Birational geometry is a field of algebraic geometry the goal of which is to determine when two algebraic varieties are isomorphic outside lower-dimensional subsets. This amounts to studying mappings that are given by rational functions rather than polynomials; the map may fail to be defined where ...

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4
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0answers
122 views

Blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^4$ along a smooth surface

Let $\pi \colon X\to \mathbb{P}^4$ be the blow-up of a smooth surface $S\subset \mathbb{P}^4$. Is there a formula to compute $(K_X)^4$ ? (which should be dependent on invariants of $S$). In dimension ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Reference request: log Fano varieties

I need a reference for a proof of the following fact: let $X$ be a toric variety then $X$ is log Fano. Thanks a lot.
3
votes
1answer
241 views

Is an anticanonical Weil divisor in $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein variety Calabi-Yau?

Let $P$ be a normal, $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorestein variety with terminal singularities. Let $X \subseteq P$ be a normal, irreducible Weil divisor such that $X \sim_{\mathbb{Q}} - K_P$, that is $\mathbb{Q}$-...
2
votes
3answers
659 views

Movable Divisors

Let $X$ be a projective variety. Does anyone know an example of a movable reducible divisor $D\in Mov(X)$ such that any element in the linear system $|D|$ of $D$ is reducible?
0
votes
1answer
254 views

Relative form of Kodaira's lemma?

If $X$ is a smooth projective variety, Kodaira's lemma states that a big line bundle $D$ can be decomposed (as $\mathbb Q$-divisors) as $A+E$, with $A$ ample and $E$ effective. I am wondering what ...
11
votes
2answers
398 views

Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...
3
votes
2answers
335 views

Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

Log Canonical pairs

Let $X$ be a normal scheme ad $D = \sum_id_iD_i\subset X$ be a $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such thay $K_X+D$ is $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier. Let $f:Y\rightarrow X$ be a log resolution of the pair $(X,D)$ and let us ...
9
votes
1answer
305 views

Rationality of moduli spaces of rational curves

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ be the moduli space of Deligne-Mumford stable pointed rational curves, and let us consider the quotient $\widetilde{M}_{0,n} = \overline{M}_{0,n}/S_n$. Clearly, there is a ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Finite generation of certain $\mathcal{O}_X$-algebra

It is proved in this paper by Kawamata (Theorem 6.1) that for a 3-dimensional normal algebraic variety $X$ which has at most canonical singularities, and a Weil divisor $D$ on it, the $\mathcal{O}_X$-...
4
votes
0answers
116 views

Is this $S$-birational map an open immersion on its domain of definition?

My question is about a claim on the bottom of p. 121 of the book "Neron models" by Bosch, Lutkebohmert, and Raynaud, so I will freely use the general terminology recalled in this book, but will ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Run MMP between varieties of isomorphic in codimension 1

Let $X, Y$ be two birational projective varieties which are isomorphic in codimension 1. Suppose $H$ is an ample divisor on $Y$, and $H'$ be its strict transform on $X$, suppose we can run MMP with ...
1
vote
0answers
139 views

Resolution of singularities of projective varieties

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety, and let $Sing(X)$ be its singular locus. Let $Y$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Sing(X)$. Assume that we know that the strict transform ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

A question about running MMP with scaling

Let $\pi:X \to U$ be a projective morphism, and $(X, \Delta = A + B)$ be a KLT pair, where $A$ is a general ample divisor and $B$ is effective. Suppose $K_X + \Delta$ is not nef (over $U$) and there ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

motivic integration and jacobian ideal

When we consider the change of variables in motivic integration, we have a birational map $f:Y\rightarrow X$ with Y smooth and we have to consider two invariants the order of the Jacobian ideal of $X$ ...
0
votes
1answer
322 views

Is pushforward of an ample divisor under small birational map nef?

Let $X, Y$ be $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial, projective, normal varieties. Let $f: X --> Y$ be a small birational map. I have two related questions about pushforward of an ample divisor: (1) Let $H_X$ be ...
0
votes
2answers
214 views

Decompose a big divisor as nef big divisor and effective divisor

Let $W_n$ be a set of a log pair having the following property: For any $(X, D) \in W_n$ (1)$X$ has dimensional $n$ with tirvial canonical divisor (i.e.$K_X = 0$). Moreover, $X$ is a $\mathbb{Q}$-...
6
votes
1answer
911 views

Why is the inverse of a bijective rational map rational?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a bijective rational map of an open dense subset $X$ of $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}$ onto an open dense subset $Y$ of $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}$. How to prove that the inverse map $...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

birational classification of rationally connected 3-folds

What is the birational classification of (smooth projective) rationally connected 3-folds (over algebraically closed fields of characteristic $0$ or even $\mathbf{C}$, if $\mathrm{char}(k) = p > 0$,...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

A question on klt pairs

Let $D$ be a $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor in a smooth variety $X$. In Lazarsfeld book "Positivity in Algebraic Geometry 2" I found Proposition 9.5.13 saying that if for any $x\in D$ we have $mult_xD < 1$ ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Blowing up along birational equivalent subvarieties

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (not necessarily projective) over $\mathbb{C}$, and $V_1,V_2\subset X$ two projective subvarieties of $X$, with $\textrm{codim}(V_1)=\textrm{codim}(V_2)=2$. Suppose $...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

Is each rationally chain connected surface rational?

Consider a 2-dimensional smooth projective algebraic surface S over complex numbers. Could you recommend any exact references to the proofs of the following assertions (of course, if they are true): ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$. For instance consider a cubic surface $S\...
3
votes
2answers
256 views

Pseudo-automorphisms on Fano varieties

Is every pseudo-automorphism (self-birational map which does not contract any hypersurface) of a smooth Fano variety of Picard rank $1$ equal to a biregular automorphism? Remark: For $\mathbb{P}^n$, ...
3
votes
0answers
192 views

Uniruled degenerations of abelian varieties

Suppose I have a smooth projective variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ with $K_X$ semiample, and consider the fiber space $f:X\to Y$ given by $|\ell K_X|$, for some $\ell>0$ large, where $Y$ is a normal ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

Which singularities of log pairs do not depend on the resolution?

Let $(X,\Delta)$ be a log pair (we assume the coefficients of $\Delta\leq 1$, but could be negative rationals), and I use the definitions in the book of "Birational Geometry of Algbebraic varieties" (...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Hypersurfaces with rational self-maps

I'm looking for interesting examples of hypersurfaces $X\subset \mathbb P^n$ with a rational self-map $X\dashrightarrow X$? Are there such examples for cubic hypersurfaces?
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Pushforward of a log canonical pair

This question comes from learning the paper "Existence of minimal models for varieties of log general type", where they define the log terminal model (See Definition 3.6.7). However, the question ...
1
vote
2answers
239 views

Small birational maps and singularities of the pair

Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small birational map, where $X,Y$ are normal $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial varieties. Let $\Delta_X\subset X$ be an effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that the pair $(X,\...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

singularities preserved by integral closure

Let $X$ be an affine variety. Let $A$ be the coordinate ring of $X$ and let $K$ be the fraction field of $A$. Given a Galois extension $K\subset L$, let $B$ be the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...
4
votes
1answer
267 views

Vanishing theorems for pluri-canonical bundle

I would like to know if Grauer-Riemenschneider vanishing theorem is still true in the setting of pluri-canonical bundle, i.e. the power of canonical bundle. Let me recall Grauer-Riemenschneider ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Big divisors and small transformations

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety such that $-K_X$ is ample. Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial transformation. I would like to know if is true or not that: $-K_Y$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
386 views

What goes wrong to use “bend-and-break” trick for singular varieties?

When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can use Mori's bend-and-break trick to establish the cone theorem. However, when $X$ has singularity (say klt. singularity), the cone theorem is obtained ...
6
votes
1answer
351 views

Motivation behind the proof that $X^4+Y^4+Z^4+W^4$ is unirational

I'm trying to understand the proof that $V(x^4+y^4+w^4+z^4)$ in $\mathbb P^3_k$ is unirational for $k=\overline{\mathbb F_3}$. The complete details are in the link so I just write a fast summary, ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

Why do we use analytic coordinates to characterize singularity?

I read about Du Val singularities on surface are classified by equations of ADE type. For example, $x^2+y^2+z^{n+1}=0$ for A type. As not every surface can have a neighbourhood embedded in $\mathbb{A}^...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Dimension of image of a hyperplane section

If we have a surjective morphism $f:X\to Y$, where $X$ is $n$ dimensional projective variety and $Y$ is $m$ dimensional projective variety. If $m<n$, Can we choose a general hyperplane section $H$ ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

A problem related to deformation of irrational curves

The following question arises from the proof of "bend-and-break" lemma: Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $C$ be an irrational smooth curve. Let $c \in C$ be a fixed closed point. ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Ample divisors on $\mathbb{P}^n$ blown-up at $k$ general points

Let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ at $k$ general points. We can assume $k\leq n+4$. Let $$D = aH-b_1E_1-...-b_kE_k$$ be a divisor on $X$. Are there conditions on $a,b_1,...,b_k$ ensuring that $...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

A question about kawamata's proof of vanishing for big and nef $\mathbb{Q}$ divisors

Theorem 2 [1, p.46] Let $X$ be a non-singular projective algebraic variety of dimension $n$, and $D$ a numerically effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that $(D^n)>0$. We assume that the support of ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Simple normal crossing divisors

I found the following definition. A Weil divisor $D = \sum_{i}D_i \subset X$ on a smooth variety $X$ is simple normal crossing if for every point $p \in X$ a local equation of $D$ is $x_1\cdot...\...
1
vote
2answers
925 views

Big and Nef divisors

In Example 2.2.19 of Lazarsfeld, Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I, I found the following statement: Let $D$ be a divisor on an irreducible projective variety $X$. Then $D$ is nef and big if and ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

Is the number of minimal models finite

Let $X$ be a variety of general type. Assume that $\dim X = 3$. In https://eudml.org/doc/164223 it is proven that $X$ has only finitely many minimal models (i.e., only $\mathbb Q$-factorial terminal ...
0
votes
1answer
217 views

A covering lemma of Kawamata

In the paper "A generalization of Kodaira-Ramanujam's vanishing theorem", Kawamata states a covering lemma (Lemma 5) which is Let $X$ be a non-singular projective variety, and $D$ be a divisor ...
5
votes
1answer
828 views

Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...
4
votes
3answers
609 views

Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal. Is ...
1
vote
2answers
261 views

When is a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ a Mori Dream Space?

Let $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^2$ be general points. Let us consider the blow-up $X_k = Bl_{p_1,...,p_k}\mathbb{P}^2$. It is clear that if $k\leq 3$ then $X_k$ is toric and hence a Mori Dream Space. ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface

Is there some nice compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface of degree $\le 4$ (for example with a cubic surface) ? More precisely, I would like a projective algebraic variety $X$ ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Recognizing a Mukai flop

Let us first review the usual construction of a Mukai flop. Suppose $M$ is a smooth $2m$-dimensional projective variety over $\mathbb C$ containing a closed $m$-dimensional subvariety $W$, and suppose ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Properties of extreme rays

Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, then the effective curves module the numerical equivalence form a cone. For my understanding, if the extreme ray $[C]$ has the property that $[C]\...