**4**

votes

**4**answers

331 views

### unitization-process of unital- and non-unital $C^*$-algebras

I have a small question about unitization of (unital) $C^*$-algebras. I first asked on math.stackexchange because it is basic theory, but I still have no suitable answer, the link ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Primitive ideal space and unitary dual of a [SIN] group - when are they Hausdorff?

Recall that a locally compact group $G$ is said to be
an $[FC]^-$ group, if each conjugacy class in $G$ has a compact closure;
an $[SIN]$ group, if each neighborhood of the identity includes a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### The functional equation $T(x\otimes y)=T(x)\otimes T(y)$ on certain $C^{*}$ algebras

Is there a name for the following property of a $C^{*}$ algebra $A$?
$$A \simeq A \otimes A\;\;\; \text{The spatial tensor product}$$
Example of this situation is $A=C(X)$ where $X$ is the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The functoriality of group C* algebra structure

Let $G$ and $H$ be discrete groups and $f:G \rightarrow H$ be any homomorphism of these groups. I have three questions about it:
1) How to prove the functoriality of the construction of universal ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Lower bound for the $C^*$-unitisation norm?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra without unit. Its unitisation $A^+$ carries the $C^*$-norm
$$\|(a,\lambda)\|_{A^+} = \sup \{\|ax+\lambda x\|_A \;\big|\; \|x\|_A = 1 \},$$
which is the operator norm of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

205 views

### On the second dual of $C[0,1]$

I have two questions on the second dual of $C[0,1]$:
R. D. Mauldin ([1]) proved that: For a given bounded linear functional
$T: C[0,1]^*\to \mathbb{C}$ there is a bounded function $\psi$ defined on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

112 views

### Representations of Calkin algebra

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space and consider the Calkin algebra $C(H)=\frac{B(H)}{K(H)}$.
Q) True or false: Any representation of $C(H)$ is a direct sum of irreducible representations.

**0**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### A point-wise separation Hahn-Banach theorem in C*-algebras

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. We denote $K(H)$ by the space of compact operators on $H$ which is a two sided ideal in $B(H)$.
Let $E$ be a norm closed convex subset of positive operators in $K(H)$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### When does a $C^*$-algebra have no nonzero projection?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $\hat{A}$ its spectrum of $A$,the set of classes of non-zero irreducible representation of $A$ endowed with hull-kernel topology. suppose $\hat{A}$ is a non-compact ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### What does it tell us, if we know a unital C*-algebra has approximately inner (half-)flip?

This is a somewhat vague question, but I think it is not too open-ended and should admit well-circumscribed answers by specialists in operator algebras.$\newcommand{\Cst}{{\rm C}^*}$ It arises from ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Finding the infimum of the range of a certain non-negative function associated to a $ C^{*} $-algebra

Let $ A $ be a non-trivial $ C^{*} $-algebra and $ n \in \mathbb{N} $. Setting $ \mathcal{D} \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} A^{n} \setminus \{ (0_{A},\ldots,0_{A}) \} $, we can define a function $ f: ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Is this a characterization of commutative $C^{*}$ algebras?

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$ algebra with self adjoint elements $A_{sa}$. Assume that for all $a,b\in A$ we have $$ab\in A_{sa} \iff ba \in A_{sa}$$
Is $A$ necessarily a commutative ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### A Question About the Elliott-Natsume-Nest Proof of Bott Periodicity

In Wegge-Olsen’s book K-Theory and C$ ^{*} $-Algebras, there is an outline of a proof of Bott Periodicity (the proof is due to George Elliott, Toshikazu Natsume and Ryszard Nest). The first step of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### $C(X)$ as finitely generated $C^*$-algebra

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff space. Suppose that $C(X)$ (or $C_0(X)$) is a finitely generated $C^*$-algebra. What we can say about $X$ ? For example can we characterize its inductive dimension, axioms of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

115 views

### Uniform Roe algebras and exact groups

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group.
Q: If $l^\infty(\Gamma)\rtimes \Gamma=l^\infty(\Gamma)\rtimes_r \Gamma$ canonically, can we conclude that $\Gamma$ is an exact group?
The converse implication is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### How “nondegenerate” are amalgamated free products of C*-algebras?

In the following, I assume all algebras are unital. Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras that each contain (isomorphic copies of) a common C*-subalgebra $C$. Let $A *_C B$ denote the amalgamated free ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Weakly amenability and exactness for discrete groups

A countable discrete group $\Gamma$ is said to be weakly amenable with Cowling-Haagerup constant 1 if there exists a sequence of finitely supported functions $(\phi_n)$ on $\Gamma$ such that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

162 views

### A functor on the category of rings, algebras or compact Hausdorff topological space

Assume that $R$ is a unital ring or a complex or real (Banach or $C^{*}$) algebra.
We define a relation $M$ on $R$ as follows: $$a\;M b \;\;\; \text{iff}\;\; a=xy,\;b=yx \;\; \text{for ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### The closure of all periodic homeomorphisms of circle

Let $X$ be the space of all continuous maps from $S^{1}$ to $S^{1}$. $X$ is equipped with $C^{0}$ topology. Let $Y\subset X$ be the union of all finite order homeomorphisms i.e: all ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Generators of the $ K_{0} $-group of the non-commutative torus $ A_{\theta} $ with $ \theta \in \mathbb{Q} $ (i.e. rational rotation algebra)

I am studying the non-commutative torus $ A_{\theta} $.
When $ \theta $ is irrational, $ {K_{0}}(A_{\theta}) $ is generated by $ [1] $ and $ [p_{\theta}] $.
(Note: $ p_{\theta} $ is a projection in ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Almost idempotent approximate units in C*-algebras

As in Blackadar's "Operator Algebras" Definition II.4.1.1., call an approximate unit $(a_\lambda)$ in the positive unit ball of a C*-algebra almost idempotent if $a_\lambda a_\gamma=a_\lambda$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Real rank zero of group $C^*$-algebras

The concept of real rank zero of a $C^*$-algebra is introduced as non-commutative analogue of dimension ( topological dimension ). For example, it shown (by Brown-Pedersen) such that, if $X$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

358 views

### Murray–von Neumann equivalence on C$^*$-algebra and von Neumann algebra

Let $H$ be a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space, $M \subset B(H)$ a von Neumann algebra and $A \subset M$ a separable $C^*$-algebra such that $A''=M$.
Let $p,q \in M_{\infty}(A)$ be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### Ideal structure of group $C^*$-agebras [closed]

Let $G$ be a locally compact groups and $C_r^*(G)$ be a reduce group $C^*$-algebra.
$\ Question:$What is the ideal structure of reduce group $C_r^*(G)$?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Quantization of $S^2$ as $C^*$-algebra?

The general context for the question - is belief that quantization of compact symplectic manifolds can be endowed with the structure of $C^*$-algebra (see MO230695).
The particular question is about ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Existence/characterization/properties of $C^*$-algebras which “are” quantization of compact symplectic manifolds?

Understanding of "quantization" achieved much progress recent years, especially after Kontsevich breakthrough on deformation quantization, where he proved one-to-one correspondence between Poisson ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### The weak-star closure of closed left ideals corresponding to pure states

I asked this question at math.stackexchange and received no comment.
Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and $\phi$ be a positive linear functional on $A$. Let $\tilde{\phi}$ be its unique $w^*$-continuous ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

119 views

### When the reduced $C^*$-algebra of $\Gamma$ admits character then $\Gamma$ is amenable [closed]

Suppose that $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ admits some character (homomorphism into $\mathbb{C}$)-here $\Gamma$ is discrete group and $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ is the closure of the image of the group ring $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

67 views

### $V(A)$ semi group of equivalent projections in $M_∞(A)$ cancelative?

I found in the book of Murphy, C*- Algebras and Operator Theory, the Theorem 7.1.2 :
Let A be an unital C* algebra, the semi group $V(A)$ of equivalent projections (under Murray Von
Neumann ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Can approximately periodic functions be perturbed to periodic functions on a locally compact group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $H\subset G$ a closed and cocompact subgroup. I wish to consider bounded continuous functions from $G$ to $\mathbb{C}$ that are periodic in the following strong ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Is the module action $M\times M^*\to M^*$ jointly continuous?

Let $M$ be a W*-algebra and consider the following map:
$$\gamma: M\times M^*\to M^*: (a,f)\to af$$
where $af(b)=f(ba)$. Let us consider $M$ under the weak topology $\sigma(M,M^*)$ and $M^*$ under ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Number of connected components of a $C^{*}$ algebra

Inspired by the concept in the following post
What are these compact sets called?
We introduce the following concept:
Let $A$ be a unital $C^{*}$ algebra. We consider the unitary equivalent ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Uniqueness of the reduced free product of unital completely positive maps

For $1\leq i\leq n$, let $\psi_i$ be a faithful state on the C$^*$-algebra $A_i$ and $\phi_i$ be a faithful state on the C$^*$-algebra $B_i$. Let $(A,\psi) = *_{i=1}^n (A_i,\psi_i)$ and $(B, \phi) = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### The total variation of a complex measure

Let $\Omega$ be a locally compact and Hausdorff topological space. The Riesz representation theorem says that $C_0(\Omega)^*$ , dual of the commutative C*-algebra $C_0(\Omega)$, is just the space of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

200 views

### Can $C^*$-algebra of continuous functions on $R^n$ ($S^n$) be characterized alternatively?

Dictionary between algebra and geometry is somewhat one of the main concepts in modern mathematics. So commutative $C^*$ algebras are one-to-one with locally compact Hausdorff spaces.
So it is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### References for a lemma about compact operators on a Hilbert module

I am looking for a reference for the following result:
If $A$ and $B$ are C* algebras, $H$ is a right Hilbert $A$-modules, $\phi :A \rightarrow B$ is a morphism, and assume that there is a map $\eta ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Graded structures for simple $C^{*}$ algebras without nontrivial idempotent

Edit(A confession): I just realized that the question is trivial: Since one can easily prove that the convex hull of the spectrum of every nontrivial homogeneous element of a $\mathbb{Z}_{n}$-graded ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Equivalent projections in von Neumann algebras

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra in $B(H)$. Let $p$ and $q$
be projections in $M$. Assume that they are equivalent in $B(H)$, i.e there is a partial isometry $u$ in $B(H)$ with $p=uu^*$ and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### $C^{*}$-correspondences viewed as generalized endomorphisms

I've heard that $C^{*}$-correspondences (over a $C^{*}$-algebra) can be viewed as generalized endomorphisms of the algebra. I would like to understand this, and be pointed towards books or papers ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Sequence of Projections in C*-Algebra

Claim: Let $A$ be a unital C*-Algebra and $q\in A$ a projection. Given a sequence $\left(p_n\right)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\subseteq Ae$ of projections with $p_n\rightarrow q$ for $n\rightarrow \infty$ there ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Representation of a C*-algebra

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. It seems that for given an *-representation $\pi$ of $A$, there is unique central projection $z_{\pi}$ in $A^{**}$ such that $\pi$ is just (unitary equivalent to) $\rho_z$ ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

440 views

### Unital $C^{*}$ algebras which all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called "Path connected" if the spectrum of all its elements is a path connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$.
Is the tensor product of two path connected algebra, a path ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### Do direct limits (filtered colimits) commute with pullbacks, in C*-algebras?

I asked this question already on math.stackexchange, but maybe it is also useful to ask this here, since it was not answered there.
Suppose we have three directed sequences of $C^*$-algebras, say ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

259 views

### When is a groupoid the path groupoid of a graph?

I am actually interested in the $C^*$-algebras, so perhaps my question should be: How can you recognize whether a $C^*$-algebra $A$ is isomorphic to $C^*(\Lambda)$ for some (higher-rank) graph ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Compute the index of the Dirac operator on $C_0(R^2)$ to obtain Bott element in $K_0$

I am studying the paper of Baum-Connes-Higson to understand the Connes-Kasparov conjecture. In example 4.23, they discuss the case $G=\mathbb{R}^2$. I have constructed the Dirac operator, but I’m ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### semifinite projection

Let $M$ be von Neumann algebra, $p$ be semiefinite projection and $q$ be projection in $M$ such that $Z(q)=Z(p)$.
( $p$ is semifinite projection if every nonzero subprojection of $p$ contains a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

97 views

### Quick question about conjugate equivalence bimodules and inner products

Let $A$ and $B$ be $W^{*}$-algebras, let $X$ be an $A-B$-equivalence bimodule (according to the definition given in "Morita equivalence for $C^*$-algebras and $W^*$-algebras" by Rieffel, ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

209 views

### Commutation preserving operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be unital $C$*-algebras and let $T\colon A\to B$ be a bounded linear bijection that preserves commuting elements, i.e., $ab=ba$ implies $TaTb=TbTa$. Does $T^{**}$ then also preserve ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### A question on extension of $Z^{*}$ algebras

A $Z^{*}$ algebra is a $C^{*}$ algebra which all elements are(two sided or equivalently one sided) zero divisor.
Are there two $Z^{*}$ algebras $A,B$ such that for every short exact sequence ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Connectivity of the group of invertible elements of $C(S^{2})\otimes A$

For what type of $C^{*}$ algebras $A$, the group of invertible elements of $C(S^{2}) \otimes A$ is a connected group?
All finite dimensional $A$ satisfy this property.
Is it true to say ...