1789476/is-there-a-matrix-that-converts-the-gradient-of-any-function-to-gradient-of-othe
Now I ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Is the exponent $2$ sharp in the Balog-Szemerédi-Gowers Theorem?

The Balog-Szemerédi-Gowers theorem can be stated in the following form: let $A,B$ be subsets of $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ (say) with equal cardinality, such that
$$
\|1_A*1_B\|_2 \ge K^{-1} \|1_A\|_1 \|...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Ramanujan-type sum

Could you show that
$$\sum _{k=0}^{\infty } \frac{k}{e^{\frac{\pi k}{2}}+1}=\frac{7 \pi ^2+6 \left(\psi _{e^{2 \pi }}^{(1)}(1)+\psi _{e^{2 \pi }}^{(1)}\left(1-\frac{i}{2}\right)-\psi _{e^{2 \pi }}^{(...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

### Ramanujan sum type

I try to show
$$\sum _{k=1}^{\infty } \frac{e^{-2 k} k}{e^{-2 k}+1}=\frac{\pi ^2}{48}-\frac{\pi ^2-6 \left(\psi _{e^{\frac{\pi ^2}{2}}}^{(1)}(1)+\psi _{e^{\frac{\pi ^2}{2}}}^{(1)}\left(\frac{-2 i+\pi }...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Dirichlet series decomposition of arbitrary function

Originally asked on MSE here: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1780149/52694
Analytic functions can be decomposed into a Taylor series, and furthermore the Taylor series converges back to the original ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### History of Cauchy-Euler Equations

As I teach a class in ODE, and following this post and Rota's paper, I wandered what is the history of the research of -
$\sum\limits_{k=0}^n a_k x^k y^{(k)}(x) = g(x),\quad \forall k=0,\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Algorithm for definite integral of rational functions of x and exp(-x)

I'd like to find the class of functions that may appear as definite integrals of a rational function of $x$ and $\exp(-x)$ from $0$ to $\infty$. For that I imagine there might be an algorithm to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Factoring Bessel functions into an amplitude and a phase

Take some $\nu>0$. Let $J_\nu(x)$ be the Bessel function of the first kind. Let's restrict its domain to $\mathbb R^+$. Is it possible to find a pair of functions $A_\nu(x), \phi_\nu(x):\mathbb R^+\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### $C^{k,\alpha}$ diffeomorphisms and vector fields

This feels like something I should know, but I have a hard time finding a definite reference.
Let $M$ be a compact (Riemannian) manifold, $k\ge 1$ be an integer and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. When v is a $C^k$...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Question on Littlewood-Paley trichotomy

In proving the product estimate, we need the Littlewood-Paley trichotomy. See http://www.math.ucla.edu/~tao/254a.1.01w/notes3.ps.
In the decomposition
$$P_k (fg)=\sum_{k',k''\in Z} P_k (P_{k'} f P_{k'...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

60 views

### Functions with scalar times orthogonal Jacobian [duplicate]

I am interested in understanding functions $f:\mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d $ whose Jacobian at every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$ is a scalar times an orthogonal matrix.
I've seen a similar ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Branches of the tetration function

Letting $\eta = e^{1/e}$ where $e$ is Euler's constant, there exists a function $F(z)=\, ^z \eta$ with the following relevant properties. (I won't bother showing the existence of this function, or the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Rotation invariance of an integral

Consider the integral depending on 2 parameters
$$f(\tau,x):=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{dp}{\sqrt{p^2+1}}e^{-\sqrt{p^2+1}\tau+ipx},$$
where $\tau >0,x\in \mathbb{R}$. This integral absolutely ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Nice way to express $H^{-1}(\mathbb{S}^1)$

I am looking for a good way to write down what $H^{-1}(\mathbb{S}^1)$ is. What do I mean by this: Well, certainly one can define this space via charts that map from the sphere into $\mathbb{R}^2$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Modified Jacobi’s theta function

Be $t\in\mathbb{R}_0^+$.
Jacobi’s theta function is $$\Theta(t):=\sum\limits_{k=-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{-\pi k^2 t}$$ with $$\Theta(\frac{1}{t})=\sqrt{t}\Theta(t)$$
Therefore $$\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### convergence of ODE [closed]

I have 2 coupled linear ODEs. I used Mathematica to solve for analytical solution. But the analytical solution looks too complicated. I only need to derive some monotonicity property of the solution. ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

241 views

### Nonzero solutions of an infinite product

Let $-\frac{1}{2}\le a \le\frac{1}{2}$ and $b\in[0,\infty)$.
Definitions: $$f_k(a;b):=\frac{(2k+\frac{1}{2}+a)^2+b}{(2k+\frac{1}{2}-a)^2+b}(\frac{k}{k+1})^{2a},$$
$$f(a;b):=\prod\limits_{k=1}^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

90 views

### Analytic continuation of a specific integral with respect to a parameter

The following integral absolutely converges for $Re(z)<0$ and is analytic in this domain:
$$F(z):=\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin r}{r}e^{\sqrt{r^2+m^2}z}dr ,$$
where $m>0$ is fixed.
Question. To ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

153 views

### What are the best known bounds on the Hermite polynomials?

The best I could find on the net is this paper,
http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0401310.pdf
Has this been improved?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Harmonic functions in tempered distribution sense

Suppose $g$ is a metric on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $\Omega \subset\subset \mathbb{R}^3$. We assume that $g$ is euclidean outside $\Omega$.
My question concerns solutions to $\triangle_g u =0$ that are say ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Uniqueness and Properties of Nonlinear 2nd Order ODE with Asymptotically Constant Coefficients

I have the following differential equation:
$$ V(z) = e^z [1-\varphi(\gamma)]+(\gamma-g)V'(z)+\frac{1}{2}\kappa^2 V''(z)$$ with
$$ e^z \varphi'(\gamma) = V'(z)$$ where $\varphi(\cdot)$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### 1D inhomogeneous linear Schrodinger equation

I have the following problem:
$iu_t - u_{xx} = f$ on the interval $[0,L]$ with $u(0,t)=u(L,t)=0$ and $u(x,0)=0$. I can show that $\|u\|_{L^2(x,t)}$ (space-time) is controlled by the norm $\|f\|_{L^2(...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### A question about Carleman linearization

Carleman linearization is a technique used to embed a finite dimensional system of analytic ordinary differential equations into an infinite system of linear differential equations:¹⁻²
Let $f$ be ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

416 views

### How do the roots of a polynomial change when another polynomial is added?

I need to obtain an analytical solution to an equation of the following form:
$$
(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)=d(x-e)(x-f),
$$
where $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$, and $f$ are known numbers and $x$ is the variable.
Of ...