The birational-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

152 views

### Small birational maps and singularities of the pair

Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small birational map, where $X,Y$ are normal $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial varieties. Let $\Delta_X\subset X$ be an effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that the pair ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### singularities preserved by integral closure

Let $X$ be an affine variety. Let $A$ be the coordinate ring of $X$ and let $K$ be the fraction field of $A$. Given a Galois extension $K\subset L$, let $B$ be the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

173 views

### Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Vanishing theorems for pluri-canonical bundle

I would like to know if Grauer-Riemenschneider vanishing theorem is still true in the setting of pluri-canonical bundle, i.e. the power of canonical bundle.
Let me recall
Grauer-Riemenschneider ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Big divisors and small transformations

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety such that $-K_X$ is ample. Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial transformation. I would like to know if is true or not that:
$-K_Y$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### What goes wrong to use “bend-and-break” trick for singular varieties?

When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can use Mori's bend-and-break trick to establish the cone theorem. However, when $X$ has singularity (say klt. singularity), the cone theorem is obtained ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Motivation behind the proof that $X^4+Y^4+Z^4+W^4$ is unirational

I'm trying to understand the proof that $V(x^4+y^4+w^4+z^4)$ in $\mathbb P^3_k$ is unirational for $k=\overline{\mathbb F_3}$.
The complete details are in the link so I just write a fast summary, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Why do we use analytic coordinates to characterize singularity?

I read about Du Val singularities on surface are classified by equations of ADE type. For example, $x^2+y^2+z^{n+1}=0$ for A type. As not every surface can have a neighbourhood embedded in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Dimension of image of a hyperplane section

If we have a surjective morphism $f：X\to Y$, where $X$ is $n$ dimensional projective variety and $Y$ is $m$ dimensional projective variety.
If $m<n$, Can we choose a general hyperplane section $H$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### A problem related to deformation of irrational curves

The following question arises from the proof of "bend-and-break" lemma:
Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $C$ be an irrational smooth curve. Let $c \in C$ be a fixed closed point. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Ample divisors on $\mathbb{P}^n$ blown-up at $k$ general points

Let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ at $k$ general points. We can assume $k\leq n+4$. Let
$$D = aH-b_1E_1-...-b_kE_k$$
be a divisor on $X$. Are there conditions on $a,b_1,...,b_k$ ensuring that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### A question about kawamata's proof of vanishing for big and nef $\mathbb{Q}$ divisors

Theorem 2 [1, p.46] Let $X$ be a non-singular projective algebraic variety of dimension $n$, and $D$ a numerically effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that $(D^n)>0$. We assume that the support of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Simple normal crossing divisors

I found the following definition.
A Weil divisor $D = \sum_{i}D_i \subset X$ on a smooth variety $X$ is simple
normal crossing if for every point $p \in X$ a local equation of $D$
is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

200 views

### Big and Nef divisors

In Example 2.2.19 of
Lazarsfeld, Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I,
I found the following statement:
Let $D$ be a divisor on an irreducible projective variety $X$. Then $D$ is nef and big if and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Is the number of minimal models finite

Let $X$ be a variety of general type.
Assume that $\dim X = 3$. In https://eudml.org/doc/164223 it is proven that $X$ has only finitely many minimal models (i.e., only $\mathbb Q$-factorial terminal ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### A covering lemma of Kawamata

In the paper "A generalization of Kodaira-Ramanujam's vanishing theorem", Kawamata states a covering lemma (Lemma 5) which is
Let $X$ be a non-singular projective variety, and $D$ be a divisor ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

340 views

### Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

309 views

### Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal.
Is ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### When is a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ a Mori Dream Space?

Let $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^2$ be general points. Let us consider the blow-up $X_k = Bl_{p_1,...,p_k}\mathbb{P}^2$. It is clear that if $k\leq 3$ then $X_k$ is toric and hence a Mori Dream Space. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface

Is there some nice compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface of degree $\le 4$ (for example with a cubic surface) ?
More precisely, I would like a projective algebraic variety $X$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Recognizing a Mukai flop

Let us first review the usual construction of a Mukai flop. Suppose $M$ is a smooth $2m$-dimensional projective variety over $\mathbb C$ containing a closed $m$-dimensional subvariety $W$, and suppose ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

168 views

### Properties of extreme rays

Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, then the effective curves module the numerical equivalence form a cone. For my understanding, if the extreme ray $[C]$ has the property that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Kawamata-Log-Terminal pairs

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^3$ be general points, and let $\Delta\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a general surface of degree $d$ with points of multiplicity $m_i$ at $p_i$ for $i = 1,...,n$.
Consider the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Kleiman's and Nakai-Moishezon's ampleness criteria

I would like to work out a simple example to understand the relation between Kleiman ampleness criterion and Nakai-Moishezon ampleness criterion.
Namely, let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^{2}$ at ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### $\mathbb{P}^1$-fibrations over $\mathbb{P}^2$ that are not rational

We know that if $X$ is a smooth complex projective variety and we assume that there is a dominant morphism $f : X \to Y$ with $Y$ and the general fibers of $f$ rationally connected. Then $X$ itself is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### How to Calculate Minimal Log Discrepancy on a Toric Variety?

Let $\sigma$ be a $3$ dimensional strongly convex rational polyhedral cone on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $X_\sigma$, the corresponding affine toric $3$-fol. Also, assume that $\Delta$ is an anti-boundary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Can discrepancy change after pseudo isomorphisms?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two projective irreductive algebraic varieties of dimension $3$ and let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a pseudo isomorphism, i.e. a birational map which restricts to an isomorphism ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### Irreducible divisor in a basepoint free linear system

Let $X$ be a projective, normal variety over complex field with canonical singularities. Suppose $|D|$ is a basepoint free linear system, then is it true that the generic elements in $|D|$ are ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Blowing up rational singularities

Let $X$ be a projective surface embedded into $\mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ having at most rational singularities. Let $\tilde{X} \to X$ be the minimal resolution of $X$. Is it possible to embed ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### Why is the standard flop a flop?

I have seen at least two ways to define flops (and similarly flips).
We start with $Y \to X$, a surjective birational morphism, contracting a locus of codimension at least 2, such that $K_Y$ is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

626 views

### is the Hodge conjecture birationally invariant?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two birational smooth projective varieties over the complex numbers. Assume $X$ satisfies the Hodge conjecture.
Is it known that the Hodge conjecture holds for $Y$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Resolution of the indeterminacy locus of a rational map away from an irreducible component

Suppose I have a rational map between two smooth, complex, projective varieties (or a meromorphic map between two compact, complex, manifolds)X and Y. Ordinarily one eliminates the indeterminacy locus ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### birational invariants of projective surfaces

I am studying Castelnuovo's rationality criterion for surfaces.
Let $S$ be a projective surface and $K$ a canonical divisor on $S$.
Let's use the notation ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### $Aut(X)$ and $Bir(X)$ for Calabi-Yau 3-folds with $\rho(X)=1$

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau 3-fold with Picard number one. How can one show that the automorphism group $Aut(X)$ is finite and moreover coincides with the birational automorphism group $Bir(X)$?
It seems ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Global sections of exceptional divisor in normalized blow-up

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian normal local domain and $I$ an $R$-ideal. Write $X$ for the normalization of $\mathrm{Proj}(R[It])$ and $E$ for the effective Cartier divisor defined by the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### invariance of the dimension of severi varieties of surfaces

Suppose I have a smooth projective surface $S\subset P^n$ embedded by a very ample linear system $|L|$. Consider now the generalized Severi varieties that parametrize curves on $S$ belonging to $|L|$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### Moduli spaces admitting birational morphisms over moduli spaces of curves

There are many alternative compactifications of $M_{g,n}$ which live naturally under the classical Deligne-Mumford compactification $\overline{M}_{g,n}$.
For instace the moduli spaces of weighted ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Canonical bundle of the moduli space of curves

By the pointed canonical bundle formula the canonical bundle of $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ is given by
$$K_{\overline{M}_{g,n}} = 13\lambda+\psi-2\delta-\sum_{I}\delta_{1,I}$$
where $\lambda$ is the Hodge ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### stably birational abelian varieties are isomorphic

Can anybody help me to prove the following result:
Proposition. Let $A$ and $B$ be abelian varieties over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Assume that $A \times \mathbb{P}_k^n$ and $B \times ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Are weak Fano 4-folds with canonical Gorenstein singularities bounded?

A Fano variety over $\mathbb{C}$ with Gorenstein singularity is called weak Fano if the anti-canonical divisor is nef and big.
Are there finite families of weak Fano 4-folds with canonical ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Is there a blow-up formula for the derived category of a singular ambient variety?

For a nonsingular variety sitting inside a nonsingular ambient variety there is a semi-orthogonal decomposition of the derived category of the blow-up (with center that subvariety).
What can be said ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Rationally connected varieties and rational fibrations

Let $Y$ be a rationally connected variety over an algebraically closed field, and let
$$\phi:X\dashrightarrow Y$$
be a rational fibration such that the general fiber of $\phi$ is rationally chain ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Tangent bundles and birational morphisms

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth morphism between smooth schemes. Then there is an exact sequence
$$0\mapsto T_{X/Y}\rightarrow T_{X}\rightarrow f^{*}T_{Y}\mapsto 0$$
Now let us assume $f$ to be a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Étale covers and birationality of varieties

All varieties are assumed to be projective over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f_1: Y \to X$ and $f_2: Y' \to X$ be étale morphisms with same finite Galois groups (to be honest, I don't know what does Galois ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### F-curves and divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

It is conjectured that a divisor on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ would be ample if $D\cdot C >0$ for all F-curves $C\subset \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Does the intersection degree with all ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### On Non F-pure ideal and Sharp F-Purity for a pair $(X, \Delta)$ where $K_X+\Delta$ is NOT $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier

Suppose $(X,\Delta\ge 0)$ is a pair such that $(p^g-1)(K_X+\Delta)$ is an Integral Weil Divisor for some $g>0$ and $X$ is a normal variety. Define $\mathcal{L}_{e,\Delta} = \mathcal{O}_X( ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### Hn(X, OX) = 0 for X birational to a regular affine variety?

It is a basic fact that $H^n(X, F) = 0$ if $X$ is noetherian affine, $n > 0$, and $F$ a quasi-coherent sheaf.
If $Y \to X$ is a blow-up of a smooth variety in a smooth center, then then ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

511 views

### Why is proving fully-faithfulness of an integral functor locally analytically sufficient?

More than once I've come across a statement in a paper about derived categories in which it says something to the effect of "in order to prove that $\Phi:D^b(X)\rightarrow D^b(Y)$ is fully-faithful we ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Conditions for the contractibility of subvarieties

One often finds statements of the sort "and one can contract this subvariety $E\subset X$ to a point in the projective variety $W$," without any explanation of the reasons such a contraction exists, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Are there only finitely varieties of general type dominated by a given variety in the following sense

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety. I believe the answer to the following question should be well-known. It is an instance of the Iitaka conjecture.
There are only finitely many ...