The braid-groups tag has no wiki summary.

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### The Alexander-Conway polynomial: from knots to braids?

The Alexander-Conway polynomial was the first knot invariant to be discovered, as far back as 1923 according to this link. Given that knots can be expressed in terms of quasi-toric braid closures, it ...

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### The Markov trace via Bott-Samelson fibers?

Let $H_n$ be the Hecke algebra of GL(n), i.e., the algebra over $\mathbb{Q}(q)$ with generators $T_1,
\ldots, T_{n-1}$ which satisfy the braid relations and also $T^2 = (q-1) T + q$.
Recall the ...

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### Does the shortest path between two braids pass through string links?

One of the fundamental facts underlying the application of braid theory to knot theory is that braids inject into string links.
This means that braids $B_1$ and $B_2$, considered inside a cube $I^3$, ...

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### word problem for the fundamental group of complements

It is well known that the finite type (pure) Artin groups have solvable word problem. This was proved by Deligne in 1972. His aim was to show that the complement of a simplicial hyperplane arrangement ...

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### H*(braid group, irrep of symmetric group) = ?

As in the title, say $\lambda$ is some irrep of the symmetric group $S_n$, and $Br_n$ the braid group on $n$ strands,
What is $H^*(Br_n, \lambda)$?

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### Finite generation of the commutator subgroup of the pure braid group

Let $PB_n$ be the pure braid group on $n$ strands. The group $PB_n$ has every conceivable finiteness property. Also, it has a large abelianization. My question is whether the commutator subgroup ...

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### Braided coverings and braided monodromy

We can map from set of coverings over $X$ to symmetric group $\mathfrak{S}_n$ via monodromy (if we fix a loop at the basepoint). Also we can consider braid group $Br_n(Y)$, allow strands pass through ...

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### Relation Between Truncated Braid Groups and Regular Tilings of the Complex and Hyperbolic Plane

This is perhaps a vague question, but hopefully there exists literature on the subject. The question is motivated by an answer I gave to this question on math.SE.
There exists a rather remarkable ...

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### When do two positive braids represent the same link?

Let $B_n$ be the braid group on $n$ strands, with the usual generators: $s_1, \ldots, s_{n-1}$ and their inverses, where $s_i$ is a positive half-twist interchanging the strands labelled $i$ and ...

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### Does this subgroup of “even braids” have a name?

The full braid group on $n$ strands $B_n$ admits a surjective homomorphism $p\colon\thinspace B_n\to \Sigma_n$ onto the symmetric group on $n$ letters, which takes a braid to the induced permutation ...

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### holomorphic automorphisms of universal cover of configuration spaces

Hello everyone,
I have been trying (without success) to determine the following. Let $P$ denote the space of monic polynomials of degree $n$ with complex coefficients, which have distinct roots. It ...

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### Does the braid group act faithfully on the quantized enveloping algebra?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$ be some incarnation of the quantized universal enveloping algebra of $\mathfrak{g}$, where ...

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### Can the n-string sphere braid group embed in to the (n+1)-string sphere braid group?

This question was originally posted on math.SE by myself nearly a year ago. I've been thinking again about the problem after it recently received a little attention, but little progress was made in ...

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### Automatic factors of braid groups

Consider the braid group $B_n$ presented in terms of the usual Artin generators $\sigma_1,\ldots,\sigma_{n-1}$. Now add the additional relations $\sigma_i^k = 1$ for $i=1,\ldots,n-1$. For lack of a ...

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### Relations in a particular subgroup of the braid group.

I think this should be a 10 minute exercise in a decent computer algebra package - unfortunately I'm hopelessly ignorant of such things, so I'm putting it up here in the hope that someone will be kind ...

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### The image of the point-pushing group in the hyperelliptic representation of the braid group

Let $B_{2g+1}$ be the Artin braid group on $2g+1$ strands. There is a symplectic representation
$\rho: B_{2g+1} \rightarrow Sp_{2g}(\mathbf{Z})$
called the "hyperelliptic representation," which ...

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### Explicit Computations of Dynkin Diagrams of Isolated Singularities

Let $f$ be a complex polynomial with an isolated singularity at the origin. Take a Morse deformation $\tilde{f}$, and consider the braid group action on the set of distinguished bases of vanishing ...

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### Decomposition of Braid Groups

I've been trying to google this question, but to no avail. The question sounds elementary but I hope it's suitable for the experts at MO!
Let $B_n$ be the braid group on $n$-strands and $P_n$ be the ...

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### Resemblance between Birman-Murakami-Wenzl algebra representations and the Lawrence-Krammer representations

At the end of Stephen Bigelow's paper "Braid Groups are Linear", he mentioned that there is a striking resemblance between the matrices of the Lawrence-Krammer (LK) representations and "those of a ...

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### Galois groups and braid groups [closed]

Braid group can be viewed as a symmetry group with a "one more dimension to pass through". Is there any "Galois theory", where the braid groups plays analoguos role as a symmetry groups in a native ...

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### Braid group action on canonical basis

This is a question about Lusztig's theory of based modules. This theory is elementary but far from easy and is developed in Chapter 27 of "Introduction to quantum groups".
Let $V$ be a highest weight ...

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### Lower bounds on dimensions of faithful representations of braid groups

Let $B_n$ be the braid group on $n$ strands. It's a theorem of Daan Krammer and Stephen Bigelow that there is a a faithful representation
$$B_n \to GL_{n \choose 2} \mathbb Z[t^{\pm}, q^{\pm}] $$
...

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### Constructing Markov traces simply

Short version: I wondering how to simply check if a proposed Markov trace, $\phi$ had the correct property using techniques similar to those from the Akutsu-Wadati 1987 paper `Exactly solvable models ...

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### The word problem in braid groups

I have read a statement from Sossinsky and Prasolov' s book "Knots, LÄ°nks, Braids and 3-Manifold", it says that two reduced word represent isotopic braids if and only if they have the same reduced ...

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### Computing an Invariant for Knots via Braid Words?

I've been reading up on Knot Theory (which is not my area of expertise) and am stuck in the following bit of logic:
Statement 1: Every knot can be represented as a braid.
Statement 2: There's a ...

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### Orbifold fundamental group and configuration space

Hi,
I'm not very familiar with (even simple examples of) orbifolds, so my first question is:
Let $C_2$ be $\mathbb{C}$ with one cone singularity at 0 of index 2. What is the fundamental group of ...

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### Presentation of the pure Artin groups

Let $W$ be a Coxeter group attached to a Coxeter matrix with entries $m_{ij}$ . The presentation of $W$ is given by
$$W= < T_1, \dots, T_n | T_i^2=1, T_iT_jT_i \ldots = T_jT_iT_j \ldots, i \neq ...

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### How does one relate the monodromy of the KZ equations with the WRT representation of the braid group?

The KZ equations on the configuration space of $n$ distinct points in $\mathbb C$ give rise to a representation of $B_n$ on $V^{\otimes n}$, where $V$ is any given representation of $SL(2)$ (we'll ...

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### Jones Polynomial of the trace closure of the fundamental braid

The fundamental braid $\Delta_n \in B_n$ is simply a twist by $\pi$ applied to the entire row of $n$ strands. In terms of Artin generators, it is given by
$$
\Delta_n = (\sigma_1 \sigma_2 \cdots ...

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### Almost-direct product and 1-formality

Hi everyone,
Let $G$ be a finitely presented group. To $G$ is associated in a functorial way a Malcev Lie algebra which can be constructed in several equivalent ways. Roughly speaking, it is the ...

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### Where can one find reference proving that Braid group induces isomorphism between punctured disk and the complement of the braid?

It is a known result that if $B$ is an $n$ braid over a disk, then $B$ naturally induces an isomorphism between the fundamental group of a disk with n points removed and the fundamental group of the ...

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### Positivity of braid monodromy of curve singularities

I recall the notion of braid monodromy. Let $C \subset \mathbb{C}^2$ be an algebraic curve, and choose a projection $\pi: \mathbb{C}^2 \to \mathbb{C}$ such that the restriction $\pi: C \to ...

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### Splitting of homomorphism from cactus group to permutation group

We all learned in kindergarten that the category of finite-dimensional (type I, say) $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$-modules is braided monoidal for $\mathfrak{g}$ a complex semisimple Lie algebra. This gives an ...

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### restricting “dances of minimal cost” (optimization on braids/permutations?)

Consider applying the permutation (1,3,0,5,2,7,4,6) to the integers (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7) three times.
I call this a "dance of minimal cost" because all unordered pairs in {0..7} meet each other, and the
...

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### Normal subgroups of braid groups

There is a lot of normal subgroups in braid groups (for example there is an action of $B_n$ on unitriangular bilinear forms on $R^n$ over arbitrary commutative ring $R$: $b_i\colon e_j\mapsto e_j$, ...

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### Properties of the Jones polynomial

Let $V(L)$ be the Jones polynomial of the oriented
link $L$. For $\alpha \in B_n$, we write $V(\alpha)$ for
$V(\hat{\alpha})$, where $\hat{\alpha}$ is the closed braid
associated to $\alpha$. The ...

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### Realizing braid group by homeomorphisms

Markovich and Saric proved the following remarkable theorem. Let $S$ be a compact surface of genus at least $2$ and let $MCG(S)=\pi_0(Homeo^{+}(S))$ be the mapping class group of $S$. There is then ...

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### Markov Trace and Markov Property

Hey guys,
I'm a computer science student attempting to understand a quantum algorithm that uses braid theory - something I'm completely unfamiliar. I've getting through the algorithm but I can't ...

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### Simplified Jones trace invariant for links

Jones (1985) defines a simplified trace invariant for knots by $W_K(t)=\frac{1-V_K(t)}{(1-t^3)(1-t)}$. Then, e.g., the Arf invariant for $K$ is $Arf(K)=W_K(i)$. Does this work for oriented links as ...

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### Algebraic K-groups and braids

This is (I think) a reference request:
Are there calculations of any algebraic K-groups for the (group ring of) the Artin braid groups?

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### Cohomology of a configuration space

The symmetric group $\Sigma_k$ acts on $X=F({\mathbb R}^n,k)$,
the ordered configuration space of $k$ points in
${\mathbb R}^n$.
If $n$ is odd, the cohomology $H^*(X;{\mathbb Q})$ is
a rank-one ...

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### Aspherical homotopy orbit space of configurations on the 2-sphere

The group SO(3) acts naturally on $S^2$ and thus on $Conf(S^2, q)$, the configuration space of $q$ distinct points on the 2-sphere, via the diagonal action on $S^2 \times...\times S^2$. This is a ...

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### Borromean braids

Consider the Kernel $K_n$ of the natural group homomorphism from the $n$-th braid group to the symmetric group. Then one can delete the $m$-th braid. This is a well defined homomorphism ...

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### Is there a q-analog to the braid group?

The braid group $B_n$ on $n$ strands fits into a short exact sequence of groups:
$$ 1 \longrightarrow P_n \longrightarrow B_n \longrightarrow S_n \longrightarrow 1,$$
where $S_n$ is the symmetric ...

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### Loop spaces and infinite braids

The Artin braid groups $B_n$ and the symmetric groups $S_n$ are closely related by the maps $1 \to P_n \to B_n \to S_n \to 1$. The infinite symmetric group has interesting interactions with homotopy ...

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### Is a positive link the closure of a positive braid?

Alexander's Theorem guarantees that every oriented link is the closure of some braid. In other words, the map
$$ \displaystyle \coprod\_n \mathcal B_n\longrightarrow \{\text{ oriented links }\} $$
...

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### Minimal-length embeddings of braids into R^3 with fixed endpoints

(Apologies in advance for any imprecision in the following; I am a computer scientist and regret never having taken an actual course on topology.)
One way to define the pure braid group $P_n$ is as ...

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### Presentation for an infinite index subgroup of the braid group

If $H$ is an infinite index subgroup of the braid group $\mathcal{B}_n$, is there a way to find a presentation for $H$ ?

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### Is the pure braid group on three strands generated as a normal subgroup of the braid group by the six-crossing braid?

Artin's presentation of braid group on three strands is:
$$ B_3 = \langle l,r : lrl = rlr \rangle $$
where you should think of "$l$" as the positive crossing between the left and middle strands and ...