A C*-algebra is a complex Banach algebra together with an isometric antilinear involution satisfying (a b)* = b* a* and the C*-identity ‖a* a‖ = ‖a‖². Related tags: [tag:banach-algebras], [tag:von-neumann-algebras], [tag:operator-algebras], [tag:spectral-theory].

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Universal $C^*$-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...
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0answers
79 views

two concepts of positivity for elements of $C(X)$ when $X$ is hyper-stonean

Suppose that $X$ is a compact space. Let $M(X)=C(X)^*$ denote the Banach space of regular measures. Is the following statement true: $F:M(X)\to\mathbb{C}$ is a positive functional if and only if the ...
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5answers
361 views

If two projections are close, then they are unitarily equivalent

Given two projections $p,q\in B(H)$, it is well-known that if $\|p-q\|<1$, then there exists a unitary $u\in B(H)$ with $q=upu^*$. The proof that immediately occurs to me uses comparison of ...
5
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1answer
172 views

A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...
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0answers
197 views

Weakly amenability and exactness for discrete groups

A countable discrete group $\Gamma$ is said to be weakly amenable with Cowling-Haagerup constant 1 if there exists a sequence of finitely supported functions $(\phi_n)$ on $\Gamma$ such that ...
2
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0answers
85 views

K-Exactness for groups and C*-algebras

We say that a C*-algebra $A$ is K-exact, if for any exact sequence of C*-algebras $0\rightarrow I\rightarrow B\rightarrow B/I\rightarrow0$, the sequences $K_i(I\otimes_{min}A)\rightarrow ...
4
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0answers
142 views

“Definitive” Noncommutative Space

Let $Y$ be a (locally compact) non-Hausdorff topological space. I want to know if there is a necessary and/or sufficient condition for $Y=X/G$, that is, $Y$ is the orbit space of a locally compact ...
7
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142 views

Replacing commutative C*-algebras by simple ones

I am looking for functorial ways of replacing a commutative $C^*$-algebra $C$ by a simple one, say $A$ , such that the $K$-theory remains unchanged, i.e. $K_*(C) \cong K_*(A)$. I am particularly ...
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2answers
242 views

Expression of a non-orthogonal projection in a $C^*$ algebra via an orthogonal one

A paper I'm currently reading uses the following fact. If $A$ is a unital $C^*$-algebra, $P=P^2\in A$, then there are $T, F\in A$ s.t. $F$ is an orthogonal projection ($F=F^*=F^2$) and ...
7
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1answer
276 views

Extending a $ * $-Representation of $ ({C_{c}}(G,\mathscr{A}),\star,^{*}) $ to a $ * $-Representation of $ \mathscr{A} \rtimes_{\alpha} G $

Let $ (\mathscr{A},G,\alpha) $ be a $ C^{*} $-dynamical system, and consider the twisted convolution $ * $-algebra $ ({L^{1}}(G,\mathscr{A}),\star,^{*}) $ defined by \begin{align*} \forall \phi,\psi ...
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258 views

Are the reduced group Von Neumann algebra/ Group $C^{\ast}$ algebra functorial in the case of LCH groups

Let $G$ be a LCH group and $\mu$ be its left Haar measure. Call $\lambda_G : G \to U(L_2(G,\mu))$ the left regular representation. We can define the reduced $C^{\ast}$ algebra and reduced Von Neumann ...
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0answers
83 views

Lifting triangles in K-theory to KL-groups

Let $X$ and $Y$ be finite simplicial complexes (or $CW$-complexes) so that $Y\subseteq X$. Let $s\colon C(X)\to C(Y)$ be the map given by restriction. In particular $K_{*}(C(X))$ and $K_{*}(C(Y))$ are ...
3
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0answers
95 views

Relation between graphs and groupoid $C^*$-algebras

In the paper "Graphs, groupoids and Cuntz-Krieger algebras" by Kumijan, Pask, Raeburn, Renault it was shown (if I understand it correctly) that whenever $G$ is a row-finite directed graph with no ...
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1answer
89 views

Banach Isomomorphic Cts Fucntion Algebras for two Non-Homeomorphic Top Spaces?

Can anyone provide me with an example of two non-homeomorphic locally-compact Hausdorff spaces $X$ and $Y$, such that $C(X)$ and $C(Y)$ are isomorphic as Banach algebras. Clearly, the ...
1
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1answer
90 views

When are tracial states continuous in the strict topology?

Let $A$ be a separable (non-unital) C*-algebra. Let $\tau: A\to\mathbb{C}$ a tracial state. Consider the strict topology on $A$, i.e. $a_n\to a$ iff $a_nx\to ax$ and $xa_n\to xa$ for all $x\in A$. It ...
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1answer
154 views

‘Non-Induced’ Left Regular Representations of $ C^{*} $-Dynamical Systems

In what follows, a ‘$ * $-representation’ always means a non-degenerate $ * $-representation. Let $ (\mathscr{A},G,\alpha) $ be a $ C^{*} $-dynamical system, and let $ \pi: \mathscr{A} \to ...
2
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1answer
251 views

Question on structure of von Neumann algebras, clarification in Conway's “A course in operator theory”

I was reading the section on the structure of type I von Neumann algebras in John B. Conway's "A course in operator theory" and a few questions about certain definitions and references arose, I was ...
3
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2answers
207 views

When is a groupoid the path groupoid of a graph?

I am actually interested in the $C^*$-algebras, so perhaps my question should be: How can you recognize whether a $C^*$-algebra $A$ is isomorphic to $C^*(\Lambda)$ for some (higher-rank) graph ...
7
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314 views

The approximation property of group C*-algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group. Then the group C*-algebra $C^*(G)$ is nuclear if and only if $G$ is amenable. I am wondering whether nuclearity of $C^*(G)$ can fail for a Banach-space reason, namely due ...
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0answers
207 views

Is an exact operator, unitary equivalent to a banded operator?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Definition : Let $(e_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be an orthonormal basis. $T \in B(H)$ is ...
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1answer
481 views

Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...
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0answers
339 views

About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$. Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...
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automorphisms of C*-algebras and partial isometries

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra, let $p$ and $q$ be Murray-von Neumann equivalent projections in $A$, i.e. there is a partial isometry $v$ such that $v^*v = p$ and $vv^* = q$. Suppose $\alpha \in Aut(A)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
4
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0answers
447 views

Do the banded operators check the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
6
votes
2answers
524 views

Structure theorem for finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras and their representations

I would like a source for some Artin-Wedderburn type facts about these algebras which seem to have easy proofs, and are probably written somewhere. Let $\mathcal{A} \subset M_n(\mathbb{C})$ be an ...
5
votes
0answers
157 views

Does the suspension isomorphism $K_1(A) \to K_0(SA)$ descend from a more refined invariant?

If $A$ is a C*-algebra, denote its minimal unitization by $\tilde A$ and its suspension by $SA$, thought of as all continuous $a:[0,1] \to A$ with $a(0)=a(1)=0$. The unitized suspension ...
5
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1answer
324 views

Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...
5
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0answers
96 views

Equivariant zero dimensional extension recovering a given measure

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable space and $\alpha: \mathbb{Z}^d\curvearrowright X$ a continuous group action. Then it is well known that there exists a zero dimensional compact space $Y$, an action ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

Tensoring with a CAR-algebra

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital infinite-dimensional simple separable nuclear $C^{\ast}$-algebras and let $C$ be a CAR-algebra. When does $A\otimes C \simeq B\otimes C$, imply $A\simeq B$? The answer ...
4
votes
2answers
302 views

Projections in a W*-algebra as a continuous lattice?

A continuous lattice is a complete lattice $L$ in which every element $y$ is equal to $\bigvee${$x \in L \mid x \ll y$} where $x \ll y$ ("x approximates y" or "x is way below y") if for any directed ...
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0answers
100 views

All AI-algebras are AT-algebras

It is known that every AI-algebra (i.e. inductive limit of interval algebras) is an AT-algebra (i.e. inductive limit of circle algebras)? This seems a little bit odd because a building block of an ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

References on countable W*-algebras

In "Operator algebras with a faithful weakly-closed representation" (1955), Kadison describes a countable W*-algebra as a C*-algebra which has a faithful representation as a countably decomposable ...
2
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1answer
389 views

C* Algebras, Foliations and Dynamical Systems

I am a Ph.D student involved in topics like integrability of foliations arising from center stable bundles of partially hyperbolic dynamical systems. These are generally only continuous bundles so one ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

Inner automorphisms and $K$-theory

It is known that any inner automorphism of a unital $C^{\ast}$-algebra $A$ induces the identity map on $K_{0}(A)$ because unitary equivalence implies Murray-von Neumann equivalence. What is known ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Unitary with full spectrum

I have a unitary element $u\in C(\mathbb{T},M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ such that $Spec(u)=\mathbb{T}$. Does there exist a unitary $v\in C(\mathbb{T},\mathbb{C})$ such that $Spec(uv)\subsetneqq\mathbb{T}$?
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Tensor product of C*-algebras of bounded, uniformly continuous functions on metric spaces

This is a follow up question to this one. If $X$ is a metric space, denote by $C_u(X)$ the $C^\ast$-algebra of all bounded, uniformly continuous functions on $X$ (with the sup-norm). Do we have ...
22
votes
1answer
424 views

Can nuclearity be determined by tensoring with a single C*-algebra?

A C*-algebra is nuclear if the algebraic tensor product $A\odot B$ ($B$ is any other C*-algebra) admits a unique C*-norm. This definition requires testing the condition for nuclearity with `all' ...
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0answers
306 views

Hans Saar's thesis

I would love to have a look on some results which are claimed by some people to be in Saar's thesis: H. Saar, Kompakte, vollständig beschränkte Abbildungen mit Werten in einer nuklearen ...
6
votes
2answers
242 views

Quasinilpotent elements of group C-star algebras

If $G$ is a discrete torsion-free group, can its (reduced or full) group C-star algebra contain non-zero quasinilpotent elements? I've seen various examples in the group von Neumann algebra setting ...
3
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1answer
288 views

Amenability at infinity

I have a few questions about amenability at infinity for locally compact, second countable, Hausdorff topological groups. Recall that a locally compact group $G$ is said to be amenable at infinity if ...
7
votes
1answer
338 views

Trace Class Functions on locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact subgroup, $\mu$ a Haar-measure. For $f \in L^1(G)$, and for $\pi$ a unitary, topology irreducible, representation of $G$ on an Hilbert space $H_\pi$, it is customary to ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

What are the sub $C^*$-algebras of $C(X,M_n)$?

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff topological space, denote by $M_n$ the $C^*$-algebra of complex $n\times n$ matrices, by $C_0(X,M_n)$ the $C^*$-algebra of continuous functions on $X$ with ...
7
votes
2answers
422 views

General recipe for building C*-algebras out of combinatorial object

I want to ask what should be a nice way to build C*-algebras out of objects like groups, inverse-semigroups, semigroups, ringgs or graphs. I know there are well known construction of C*-algebras out ...
14
votes
3answers
859 views

Realizing universal C*-algebras as concrete C*-algebras

How do I in general realize a universal C*-algebra generated by some generators and relation as concrete C*-algebras? For example, I know that universal C*-algebra generated by a single unitary is ...
4
votes
1answer
306 views

Kadison-Singer problem in exotic Hilbert spaces

The Kadison-Singer problem is considered in relation to the separable Hilbert space: KS: Does every pure state on the diagonal (atomic) masa of $B(\ell_2)$ has a unique extension to $B(\ell_2)$? ...
9
votes
2answers
387 views

Seeing topological (geom.) properties of the space via corresponding C^*-algebra

Compact Hausdorff spaces bijectively correspond to C^*-algebras with identity. One needs to consider the algebra of continuous functions C(X) to go in one direction and spectrum to go in the other. ...
8
votes
2answers
302 views

Injectivity of the Baum-Connes assembly map for locally compact groups

Skandalis, Tu and Yu in "The coarse Baum-Connes conjecture and groupoids" proved that: Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group with a proper left-invariant metric $d$. If $\Gamma$ admits a uniform ...
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0answers
98 views

Is the Poincare action on the Klein-Gordon quantum field strongly continuous?

I am interested in checking continuity property of the Poincare group action on the Klein-Gordon quantum field theory defined over the Minkowski spacetime. Maybe the simplest example of QFT out there. ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Ideal spanned by matrix units isomorphic to compact operators

Hello, Assume we have $(n+1)$ isometries $S_1,...,S_{n+1}$ in the separable Hilbert space $H$ with the properties that $\sum_{i=1}^{n+1}S_iS_i^*=I, S_i^*S_j=0$ (i.e. $S_i$ are the generators of the ...