# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Closure of pseudodifferential operators of order 0 on compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact manifold. If we have a pseudodifferential operator $P$ of order $0$ on $M$, then $P$ is pseudolocal, i.e., every commutator $[f,P]$ with a continuous function $f \in C(M)$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

158 views

### When are completely positive maps monic/epic?

In the category of C*-algebras and $*$-homomorphisms, a morphism is monic precisely when it is injective, and epic precisely when it is surjective (see Mono- and epi-morphisms for C*-algebras). Is ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

397 views

### When is it $C(X)$?

Suppose that $\tilde{X}$ is a compact space. If $C(\tilde{X})$ is isometrically isomorphic to the second dual of a Banach space, does there exist a locally compact space $X$ such that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### On the relation between the set of extreme points of the unit ball of $M(X)$ and $M(X)^{**}$

Suppose that $X$ is a locally compact topological space. Let $M(X)$ denote the Banach space of regular Borel measures on $X$. It is known that the bidual of $C_0(X)$ is a commutative $C^*-$algebra. ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### What is the character that compactifies $\mathbb{R}$ through the Gelfand transform?

I'm a little embarassed that I can't answer this myself, so hopefully it will get answered very quickly.
Let $X$ be locally compact, Hausdorff. Consider $\text{C}_\text{b}(X)$ the $C^*$-algebra of ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### Can non-central projections still commute with all other projections?

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and let $\mathcal{P}(A)$ denote the set of projections in $A$. If $p\in\mathcal{P}(A)$ commutes with everything in $\mathcal{P}(A)$ does it necessarily commute with everything ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Can a non-commutative C*-algebra be a minimal operator space?

By an operator space structure on a Banach space $X$ I mean a sequence of norms on spaces $M_n \otimes X$ that satisfies Ruan's axioms.
Among such admissible sequences there is always the smallest ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Checking complete positivity of maps between C* algebras

Let $\phi$ : $A \rightarrow A$ be a positive map, where $A$ is a (unital) C* algebra. Suppose we are given that $\phi$ is n positive whenever n= $2^k$ for some $k \in \mathbb{N}$. Can we conclude that ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

335 views

### Universal C^*-algebra with generators and relations

We say that the $C^*$-algebra $A$ generated by $a_1,...,a_n$ is universal subject to relations $R_1,...,R_m$ if for every $C^*$-algebra $B$ with elements $b_1,...,b_n$ satisfying relations ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### A Question About Pure States, Support Projections and Central Covers

I am trying to study the paper Consistency of a Counterexample to Naimark’s Problem by Charles Akemann and Nik Weaver, and there is a claim in Lemma 1 of the paper that I am stuck at, which is as ...

**1**

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**0**answers

202 views

### Is an exact operator, unitary equivalent to a banded operator?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Definition : Let $(e_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be an orthonormal basis.
$T \in B(H)$ is ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

451 views

### Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one.
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

324 views

### About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$.
Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

433 views

### Do the banded operators check the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

440 views

### Structure theorem for finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras and their representations

I would like a source for some Artin-Wedderburn type facts about these algebras which seem to have easy proofs, and are probably written somewhere.
Let $\mathcal{A} \subset M_n(\mathbb{C})$ be an ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Is there an irreducible, noncompact commuting, nonnormal operator, with spectrum strictly continuous?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space.
Definition: The commutant $\mathcal{S}'$ of a subset $\mathcal{S} \subset B(H)$ is $ \{A \in B(H) : AB=BA \ , \ \forall B \in \mathcal{S} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Unitary with full spectrum

I have a unitary element $u\in C(\mathbb{T},M_{n}(\mathbb{C}))$ such that $Spec(u)=\mathbb{T}$. Does there exist a unitary $v\in C(\mathbb{T},\mathbb{C})$ such that $Spec(uv)\subsetneqq\mathbb{T}$?

**22**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Can nuclearity be determined by tensoring with a single C*-algebra?

A C*-algebra is nuclear if the algebraic tensor product $A\odot B$ ($B$ is any other C*-algebra) admits a unique C*-norm. This definition requires testing the condition for nuclearity with `all' ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

353 views

### General recipe for building C*-algebras out of combinatorial object

I want to ask what should be a nice way to build C*-algebras out of objects like groups, inverse-semigroups, semigroups, ringgs or graphs. I know there are well known construction of C*-algebras out ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

686 views

### Realizing universal C*-algebras as concrete C*-algebras

How do I in general realize a universal C*-algebra generated by some generators and relation as concrete C*-algebras? For example, I know that universal C*-algebra generated by a single unitary is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Ideal spanned by matrix units isomorphic to compact operators

Hello,
Assume we have $(n+1)$ isometries $S_1,...,S_{n+1}$ in the separable Hilbert space $H$ with the properties that $\sum_{i=1}^{n+1}S_iS_i^*=I, S_i^*S_j=0$ (i.e. $S_i$ are the generators of the ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

316 views

### Tensorial decomposition of $B(H)$

Let $H$ be an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space and let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ be the (C*/W*-)algebra of bounded operators on it. Actually, you may forget about the involution in $\mathcal{B}(H)$ because I ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Which W*-algebras are the duals of C*-coalgebras?

A Banach algebra (assumed associative and unital) is precisely a monoid object in the monoidal category of Banach spaces, short linear maps, and the projective tensor product. A Banach coalgebra is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

434 views

### Do semi-continuous functions generate bounded Borel measurable functions as a $C^*$-algebra?

This question is related to Question 2 of my previous posting.
Question. Let $\mu$ be a Radon measure on a compact Hausdorff space $\Omega$ and $L^{\infty}(\Omega,\mu)$ the set of essentially bounded ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

369 views

### Bounded linear functionals and representations

Suppose that $A$ is a unital C$^*$-algebra and that $\varphi: A \to \mathbb{C}$ is a bounded linear functional. Then there exists a Hilbert space $H$, a representation $\pi: A \to B(H)$ and vectors ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### States/functionals on crossed product C*-algebras

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra, $\alpha$ a strongly continuous automorphic action by a locally compact group $G$ on $A$, and consider the crossed product $A\rtimes_\alpha G$. I am looking for references ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Kuiper's theorem via approximation

Kuiper's theorem says that the unitary group $U(H)$ of a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space $H$ is contractible, if it is equipped with the norm topology.
Let's suppose, I do not know this ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### When an AW*-algebra is a W*-algebra

In a very old book of Kaplansky "Rings of operators", on p. 123 one can find the following sentence:
It is a standing conjecture that an AW${}^\ast$-algebra is W${}^\ast$ if its center is W${}^\ast$.
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

320 views

### Polar decomposition in C*-algebras

A very nice feature of W*-algebras is the following:
once you have an element $a$ of a W*-algebra $M$, and $a=u|a|$ (the polar decomposition), then $u\in M$.
It seems that it carries over to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Abelian sub-W*-algebras

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra which acts faithfully on a Hilbert space of density character $\kappa$ but does not on a Hilbert space of density character $\lambda<\kappa$ (that is, the density ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

406 views

### Properties of orthogonality-preserving c.p. maps between $C^*$-algebras

Suppose that $A,C$ are $C^*$-algebras and $\phi:A \to C$ is a completely positive, orthogonality-preserving linear map.
(Orthogonality preserving means: if $a,b \in A$ satisfy $ab=0$ then ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### What's the link between the Toeplitz operators on H^2 and those used to define Cuntz-Pimsner algebras?

An alternate way to phrase this question might be, "How did the Toeplitz operators used in the definition of the Cuntz-Pimsner algebra come by their name?" or, "What's the relationship between the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

664 views

### Matrices with entries in a $C^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a $C^\ast$-algebra. Consider vector space of matrices of size $n\times n$ whose entries in $\mathcal{A}$. Denote this vector space $M_{n,n}(\mathcal{A})$. We can define involution ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

643 views

### Centralizers in C*-algebra

Let $a,b\in A$ be self-adjoint elements in $C^*$-algebra $A$ with equal centralizers, $\{x\in A; [a,x]=0\}=\{x\in A; [b,x]=0\}$. Can we say anything about the correspondence between $a$ and $b$?
For ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### $c_0$-direct sum of $\mathcal{K}(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{K}(\mathcal{H})$ be the C*-algebra of compact operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. I am interested in the ($c_0$-)sum
$A=\sum \mathcal{K}(\mathcal{H})$
of countably many ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

908 views

### Do subalgebras of C(X) admit a description in terms of the compact Hausdorff space X?

In light of the well-known theorem of Gelfand that, bluntly put, ends up saying that unital abelian C*-algebras are the 'same' as compact Hausdorff topological spaces, I tried to compile a dictionary ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

332 views

### Algebraically simple Banach algebras

There are plenty of semi-simple Banach algebras - this broad class includes C*-algebras and algebras of bounded operators on a given Banach space. On the other hand, it seems unlikely to me that there ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

420 views

### Galois cover via C star algebras

Hello to all, here's my question, I hope it's not too trivial. I haven't found reference for it so far.
We know that abelian C star algebras are the same as locally compact spaces.
Now what is the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Crossed product of a non unital C*-algebra

Let $X$ be a locally compact space, and let $T:X\rightarrow X$ be a homeomorphism. Then \begin{align*}
&\alpha:C_0(X)\rightarrow C_0(X)\\\
&\alpha(f)=f\circ T
\end{align*}
is an automorphism. ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

939 views

### Space of compact operators

I am interested in the Banach space $\mathcal{K}=\mathcal{K}(\ell^2)$ of compact operators on $\ell^2$, however my questions can be stated for any $\mathcal{K}(E)$, where $E$ is an arbitrary Banach ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Is the unitary group of $l^2(A)$ with the strict topology contractible?

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra with countable approximate unit. Let $\mathbb{K}$ denote the compact operators on a separable Hilbert space. Mingo and later Cuntz and Higson have shown that the unitary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

162 views

### Fredholmness and invertibility in a C* algebra generated convolution-type operators

Let $PC$ be the algebra of complex-valued, piecewise-continuous functions from $[-\infty,+\infty]$, $SO$ be the algebra of bounded, continuous, complex-valued functions on $\mathbb R$ which are slowly ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

529 views

### Do separable $C^*$-algebras form a set?

The question is in subject.
Update: See Andreas Thom's answer.

**8**

votes

**2**answers

669 views

### Range of completely positive projection

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra. Suppose that $P:A \rightarrow A$ is a contractive completely positive projection. Does the range $P(A)$ is completely order isomorphic to a $C^*$-algebra?
In the case where ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Algebraic properties of the algebra of continuous functions on a manifold.

Does the algebra of continuous
functions from a compact manifold to
$\mathbb{C}$ satisfy any specific
algebraic property?
I'm not sure what kind of algebraic property I expect, but I feel ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

844 views

### The difference between $l^1(G)$ and the reduced group $C^*$ algebra $C_r^*(G)$

Let $G$ be a group and $l^2(G)$ the Hilbert space on $G$. The complex group algebra $CG$ can be imbedded in $B(l^2(G))$, the set of all bounded linear operators, by left translation. The reduced group ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

983 views

### Schwartz kernel theorem for A-linear operators

Let $X,Y \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open subsets. Denote by $C^\infty(X)$ the smooth functions on $X$, let $\mathcal{E}'(Y)$ be its dual space considered as a space of distributions. Let $L(C^\infty(X), ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

545 views

### Reference needed for: every idempotent in a C*-algebra is similar to a hermitian one

The result stated in the title is thoroughly standard - or that's the impression I got.
I seem to remember seeing it stated somewhere in a book I was reading in the library, and then ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Definition of a von Neumann algebra

Is there a way to equip every C*-algebra A with a functorial topology such that
the canonical map A→A** is an isomorphism if and only if A is a von Neumann algebra?
Here A** denotes the dual of A* in ...