**39**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What is the current status of the Kaplansky zero-divisor conjecture for group rings?

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ a group. The so called zero-divisor conjecture for group rings asserts that the group ring $K[G]$ is a domain if and only if $G$ is a torsion-free group.
A couple of good ...

**24**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Finite-dimensional subalgebras of $C^\star$-algebras

Let $A$ be a unital $C^\star$-algebra and let $a_1,\dots,a_n$ be a finite list of normal elements in $A$ which (together with their adjoints) generate a norm-dense $\star$-subalgebra $B \subset A$. ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

592 views

### Can nuclearity be determined by tensoring with a single C*-algebra?

A C*-algebra is nuclear if the algebraic tensor product $A\odot B$ ($B$ is any other C*-algebra) admits a unique C*-norm. This definition requires testing the condition for nuclearity with `all' C*-...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does left-invertible imply invertible in full group C*-algebras (discrete case)?

The following question/problem has been bugging me on and off for some time now: so I thought it might be worth broaching here on MO, as a case of "ask the experts".
Let $G$ be a discrete group. ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

972 views

### Separating pure states on the $2\times 2$ matrix algebra

I have an idea for a possible counterexample to the noncommutative Stone-Weierstrass problem. A good answer to the following question would really help.
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the C*-algebra of $2\...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

932 views

### Commutators in the reduced C*-algebra of the free group

Is it known whether any element of trace 0 in the reduced $C^*$-algebra of a non-abelian free group, is a limit of sums of (additive) commutators?

**18**

votes

**2**answers

452 views

### Which groups are the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra

Which groups are the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra?
Does anyone know anything in this direction?

**17**

votes

**0**answers

322 views

### Do quotients of amenable groups C*-algebras satisfy the UCT?

Let G be a discrete amenable group.
General Question: Let $J$ be an ideal of $C^*(G)$, the group C*-algebra of $G.$ Does $C^*(G)/J$ satisfy the universal
coefficient theorem (UCT)?
I am mainly ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Realizing universal C*-algebras as concrete C*-algebras

How do I in general realize a universal C*-algebra generated by some generators and relation as concrete C*-algebras? For example, I know that universal C*-algebra generated by a single unitary is $C(\...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

482 views

### C$^*$-algebras isomorphic after tensoring with $M_n(\mathbb C)$

In 1977, Joan Plastiras gave a striking example of two non $*$-isomorphic C$^*$-algebras $\mathcal A$ and $\mathcal B$ such that $$\mathcal A \otimes M_2(\mathbb C) \simeq \mathcal B\otimes M_2(\...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

375 views

### The Gelfand duality for pro-$C^*$-algebras

The Gelfand duality says that
$$X\to C(X)$$
is a contravariant equivalence between the category of compact Hausdorff spaces and continuous maps and the category of commutative unital $C^*$-algebras ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Reference: Learning noncommutative geometry and C^* algebras

I am starting to study noncommutative geometry and C^* algebras so my question is
Does anyone knows a good reference on this subject?
I would like a basic book with intuitions for definitions and ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

937 views

### Range of completely positive projection

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. Suppose that $P:A \rightarrow A$ is a contractive completely positive projection. Does the range $P(A)$ is completely order isomorphic to a $C^*$-algebra?
In the case where ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### The letters of the word “ART”

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is $...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

529 views

### automorphisms of C*-algebras and partial isometries

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, let $p$ and $q$ be Murray-von Neumann equivalent projections in $A$, i.e. there is a partial isometry $v$ such that $v^*v = p$ and
$vv^* = q$. Suppose $\alpha \in Aut(A)$ ...

**14**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### ubiquity, importance of path algebras

I work in planar algebras and subfactors, where the idea of path algebras on a graph (alternately known as graph algebras, graph planar algebras, etc.) is quite useful. The particular result I'm ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is the group von Neumann algebra construction functorial?

Let $G$ be a group and $CG$ the complex group algebra over the field $C$ of complex number. The group von Neumann algebra $NG$ is the completion of $CG$ wrt weak operator norm in $B(l^2(G))$, the set ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

788 views

### Realisation of the noncommutative torus as a universal $ C^{*} $-algebra

One of the most basic examples in noncommutative geometry is the so-called noncommutative torus, denoted here by $ \mathbb{T}_{\theta} $. As far as I know, there are several equivalent constructions ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

478 views

### Unital $C^{*}$ algebras which all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called "Path connected" if the spectrum of all its elements is a path connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$.
Is the tensor product of two path connected algebra, a path ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

359 views

### $C^*$-algebra generated by those operators that are bounded on every $\ell_p$

Suppose $T: c_{00} \to c_{00}$ is a linear map such that, when regarded as an infinite matrix, there is a uniform bound on the $\ell_1$-norms of its columns, and a uniform bound on the $\ell_1$-norms ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

704 views

### Must we close weakly to apply the spectral theorem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. All C*-subalgebras of $B(H)$ are assumed to be non-degenerate.
The spectral projections of a self-adjoint element $T$ of $B(H)$ lie ...

**13**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Positive but not completely positive?

The only example I know of a positive map which is not completely positive is the transpose map on $M_n(\mathbb{C})$. Of course, one can come up with minor perturbations of this (compose it with, or ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

487 views

### Is the space of *-homomorphisms between two $C^*$-algebras locally path connected

Given the set of *-homomorphisms between two $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$, we may define a metric on it by setting $d(f,g):= \sup_{0<\|a\|\le 1}\|f(a)-g(a)\|$. Could it be true that, for each *-...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

710 views

### Gelfand-Naimark from the category-theoretic point of view

I was thinking about the Gelfand-Naimark theorem asserting the isometric * isomorphism between a commutative C* algebra (with unit) A and the C* algebra of continuous complex-valued functions on its ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### Can non-central projections still commute with all other projections?

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and let $\mathcal{P}(A)$ denote the set of projections in $A$. If $p\in\mathcal{P}(A)$ commutes with everything in $\mathcal{P}(A)$ does it necessarily commute with everything ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Matrices with entries in a $C^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a $C^\ast$-algebra. Consider vector space of matrices of size $n\times n$ whose entries in $\mathcal{A}$. Denote this vector space $M_{n,n}(\mathcal{A})$. We can define involution ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Can a non-commutative C*-algebra be a minimal operator space?

By an operator space structure on a Banach space $X$ I mean a sequence of norms on spaces $M_n \otimes X$ that satisfies Ruan's axioms.
Among such admissible sequences there is always the smallest ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Almost idempotent approximate units in C*-algebras

As in Blackadar's "Operator Algebras" Definition II.4.1.1., call an approximate unit $(a_\lambda)$ in the positive unit ball of a C*-algebra almost idempotent if $a_\lambda a_\gamma=a_\lambda$ ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

560 views

### Properties of orthogonality-preserving c.p. maps between $C^*$-algebras

Suppose that $A,C$ are $C^*$-algebras and $\phi:A \to C$ is a completely positive, orthogonality-preserving linear map.
(Orthogonality preserving means: if $a,b \in A$ satisfy $ab=0$ then $\phi(a)\phi(...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Schwartz kernel theorem for A-linear operators

Let $X,Y \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open subsets. Denote by $C^\infty(X)$ the smooth functions on $X$, let $\mathcal{E}'(Y)$ be its dual space considered as a space of distributions. Let $L(C^\infty(X), ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

951 views

### Universal $C^*$-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations $R_1,...,...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

608 views

### Von Neumann algebra associated to the infinite Cuntz algebra

The Cuntz algebra $\mathcal{O}_{\infty}$ is the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by countably infinitely many isometries $s_i$ satisfying the relations $s_i^*s_j = \delta_{ij}$ (there is no condition ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

651 views

### C*-algebras with bizzarre structure of projections

This is probably well-known to the experts but I could not find any answer neither in my head nor in the literature: Is there a (unital) C*-algebra such that its projections do not form a lattice (...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

715 views

### Does the hyperfinite II_1 factor admit two irreducible representations that are not unitarily equivalent?

Regarding the hyperfinite $II_{1}$ factor $R$ as $C^{*}$-algebra, is it known whether any two irreducible representations of $R$ are unitarily equivalent? If it is known that there exists a pair of ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one.
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

364 views

### applications of C$^*$-algebras in the field of PDEs

I know only a little bit about C$^*$-algebras and I want a to know if you know a nice apllication or the influence of them in the field of partial differential equations (it is better that it is ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### The difference between $l^1(G)$ and the reduced group $C^*$ algebra $C_r^*(G)$

Let $G$ be a group and $l^2(G)$ the Hilbert space on $G$. The complex group algebra $CG$ can be imbedded in $B(l^2(G))$, the set of all bounded linear operators, by left translation. The reduced group ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

877 views

### What is the commutative analogue of a C*-subalgebra?

Using the duality between locally compact Hausdorff spaces and commutative $C^*$-algebras one can write down a vocabulary list translating topological notions regarding a locally compact Hausdorff ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Compact Quantum Groups and the Existence of the Classical Haar Measure

Before I state my question, let me provide the definition of a compact quantum group.
Definition: An ordered pair $ \mathscr{G} = (\mathscr{A},\Phi) $ is called a compact quantum group if
$...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

402 views

### C*-algebras with no nontrivial endomorphisms

Pick a C*-algebra $A$ and call a (*-)endomorphism $\alpha:A\to A$ nontrivial if it is injective and $\alpha(A)\neq A$.
Question: Do there exist infinite dimensional C*-algebras with no nontrivial ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### What does it tell us, if we know a unital C*-algebra has approximately inner (half-)flip?

This is a somewhat vague question, but I think it is not too open-ended and should admit well-circumscribed answers by specialists in operator algebras.$\newcommand{\Cst}{{\rm C}^*}$ It arises from ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Kuiper's theorem via approximation

Kuiper's theorem says that the unitary group $U(H)$ of a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space $H$ is contractible, if it is equipped with the norm topology.
Let's suppose, I do not know this ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Algebraic properties of the algebra of continuous functions on a manifold.

Does the algebra of continuous
functions from a compact manifold to
$\mathbb{C}$ satisfy any specific
algebraic property?
I'm not sure what kind of algebraic property I expect, but I feel that ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

757 views

### If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$.
The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

280 views

### Is this a functor on the category of $C^{*}$ algebras?

The category of $C^{*}$ algebras is denoted by $\mathcal{A}$.
Is there a functor $\mathcal{F}$ on $\mathcal{A}$ which send each object $A\in \mathcal{A}$ to its center $Z(A)$. In the other words, ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

430 views

### Do direct limits (filtered colimits) commute with pullbacks, in C*-algebras?

I asked this question already on math.stackexchange, but maybe it is also useful to ask this here, since it was not answered there.
Suppose we have three directed sequences of $C^*$-algebras, say $(...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Inner and extendible automorphisms of C*-algebras

If an automorphism $\alpha$ of a C*-algebra $A$ is inner then whenever $A$ is a subalgebra of another C*-algebra $B$, $\alpha$ obviously extends to $B$.
Is the converse true: if an automorphism $\...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Commuting nets for commuting projections

I think this should not be too difficult, but I am not an expert. I did not get an answer on stackexchange.
Let $A$ be a $C$*-algebra and let $p,q\in A^{**}$ be two commuting projections. Then there ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### How “nondegenerate” are amalgamated free products of C*-algebras?

In the following, I assume all algebras are unital. Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras that each contain (isomorphic copies of) a common C*-subalgebra $C$. Let $A *_C B$ denote the amalgamated free ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Which W*-algebras are the duals of C*-coalgebras?

A Banach algebra (assumed associative and unital) is precisely a monoid object in the monoidal category of Banach spaces, short linear maps, and the projective tensor product. A Banach coalgebra is ...