Birational geometry is a field of algebraic geometry the goal of which is to determine when two algebraic varieties are isomorphic outside lower-dimensional subsets. This amounts to studying mappings that are given by rational functions rather than polynomials; the map may fail to be defined where ...

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1answer
75 views

Sections of a linear system splitting as a product of degree one polynomials

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a hypersurface of degree $d$ and with multiplicities $m_1,...,m_k$ at $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^n$ general points. Let $S\subseteq |\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(d)|$ be ...
14
votes
1answer
326 views

Generalization of the rigidity lemma in birational geometry

Let $X,Y,Z$ be projective varieties, and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$, $g:X\rightarrow Z$ be dominant morphisms. Assume that all the fibers of $g$ have the same dimension and are connected. If there exists ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

On factorization theorem of toric birational morphisms

Let $X_{Σ′}\to X_{Σ}$ be a toric birational morphism between smooth and complete toric varieties induced by a regular subdivision $Σ′\leq Σ$, i.e. every cone in $Σ′$ is contained in a cone in $Σ$ and ...
8
votes
0answers
227 views

Letters of a bi-rationalist

V.V. Shokurov has written several papers over the course of about 10 years which are called "Letters of a bi-rationalist". Here are the ones that I could find: Letters of a bi-rationalist. I. A ...
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votes
0answers
93 views

rationality of Fano 3fold $X_{18}$

I need a reference for an explicit proof of the rationality of the Fano 3-fold $X_{18}$. By explicit I mean by a sequence of explicit birational transformations. Thank you!
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Automorphisms of Cartesian products

Let us consider the Cartesian product $X^r$, where $X$ is a smooth projective variety. There is a subgroup $Aut_{\Delta}(X^r)\subset Aut(X^r)$ of automorphisms of $X^r$ mapping a $k$-dimensional ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

Automorphisms of locally trivial fibrations

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a locally trivial fibration with a variety $F$ as the fiber. Here $X, Y, F$ are smooth, projective varieties. Does any automorphism of $F$ induce an automorphism of $X$? In ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Inverse image of a divisor

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism with connected fibers between projective varieties (not necessarily flat). Let $D\subset Y$ be an irreducible divisor. Let us look at the cycle $f^{-1}(D)\subset ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Generic Smoothness Type of Results in Positive Characteristic

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a surjective morphism between two projective varieties over a field of characteristic $p>0$. Also assume that $f_*\mathcal{O}_X=\mathcal{O}_Y$, and $X$ is smooth. We know that ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Rigid effective divisors

Let $D\subset X$ be an effective smooth divisor in a smooth projective variety $X$. Assume that $h^0(X,D)=1$. In particular $D$ spans an extremal ray of the effective cone of $X$. Now, let ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

$Ex(f)$ has codimension at least 2

The following is a part of proof of lemma 6.2 in the book. $f:X \to Y$ a projective birational morphism of normal varieties $D$: Weil divisor on $Y$, $E$: exceptional divisor of $f$ ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

A Bertini-type result for hypersurfaces containing a subvariety

Let $P$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $4$ and let $Z$ be an irreducible subvariety of dimension $2$ ($Z$ is not necessarily smooth, but you can assume it). Is there a smooth, ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Non-vanishing of a higher direct image

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a small birational morphism between threefolds. Assume $X$ has terminal singularities and the relative Picard of $f$ is $1$. Suppose the exceptional locus of $f$ is a curve $C$, and ...
35
votes
5answers
2k views

Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Can one control the ramification of a Brauer class under birational morphisms?

Assume we are given a Brauer class $\xi\in Br(k(\mathbb{P}^n))$ ramified at some divisor $D\subset \mathbb{P}^n$, here $k=\mathbb{C}$. If $f: \mathbb{P}^n\mathrel{-\,}\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^n$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

A moduli problem inspired by Stein factorization

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper, birational morphism with connected fibers, $X$ is non-singular and $Y$ is normal. Does there exist a moduli space parametrizing all invertible sheaves $\mathcal{L}$ on $X$ ...
4
votes
1answer
383 views

Is every complex rational algebraic variety simply connected for the Euclidean topology?

Is it true that every quasi-projective rational irreducible algebraic complex variety is simply connected for the Euclidean topology? Of course, this is false if we replace "complex" with "real" or ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Picard groups, ample cones, and proper birational maps

Let $f:Y\to X$ be a proper birational map of normal varieties over an algebraically closed field which is an isomorphism over the regular locus. Q1: Is it the case that the pullback ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

A question on young persons guide to canonical singularities

In the Corollary at pag 407 of Young persons guide to canonical singularities there is a formula to compute the contributions $c_q(D)$ to Riemann-Roch of a divisor $D$ passing through a point $q\in ...
2
votes
1answer
608 views

Resolution of the indeterminacy locus of a rational map away from an irreducible component

Suppose I have a rational map between two smooth, complex, projective varieties (or a meromorphic map between two compact, complex, manifolds) $X$ and $Y$. Ordinarily one eliminates the indeterminacy ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Endomorphism of Chow goup induced by a birational map

Let $\phi:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a birational map between smooth projective $k$-varieties ($k=\bar k$) and $\Gamma$ be the closure of the graph of $\phi$. In Fulton's intersection theory example ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Rational connectedness of certain subvarieties of the linear series

Let $X$ be a smooth projective hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, $|\mathcal{O}_X(a)|$ be the complete linear system for some integer $a>0$. Ofcourse, a general element of the linear system is a ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Standard techniques on rationally connected varieties

Is there some standard technique or approach to determine when a (irreducible) subvariety of a rationally connected variety is again rationally connected? Any reference/text dealing with this kind of ...
3
votes
0answers
169 views

Restriction of the Canonical Divisor $K_X$ to a general fiber

Let $\ f:X\to Z$ be a surjective morphism between two smooth projective varieties with connected fibers $(f_*\mathcal{O}_X=\mathcal{O}_X)$. Let $F$ be a general fiber of $f$ and $\mbox{dim } ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Birational morphism and first cohomology group

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a proper birational morphism of smooth projective varieties over $k=\bar k$ ($char(k)>0$). Is it true that $H^1(Y,\mathbb Z_l)\stackrel{f^*}\simeq H^1(X,\mathbb Z_l)$ ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

Fibrations on blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^2$

Let $X_n = Bl_{p_1,...,p_n}\mathbb{P}^2$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in $n$ general points $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^2$. Let $f_i:\mathbb{P}^{2}\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^1$ be the linear ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

pull back of an ample line bundle under a blow up

Suppose $\mu:X\rightarrow Y$ is a blow up of a smooth irreducible subvariety $Z$ of $Y$. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $Y$. Let $E$ be the exceptional divisor of $f$. Is it true that there ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

On the number of irreducible components of an exceptional divisor

Let $X$ be a complex, affine variety and $Z\subseteq X$ a closed subset of $X$ (i.e. a closed, reduced subscheme). Let $E$ be the exceptional divisor of the blow-up $\pi:\tilde X\to X$ of $X$ with ...
3
votes
1answer
373 views

What is $h^0(\mathcal O_F)$ where $F$ is a fiber of a normal surface over a smooth curve?

Lately I am studying the bend-and-break, and I follow the proof in the following note written by Olivier Debarre: http://www.math.ens.fr/~debarre/M2.pdf There is a detail that I just cannot go ...
1
vote
1answer
382 views

Why are the different definitions of minimal model equivalent?

I'm starting to learn the minimal model program. It seems there are two definitions for a variety $X$ with only terminal singularities to be minimal: $K_X$ is nef. Every birational morphism from $X$ ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Graded ring of a genus 2 curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex curve of genus 2 with canonical divisor $K$. $X$ of course is hyperelliptic and has an involution that I denote by $j$. There exists 3 possibilities for ...
9
votes
2answers
311 views

Fibrations of projective varieties

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a flat morphism of normal projective varieties with fibers of positive dimension (in particular all the fibers are connected and of the same dimension). Let $g:X\rightarrow ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Cohen-Macaulayness of the direct image of the canonical sheaf

Let $Y$ be a normal projective variety and let $f:X\to Y$ be a desingularization. Define $\mathcal K_X=f_*\omega_X$, the Grauert--Riemenschneider canonical sheaf of $X$. It is independent of the ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Finiteness of geometric valuations

I feel the following fact has been used in many argument in algebraic geometry, but I was not be able to prove it or find the precise reference: Let $X$ be a $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial variety with log ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

How to prove two manifolds are not birational?

Given a family of compact complex manifold $\mathcal{X} \rightarrow B$, what are the standard techniques to prove two distinct fibers $\mathcal{X}_a$ and $\mathcal{X}_b$ are not birational?
4
votes
1answer
299 views

pull-back of canonical divisor under blow-up of a singular point

I was checking an example of canonical singularities from surface. We consider the surface $X:(xz=y^2)\subset \mathbb A^3$. The only singular point is the origin. We write down one affine piece of ...
2
votes
1answer
354 views

Is every surjective, birational transformation of projective varieties automatically proper?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex, irreducible, normal, projective varieties (read: integral, projective, normal $\mathbb C$-schemes of finite type), projective in the sense of Hartshorne. Let ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Bertini theorem for big divisors and klt pairs

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and let $D$ be a big $\mathbb Q$-divisor on $X$. Assume that for $m$ large $|mD|$ has no fixed components. Is there a $\mathbb Q$-divisor $D'\equiv D$ so that ...
4
votes
2answers
247 views

A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$. I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...
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vote
0answers
99 views

A birational compatification problem

Let $P_1$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, and $Y_1 \subseteq P_1$ be a codimension $1$ (irreducible) subvariety. Suppose there is a blowdown morphism $Y_1 \to Y_2$. Then can I find a ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Definition and sigularity of Ramified covers

Let $X$ be a normal variety over $\mathbb{C}$. In their book Birational geometry of algebraic varieties, Kollár and Mori define [Definition 2.50 and 2.51] a ramified m-th cyclic cover associate to a ...
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votes
0answers
115 views

How can every divisor be reached by a sequence of blow-ups?

The following is a result of Zariski [cf. Lemma 2.45 of Birational Geometry of Algebraic Varieties]. $X$ : an algebraic variety over a field $k$. $(R,m)$ : a DVR of the quotient field $K(X)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
166 views

When can a blow-down be pushed out?

I am interested in constructing a morphism out of a blown down variety. Let $V$ be a scheme, $U\hookrightarrow V$ an open immersion. Let $\widetilde V$ be a blow-up of $V$, $\widetilde U$ its ...
6
votes
1answer
248 views

Vanishing theorem for big divisors

Let $X$ be a projective, smooth variety over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $D$ be a irreducible, big Cartier divisor(notice, I do not assume nefness). Then is it true that $${\rm{H}}^1(X, K_X + D) = 0\quad?$$ ...
4
votes
0answers
118 views

Blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^4$ along a smooth surface

Let $\pi \colon X\to \mathbb{P}^4$ be the blow-up of a smooth surface $S\subset \mathbb{P}^4$. Is there a formula to compute $(K_X)^4$ ? (which should be dependent on invariants of $S$). In dimension ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Reference request: log Fano varieties

I need a reference for a proof of the following fact: let $X$ be a toric variety then $X$ is log Fano. Thanks a lot.
3
votes
1answer
233 views

Is an anticanonical Weil divisor in $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein variety Calabi-Yau?

Let $P$ be a normal, $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorestein variety with terminal singularities. Let $X \subseteq P$ be a normal, irreducible Weil divisor such that $X \sim_{\mathbb{Q}} - K_P$, that is ...
0
votes
1answer
237 views

Relative form of Kodaira's lemma?

If $X$ is a smooth projective variety, Kodaira's lemma states that a big line bundle $D$ can be decomposed (as $\mathbb Q$-divisors) as $A+E$, with $A$ ample and $E$ effective. I am wondering what ...
2
votes
3answers
623 views

Movable Divisors

Let $X$ be a projective variety. Does anyone know an example of a movable reducible divisor $D\in Mov(X)$ such that any element in the linear system $|D|$ of $D$ is reducible?
10
votes
2answers
393 views

Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...