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17
votes
3answers
1k views

Birational invariants and fundamental groups

In pondering this MO question and people's efforts to answer it, and recalling also something that I learned in my youth about using Morse theory ideas to prove some results of Lefschetz in the ...
30
votes
5answers
2k views

Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...
7
votes
2answers
688 views

How much can small modifications change the nef cone?

First let me give a precise formulation of the question; I'll give some background/motivation at the end. If X is a projective variety which is Q-factorial (meaning X is normal, and some sufficiently ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

A question about the construction of Francia flip

Here is the construction. Start with $U$ a normal variety of dimension 3 with a unique singular point locally isomorphic to the quotient of $(x, y, z) \to (-x, -y, -z)$. Also assume we have a small ...
9
votes
1answer
391 views

Schemes as a model category

I'm just learning some basics of model categories, so please forgive me if my question turns out to be trivial. I hope it does at least make sense. A natural temptation is to relate this machinery to ...
3
votes
1answer
537 views

Birational pullbacks of divisors on singular varieties

Actually I have two related questions. Here is the first... Suppose $X$ is a, possibly singular, complex projective variety. Let $D$ be an effective Cartier divisor on $X$ and $x\in X$ a closed ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

About b-divisors

In the last period I have studied a number of papers of O. Fujino and F. Ambro using the language of b-divisors. So far it seems to me that every proof I have studied can be translated in the ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the Euler characteristic a birational invariant

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are smooth projective varieties which are birationally equivalent. I would like to have that $$\textrm{deg} \ \textrm{td}(X) = \textrm{deg} \ \textrm{td}(Y).$$ Invoking the ...
2
votes
3answers
917 views

The Riemann correspondence for riemann surfaces made explicit and its generalizations

Riemann showed (not proved rigorously) that there is a correspondence between compact riemann surfaces and algebraic function fields in one variable (does anyone know the year?). To construct the ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Contracting divisors to a point

This is quite possibly a stupid question, but it is pretty far from what I normally do, so I wouldn't even know where to look it up. If $X$ is a projective variety over an algebraically closed field ...
7
votes
0answers
179 views

Projectivity of flops

Say I have a projective (smooth, compact) irreducible symplectic variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and I perform a Mukai flop. It is well known that if the resulting variety $\widetilde{X}$ is Kahler, it ...
7
votes
1answer
490 views

Are groups in (Var/k, rational maps) necessarily algebraic groups?

Let $RVar$ be the category which has complex algebraic verieties as objects and rational maps as morphisms [Edit: for $RVar$ to be a category, the rational maps have to be dominant]. Let's consider a ...
9
votes
2answers
453 views

Minimal model which is necessarily singular

I was told during a summer school on the MMP a nice example (which I have also mentioned here on MO) that I'm not able to figure out anymore. The example (due, I think, to Miles Reid) is a smooth ...
1
vote
2answers
359 views

Relative minimality for conic bundles

Due to difficulties in finding references I am not sure of what relative minimality is about for conic bundles. Suppose we're working on con. bun. over surfaces. The definition is ok: the fiber over ...
7
votes
1answer
412 views

Does a birational involution of C^n always have a fixed point?

The title describes completely the question. For n=1 it is an easy exercise. For n=2 the statement is still true, and depends on the classification of birational involutions of P^2 (see e.g. ...
10
votes
2answers
584 views

Rationality of GIT quotients

I recently worked through most of the proof of the rationality of the moduli of genus 3 curves, which seemed to have the following structure: Every nonhyperelliptic genus 3 curve is a smooth plane ...
3
votes
3answers
276 views

Nefness of $h-e$ in the blowup of $\mathbb{P}^n$

Let $S$ be the blow up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ in a point $P$. Let $h$ be the class of the pullback of an hyperplane of $\mathbb{P}^n$ and $e$ the class of the exceptional divisor. Why is the divisor ...
1
vote
5answers
464 views

Reference for explicit calculation of blowups (of ideals) and strict transforms

Can one suggest some references where explicit calculations for blow up technique(along an ideal) and strict transformation is done in different examples?
6
votes
3answers
412 views

Why is the Hodge class of \bar{M_g} big and nef?

Let pi: \bar{Mg,1} \to \bar{M_g} be natural projection of compactified moduli stacks of curves and let omega be the relative dualizing sheaf. Then the Hodge class \lambda of \bar{M_g} is the first ...