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1
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2answers
152 views

Small birational maps and singularities of the pair

Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small birational map, where $X,Y$ are normal $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial varieties. Let $\Delta_X\subset X$ be an effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that the pair ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

singularities preserved by integral closure

Let $X$ be an affine variety. Let $A$ be the coordinate ring of $X$ and let $K$ be the fraction field of $A$. Given a Galois extension $K\subset L$, let $B$ be the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Vanishing theorems for pluri-canonical bundle

I would like to know if Grauer-Riemenschneider vanishing theorem is still true in the setting of pluri-canonical bundle, i.e. the power of canonical bundle. Let me recall Grauer-Riemenschneider ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Big divisors and small transformations

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety such that $-K_X$ is ample. Let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a small $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial transformation. I would like to know if is true or not that: $-K_Y$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

What goes wrong to use “bend-and-break” trick for singular varieties?

When $X$ is a smooth projective variety, one can use Mori's bend-and-break trick to establish the cone theorem. However, when $X$ has singularity (say klt. singularity), the cone theorem is obtained ...
6
votes
1answer
316 views

Motivation behind the proof that $X^4+Y^4+Z^4+W^4$ is unirational

I'm trying to understand the proof that $V(x^4+y^4+w^4+z^4)$ in $\mathbb P^3_k$ is unirational for $k=\overline{\mathbb F_3}$. The complete details are in the link so I just write a fast summary, ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Why do we use analytic coordinates to characterize singularity?

I read about Du Val singularities on surface are classified by equations of ADE type. For example, $x^2+y^2+z^{n+1}=0$ for A type. As not every surface can have a neighbourhood embedded in ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Dimension of image of a hyperplane section

If we have a surjective morphism $f:X\to Y$, where $X$ is $n$ dimensional projective variety and $Y$ is $m$ dimensional projective variety. If $m<n$, Can we choose a general hyperplane section $H$ ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

A problem related to deformation of irrational curves

The following question arises from the proof of "bend-and-break" lemma: Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $C$ be an irrational smooth curve. Let $c \in C$ be a fixed closed point. ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Ample divisors on $\mathbb{P}^n$ blown-up at $k$ general points

Let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ at $k$ general points. We can assume $k\leq n+4$. Let $$D = aH-b_1E_1-...-b_kE_k$$ be a divisor on $X$. Are there conditions on $a,b_1,...,b_k$ ensuring that ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

A question about kawamata's proof of vanishing for big and nef $\mathbb{Q}$ divisors

Theorem 2 [1, p.46] Let $X$ be a non-singular projective algebraic variety of dimension $n$, and $D$ a numerically effective $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor such that $(D^n)>0$. We assume that the support of ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Simple normal crossing divisors

I found the following definition. A Weil divisor $D = \sum_{i}D_i \subset X$ on a smooth variety $X$ is simple normal crossing if for every point $p \in X$ a local equation of $D$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Big and Nef divisors

In Example 2.2.19 of Lazarsfeld, Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I, I found the following statement: Let $D$ be a divisor on an irreducible projective variety $X$. Then $D$ is nef and big if and ...
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Is the number of minimal models finite

Let $X$ be a variety of general type. Assume that $\dim X = 3$. In https://eudml.org/doc/164223 it is proven that $X$ has only finitely many minimal models (i.e., only $\mathbb Q$-factorial terminal ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

A covering lemma of Kawamata

In the paper "A generalization of Kodaira-Ramanujam's vanishing theorem", Kawamata states a covering lemma (Lemma 5) which is Let $X$ be a non-singular projective variety, and $D$ be a divisor ...
5
votes
1answer
340 views

Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...
4
votes
3answers
309 views

Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal. Is ...
0
votes
2answers
197 views

When is a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ a Mori Dream Space?

Let $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^2$ be general points. Let us consider the blow-up $X_k = Bl_{p_1,...,p_k}\mathbb{P}^2$. It is clear that if $k\leq 3$ then $X_k$ is toric and hence a Mori Dream Space. ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface

Is there some nice compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface of degree $\le 4$ (for example with a cubic surface) ? More precisely, I would like a projective algebraic variety $X$ ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Recognizing a Mukai flop

Let us first review the usual construction of a Mukai flop. Suppose $M$ is a smooth $2m$-dimensional projective variety over $\mathbb C$ containing a closed $m$-dimensional subvariety $W$, and suppose ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Properties of extreme rays

Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, then the effective curves module the numerical equivalence form a cone. For my understanding, if the extreme ray $[C]$ has the property that ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Kawamata-Log-Terminal pairs

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^3$ be general points, and let $\Delta\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a general surface of degree $d$ with points of multiplicity $m_i$ at $p_i$ for $i = 1,...,n$. Consider the ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Kleiman's and Nakai-Moishezon's ampleness criteria

I would like to work out a simple example to understand the relation between Kleiman ampleness criterion and Nakai-Moishezon ampleness criterion. Namely, let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^{2}$ at ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

$\mathbb{P}^1$-fibrations over $\mathbb{P}^2$ that are not rational

We know that if $X$ is a smooth complex projective variety and we assume that there is a dominant morphism $f : X \to Y$ with $Y$ and the general fibers of $f$ rationally connected. Then $X$ itself is ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

How to Calculate Minimal Log Discrepancy on a Toric Variety?

Let $\sigma$ be a $3$ dimensional strongly convex rational polyhedral cone on $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $X_\sigma$, the corresponding affine toric $3$-fol. Also, assume that $\Delta$ is an anti-boundary ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Can discrepancy change after pseudo isomorphisms?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two projective irreductive algebraic varieties of dimension $3$ and let $f:X\dashrightarrow Y$ be a pseudo isomorphism, i.e. a birational map which restricts to an isomorphism ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Irreducible divisor in a basepoint free linear system

Let $X$ be a projective, normal variety over complex field with canonical singularities. Suppose $|D|$ is a basepoint free linear system, then is it true that the generic elements in $|D|$ are ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Blowing up rational singularities

Let $X$ be a projective surface embedded into $\mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ having at most rational singularities. Let $\tilde{X} \to X$ be the minimal resolution of $X$. Is it possible to embed ...
8
votes
1answer
464 views

Why is the standard flop a flop?

I have seen at least two ways to define flops (and similarly flips). We start with $Y \to X$, a surjective birational morphism, contracting a locus of codimension at least 2, such that $K_Y$ is ...
10
votes
1answer
626 views

is the Hodge conjecture birationally invariant?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two birational smooth projective varieties over the complex numbers. Assume $X$ satisfies the Hodge conjecture. Is it known that the Hodge conjecture holds for $Y$?
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Resolution of the indeterminacy locus of a rational map away from an irreducible component

Suppose I have a rational map between two smooth, complex, projective varieties (or a meromorphic map between two compact, complex, manifolds)X and Y. Ordinarily one eliminates the indeterminacy locus ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

birational invariants of projective surfaces

I am studying Castelnuovo's rationality criterion for surfaces. Let $S$ be a projective surface and $K$ a canonical divisor on $S$. Let's use the notation ...
4
votes
2answers
171 views

$Aut(X)$ and $Bir(X)$ for Calabi-Yau 3-folds with $\rho(X)=1$

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau 3-fold with Picard number one. How can one show that the automorphism group $Aut(X)$ is finite and moreover coincides with the birational automorphism group $Bir(X)$? It seems ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Global sections of exceptional divisor in normalized blow-up

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian normal local domain and $I$ an $R$-ideal. Write $X$ for the normalization of $\mathrm{Proj}(R[It])$ and $E$ for the effective Cartier divisor defined by the ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

invariance of the dimension of severi varieties of surfaces

Suppose I have a smooth projective surface $S\subset P^n$ embedded by a very ample linear system $|L|$. Consider now the generalized Severi varieties that parametrize curves on $S$ belonging to $|L|$, ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Moduli spaces admitting birational morphisms over moduli spaces of curves

There are many alternative compactifications of $M_{g,n}$ which live naturally under the classical Deligne-Mumford compactification $\overline{M}_{g,n}$. For instace the moduli spaces of weighted ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Canonical bundle of the moduli space of curves

By the pointed canonical bundle formula the canonical bundle of $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ is given by $$K_{\overline{M}_{g,n}} = 13\lambda+\psi-2\delta-\sum_{I}\delta_{1,I}$$ where $\lambda$ is the Hodge ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

stably birational abelian varieties are isomorphic

Can anybody help me to prove the following result: Proposition. Let $A$ and $B$ be abelian varieties over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Assume that $A \times \mathbb{P}_k^n$ and $B \times ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Are weak Fano 4-folds with canonical Gorenstein singularities bounded?

A Fano variety over $\mathbb{C}$ with Gorenstein singularity is called weak Fano if the anti-canonical divisor is nef and big. Are there finite families of weak Fano 4-folds with canonical ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Is there a blow-up formula for the derived category of a singular ambient variety?

For a nonsingular variety sitting inside a nonsingular ambient variety there is a semi-orthogonal decomposition of the derived category of the blow-up (with center that subvariety). What can be said ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Rationally connected varieties and rational fibrations

Let $Y$ be a rationally connected variety over an algebraically closed field, and let $$\phi:X\dashrightarrow Y$$ be a rational fibration such that the general fiber of $\phi$ is rationally chain ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Tangent bundles and birational morphisms

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth morphism between smooth schemes. Then there is an exact sequence $$0\mapsto T_{X/Y}\rightarrow T_{X}\rightarrow f^{*}T_{Y}\mapsto 0$$ Now let us assume $f$ to be a ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Étale covers and birationality of varieties

All varieties are assumed to be projective over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f_1: Y \to X$ and $f_2: Y' \to X$ be étale morphisms with same finite Galois groups (to be honest, I don't know what does Galois ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

F-curves and divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

It is conjectured that a divisor on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ would be ample if $D\cdot C >0$ for all F-curves $C\subset \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Does the intersection degree with all ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

On Non F-pure ideal and Sharp F-Purity for a pair $(X, \Delta)$ where $K_X+\Delta$ is NOT $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier

Suppose $(X,\Delta\ge 0)$ is a pair such that $(p^g-1)(K_X+\Delta)$ is an Integral Weil Divisor for some $g>0$ and $X$ is a normal variety. Define $\mathcal{L}_{e,\Delta} = \mathcal{O}_X( ...
5
votes
2answers
313 views

Hn(X, OX) = 0 for X birational to a regular affine variety?

It is a basic fact that $H^n(X, F) = 0$ if $X$ is noetherian affine, $n > 0$, and $F$ a quasi-coherent sheaf. If $Y \to X$ is a blow-up of a smooth variety in a smooth center, then then ...
8
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1answer
511 views

Why is proving fully-faithfulness of an integral functor locally analytically sufficient?

More than once I've come across a statement in a paper about derived categories in which it says something to the effect of "in order to prove that $\Phi:D^b(X)\rightarrow D^b(Y)$ is fully-faithful we ...
8
votes
1answer
213 views

Conditions for the contractibility of subvarieties

One often finds statements of the sort "and one can contract this subvariety $E\subset X$ to a point in the projective variety $W$," without any explanation of the reasons such a contraction exists, ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Are there only finitely varieties of general type dominated by a given variety in the following sense

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety. I believe the answer to the following question should be well-known. It is an instance of the Iitaka conjecture. There are only finitely many ...