# Tagged Questions

Birational geometry is a field of algebraic geometry the goal of which is to determine when two algebraic varieties are isomorphic outside lower-dimensional subsets. This amounts to studying mappings that are given by rational functions rather than polynomials; the map may fail to be defined where ...

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### Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...
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### Birational invariants and fundamental groups

In pondering this MO question and people's efforts to answer it, and recalling also something that I learned in my youth about using Morse theory ideas to prove some results of Lefschetz in the ...
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### Rationality of intersection of quadrics

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a complete intersection of two quadrics. It is classical that, if $X$ contains a line, then it is rational. The proof is very simple and basically it is given by taking ...
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### What is known about the birational involutions of P^3?

Describing the group of birational automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^n$, $\mbox{Bir}(\mathbb{P}^n)$, for $n\ge 3$ is a fundamental open problem in birational geometry. For $n=2$, the classical theorem of ...
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### Generalization of the rigidity lemma in birational geometry

Let $X,Y,Z$ be projective varieties, and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$, $g:X\rightarrow Z$ be dominant morphisms. Assume that all the fibers of $g$ have the same dimension and are connected. If there exists ...
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### is the Hodge conjecture birationally invariant?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two birational smooth projective varieties over the complex numbers. Assume $X$ satisfies the Hodge conjecture. Is it known that the Hodge conjecture holds for $Y$?
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### Rationality of GIT quotients

I recently worked through most of the proof of the rationality of the moduli of genus 3 curves, which seemed to have the following structure: Every nonhyperelliptic genus 3 curve is a smooth plane ...
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### Relative canonical divisors

Suppose that $X$ is a Gorenstein variety and that $\pi : Y \to X$ is a birational map of varieties with normal $Y$. In this case the relative canonical divisor is defined to be $K_Y - \pi^*K_X$ (if ...
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### When does $Aut(X)=Bir(X)$ hold?

Let $X$ be a projective complex manifold. Under what condition do we have the equality $Aut(X)=Bir(X)$? Here $Aut(X)$ denotes the group of holomorphic automorphisms of $X$ and $Bir(X)$ the group of ...
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### Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...
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### Geometrically unirational varieties that are not unirational

By a variety over a field $k$, I mean a scheme that is separated and of finite type over $k$. I indicate changes of the base ring by subscripts. Does there exist a smooth and projective variety $V$ ...
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### Contracting divisors to a point

This is quite possibly a stupid question, but it is pretty far from what I normally do, so I wouldn't even know where to look it up. If $X$ is a projective variety over an algebraically closed field ...
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### Letters of a bi-rationalist

V.V. Shokurov has written several papers over the course of about 10 years which are called "Letters of a bi-rationalist". Here are the ones that I could find: Letters of a bi-rationalist. I. A ...
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### Extending birational isomorphisms between planar curves to the P^2

Let $k$ be a field and let $C,D$ be two integral curves in $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. Now let $f:C \to D$ be a birational isomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. To be precise, does there exist a ...
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### Blowups of Cohen-Macaulay varieties

Suppose that $X$ is a Cohen-Macaulay normal scheme/variety and $\pi : Y \to X$ is a proper birational map with $Y$ normal. Question: Is $Y$ also Cohen-Macaulay? Are there common conditions which ...
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### Why is the Hodge class of \bar{M_g} big and nef?

Let pi: \bar{Mg,1} \to \bar{M_g} be natural projection of compactified moduli stacks of curves and let omega be the relative dualizing sheaf. Then the Hodge class \lambda of \bar{M_g} is the first ...
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### Why is $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality not local in the étale topology?

I was reading Kollár and Mori's book today and stumbled on the following passage: "The $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality assumption is a very natural one if we start with smooth varieties, and it makes many ...
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### Appropriate journal to publish a determinantal inequality

I have recently made the following observation: Let $v_i := (v_{i1}, v_{i2})$, $1 \leq i \leq k$, be non-zero positive elements of $\mathbb{Q}^2$ such that no two of them are proportional. Let $M$...
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### How much can small modifications change the nef cone?

First let me give a precise formulation of the question; I'll give some background/motivation at the end. If X is a projective variety which is Q-factorial (meaning X is normal, and some sufficiently ...
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### A characterization of the blow-up

It is well-known that there is a universal characterization of blow-ups. However, this one is not so easy to use. According to Hartshorne-Theorem II.8.24. The blow-up of a nonsingular $X$ along a ...
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### Cones, monoids, and the space of (very) ample divisors

An interesting and useful tool to study a projective variety is its ample cone. Understanding the structure of this cone reveals information about the variety, and it is an isomorphism-invariant so ...
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### Simplified treatment of resolutions of complex analytic varieties?

According to the article of Hauser: The Hironaka theorem on resolution of singularities http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2003-40-03/S0273-0979-03-00982-0/home.html The existence of resolution of ...
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### Proving a variety is not unirational

It is known that if a variety is unirational then it is rationally connected. However, there are no known examples of rationally connected varieties which are not unirational. In these notes, at the ...
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### Training towards research on birational geometry/minimal model program

Being a not yet enrolled independently supervised graduate student in mathematics, with prospects of applying to American graduate schools hopefully in a 1-2 years' time, I have a background of having ...
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### Is the number of minimal models finite

Let $X$ be a variety of general type. Assume that $\dim X = 3$. In https://eudml.org/doc/164223 it is proven that $X$ has only finitely many minimal models (i.e., only $\mathbb Q$-factorial terminal ...
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### Does a birational involution of C^n always have a fixed point?

The title describes completely the question. For n=1 it is an easy exercise. For n=2 the statement is still true, and depends on the classification of birational involutions of P^2 (see e.g. http://...
Say I have a projective (smooth, compact) irreducible symplectic variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and I perform a Mukai flop. It is well known that if the resulting variety $\widetilde{X}$ is Kahler, it ...