The birational-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

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### K-equivalence does not depend on the choice of the third variety

By K-equivalent of two smooth varieties $X,Y$, we mean there exist a smooth variety $Z$, and birational morphism $q: Z \to X,\quad p: Z \to Y$ , such that $q^* \omega_X \cong p^* \omega_Y$.
Suppose ...

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### How to Construct a ''Nice'' Birational Model in Characteristic p>0

Let $X=Spec\ A$ be a normal affine variety of dimension $n$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Also, assume that $S\subset X$ be a prime Weil-divisor on $X$. Now, I ...

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### About del Pezzo surfaces

First of all, I would like to apologize if my question is stupid or a well known fact.
Let $F$ be a rational surface with $K_F^2=5$ and $f: F\rightarrow \mathbb{P_k^2}$ be a birational morphism ...

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### Is always a Crepant birational map between smooth varieties a small modification

Lemma: A crepant birational map between quasi-projective normal varieties with only terminal singularities is in fact small modifitacions, i.e. isomorphism in codimension 1.
So, if ...

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### Lifting vector fields to its resolution in char $p$

In this paper 4.7, the authors showed that on a normal variety $X$, if there is a tangent vector field on its smooth locus, then it can be lifted as a logarithmic tangent vector field on a log ...

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### Crepant Birational Map on the Blow-up

Let $ f: \mathbb{P}^n \dashrightarrow (\mathbb{P}^1)^n , [x_0:\dots :x_n] \mapsto ([x_0,x_1],[x_0,x_2], \dots ,[x_0,x_n])$ a birational map.
In particular, if $X$ is the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ at ...

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### Crepant Birational Map

Let $ f: \mathbb{P}^n \dashrightarrow (\mathbb{P}^1)^n , [x_0:\dots :x_n] \mapsto ([x_0,x_1],[x_0,x_2], \dots ,[x_0,x_n])$ a birational map.
Is $f$ a Crepant birational map?

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### On a Strongly F-regular Pair (X, \Delta)

Let $X$ be a normal projective variety over a field of characteristic $p>0$ and $(X, \Delta\geq 0)$ be a pair such that $K_X+\Delta$ is $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier whose index is not divisible by $p$. ...

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### Strictness of the inequality relating the Iitaka dimension and algebraic dimension

For any (compact and connected) complex manifold $X$ and any line bundle $L$ on $X$ we have the well known inequalities $\kappa(X,L)\leq\alpha(X)\leq\dim(X)$ relating the Iitaka-dimension ...

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### When does $Aut(X)=Bir(X)$ hold?

Let $X$ be a projective complex manifold. Under what condition do we have the equality $Aut(X)=Bir(X)$? Here $Aut(X)$ denotes the group of holomorphic automorphisms of $X$ and $Bir(X)$ the group of ...

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### Quotients of rational surfaces

Let $X$ be a projective surface defined over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and let $G$ be a finite group acting biregularly on $X$.
Assuming that $X$ is rational over $k$, is the quotient $X/G$ ...

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### Training towards research on birational geometry/minimal model program

Being a not yet enrolled independently supervised graduate student in mathematics, with prospects of applying to American graduate schools hopefully in a 1-2 years' time, I have a background of having ...

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### Fields over which cubic hypersurfaces are rational

All cubic hypersurfaces having at least one double point are birational to some $P^n$ over an algebraically closed field. How does the statement change as I pass to non alg closed fields? Does it hold ...

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### is Hasse principle a birational invariant?

...it is probably a very trivial question, but I am a beginner in arithmetics.

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### Numerical dimension of nef divisors

Let $D$ be a nef divisor (moreover suppose it is effective if you prefer) on a normal projective variety of dimension $n$. Let $k\in[1,n-1]$.
If $D^k\cdot V=0$ for generic subvarieties $V\subseteq X$ ...

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### Can a birational morphism between smooth varieties be dominated by smooth blowup sequences?

Suppose $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a birational morphism between smooth varieties and D is a snc divisor on $Y$. Can we find a smooth blowup sequence on $Y$ which dominates $f$ such that the preimage of D ...

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### Birational maps and open subsets inducing isomorphisms

Let $\pi \colon X\to Y$ be a morphism, where $X$ is projective. Suppose the existence of an open subset $U\subset X$ such that $\pi^{-1}(\pi(U))=U$, that $\pi$ is injective on $U$, and that its ...

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### Crepant resolutions of ODP's on a 3-fold

It seems to be a well-known fact that if we have a 3-fold $X$ with only ODP singularities (ordinary double point) and a smooth Weil divisor $E$ passing through them, then by blowing-up $X$ along $E$ ...

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### Extending birational isomorphisms between planar curves to the P^2

Let $k$ be a field and let $C,D$ be two integral curves in $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. Now let $f:C \to D$ be a birational isomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. To be precise, does there exist a ...

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### Discussion of Luroth's problem in an article of Beauville

I am reading a wonderful article of Arnaud Beauville, called La théorie de Hodge et quelques applications
http://math.unice.fr/~beauvill/conf/Bordeaux2.pdf
There is one place on page 12 that I can ...

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### extending biholomorphic maps to bimeromorphic maps

A meromorphic map of complex spaces (in the sense of Remmert) $f: X \to Y$ is a multivalued map such that its graph $\Gamma$ is an analytic subset of $X \times Y$ and off some analytic subset $Z ...

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### Can one prove vanishing of higher direct images fiber-wise?

Let $\pi:X\to Y$ be a proper map of algebraic varieties (over $\mathbb C$) which is a bi-rational equivalence.
are the following statements equivalent?
The derived direct image of $O_X$ is $O_Y$.
...

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### Why is $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality not local in the étale topology?

I was reading Kollár and Mori's book today and stumbled on the following passage:
"The $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality assumption is a very natural one if we start with smooth varieties, and it makes many ...

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### What can be said about a pullback of a very ample line bundle w.r.t birational maps?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and $\phi: X \to \mathbb P^n$ be a map. If $\phi$ is an embedding then $E=\phi^*(O(1))$ is very ample. But can one say something if $\phi$
is birational (but not ...

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### 'Reference' request: Program to work with cyclic quotient singularities.

I'm looking for program code to deal with cyclic quotient singularities on normal surfaces. In particular, at the moment I need that given a singularity $p$ like $p=\frac{1}{n}(1,a)$ the code ...

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### On the points of indeterminacy of a rational map

Let $X,Y$ be complex projective varieties with $X$ irreducible, and let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a rational map.
If $U\subseteq X$ is the largest open set where $f$ can be defined, is it true that
...

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### Example of cone of numerically effective curves which is not polyhedral

I think I have seen more than one reference in which the cone of numerically effective curves can be 'not polyhedral', i.e. with an infinite number of extremal rays
I cannot remember where I read ...

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### Numerically negative exceptional divisor on a surface.

Suppose $S$ is an algebraic surface (possibly projective) over an algebraically closed field $k$. Suppose $D_i$ are irreducible smooth curves (rational, if you want) with negative self-intersection ...

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### Minimal Model Program for surfaces over algebraically closed fields of characteristic p

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$.
I have been trying to find out unsuccessfully if there is a mmp for algebraic surfaces over $k$. I know minimal surfaces are ...

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### Log canonical pairs and ample divisors

Suppose $(X,\Delta)$ is a log canonical pair and $A$ is an ample divisor on $X$. Could you give me an esay proof of the fact that there exists $A'$ that is $\mathbb{Q}$-linearly equivalent to $A$ such ...

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### A characterization of the blow-up

It is well-known that there is a universal characterization of blow-ups. However, this one is not so easy to use. According to Hartshorne-Theorem II.8.24. The blow-up of a nonsingular $X$ along a ...

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### Unirational implies rationally connected

It is evidently a well-known fact that a unirational variety $X$ over an algebraic closed field (i.e. there is a dominant rational map from $\mathbb P^n$ to $X$) is rationally connected (by which I ...

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### Applications of the boundedness of birational automorphisms

Recently the paper http://de.arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/1011/1011.1464v1.pdf by Hacon, McKernan and Xu appeared on the arXiv. There the authors prove that the number of birational automorphisms of a ...

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### Divisor intersecting non-negatively the negative part of its Zariski decomposition

Hi all. I'm looking for an example of a smooth projective surface $X$ and a pseudo-effective divisor $D$ on $X$ such that when I consider the Zariski decomposition $D=P+N$ there is some component $E$ ...

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### Is it possible to check two curves on birational equivalence by some computer algebra system?

I have two curves, for example hyperelliptic:
\begin{align}
&y^2 = x^6 + 14x^4 + 5x^3 + 14x^2 + 18, \\\\
&y^2 = x^6 + 14x^4 + 5x^3 + 14x^2 + 5x + 1
\end{align}
Is it possible to check them ...

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### Sections of a fibration in intersections of quadrics

Suppose that we have a smooth variety $X$ of dimension $n$ that fibers (a flat morphism) over a curve $Y$, and s.t. the fibers of $X \to Y$ are all complete interesections of two quadric hypersurfaces ...

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### do geometric fibers determine scheme-theoretic image?

Let $X,Y,Z$ be reduced algebraic varieties, and let $Y$ and $Z$ be normal. Let $f:X \to Y$ and $g:X \to Z$ two surjective projective morphisms of algebraic varieties such that the geometric fibers of ...

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### Why are the different definitions of minimal model equivalent?

I'm starting to learn the minimal model program. It seems there are two definitions for a variety $X$ with only terminal singularities to be minimal:
$K_X$ is nef.
Every birational morphism from $X$ ...

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### resolution of singularities and a projection formula

Let $Y$ be a normal surface and let $p:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a resolution of singularities.
Let $f$ be a rational function on $Y$.
Do we have that $p_\ast$div $(d(f\circ p)) = $ div $df$ as ...

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### Exceptional loci are covered by rational curves: easy case

It's well-known that the exceptional locus of a birational morphism is covered by rational curves, in various degrees of generality. The best result I know in this direction is the following:
Theorem ...

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### Global sections of a linear system

Recently, following Beauville's book (exercises iv.(1),(2)) I have been working on Hirzebruch surfaces (from the algebraic geometry point of view) and I had to compute the space of global sections of ...

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### How to construct log-canonical (or Calabi-Yau), non-Cohen-Macaulay singularities of low codimensions?

(EDIT 07/06/11: although the question has not been settled definitely, Sándor's excellent answer and the comments by Angelo and ulrich have highlighted many potential obstructions to the constructions ...

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### Rationality of quadric fibrations

Let $Q\to S$ be a quadric fibration over a rational base $S$, over an algebraically closed field of non zero characteristic. Is it true the following?
$Q$ is rational if and only if $Q \to S$ has a ...

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### Is there an example of index 1 picardnumber 1 Fano 4-fold with h^{21}\neq0

Are there any known examples of index 1 smooth Fano 4-folds X with $\mathsf{Pic}(X)\cong\mathbb{Z}$ with $h^2(\Omega^1_X)\neq0$?

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### Is the strict transform of a smooth subvariety under the iterated blowup of a smooth varitiety still smooth?

Suppose $Y$ is a smooth variety, $X$ is a smooth hypersurface of $Y$, and $D_1, \ldots, D_n$ are smooth subvarieties of $Y$ that intersect transversely such that the sum of the codimensions of the ...

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### Birational automorphisms of canonical models

Let $X$ be a variety with canonical singularities such that $K_X$ is ample.
Do you have a reference of the fact that every birational map from $X$ to itself is biregular?
Thank you

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### Cones, monoids, and the space of (very) ample divisors

An interesting and useful tool to study a projective variety is its ample cone. Understanding the structure of this cone reveals information about the variety, and it is an isomorphism-invariant so ...

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### Rational map to a non-uniruled manifold

Let X, Y be smooth projective (over IC), let f:X..>Y be a rational map. Assume Y is not uniruled. Is it true that f will be regular over a non-empty open subset of Y? Funny..

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### Rationality of intersection of quadrics

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a complete intersection of two quadrics. It is classical that, if $X$ contains a line, then it is rational. The proof is very simple and basically it is given by taking ...

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### Stable base loci

Let $\mathbb{B}(L):=\bigcap_{m \in \mathbb{N}} Bs(|mL|)$ be the stable locus of Cartier divisor. I have read the paper "Restricted volumes and base loci of linear sistems" in which it's proved that ...