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3
votes
1answer
136 views

Are braid groups conjugacy separable?

I would like to re-ask a question that was raised in the comments here: Normal subgroups of braid groups Namely, a group $G$ is called conjugacy separable, if it holds that for every two elements ...
11
votes
0answers
190 views

Cohomology of a configuration space of points on $\mathbb C^\times$ with an additional restriction

Let $Conf_{1,n}^3$ be the configuration space of collections of $n$ distinct numbered points on the annulus $\mathbb C^\times$ with an imposed restriction: for any $r\in \mathbb R^+$ the circle ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

A three-rope tangle that is equal to its mirror tangle

In the same way that a figure-eight knot is equal (after a suitable rotation) to its mirror knot, I am looking for simple tangles made of three ropes that are equal to their mirror tangle. The ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Braid group: Can a left-twist increase the number of right twists?

Disclaimer: This question was first posted on math.se without any answer. This is something that naturally occurs in my research, but I am no expert on this - it feels like a natural question so I am ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

How long does it take for the action of the braid monoids on Laver tables to become trivial?

Let $A_{n}$ denote the classical Laver table of cardinality $2^{n}$. Let $B_{n}^{*}$ denote the positive (including the identity) braid monoid on $n$ elements generated by ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

coefficient of homology of configuration spaces over real projective spaces

In the slides Characteristic Classes of Surface Bundles and Configuration Spaces, Miguel A. Xicot'encatl, page 38, what is the coefficient of the following homology? Could the coefficient be an ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

the braid groups on the sphere

The braid group $B_n(S^2)$ on the sphere possesses a finite element of order which generates a cyclic group $M$ in $B_n(S^2)$. My question is this: What is the index of $H$ in $B_n (S^2)$? Same ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

cohomolgy of braid groups with elements of finite order

We have to braid groups with elements of finite order: 1 braid groups over the 2-sphere and brai group over the projective plane can you give me a more detail on the cohomology of those groups?
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Braids with an infinite number of strings

Has anyone developed a theory for braids with an infinite number of strings?
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Expected shortest word length\depth in Braid groups from set of all braids with length L

Consider the set of all positive braids on n strands, with a fixed length L. $$B^+_{n,L}:=\{\beta\in B_n:\beta=\sigma_{i_1}\sigma_{i_2}\ldots\sigma_{i_L},1\leq i_k \leq n-1\}$$. Using the relations, ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Generators of pure braid groups of arbitrary Coxeter groups

Let $W$ be an arbitrary Coxeter group, and let $A$ be the associated Artin-Tits braid group, with standard Coxeter generators $\sigma_i\in A$. Let $P$ be the "pure braid group", the kernel of the ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Homology of spherical braid groups

By the spherical braid group, I mean the fundamental group of the configuration space of distinct unordered points in $S^2$. I am wondering what is known about the group homology of the spherical ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

What's the story with the Hopf fibration and the Jacobi identity?

I like the Hopf fibration of the 3-sphere $S^3$ enough that I found a nice way to make a physical model of it. All you need is to combine a bunch of key rings in such a way that (ii) every pair of ...
11
votes
1answer
236 views

$\pi_1$ of the moduli of G-bundles on elliptic curves and the double affine braid group

For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$, the fundamental group of $\mathfrak{h}_\text{reg}/W$ (where $\mathfrak{h}$ is the Cartan subalgebra, $\mathfrak{h}_\text{reg}$ is the subset ...
14
votes
2answers
610 views

Braid group on 4 strands

Consider the braid group $B_4$ with generators $a=\ $, $b=\ $ and $c=\ $ Assume $$\alpha, \alpha' \in \langle a,c\rangle{\smallsetminus}(\langle c\rangle{\cdot}\langle a\rangle{\cdot}\langle ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

A question of braid words

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter group, let $B(W,S)$ be the corresponding braid or Artin-Tits group. Set $S=\{s_1,\dots, s_n\}$ and denote by $\bf{S}=\{\sigma_1,\dots, \sigma_n\}$ the corresponding generators ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

unordered configuration space over spheres and Euclidean spaces

For a topological space $X$, let $B(X,k)$ be the $k$-th unordered configuration space. Then $$ B(\mathbb{R}^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^{n-1}, $$ $$ B(S^n,2)\simeq \mathbb{R}P^n. $$ Hence $ (*) $ $$ ...
6
votes
1answer
146 views

presentations of subalgebras

Assume that I have a finitely presented algebra $A$ over the complex numbers (by which I mean that $A$ is generated over $\mathbb{C}$ by finitely many elements $x_1,...,x_n$ subject to finitely many ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Configuration spaces of positive and negative particles

In the paper Mapping class group and function spaces: a survey, F. Cohen, M.A. Maldonado, page 3, line from bottom 1-3, it is given that for a $m$-manifold $M$, there is a map from the labelled ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Braid relations $n_\alpha n_\beta n_\alpha \ldots = n_\beta n_\alpha n_\beta \ldots $ in arbitrary reductive groups

I'm currently trying to prove or disprove the following claim. First let me set up some notation. Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a field $K$, let $S \leq Z \leq N \leq G$ be respectively ...
6
votes
1answer
165 views

Is the braid group with $n$ strings $\mathcal{B}_n$ a lattice in a connected semi-simple Lie group?

Is the braid group with $n$ strings $\mathcal{B}_n$ known to be a lattice in a connected semi-simple Lie group ? (for $n$, say, bigger than $3$) Or is it known that it cannot be such a lattice ?
-1
votes
1answer
173 views

unordered configuration space of pointed space

Let $(X,*)$ be a pointed topological space. Let $F(X,k)=\{(x_1,\cdots,x_k)\in X^k\mid \forall i\neq j: x_i\neq x_j, \}$. Let $F(X,k)/S_k$ be the $k$-th unordered configuration space. Is there an ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Are Markov traces matrix traces?

When starting this question I was very hesitant - literature on the subject is vast and I thought most likely the answer is already there somewhere. Then when the list "Questions that may already ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

How do we see the rank of the braid group?

The only presentation of the braid group that most people ever see is the standard Artin presentation $$B_n=\langle σ_1,\cdots,σ_{n−1}|\ σ_iσ_j=σ_jσ_i\ \ (|i−j|>1),\ σ_iσ_{i+1}σ_i=σ_{i+1}σ_i ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Generators of the colored braid group (two colors), reference

I consider the group $B_{n,n}$, the braids, colored in two colors, say all odd strings are black and all even strings are white. It is easy to find a set of generators for $B_{n,n}$: $$ \begin{cases} ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

How can i change 8_19 to (3,4)-torus knot K(3,4)?

In the knot table, it is well-known that 8_19 is (3,4)-torus knot. But, it is not clear to me. How can i change 8_19 to (3,4)-torus knot K(3,4)? Moreover, it is well-known that braids of two ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Framed braids and local systems

Let me start by admitting that my question is going to be somewhat vague. But hopefully it is one of these vague questions that can be immediately answered by an expert in the appropriate area. ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

homology of configuration spaces of non-compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a manifold. Let $F(M,n)$ be the configuration space of $n$-tuples on $M$. Let $B(M,n)=F(M,n)/S_n$, where $S_n$ is the symmetric group of order $n$, be the corresponding unordered ...
5
votes
0answers
296 views

Very frustrated reading a proof of the faithfulness of Artin's representation of braid groups

I am reading BRAID GROUPS, FREE GROUPS, AND THE LOOP SPACE OF THE 2-SPHERE by F.R. Cohen and J. Wu and here is an extract of the paper: (The proof is not finished yet but I am very confused by now.) ...
6
votes
1answer
332 views

Is there a “good” reason that the universal central extension of $SL(2,\mathbb Z)$ is $Br_3$?

Let $$ Br_3 := \langle \tau_1,\tau_2\ :\ \tau_1 \tau_2 \tau_1 = \tau_2 \tau_1 \tau_2 \rangle $$ be the braid group on three strands, and consider the surjection $$\phi : Br_3 \twoheadrightarrow ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Lower Central Series of Pure Braid Groups?

What is the lower central series $\Gamma_k(P_n)$, where $P_n$ is the pure braid group with $n$ strands? We know that $P_n$ is generated by elements $A_{i,j}$; do we know the generators of ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

Action of the homotopy braid groups on reduced free groups

Firstly some definitions: $B_n$ is the braid group with $n$ strands. $\widetilde{B_n}$ is "homotopy braid group", which is a factor group of $B_n$ by adding the relation that $A_{j,k}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Action of the pure braid group on the commutator subgroup of a free group

Let $P=P_n$ be the pure braid group on $n$ strands and $F=F_n$ the free group on $n$ generators. I'm interested in a nice description of the action of $P$ on the derived subgroup $F'$ which somehow ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Does $A_{j,k}$ commute with all its conjugates in homotopy braid groups?

Let $\tilde{B_n}$ be the homotopy braid group; namely, in the deformation of braids, a braid string is allowed to intersect itself. Similarly let $\tilde{P_n}$ be the homotopy pure braid group. I am ...
1
vote
0answers
270 views

Testing the faithfulness of group homomorphisms by testing on the level of induced Lie Algebras

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathrm{gr}_k(G)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

(Alternative) Presentation for the pure braid group of the sphere

First I need some notation (it's all standard I think). For a manifold $M$, let $F_nM = F_{0,n}M$ be the space of $n$-tuples of distinct points on $M$ ; let $B_nM = B_{0,n}M = F_nM / \Sigma_n$. When ...
4
votes
2answers
311 views

Are homotopy braid groups residually nilpotent?

A group is called residually nilpotent if given any non-identity element, there is a normal subgroup not containing that element, such that the quotient group is nilpotent. It is known that pure braid ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Associated graded Lie algebra of braid groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Braids, pure braids and Dehn twists

Consider the braid group with $n$ strands $B_n$. Each braid can be drawn (say) from bottom to top as $n$-intertwining strictly monotonic strands. Moreover, the group $B_n$ is generated by $n-1$ ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

2-cells in the configuration space

My overarching question is why in the Artin presentation of the (geometrically defined) braid group there are no more than two relations. I've learned one way to prove this is using the fact that the ...
6
votes
0answers
302 views

Presentation of Homotopy Pure Braid Group?

Let $\tilde{B_n}$ be the homotopy braid group; namely, in the deformation of braids, a braid string is allowed to self-intersect itself. Similarly let $\tilde{P_n}$ be the homotopy pure braid group. ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Semidirect products with braid groups and type $F_\infty$

Let $F$ be a group which is strongly type $F_\infty$ in the sense that every subgroup is of type $F_\infty$. Here, type $F_\infty$ means that the group admits a classifying space with compact skeleta. ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Computable link invariants

I am interested in the following situation: given a braid $B$, it induces a link $L$ in a pretty straightforward way ("glue" the endpoints, like here). For a braid $B$, we know how to represent it in ...
13
votes
0answers
204 views

What do tangles teach us about braids?

A braid is a smooth level-preserving embedding $f\colon\, \{1,2,\ldots,n\}\times[0,1]\hookrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2 \times [0,1]$ such that $f(k,0)=(k,0)$ and $f(k,1) \in \{1,2,\ldots,n\} \times ...
6
votes
1answer
124 views

An analogue of cabling for configuration spaces

There is a well-known operation known as cabling for knots, and also for braid groups, where it is a homomorphism $$\beta_k \times \beta_\ell \longrightarrow \beta_{k\ell}$$ given by thickening up the ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Pure braid groups of the complement of a lattice in the complex plane: generators and relations

Where can I find a presentation (by `natural' generators and relations between them) of the pure braid groups $PB_n(S)$ (for $n>0$) of $S=\mathbb C\setminus (\mathbb Z\oplus i \mathbb Z)$? Thanks ...
8
votes
1answer
224 views

The homology of the braid group with coefficients in the Burau representation

Let $B_n$ denote the braid group with $n$ braids. The Burau representation $B_n\to GL_n(\mathbb{Z}[t^{\pm1}])$ makes $(\mathbb{Q}[t^{\pm1}])^n$ a $B_n$-module. I am curious in knowing what $H_i(B_n, ...
4
votes
0answers
180 views

The Alexander-Conway polynomial: from knots to braids?

The Alexander-Conway polynomial was the first knot invariant to be discovered, as far back as 1923 according to this link. Given that knots can be expressed in terms of quasi-toric braid closures, it ...
10
votes
0answers
229 views

The Markov trace via Bott-Samelson fibers?

Let $H_n$ be the Hecke algebra of GL(n), i.e., the algebra over $\mathbb{Q}(q)$ with generators $T_1, \ldots, T_{n-1}$ which satisfy the braid relations and also $T^2 = (q-1) T + q$. Recall the ...
8
votes
0answers
162 views

Does the shortest path between two braids pass through string links?

One of the fundamental facts underlying the application of braid theory to knot theory is that braids inject into string links. This means that braids $B_1$ and $B_2$, considered inside a cube $I^3$, ...