The birational-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

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### Is each rationally chain connected surface rational?

Consider a 2-dimensional smooth projective algebraic surface S over complex numbers. Could you recommend any exact references to the proofs of the following assertions (of course, if they are true):
...

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134 views

### A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$.
For instance consider a cubic surface ...

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211 views

### Pseudo-automorphisms on Fano varieties

Is every pseudo-automorphism (self-birational map which does not contract any hypersurface) of a smooth Fano variety of Picard rank $1$ equal to a biregular automorphism?
Remark: For $\mathbb{P}^n$, ...

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178 views

### Uniruled degenerations of abelian varieties

Suppose I have a smooth projective variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ with $K_X$ semiample, and consider the fiber space $f:X\to Y$ given by $|\ell K_X|$, for some $\ell>0$ large, where $Y$ is a normal ...

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191 views

### Which singularities of log pairs do not depend on the resolution?

Let $(X,\Delta)$ be a log pair (we assume the coefficients of $\Delta\leq 1$, but could be negative rationals), and I use the definitions in the book of "Birational Geometry of Algbebraic varieties" ...

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215 views

### Hypersurfaces with rational self-maps

I'm looking for interesting examples of hypersurfaces $X\subset \mathbb P^n$ with a rational self-map $X\dashrightarrow X$?
Are there such examples for cubic hypersurfaces?

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**1**answer

137 views

### Pushforward of a log canonical pair

This question comes from learning the paper "Existence of minimal models for varieties of log general type", where they define the log terminal model (See Definition 3.6.7). However, the question ...

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221 views

### Small birational maps and singularities of the pair

Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small birational map, where $X,Y$ are normal $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial varieties. Let $\Delta_X\subset X$ be an effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that the pair ...

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87 views

### singularities preserved by integral closure

Let $X$ be an affine variety. Let $A$ be the coordinate ring of $X$ and let $K$ be the fraction field of $A$. Given a Galois extension $K\subset L$, let $B$ be the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Let ...

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208 views

### Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...

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239 views

### Vanishing theorems for pluri-canonical bundle

I would like to know if Grauer-Riemenschneider vanishing theorem is still true in the setting of pluri-canonical bundle, i.e. the power of canonical bundle.
Let me recall
Grauer-Riemenschneider ...

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131 views

### Big divisors and small transformations

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety such that $-K_X$ is ample. Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial transformation. I would like to know if is true or not that:
$-K_Y$ is ...

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338 views

### What goes wrong to use “bend-and-break” trick for singular varieties?

When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can use Mori's bend-and-break trick to establish the cone theorem. However, when $X$ has singularity (say klt. singularity), the cone theorem is obtained ...

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343 views

### Motivation behind the proof that $X^4+Y^4+Z^4+W^4$ is unirational

I'm trying to understand the proof that $V(x^4+y^4+w^4+z^4)$ in $\mathbb P^3_k$ is unirational for $k=\overline{\mathbb F_3}$.
The complete details are in the link so I just write a fast summary, ...

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225 views

### Why do we use analytic coordinates to characterize singularity?

I read about Du Val singularities on surface are classified by equations of ADE type. For example, $x^2+y^2+z^{n+1}=0$ for A type. As not every surface can have a neighbourhood embedded in ...

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128 views

### Dimension of image of a hyperplane section

If we have a surjective morphism $f：X\to Y$, where $X$ is $n$ dimensional projective variety and $Y$ is $m$ dimensional projective variety.
If $m<n$, Can we choose a general hyperplane section $H$ ...

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148 views

### A problem related to deformation of irrational curves

The following question arises from the proof of "bend-and-break" lemma:
Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $C$ be an irrational smooth curve. Let $c \in C$ be a fixed closed point. ...

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152 views

### Ample divisors on $\mathbb{P}^n$ blown-up at $k$ general points

Let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ at $k$ general points. We can assume $k\leq n+4$. Let
$$D = aH-b_1E_1-...-b_kE_k$$
be a divisor on $X$. Are there conditions on $a,b_1,...,b_k$ ensuring that ...

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195 views

### A question about kawamata's proof of vanishing for big and nef $\mathbb{Q}$ divisors

Theorem 2 [1, p.46] Let $X$ be a non-singular projective algebraic variety of dimension $n$, and $D$ a numerically effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that $(D^n)>0$. We assume that the support of ...

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756 views

### Simple normal crossing divisors

I found the following definition.
A Weil divisor $D = \sum_{i}D_i \subset X$ on a smooth variety $X$ is simple
normal crossing if for every point $p \in X$ a local equation of $D$
is ...

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692 views

### Big and Nef divisors

In Example 2.2.19 of
Lazarsfeld, Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I,
I found the following statement:
Let $D$ be a divisor on an irreducible projective variety $X$. Then $D$ is nef and big if and ...

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260 views

### Is the number of minimal models finite

Let $X$ be a variety of general type.
Assume that $\dim X = 3$. In https://eudml.org/doc/164223 it is proven that $X$ has only finitely many minimal models (i.e., only $\mathbb Q$-factorial terminal ...

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203 views

### A covering lemma of Kawamata

In the paper "A generalization of Kodaira-Ramanujam's vanishing theorem", Kawamata states a covering lemma (Lemma 5) which is
Let $X$ be a non-singular projective variety, and $D$ be a divisor ...

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699 views

### Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...

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495 views

### Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal.
Is ...

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250 views

### When is a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ a Mori Dream Space?

Let $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^2$ be general points. Let us consider the blow-up $X_k = Bl_{p_1,...,p_k}\mathbb{P}^2$. It is clear that if $k\leq 3$ then $X_k$ is toric and hence a Mori Dream Space. ...

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### Compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface

Is there some nice compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface of degree $\le 4$ (for example with a cubic surface) ?
More precisely, I would like a projective algebraic variety $X$ ...

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272 views

### Recognizing a Mukai flop

Let us first review the usual construction of a Mukai flop. Suppose $M$ is a smooth $2m$-dimensional projective variety over $\mathbb C$ containing a closed $m$-dimensional subvariety $W$, and suppose ...

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209 views

### Properties of extreme rays

Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, then the effective curves module the numerical equivalence form a cone. For my understanding, if the extreme ray $[C]$ has the property that ...

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255 views

### Kawamata-Log-Terminal pairs

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^3$ be general points, and let $\Delta\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a general surface of degree $d$ with points of multiplicity $m_i$ at $p_i$ for $i = 1,...,n$.
Consider the ...

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463 views

### Kleiman's and Nakai-Moishezon's ampleness criteria

I would like to work out a simple example to understand the relation between Kleiman ampleness criterion and Nakai-Moishezon ampleness criterion.
Namely, let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^{2}$ at ...

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254 views

### $\mathbb{P}^1$-fibrations over $\mathbb{P}^2$ that are not rational

We know that if $X$ is a smooth complex projective variety and we assume that there is a dominant morphism $f : X \to Y$ with $Y$ and the general fibers of $f$ rationally connected. Then $X$ itself is ...

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112 views

### How to Calculate Minimal Log Discrepancy on a Toric Variety?

Let $\sigma$ be a $3$ dimensional strongly convex rational polyhedral cone on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $X_\sigma$, the corresponding affine toric $3$-fol. Also, assume that $\Delta$ is an anti-boundary ...

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87 views

### Can discrepancy change after pseudo isomorphisms?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two projective irreductive algebraic varieties of dimension $3$ and let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a pseudo isomorphism, i.e. a birational map which restricts to an isomorphism ...

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208 views

### Irreducible divisor in a basepoint free linear system

Let $X$ be a projective, normal variety over complex field with canonical singularities. Suppose $|D|$ is a basepoint free linear system, then is it true that the generic elements in $|D|$ are ...

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201 views

### Blowing up rational singularities

Let $X$ be a projective surface embedded into $\mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ having at most rational singularities. Let $\tilde{X} \to X$ be the minimal resolution of $X$. Is it possible to embed ...

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561 views

### Why is the standard flop a flop?

I have seen at least two ways to define flops (and similarly flips).
We start with $Y \to X$, a surjective birational morphism, contracting a locus of codimension at least 2, such that $K_Y$ is ...

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958 views

### is the Hodge conjecture birationally invariant?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two birational smooth projective varieties over the complex numbers. Assume $X$ satisfies the Hodge conjecture.
Is it known that the Hodge conjecture holds for $Y$?

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503 views

### Resolution of the indeterminacy locus of a rational map away from an irreducible component

Suppose I have a rational map between two smooth, complex, projective varieties (or a meromorphic map between two compact, complex, manifolds)
$X$ and $Y$. Ordinarily one eliminates the indeterminacy ...

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127 views

### birational invariants of projective surfaces

I am studying Castelnuovo's rationality criterion for surfaces.
Let $S$ be a projective surface and $K$ a canonical divisor on $S$.
Let's use the notation ...

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### $Aut(X)$ and $Bir(X)$ for Calabi-Yau 3-folds with $\rho(X)=1$

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau 3-fold with Picard number one. How can one show that the automorphism group $Aut(X)$ is finite and moreover coincides with the birational automorphism group $Bir(X)$?
It seems ...

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### Global sections of exceptional divisor in normalized blow-up

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian normal local domain and $I$ an $R$-ideal. Write $X$ for the normalization of $\mathrm{Proj}(R[It])$ and $E$ for the effective Cartier divisor defined by the ...

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### invariance of the dimension of severi varieties of surfaces

Suppose I have a smooth projective surface $S\subset P^n$ embedded by a very ample linear system $|L|$. Consider now the generalized Severi varieties that parametrize curves on $S$ belonging to $|L|$, ...

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161 views

### Moduli spaces admitting birational morphisms over moduli spaces of curves

There are many alternative compactifications of $M_{g,n}$ which live naturally under the classical Deligne-Mumford compactification $\overline{M}_{g,n}$.
For instace the moduli spaces of weighted ...

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202 views

### Canonical bundle of the moduli space of curves

By the pointed canonical bundle formula the canonical bundle of $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ is given by
$$K_{\overline{M}_{g,n}} = 13\lambda+\psi-2\delta-\sum_{I}\delta_{1,I}$$
where $\lambda$ is the Hodge ...

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### stably birational abelian varieties are isomorphic

Can anybody help me to prove the following result:
Proposition. Let $A$ and $B$ be abelian varieties over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Assume that $A \times \mathbb{P}_k^n$ and $B \times ...

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172 views

### Are weak Fano 4-folds with canonical Gorenstein singularities bounded?

A Fano variety over $\mathbb{C}$ with Gorenstein singularity is called weak Fano if the anti-canonical divisor is nef and big.
Are there finite families of weak Fano 4-folds with canonical ...

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224 views

### Is there a blow-up formula for the derived category of a singular ambient variety?

For a nonsingular variety sitting inside a nonsingular ambient variety there is a semi-orthogonal decomposition of the derived category of the blow-up (with center that subvariety).
What can be said ...

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### Rationally connected varieties and rational fibrations

Let $Y$ be a rationally connected variety over an algebraically closed field, and let
$$\phi:X\dashrightarrow Y$$
be a rational fibration such that the general fiber of $\phi$ is rationally chain ...

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177 views

### Tangent bundles and birational morphisms

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth morphism between smooth schemes. Then there is an exact sequence
$$0\mapsto T_{X/Y}\rightarrow T_{X}\rightarrow f^{*}T_{Y}\mapsto 0$$
Now let us assume $f$ to be a ...