The birational-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Training towards research on birational geometry/minimal model program

Being a not yet enrolled independently supervised graduate student in mathematics, with prospects of applying to American graduate schools hopefully in a 1-2 years' time, I have a background of having ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Fields over which cubic hypersurfaces are rational

All cubic hypersurfaces having at least one double point are birational to some $P^n$ over an algebraically closed field. How does the statement change as I pass to non alg closed fields? Does it hold ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

375 views

### is Hasse principle a birational invariant?

...it is probably a very trivial question, but I am a beginner in arithmetics.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

201 views

### Numerical dimension of nef divisors

Let $D$ be a nef divisor (moreover suppose it is effective if you prefer) on a normal projective variety of dimension $n$. Let $k\in[1,n-1]$.
If $D^k\cdot V=0$ for generic subvarieties $V\subseteq X$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Can a birational morphism between smooth varieties be dominated by smooth blowup sequences?

Suppose $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a birational morphism between smooth varieties and D is a snc divisor on $Y$. Can we find a smooth blowup sequence on $Y$ which dominates $f$ such that the preimage of D ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Birational maps and open subsets inducing isomorphisms

Let $\pi \colon X\to Y$ be a morphism, where $X$ is projective. Suppose the existence of an open subset $U\subset X$ such that $\pi^{-1}(\pi(U))=U$, that $\pi$ is injective on $U$, and that its ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### Crepant resolutions of ODP's on a 3-fold

It seems to be a well-known fact that if we have a 3-fold $X$ with only ODP singularities (ordinary double point) and a smooth Weil divisor $E$ passing through them, then by blowing-up $X$ along $E$ ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

915 views

### Extending birational isomorphisms between planar curves to the P^2

Let $k$ be a field and let $C,D$ be two integral curves in $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. Now let $f:C \to D$ be a birational isomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. To be precise, does there exist a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Discussion of Luroth's problem in an article of Beauville

I am reading a wonderful article of Arnaud Beauville, called La théorie de Hodge et quelques applications
http://math.unice.fr/~beauvill/conf/Bordeaux2.pdf
There is one place on page 12 that I can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### extending biholomorphic maps to bimeromorphic maps

A meromorphic map of complex spaces (in the sense of Remmert) $f: X \to Y$ is a multivalued map such that its graph $\Gamma$ is an analytic subset of $X \times Y$ and off some analytic subset $Z ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

651 views

### Can one prove vanishing of higher direct images fiber-wise?

Let $\pi:X\to Y$ be a proper map of algebraic varieties (over $\mathbb C$) which is a bi-rational equivalence.
are the following statements equivalent?
The derived direct image of $O_X$ is $O_Y$.
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

495 views

### Why is $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality not local in the étale topology?

I was reading Kollár and Mori's book today and stumbled on the following passage:
"The $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality assumption is a very natural one if we start with smooth varieties, and it makes many ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

656 views

### What can be said about a pullback of a very ample line bundle w.r.t birational maps?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and $\phi: X \to \mathbb P^n$ be a map. If $\phi$ is an embedding then $E=\phi^*(O(1))$ is very ample. But can one say something if $\phi$
is birational (but not ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

259 views

### 'Reference' request: Program to work with cyclic quotient singularities.

I'm looking for program code to deal with cyclic quotient singularities on normal surfaces. In particular, at the moment I need that given a singularity $p$ like $p=\frac{1}{n}(1,a)$ the code ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### On the points of indeterminacy of a rational map

Let $X,Y$ be complex projective varieties with $X$ irreducible, and let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a rational map.
If $U\subseteq X$ is the largest open set where $f$ can be defined, is it true that
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

624 views

### Example of cone of numerically effective curves which is not polyhedral

I think I have seen more than one reference in which the cone of numerically effective curves can be 'not polyhedral', i.e. with an infinite number of extremal rays
I cannot remember where I read ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

245 views

### Numerically negative exceptional divisor on a surface.

Suppose $S$ is an algebraic surface (possibly projective) over an algebraically closed field $k$. Suppose $D_i$ are irreducible smooth curves (rational, if you want) with negative self-intersection ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

696 views

### Minimal Model Program for surfaces over algebraically closed fields of characteristic p

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$.
I have been trying to find out unsuccessfully if there is a mmp for algebraic surfaces over $k$. I know minimal surfaces are ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### Log canonical pairs and ample divisors

Suppose $(X,\Delta)$ is a log canonical pair and $A$ is an ample divisor on $X$. Could you give me an esay proof of the fact that there exists $A'$ that is $\mathbb{Q}$-linearly equivalent to $A$ such ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### A characterization of the blow-up

It is well-known that there is a universal characterization of blow-ups. However, this one is not so easy to use. According to Hartshorne-Theorem II.8.24. The blow-up of a nonsingular $X$ along a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

582 views

### Unirational implies rationally connected

It is evidently a well-known fact that a unirational variety $X$ over an algebraic closed field (i.e. there is a dominant rational map from $\mathbb P^n$ to $X$) is rationally connected (by which I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Applications of the boundedness of birational automorphisms

Recently the paper http://de.arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/1011/1011.1464v1.pdf by Hacon, McKernan and Xu appeared on the arXiv. There the authors prove that the number of birational automorphisms of a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Divisor intersecting non-negatively the negative part of its Zariski decomposition

Hi all. I'm looking for an example of a smooth projective surface $X$ and a pseudo-effective divisor $D$ on $X$ such that when I consider the Zariski decomposition $D=P+N$ there is some component $E$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

533 views

### Is it possible to check two curves on birational equivalence by some computer algebra system?

I have two curves, for example hyperelliptic:
\begin{align}
&y^2 = x^6 + 14x^4 + 5x^3 + 14x^2 + 18, \\\\
&y^2 = x^6 + 14x^4 + 5x^3 + 14x^2 + 5x + 1
\end{align}
Is it possible to check them ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Sections of a fibration in intersections of quadrics

Suppose that we have a smooth variety $X$ of dimension $n$ that fibers (a flat morphism) over a curve $Y$, and s.t. the fibers of $X \to Y$ are all complete interesections of two quadric hypersurfaces ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### do geometric fibers determine scheme-theoretic image?

Let $X,Y,Z$ be reduced algebraic varieties, and let $Y$ and $Z$ be normal. Let $f:X \to Y$ and $g:X \to Z$ two surjective projective morphisms of algebraic varieties such that the geometric fibers of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### resolution of singularities and a projection formula

Let $Y$ be a normal surface and let $p:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a resolution of singularities.
Let $f$ be a rational function on $Y$.
Do we have that $p_\ast$div $(d(f\circ p)) = $ div $df$ as ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Exceptional loci are covered by rational curves: easy case

It's well-known that the exceptional locus of a birational morphism is covered by rational curves, in various degrees of generality. The best result I know in this direction is the following:
Theorem ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Global sections of a linear system

Recently, following Beauville's book (exercises iv.(1),(2)) I have been working on Hirzebruch surfaces (from the algebraic geometry point of view) and I had to compute the space of global sections of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

576 views

### How to construct log-canonical (or Calabi-Yau), non-Cohen-Macaulay singularities of low codimensions?

(EDIT 07/06/11: although the question has not been settled definitely, Sándor's excellent answer and the comments by Angelo and ulrich have highlighted many potential obstructions to the constructions ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

206 views

### Rationality of quadric fibrations

Let $Q\to S$ be a quadric fibration over a rational base $S$, over an algebraically closed field of non zero characteristic. Is it true the following?
$Q$ is rational if and only if $Q \to S$ has a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Is there an example of index 1 picardnumber 1 Fano 4-fold with h^{21}\neq0

Are there any known examples of index 1 smooth Fano 4-folds X with $\mathsf{Pic}(X)\cong\mathbb{Z}$ with $h^2(\Omega^1_X)\neq0$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Is the strict transform of a smooth subvariety under the iterated blowup of a smooth varitiety still smooth?

Suppose $Y$ is a smooth variety, $X$ is a smooth hypersurface of $Y$, and $D_1, \ldots, D_n$ are smooth subvarieties of $Y$ that intersect transversely such that the sum of the codimensions of the ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

459 views

### Birational automorphisms of canonical models

Let $X$ be a variety with canonical singularities such that $K_X$ is ample.
Do you have a reference of the fact that every birational map from $X$ to itself is biregular?
Thank you

**7**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### Cones, monoids, and the space of (very) ample divisors

An interesting and useful tool to study a projective variety is its ample cone. Understanding the structure of this cone reveals information about the variety, and it is an isomorphism-invariant so ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

695 views

### Rational map to a non-uniruled manifold

Let X, Y be smooth projective (over IC), let f:X..>Y be a rational map. Assume Y is not uniruled. Is it true that f will be regular over a non-empty open subset of Y? Funny..

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Rationality of intersection of quadrics

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a complete intersection of two quadrics. It is classical that, if $X$ contains a line, then it is rational. The proof is very simple and basically it is given by taking ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

474 views

### Stable base loci

Let $\mathbb{B}(L):=\bigcap_{m \in \mathbb{N}} Bs(|mL|)$ be the stable locus of Cartier divisor. I have read the paper "Restricted volumes and base loci of linear sistems" in which it's proved that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

506 views

### Semistable sheaves on rationally connected manifolds

Let $(X,H)$ be a polarized projective manifold of dimension $n$ defined over $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathcal E$ be a reflexive sheaf on $X$.
If for every subsheaf $\mathcal F \subset \mathcal E$ the ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

551 views

### When does f-nef imply nef (after twisting?)

For a surjective morphism $f \colon X \to Z$ of smooth projective varieties, a line bundle $L$ on $X$ is $f$-nef if is nef on the fibers of $f$. More precisely, for every curve $C$ that is mapped to a ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

725 views

### What is known about the birational involutions of P^3?

Describing the group of birational automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^n$, $\mbox{Bir}(\mathbb{P}^n)$, for $n\ge 3$ is a fundamental open problem in birational geometry. For $n=2$, the classical theorem of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### Positivity of the anticanonical bundle of a rationally connected manifold

Let $X$ be a rationally connected smooth projective variety defined over $\mathbb C$.
(1) Can we find a surface $S \subset X$ such that $ (-K_X)^2 \cdot S > 0 ? $
If yes, can we assume that $S$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Simplified treatment of resolutions of complex analytic varieties?

According to the article of Hauser:
The Hironaka theorem on resolution of singularities http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2003-40-03/S0273-0979-03-00982-0/home.html
The existence of resolution of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

532 views

### Topology of the preimage of a point for degree one holomorphic maps

Let $M^n$ and $N^n$ be two compact complex (or complex projective) manifolds. Let $f: M\to N$
be a holomorphic map of degree one. How to prove that for each $x\in N$ the set
$f^{-1}(x)$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

321 views

### birational equivalence and mirror CYs

If a CY X is a mirror to Y then any CY Z which is birational to X is also a Mirror of Y. This is the motivation for the Kawamata's "moveable Kahler cone" which includes the Kahler cones of all the CYs ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### Numerically rigid nef divisor

Is it possible to find an example of an $\mathbb{R}$-Cartier divisor $D$ on an irreducible variety $X$ that is non-trivial, nef, effective and numerically rigid?
By "numerically rigid" I mean that ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

633 views

### Relative canonical divisors

Suppose that $X$ is a Gorenstein variety and that $\pi : Y \to X$ is a birational map of varieties with normal $Y$.
In this case the relative canonical divisor is defined to be $K_Y - \pi^*K_X$ (if ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

806 views

### Blowups of Cohen-Macaulay varieties

Suppose that $X$ is a Cohen-Macaulay normal scheme/variety and $\pi : Y \to X$ is a proper birational map with $Y$ normal.
Question: Is $Y$ also Cohen-Macaulay? Are there common conditions which ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Technique to prove basepoint-freeness

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$.
And let $L$ be a big and nef line bundle on $X$.
I want to prove $L$ is semi-ample($L^m$ is basepoint-free for some $m > 0$).
The only way ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

753 views

### Appropriate journal to publish a determinantal inequality

I have recently made the following observation:
Let $v_i := (v_{i1}, v_{i2})$, $1 \leq i \leq k$, be non-zero positive elements of $\mathbb{Q}^2$ such that no two of them are proportional. Let ...