The birational-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

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### Exceptional loci are covered by rational curves: easy case

It's well-known that the exceptional locus of a birational morphism is covered by rational curves, in various degrees of generality. The best result I know in this direction is the following:
Theorem ...

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votes

**2**answers

319 views

### Global sections of a linear system

Recently, following Beauville's book (exercises iv.(1),(2)) I have been working on Hirzebruch surfaces (from the algebraic geometry point of view) and I had to compute the space of global sections of ...

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votes

**1**answer

634 views

### How to construct log-canonical (or Calabi-Yau), non-Cohen-Macaulay singularities of low codimensions?

(EDIT 07/06/11: although the question has not been settled definitely, Sándor's excellent answer and the comments by Angelo and ulrich have highlighted many potential obstructions to the constructions ...

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vote

**1**answer

207 views

### Rationality of quadric fibrations

Let $Q\to S$ be a quadric fibration over a rational base $S$, over an algebraically closed field of non zero characteristic. Is it true the following?
$Q$ is rational if and only if $Q \to S$ has a ...

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**0**answers

146 views

### Is there an example of index 1 picardnumber 1 Fano 4-fold with h^{21}\neq0

Are there any known examples of index 1 smooth Fano 4-folds X with $\mathsf{Pic}(X)\cong\mathbb{Z}$ with $h^2(\Omega^1_X)\neq0$?

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**1**answer

373 views

### Is the strict transform of a smooth subvariety under the iterated blowup of a smooth varitiety still smooth?

Suppose $Y$ is a smooth variety, $X$ is a smooth hypersurface of $Y$, and $D_1, \ldots, D_n$ are smooth subvarieties of $Y$ that intersect transversely such that the sum of the codimensions of the ...

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467 views

### Birational automorphisms of canonical models

Let $X$ be a variety with canonical singularities such that $K_X$ is ample.
Do you have a reference of the fact that every birational map from $X$ to itself is biregular?
Thank you

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votes

**1**answer

410 views

### Cones, monoids, and the space of (very) ample divisors

An interesting and useful tool to study a projective variety is its ample cone. Understanding the structure of this cone reveals information about the variety, and it is an isomorphism-invariant so ...

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votes

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739 views

### Rational map to a non-uniruled manifold

Let X, Y be smooth projective (over IC), let f:X..>Y be a rational map. Assume Y is not uniruled. Is it true that f will be regular over a non-empty open subset of Y? Funny..

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**1**answer

1k views

### Rationality of intersection of quadrics

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a complete intersection of two quadrics. It is classical that, if $X$ contains a line, then it is rational. The proof is very simple and basically it is given by taking ...

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votes

**1**answer

515 views

### Stable base loci

Let $\mathbb{B}(L):=\bigcap_{m \in \mathbb{N}} Bs(|mL|)$ be the stable locus of Cartier divisor. I have read the paper "Restricted volumes and base loci of linear sistems" in which it's proved that ...

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**0**answers

513 views

### Semistable sheaves on rationally connected manifolds

Let $(X,H)$ be a polarized projective manifold of dimension $n$ defined over $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathcal E$ be a reflexive sheaf on $X$.
If for every subsheaf $\mathcal F \subset \mathcal E$ the ...

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votes

**3**answers

585 views

### When does f-nef imply nef (after twisting?)

For a surjective morphism $f \colon X \to Z$ of smooth projective varieties, a line bundle $L$ on $X$ is $f$-nef if is nef on the fibers of $f$. More precisely, for every curve $C$ that is mapped to a ...

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751 views

### What is known about the birational involutions of P^3?

Describing the group of birational automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^n$, $\mbox{Bir}(\mathbb{P}^n)$, for $n\ge 3$ is a fundamental open problem in birational geometry. For $n=2$, the classical theorem of ...

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votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Positivity of the anticanonical bundle of a rationally connected manifold

Let $X$ be a rationally connected smooth projective variety defined over $\mathbb C$.
(1) Can we find a surface $S \subset X$ such that $ (-K_X)^2 \cdot S > 0 ? $
If yes, can we assume that $S$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

434 views

### Simplified treatment of resolutions of complex analytic varieties?

According to the article of Hauser:
The Hironaka theorem on resolution of singularities http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2003-40-03/S0273-0979-03-00982-0/home.html
The existence of resolution of ...

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votes

**2**answers

566 views

### Topology of the preimage of a point for degree one holomorphic maps

Let $M^n$ and $N^n$ be two compact complex (or complex projective) manifolds. Let $f: M\to N$
be a holomorphic map of degree one. How to prove that for each $x\in N$ the set
$f^{-1}(x)$ is ...

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vote

**0**answers

327 views

### birational equivalence and mirror CYs

If a CY X is a mirror to Y then any CY Z which is birational to X is also a Mirror of Y. This is the motivation for the Kawamata's "moveable Kahler cone" which includes the Kahler cones of all the CYs ...

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votes

**1**answer

382 views

### Numerically rigid nef divisor

Is it possible to find an example of an $\mathbb{R}$-Cartier divisor $D$ on an irreducible variety $X$ that is non-trivial, nef, effective and numerically rigid?
By "numerically rigid" I mean that ...

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728 views

### Relative canonical divisors

Suppose that $X$ is a Gorenstein variety and that $\pi : Y \to X$ is a birational map of varieties with normal $Y$.
In this case the relative canonical divisor is defined to be $K_Y - \pi^*K_X$ (if ...

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votes

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840 views

### Blowups of Cohen-Macaulay varieties

Suppose that $X$ is a Cohen-Macaulay normal scheme/variety and $\pi : Y \to X$ is a proper birational map with $Y$ normal.
Question: Is $Y$ also Cohen-Macaulay? Are there common conditions which ...

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**2**answers

2k views

### Technique to prove basepoint-freeness

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$.
And let $L$ be a big and nef line bundle on $X$.
I want to prove $L$ is semi-ample($L^m$ is basepoint-free for some $m > 0$).
The only way ...

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votes

**1**answer

784 views

### Appropriate journal to publish a determinantal inequality

I have recently made the following observation:
Let $v_i := (v_{i1}, v_{i2})$, $1 \leq i \leq k$, be non-zero positive elements of $\mathbb{Q}^2$ such that no two of them are proportional. Let ...

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votes

**2**answers

640 views

### Possible singularities of the base of a Mori fiber space

Suppose X is a normal projective complex variety, (X, $\Delta$) is a klt pair and f : X $\to$ Z is a Mori fiber space given by a contraction of an extremal ray for this pair. Here I mean that the ...

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votes

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2k views

### Birational invariants and fundamental groups

In pondering this MO question and people's efforts to answer it, and recalling also something that I learned in my youth about using Morse theory ideas to prove some results of Lefschetz in the ...

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votes

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2k views

### Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...

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801 views

### How much can small modifications change the nef cone?

First let me give a precise formulation of the question; I'll give some background/motivation at the end.
If X is a projective variety which is Q-factorial (meaning X is normal, and some sufficiently ...

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votes

**1**answer

361 views

### A question about the construction of Francia flip

Here is the construction.
Start with $U$ a normal variety of dimension 3 with a unique singular point locally isomorphic to the quotient of $(x, y, z) \to (-x, -y, -z)$. Also assume we have a small ...

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455 views

### Schemes as a model category

I'm just learning some basics of model categories, so please forgive me if my question turns out to be trivial. I hope it does at least make sense.
A natural temptation is to relate this machinery to ...

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votes

**1**answer

757 views

### Birational pullbacks of divisors on singular varieties

Actually I have two related questions.
Here is the first...
Suppose $X$ is a, possibly singular, complex projective variety.
Let $D$ be an effective Cartier divisor on $X$ and $x\in X$ a closed ...

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votes

**1**answer

394 views

### About b-divisors

In the last period I have studied a number of papers of O. Fujino and F. Ambro using the language of b-divisors.
So far it seems to me that every proof I have studied can be translated in the ...

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2k views

### Is the Euler characteristic a birational invariant

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are smooth projective varieties which are birationally equivalent. I would like to have that $$\textrm{deg} \ \textrm{td}(X) = \textrm{deg} \ \textrm{td}(Y).$$ Invoking the ...

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votes

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### The Riemann correspondence for riemann surfaces made explicit and its generalizations

Riemann showed (not proved rigorously) that there is a correspondence between compact riemann surfaces and algebraic function fields in one variable (does anyone know the year?).
To construct the ...

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### Contracting divisors to a point

This is quite possibly a stupid question, but it is pretty far from what I normally do, so I wouldn't even know where to look it up.
If $X$ is a projective variety over an algebraically closed field ...

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191 views

### Projectivity of flops

Say I have a projective (smooth, compact) irreducible symplectic variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and I perform a Mukai flop. It is well known that if the resulting variety $\widetilde{X}$ is Kahler, it ...

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539 views

### Are groups in (Var/k, rational maps) necessarily algebraic groups?

Let $RVar$ be the category which has complex algebraic verieties as objects and rational maps as morphisms [Edit: for $RVar$ to be a category, the rational maps have to be dominant].
Let's consider a ...

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**2**answers

495 views

### Minimal model which is necessarily singular

I was told during a summer school on the MMP a nice example (which I have also mentioned here on MO) that I'm not able to figure out anymore.
The example (due, I think, to Miles Reid) is a smooth ...

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vote

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438 views

### Relative minimality for conic bundles

Due to difficulties in finding references I am not sure of what relative minimality is about for conic bundles. Suppose we're working on con. bun. over surfaces.
The definition is ok: the fiber over ...

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votes

**1**answer

421 views

### Does a birational involution of C^n always have a fixed point?

The title describes completely the question.
For n=1 it is an easy exercise. For n=2 the statement is still true, and depends on the classification of birational involutions of P^2 (see e.g. ...

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votes

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642 views

### Rationality of GIT quotients

I recently worked through most of the proof of the rationality of the moduli of genus 3 curves, which seemed to have the following structure:
Every nonhyperelliptic genus 3 curve is a smooth plane ...

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votes

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291 views

### Nefness of $h-e$ in the blowup of $\mathbb{P}^n$

Let $S$ be the blow up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ in a point $P$. Let $h$ be the class of the pullback of an hyperplane of $\mathbb{P}^n$ and $e$ the class of the exceptional divisor. Why is the divisor ...

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votes

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569 views

### Reference for explicit calculation of blowups (of ideals) and strict transforms

Can one suggest some references where explicit calculations for blow up technique(along an ideal) and strict transformation is done in different examples?

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### Why is the Hodge class of \bar{M_g} big and nef?

Let pi: \bar{Mg,1} \to \bar{M_g} be natural projection of compactified moduli stacks of curves and let omega be the relative dualizing sheaf. Then the Hodge class \lambda of \bar{M_g} is the first ...