# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### Limiting Ratio of Solutions to Ordinary Differential Equations

I'm trying to find the limit of the ratio of two functions
$ \lim_{t \rightarrow \infty} \frac{f(t)}{g(t)} $ but only have the initial conditions and the differential equations they solve, but the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### Upper bound a function

The problem is of finding the maximum of the following function (in terms of i)
$\ f_i = \frac{(2m-i) \cdot i}{2 b} \ln(b) - \tfrac{1}{2} i \ln(i) +O(i) $
providing $\ 0<b \leq m, 0<i \leq m ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

139 views

+50

### Killing vector fields on sphere and nodal sets

Let $u$ be a smooth function on $S^2$ such that $\int_{S^2} ux_j =0$, for $j=1,2,3$. Does there exist a killing vector field $V$ on $S^2$ such that the nodal line of $\varphi=V(u)$ ($\{x\in S^2: ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Shifting a function with non-simple root creates complex roots [closed]

Hello friendly people,
I have seen a vague statement in an article that i couldn't prove: that if a function has a root with multiplicity greater than 1, by shifting the function (adding a small ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

13 views

### Comparing Calculation Error in Divergent Numerical Methods

I'm not an expert in numerical methods, but I'm doing a simulation based on non-linear differential equations (General Relativity), there solutions has singularities, thus at some points numerical ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

265 views

+50

### What is the Fourier transform of this function?

Consider the function
$$
f(x_1,x_2)=|x_1x_2|^{-\alpha/2}\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{e^{it(x_1+u)}-1}{i(x_1+u)} \frac{e^{it(x_2-u)}-1}{i(x_2-u)} |u|^{-\beta}du.
$$
It is known that $f(x_1,x_2)\in ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

391 views

### Surjectivity of curl

Let: $\mathbb R^3\ni x\mapsto v(x)\in\mathbb R^3$ be a vector field with null divergence belonging to the Schwartz class such that
$$
\int_{\mathbb R^3} v(x) dx=0.
$$
Is it true that there exists a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Integration of $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\cos x}{a^2+x^2}dx$ [migrated]

I'm trying to find the integral
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\cos x}{a^2+x^2}dx$$
Wolfram alpha says this is $$\frac{\pi\exp(-a)}{a}$$ But how do you get this result?
I tried using partial ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Elementary Proof of the Uniqueness of Smooth Structures on R

Is there any 'elementary' proof of the uniqueness of smooth structures on $\mathbb{R}$? By elementary, I mean that the proof does not use any sophisticated topological machinery. In particular, I'm ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Alternative definition of the Lagrange Inversion formula

While reading this paper, the author provides an alternative definition of the Lagrange inversion formula. Call me crazy, but my intuition tells me that there's something wrong with his derivation. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Unit eigenvalue of the linearized Poincare return map

Consider a surface $S$ and a vector field on the surface which has a closed orbit. The vector field on both sides of the closed orbit spirals towards it, which gives us that the linearized Poincare ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Derivative of Wronskian

In the proof of Theorem 2 in this paper here on arxiv on page 10 for $k=2$ it is claimed that if the Wronskian of two solutions $y_1,y_2$ to the differential equation
$$-y''_i(x) + q(x) y_i(x) = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Survey paper on isoperimetry

I am searching for a comprehensive survey article (or more different articles) on the subject of isoperimetric problems from ancient Greece to modern mathematical physics. Could you point out some ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Complete solution set of a Convolutional Equation?

Here is a problem that am I stuck and I appreciate any help. In essence, I am trying to show that the only solutions for the described problem are the ones provided below. Best..
Setup: In what ...

**-9**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Do the mathematicians really know the exact values of what usually called “indeterminate forms”? [closed]

First of all I would point out that exact value of a function and the limit of the function in that point do not necessarily coincide. For instance, it is often assumed that $0^0=1$ even though the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

71 views

### Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP:
$x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$.
Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$.
In order for the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

22 views

### Taking the potential of a super additive measure

In recent research of my coauthors and me, it has become necessary to consider the Riesz potential of a superadditive measure.
Recall that the $s$-dimensional Riesz potential of a finite Borel ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### How to find a invariant surface of a diffeomorphism

Recently, I read a paper about discrete Schrödinger operator. There is a map related to trace map from $C^3$ to $C^3$ as follows:
$$T(x,y,z)=(y,z,yz-x).$$
We can calculated that $T$ has the folliwng ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Estimate bounds on Minkowski distance from point to a segment in Lp space

Assumptions
Let
$L_p(x,y)=(\sum_i|x_i - y_i|^p)^{1/p}$ (Minkowski metric),
$a,b$ be arbitrary $n$-dimensional points,
$c$ be a point that satisfies $L_p(a,b) = L_p(a,c) + L_p(c,b)$, i.e., a point ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### PDEs on torus $\mathbb T$

(Hope this question is o.k. for MO)
I have been learning PDE(non linear dispersive equations) techniques, mainly using harmonic analysis(kind of Strichartz estimates, estimates for unimodular ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Notion of solution of pde

Let's consider the following Schrodinger equation
$$iu_t+\Delta u+F(u)=0$$
in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In Cazenave's book, "Semilinear Schrodinger equation", he defines $H^1$-weak solution as $u\in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Does this function have any exponential growth?

Has anyone seen any function of the following type?
$$
g(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}\exp\left(-\frac{a^n}{x}\right),\quad a>1,x\ge 0.
$$
The question is whether for some constant ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Asymptotic analysis of a sum of complex summands using integral

I'm trying to find the exact asymptotics of a sum:
$$A = \sum^n_{i=0} \begin{pmatrix} 2n \\ i \end{pmatrix} x^{i} y^{2n-i} $$
as $n\rightarrow\infty$. Here $x,y$ are complex numbers, $|x|\leq1, ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

50 views

### Systems of ODEs that fulfill a matrix relationship at steady state [closed]

It is well known that for a system of linear ODE $$x'(t) = A(t) \cdot x(t) + b(t)$$
with initial condition $x(t_0) = x_0$, that for a solution at any other time point $t_1$, $x(t_1) = (z_1, \ldots, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Relationship between Laplacian and Hessian on compact Lie groups

If $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is smooth and compactly supported, one has
$$\int |\Delta f(\mathbf{x})|^2\,d\mathbf{x} = \int \| Hf(\mathbf{x}) \|_F^2\,d\mathbf{x}\,,$$
where $\Delta$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### A question about the duality principle

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are finite sets and $K:X\times Y\to \mathbb R$ is some function. We get an integral transform from the space of real functions on $X$ to real functions on $Y$ given by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

42 views

### Condition Number and CFL Condition in Finite difference Methods

when applying a Finite Difference scheme for an IVP, two factors come to mind when considering stability:
One factor would be the condition number of the approximation operator. The other factor ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### Is there a unique solution? [closed]

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a given continuous function and $t_0\in (a,b)$ a fixed point. Is it true that the following problem has a unique continuous solution ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

131 views

### Another type of derivative, and the associated primitive

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous function, such that $||\mathbf{v}(t)||=1,\ \forall t\in (a,b)$. Find all continuous functions $\mathbf{r}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ so that:
$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### Composition of Lossless Systems from Delay and Mixing regarding junction admittance

Given $m_1, \dots m_N \in \mathbb{N}$ and matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{C}^{N\times N}$.
Let us define a diagonal matrix $\mathbf{D}(z) = diag(z^{-m_1}, \dots, z^{-m_N})$ with $z\in\mathbb{C}$. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Computing certain integrals over high-dimensional polyhedra

Let $\delta>0$ be a small real number and consider the $k$-dimensional region consisting of points for which
$$\delta\leq x_1\leq x_2\leq\ldots \leq x_k$$
and
$$x_1+\ldots+x_k\leq 1.$$
I am ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### Is this infinite series related to some well-known special functions?

Please allow me to resort once again to the expertise of the MathOverflow community :
During research I encoutered the following infinite series :
$$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{+\infty} ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### How to solve a couple of ODEs

Let $\phi_+ (\phi_-)$ be a strictly increasing (decreasing) function defined on $R_+$ such that $\phi_+(\phi_-)\in\mathcal{C}^0(R_+)\cap\mathcal{C}^1(R_+^{\ast})$ and $\phi_+(0)=0(\phi_-(0)=0)$. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

246 views

### Regularity of random Fourier series

The following two statements appear to be true (but do correct me if I am wrong):
The coefficients of a $C^k$ function on the torus $T^n$ decay at least as fast as $x^{-k}$ (where $x$ is some norm ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

179 views

### Estimating a sum [closed]

Good morning everyone,
I would like to make a question about estimating a sum.
Consider the following sum
$$S_n:=\sum_{k=0}^{n-1} \frac{k^2}{(n-k)^2 (n+k)^2} $$
It is easy to see that this sum is ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

460 views

### Bound on sum of complex summands involving binomial coefficients

I am trying to find the asymptotic behavior of the sum:
$$ \sum^n_{i=0} \begin{pmatrix} 2n \\ i \end{pmatrix} x^i y^{2n-i}$$
as $n\rightarrow\infty$. Here $x$, $y$ are complex numbers and I have ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Estimate on sum of $J_n^4$

If $J_n(x)$ is the Bessel function of order $n$, we know that for all $x$, $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} J_n^2(x)=J_0^2(x)+2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} J_n^2(x)=1.$$
What is known about
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

65 views

### Maximal minimum of Bessel functions

This comes from a scattering problem. Consider the usual non singular Bessel functions of the first kind, $J_n(x)$. It is known that their zeros are countable, and all zeros are distinct. My question ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Nonlinear ODE system

Let $\Psi(a) = \frac{a}{2}$ if $a>0$ and $0$ if $a\le 0$.
Now we consider the following coupled system of nonlinear ODEs:
$$\begin{aligned}&\frac{1}{2}\sigma_1^2 u_1''(x) + \mu_1 u_1'(x) + ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds:
If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Integrals involving trigonometric functions and polynomes

Let $P(x)$ be a real polynome. Specify all such $P(x)$ that one of the next integrals converge:
$$
\int_0^{\infty} sin(P(x))dx, \int_0^{\infty} cos(P(x))dx ?
$$
Among special cases are such ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### A proof from Lang's undergraduate analysis

This is from P.580 of Serge Lang's undergraduate analysis (2nd edition).
$\textbf {Proposition 2.3.}$ Let $A$ be an admissible set in $\mathbb R^n$ and assume that its closure $\bar{A}$ is contained ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### A calculus question [closed]

Fix $q>1$. Define the function
$$
f_q(c):=\int_e^\infty \frac{e^{-c r^2}r}{\log(r)^q}d r.
$$
The problem is whether the following is true,
$$
\lim_{c\rightarrow 0} c \log(1/c)^q f_q(c) = C \in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

176 views

### Name for series $\sum f_n x^n / (n! (n+k)!)$

Let $(f_n)_{n\ge0}$ be a real sequence. Then $\sum f_n {x^n \over n!}$ is called the exponential generating function of $(f_n)$.
Let $k\ge0$ be a nonnegative integer. If we add another factorial ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Consistent price index

This question came out of a discussion with a colleague from economics about price indices. Here is MattF's formulation of the question which differs somehow from the original problem.
Let ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Partitions of ${\rm Sym}(\mathbb{N})$ induced by convergent, but not absolutely convergent series

Let $(a_n) \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence such that the series
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges, but does not converge absolutely.
Then there is a partition of the symmetric group ${\rm ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### ODE system has zero as the only solution?

Let $V \subset H$ be a continuous, compact and dense embedding with $V$ and $H$ Hilbert spaces.
Let $\beta_j:[0,T] \to \mathbb{R}$ be functions for each $j$, and let $v_j$ be a basis of $V_0$.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

35 views

### Convergence in distribution and ODE

Assuming we have an ODE $y'_n(x) = f_n(x) y_n(x)$
with $f_n$ be Gauß-densities with mean value 0 and variance $\frac{1}{n}$, then we have that they converge in distribution to a delta peak $δ(x)$. ...