A C*-algebra is a complex Banach algebra together with an isometric antilinear involution satisfying (a b)* = b* a* and the C*-identity ‖a* a‖ = ‖a‖². Related tags: [tag:banach-algebras], [tag:von-neumann-algebras], [tag:operator-algebras], [tag:spectral-theory].

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39
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What is the current status of the Kaplansky zero-divisor conjecture for group rings?

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ a group. The so called zero-divisor conjecture for group rings asserts that the group ring $K[G]$ is a domain if and only if $G$ is a torsion-free group. A couple of good ...
11
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3answers
922 views

Universal $C^*$-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...
12
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7answers
2k views

Positive but not completely positive?

The only example I know of a positive map which is not completely positive is the transpose map on $M_n(\mathbb{C})$. Of course, one can come up with minor perturbations of this (compose it with, or ...
4
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1answer
313 views

A question on an argument in Woronowicz’s paper on the compact quantum group $ {\text{SU}_{q}}(2) $

Let $ q \in [0,1) $. The compact quantum group $ {\text{SU}_{q}}(2) $ is defined to be the universal unital $ C^{*} $-algebra that is generated by two elements $ \alpha $ and $ \beta $ satisfying the ...
16
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2answers
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The letters of the word “ART”

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Quantization of $S^2$ as $C^*$-algebra?

The general context for the question - is belief that quantization of compact symplectic manifolds can be endowed with the structure of $C^*$-algebra (see MO230695). The particular question is about ...
3
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1answer
385 views

Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
1
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0answers
134 views

Determining the primitive ideal space of C-star algebras

Is there a general way of finding a primitive ideal space of $C^*$-algebra? For example, if $C^*$-algebra is given by the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by two self-adjoint unitary elements, how ...
14
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4answers
3k views

Reference: Learning noncommutative geometry and C^* algebras

I am starting to study noncommutative geometry and C^* algebras so my question is Does anyone knows a good reference on this subject? I would like a basic book with intuitions for definitions and ...
20
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2answers
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Does left-invertible imply invertible in full group C*-algebras (discrete case)?

The following question/problem has been bugging me on and off for some time now: so I thought it might be worth broaching here on MO, as a case of "ask the experts". Let $G$ be a discrete group. ...
14
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3answers
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Is the group von Neumann algebra construction functorial?

Let $G$ be a group and $CG$ the complex group algebra over the field $C$ of complex number. The group von Neumann algebra $NG$ is the completion of $CG$ wrt weak operator norm in $B(l^2(G))$, the set ...
11
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1answer
585 views

Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...
16
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1answer
372 views

The Gelfand duality for pro-$C^*$-algebras

The Gelfand duality says that $$X\to C(X)$$ is a contravariant equivalence between the category of compact Hausdorff spaces and continuous maps and the category of commutative unital $C^*$-algebras ...
8
votes
1answer
451 views

Trace Class Functions on locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact subgroup, $\mu$ a Haar-measure. For $f \in L^1(G)$, and for $\pi$ a unitary, topology irreducible, representation of $G$ on an Hilbert space $H_\pi$, it is customary to ...
8
votes
5answers
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Do subalgebras of C(X) admit a description in terms of the compact Hausdorff space X?

In light of the well-known theorem of Gelfand that, bluntly put, ends up saying that unital abelian C*-algebras are the 'same' as compact Hausdorff topological spaces, I tried to compile a dictionary ...
7
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2answers
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The functoriality of group C* algebra structure

Let $G$ and $H$ be discrete groups and $f:G \rightarrow H$ be any homomorphism of these groups. I have three questions about it: 1) How to prove the functoriality of the construction of universal ...
16
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2answers
471 views

C$^*$-algebras isomorphic after tensoring with $M_n(\mathbb C)$

In 1977, Joan Plastiras gave a striking example of two non $*$-isomorphic C$^*$-algebras $\mathcal A$ and $\mathcal B$ such that $$\mathcal A \otimes M_2(\mathbb C) \simeq \mathcal B\otimes ...
15
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2answers
922 views

Range of completely positive projection

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. Suppose that $P:A \rightarrow A$ is a contractive completely positive projection. Does the range $P(A)$ is completely order isomorphic to a $C^*$-algebra? In the case where ...
12
votes
1answer
257 views

Almost idempotent approximate units in C*-algebras

As in Blackadar's "Operator Algebras" Definition II.4.1.1., call an approximate unit $(a_\lambda)$ in the positive unit ball of a C*-algebra almost idempotent if $a_\lambda a_\gamma=a_\lambda$ ...
12
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0answers
552 views

Properties of orthogonality-preserving c.p. maps between $C^*$-algebras

Suppose that $A,C$ are $C^*$-algebras and $\phi:A \to C$ is a completely positive, orthogonality-preserving linear map. (Orthogonality preserving means: if $a,b \in A$ satisfy $ab=0$ then ...
7
votes
1answer
241 views

Proving a certain $ C^{*} $-algebraic inequality

Let $ A $ be a non-unital $ C^{*} $-algebra. Is there an ‘elementary’ way to prove, for all $ (a,\lambda) \in A \times \mathbb{C} $, the inequality $$ |\lambda| \leq \sup_{b \in A, ~ \| b \| \leq 1} ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

Spectra of $C^*$ algebras

Gelfand-Naimark structure theorem for $C^* $ algebras gives a canonical isometric * isomorphism between any commutative unital $C^* $ algebra $A$ and the algebra of continuous complex-valued functions ...
4
votes
4answers
333 views

unitization-process of unital- and non-unital $C^*$-algebras

I have a small question about unitization of (unital) $C^*$-algebras. I first asked on math.stackexchange because it is basic theory, but I still have no suitable answer, the link ...
11
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2answers
644 views

C*-algebras with bizzarre structure of projections

This is probably well-known to the experts but I could not find any answer neither in my head nor in the literature: Is there a (unital) C*-algebra such that its projections do not form a lattice ...
8
votes
0answers
122 views

Existence/characterization/properties of $C^*$-algebras which “are” quantization of compact symplectic manifolds?

Understanding of "quantization" achieved much progress recent years, especially after Kontsevich breakthrough on deformation quantization, where he proved one-to-one correspondence between Poisson ...
6
votes
2answers
579 views

The monotone closure of a $C^*$-algebra

Related to Jon's question, I have two questions. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a concrete $C^*$-algebra on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. For any selfadjoint subset $S$ of $\mathbb{B}(\mathcal{H})$, let $S^m$ ...
10
votes
1answer
281 views

Commuting nets for commuting projections

I think this should not be too difficult, but I am not an expert. I did not get an answer on stackexchange. Let $A$ be a $C$*-algebra and let $p,q\in A^{**}$ be two commuting projections. Then there ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

A Question About the Elliott-Natsume-Nest Proof of Bott Periodicity

In Wegge-Olsen’s book K-Theory and C$ ^{*} $-Algebras, there is an outline of a proof of Bott Periodicity (the proof is due to George Elliott, Toshikazu Natsume and Ryszard Nest). The first step of ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

A topological space extracting from a group action

Let $G$ be a compact abelian topological group with invariant measure $\mu$ which acts on a compact Hausdorff space $X$. A $G$-odd function is a continuous function $f:X\to ...
2
votes
1answer
662 views

Centralizers in C*-algebra

Let $a,b\in A$ be self-adjoint elements in $C^*$-algebra $A$ with equal centralizers, $\{x\in A; [a,x]=0\}=\{x\in A; [b,x]=0\}$. Can we say anything about the correspondence between $a$ and $b$? For ...
13
votes
3answers
480 views

Is the space of *-homomorphisms between two $C^*$-algebras locally path connected

Given the set of *-homomorphisms between two $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$, we may define a metric on it by setting $d(f,g):= \sup_{0<\|a\|\le 1}\|f(a)-g(a)\|$. Could it be true that, for each ...
7
votes
1answer
291 views

Who first identified the universal $C^*$-algebra generated by an idempotent of norm at most $C$?

So much is known about hermitian and non-hermitian idempotents in a $C^*$-algebra, that someone must have written down the following. Theorem The universal $C^*$-algebra generated by one element ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

$Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators. Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way. ...
4
votes
2answers
269 views

The closure of all periodic homeomorphisms of circle

Let $X$ be the space of all continuous maps from $S^{1}$ to $S^{1}$. $X$ is equipped with $C^{0}$ topology. Let $Y\subset X$ be the union of all finite order homeomorphisms i.e: all ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

A question on $Z^{*}$ algebras

A $Z^{*}$ algebra is a $C^{*}$ algebra which satisfies each of the following equivalent conditions: All elements of $A$ are left zero divisor. All elements are right zero divisor. All elements ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Extending Akemann's Non-Commutative Urysohn Lemma

Assume $A$ is a C*-algebra and $p,q\in A^{**}$ are compact projections. Can we always find $a,b\in A^1_+$ with $p\leq a$, $q\leq b$ and $||pq||=||ab||$? Note if $||pq||=1$ this is immediate, ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Closed containment of open projections in C*-algebras

For a C*-algebra $A$ and open projections $p,q\in A^{**}$, consider the following statements. $\overline{p}\leq q$ $p\leq q$ and there exists open $r\in A^{**}$ with $rp=0$ and $r\vee q=1$ $p\leq q$ ...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

Finite codimensional subvector space of $C^{*}$ algebras which contains no invertible elements

Assume that $A$ is a unital $C^{*}$ algebra. Is there a subvector space $Y\subset A$ of finite codimension which does not contain any invertible element? Let $n(A)$ be the infimum of such ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Simple $Z^{*}$ algebra

What is an example of a simple $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are (two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor?
2
votes
1answer
197 views

$R$ is a right multiplier and $R(a)b=a\overset{?}{\implies} A$ is unital

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, and $R:A\to A$ its right multilplier. Is it true that $$ \exists b\in A\quad \forall a\in A \quad R(a)b=a\qquad $$ implies $A$ is unital. I know this is true if A is a ...
1
vote
0answers
163 views

A functor on the category of rings, algebras or compact Hausdorff topological space

Assume that $R$ is a unital ring or a complex or real (Banach or $C^{*}$) algebra. We define a relation $M$ on $R$ as follows: $$a\;M b \;\;\; \text{iff}\;\; a=xy,\;b=yx \;\; \text{for ...