**39**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What is the current status of the Kaplansky zero-divisor conjecture for group rings?

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ a group. The so called zero-divisor conjecture for group rings asserts that the group ring $K[G]$ is a domain if and only if $G$ is a torsion-free group.
A couple of good ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

922 views

### Universal $C^*$-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...

**12**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Positive but not completely positive?

The only example I know of a positive map which is not completely positive is the transpose map on $M_n(\mathbb{C})$. Of course, one can come up with minor perturbations of this (compose it with, or ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### A question on an argument in Woronowicz’s paper on the compact quantum group $ {\text{SU}_{q}}(2) $

Let $ q \in [0,1) $. The compact quantum group $ {\text{SU}_{q}}(2) $ is defined to be the universal unital $ C^{*} $-algebra that is generated by two elements $ \alpha $ and $ \beta $ satisfying the ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The letters of the word “ART”

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Quantization of $S^2$ as $C^*$-algebra?

The general context for the question - is belief that quantization of compact symplectic manifolds can be endowed with the structure of $C^*$-algebra (see MO230695).
The particular question is about ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

385 views

### Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

134 views

### Determining the primitive ideal space of C-star algebras

Is there a general way of finding a primitive ideal space of $C^*$-algebra?
For example, if $C^*$-algebra is given by the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by two self-adjoint unitary elements, how ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Reference: Learning noncommutative geometry and C^* algebras

I am starting to study noncommutative geometry and C^* algebras so my question is
Does anyone knows a good reference on this subject?
I would like a basic book with intuitions for definitions and ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Does left-invertible imply invertible in full group C*-algebras (discrete case)?

The following question/problem has been bugging me on and off for some time now: so I thought it might be worth broaching here on MO, as a case of "ask the experts".
Let $G$ be a discrete group. ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is the group von Neumann algebra construction functorial?

Let $G$ be a group and $CG$ the complex group algebra over the field $C$ of complex number. The group von Neumann algebra $NG$ is the completion of $CG$ wrt weak operator norm in $B(l^2(G))$, the set ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

585 views

### Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one.
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### The Gelfand duality for pro-$C^*$-algebras

The Gelfand duality says that
$$X\to C(X)$$
is a contravariant equivalence between the category of compact Hausdorff spaces and continuous maps and the category of commutative unital $C^*$-algebras ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

451 views

### Trace Class Functions on locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact subgroup, $\mu$ a Haar-measure.
For $f \in L^1(G)$, and for $\pi$ a unitary, topology irreducible, representation of $G$ on
an Hilbert space $H_\pi$, it is customary to ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Do subalgebras of C(X) admit a description in terms of the compact Hausdorff space X?

In light of the well-known theorem of Gelfand that, bluntly put, ends up saying that unital abelian C*-algebras are the 'same' as compact Hausdorff topological spaces, I tried to compile a dictionary ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The functoriality of group C* algebra structure

Let $G$ and $H$ be discrete groups and $f:G \rightarrow H$ be any homomorphism of these groups. I have three questions about it:
1) How to prove the functoriality of the construction of universal ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

471 views

### C$^*$-algebras isomorphic after tensoring with $M_n(\mathbb C)$

In 1977, Joan Plastiras gave a striking example of two non $*$-isomorphic C$^*$-algebras $\mathcal A$ and $\mathcal B$ such that $$\mathcal A \otimes M_2(\mathbb C) \simeq \mathcal B\otimes ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

922 views

### Range of completely positive projection

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. Suppose that $P:A \rightarrow A$ is a contractive completely positive projection. Does the range $P(A)$ is completely order isomorphic to a $C^*$-algebra?
In the case where ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Almost idempotent approximate units in C*-algebras

As in Blackadar's "Operator Algebras" Definition II.4.1.1., call an approximate unit $(a_\lambda)$ in the positive unit ball of a C*-algebra almost idempotent if $a_\lambda a_\gamma=a_\lambda$ ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

552 views

### Properties of orthogonality-preserving c.p. maps between $C^*$-algebras

Suppose that $A,C$ are $C^*$-algebras and $\phi:A \to C$ is a completely positive, orthogonality-preserving linear map.
(Orthogonality preserving means: if $a,b \in A$ satisfy $ab=0$ then ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### Proving a certain $ C^{*} $-algebraic inequality

Let $ A $ be a non-unital $ C^{*} $-algebra. Is there an ‘elementary’ way to prove, for all $ (a,\lambda) \in A \times \mathbb{C} $, the inequality
$$
|\lambda| \leq \sup_{b \in A, ~ \| b \| \leq 1} ...

**5**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Spectra of $C^*$ algebras

Gelfand-Naimark structure theorem for $C^* $ algebras gives a canonical isometric * isomorphism between any commutative unital $C^* $ algebra $A$ and the algebra of continuous complex-valued functions ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

333 views

### unitization-process of unital- and non-unital $C^*$-algebras

I have a small question about unitization of (unital) $C^*$-algebras. I first asked on math.stackexchange because it is basic theory, but I still have no suitable answer, the link ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

644 views

### C*-algebras with bizzarre structure of projections

This is probably well-known to the experts but I could not find any answer neither in my head nor in the literature: Is there a (unital) C*-algebra such that its projections do not form a lattice ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Existence/characterization/properties of $C^*$-algebras which “are” quantization of compact symplectic manifolds?

Understanding of "quantization" achieved much progress recent years, especially after Kontsevich breakthrough on deformation quantization, where he proved one-to-one correspondence between Poisson ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### The monotone closure of a $C^*$-algebra

Related to Jon's question, I have two questions. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a concrete $C^*$-algebra on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. For any selfadjoint subset $S$ of $\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$, let $S^m$ ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Commuting nets for commuting projections

I think this should not be too difficult, but I am not an expert. I did not get an answer on stackexchange.
Let $A$ be a $C$*-algebra and let $p,q\in A^{**}$ be two commuting projections. Then there ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### A Question About the Elliott-Natsume-Nest Proof of Bott Periodicity

In Wegge-Olsen’s book K-Theory and C$ ^{*} $-Algebras, there is an outline of a proof of Bott Periodicity (the proof is due to George Elliott, Toshikazu Natsume and Ryszard Nest). The first step of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### A topological space extracting from a group action

Let $G$ be a compact abelian topological group with invariant measure $\mu$ which acts on a compact Hausdorff space $X$. A $G$-odd function is a continuous function $f:X\to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

662 views

### Centralizers in C*-algebra

Let $a,b\in A$ be self-adjoint elements in $C^*$-algebra $A$ with equal centralizers, $\{x\in A; [a,x]=0\}=\{x\in A; [b,x]=0\}$. Can we say anything about the correspondence between $a$ and $b$?
For ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

480 views

### Is the space of *-homomorphisms between two $C^*$-algebras locally path connected

Given the set of *-homomorphisms between two $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$, we may define a metric on it by setting $d(f,g):= \sup_{0<\|a\|\le 1}\|f(a)-g(a)\|$. Could it be true that, for each ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Who first identified the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by an idempotent of norm at most $C$?

So much is known about hermitian and non-hermitian idempotents in a $C^*$-algebra, that someone must have written down the following.
Theorem The universal $C^*$-algebra generated by one element ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### $Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators.
Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way.
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### The closure of all periodic homeomorphisms of circle

Let $X$ be the space of all continuous maps from $S^{1}$ to $S^{1}$. $X$ is equipped with $C^{0}$ topology. Let $Y\subset X$ be the union of all finite order homeomorphisms i.e: all ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### A question on $Z^{*}$ algebras

A $Z^{*}$ algebra is a $C^{*}$ algebra which satisfies each of the following equivalent conditions:
All elements of $A$ are left zero divisor.
All elements are right zero divisor.
All elements ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Extending Akemann's Non-Commutative Urysohn Lemma

Assume $A$ is a C*-algebra and $p,q\in A^{**}$ are compact projections.
Can we always find $a,b\in A^1_+$ with $p\leq a$, $q\leq b$ and $||pq||=||ab||$?
Note if $||pq||=1$ this is immediate, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Closed containment of open projections in C*-algebras

For a C*-algebra $A$ and open projections $p,q\in A^{**}$, consider the following statements.
$\overline{p}\leq q$
$p\leq q$ and there exists open $r\in A^{**}$ with $rp=0$ and $r\vee q=1$
$p\leq q$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Finite codimensional subvector space of $C^{*}$ algebras which contains no invertible elements

Assume that $A$ is a unital $C^{*}$ algebra. Is there a subvector space $Y\subset A$ of finite codimension which does not contain any invertible element?
Let $n(A)$ be the infimum of such ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Simple $Z^{*}$ algebra

What is an example of a simple $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are (two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### $R$ is a right multiplier and $R(a)b=a\overset{?}{\implies} A$ is unital

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, and $R:A\to A$ its right multilplier. Is it true that
$$
\exists b\in A\quad \forall a\in A \quad R(a)b=a\qquad
$$
implies $A$ is unital. I know this is true if A is a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

163 views

### A functor on the category of rings, algebras or compact Hausdorff topological space

Assume that $R$ is a unital ring or a complex or real (Banach or $C^{*}$) algebra.
We define a relation $M$ on $R$ as follows: $$a\;M b \;\;\; \text{iff}\;\; a=xy,\;b=yx \;\; \text{for ...