The binomial-coefficients tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

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### Multiplicative Convolution for Binomial Coefficients

I know Vandermonde's convolution for binomial coefficients:
$$\sum_{j=0...k} \binom{n}{j} \binom{m}{k-j} = \binom{n+m}{k}$$
Is there a similar multiplicative convolution? More precisely, is there a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The Hexagonal Property of Pascal's Triangle

Any hexagon in Pascal's triangle, whose vertices are 6 binomial coefficients surrounding any entry, has the property that:
the product of non-adjacent vertices is constant.
the greatest common ...

**9**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### Lower bound for sum of binomial coefficients?

Hi! I'm new here. It would be awesome if someone knows a good answer.
Is there a good lower bound for the tail of sums of binomial coefficients? I'm particularly interested in the simplest case ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

759 views

### Inverse of a matrix with binomial coefficients

Let $a(n,k)=(-1)^k {{2n-k}\choose k}$ for $0 \le k \le n$ and $a(n,k)=0$ else. Then it is known (cf. OEIS A005439 and A098435) that the first column of the inverse matrix of $(a(i,j))_{i,j\ge0}$ is ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

566 views

### Asymptotic difference between a function and its “binomial average”

(I posted this question on Math.SE a few weeks ago. I got a few comments, but nothing definite, and so I thought I would try MO.)
The origin of this question is the identity
$$\sum_{k=0}^n ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

819 views

### Divisibility of a binomial coefficient by $p^2$ — current status

While skimming the book Concrete Mathematics, (edit: first edition) I came across the following problem, which is listed there as a Research Problem: (Chapter 5, Exercise 96)
Is ${2n \choose n}$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

848 views

### How to restore the original formula from a binomial-like expansion?

I encountered with a recursive formula of the following kind:
$$A(0,x)=1$$
$$A(n,x)= \sum _{j=0}^{n-1} \binom{n-1}{j} A(n-j-1,x) \sum _{k=0}^{x-1} A(j,k)$$
The sum terms can be re-arranged so to ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Solving a general two-term combinatorial recurrence relation

What is known about explicit (not necessarily closed-form) solutions to the recurrence
$$R^n_k= (\alpha n) R^{n-1}_k + (\alpha' n + \beta' k) R^{n-1} _{k-1},$$
with initial condition $R_0^0 = 1$ and ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### Combinatorial proof of a recurrence for the Catalan numbers

I would like to ask whether there is a combinatorial proof of the following recurrence relation for Catalan numbers:
$$
C_{n+1}=\frac{4n+2}{n+2} C_n.
$$
Thanks!~

**3**

votes

**1**answer

702 views

### Partial sums of the Chu--Vandermonde identity

I am interested in finding a lower bound of the sum:
$$\sum_{i=0}^d \left(\genfrac{}{}{0pt}{}{n}{i}\right)
\left(\genfrac{}{}{0pt}{}{m}{k-i}\right)$$
when $d < k$ (and assuming both $n\geq k$, ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Need help proving that $\sum\limits_{j=0}^{k-1}(-1)^{j+1}(k-j)^{2k-2} \binom{2k+1}{j} \ge 0$

Hello.
I have been trying very hard to show that $\sum\limits_{j=0}^{k-1}(-1)^{j+1}(k-j)^{2k-2} \binom{2k+1}{j} \ge 0$ and could not quite get anywhere. This inequality has been verified by computer ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

2k views

### bound for binomial coefficients

How can one show $\displaystyle\frac{(m+n-1)!}{m ! (n-1)!}\leq \left[\frac{e (m+n-1)}{n}\right]^{n-1}$ ?

**30**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A binomial generalization of the FLT: Bombieri's Napkin Problem

This is an extract from Apéry's biography
(which some of the people have already enjoyed in
this answer).
During a mathematician's dinner in
Kingston, Canada, in 1979, the
conversation turned ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

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### Rational congruence of binomial coefficient matrices

Skip Garibaldi asks if there is an elementary proof of the following fact that "accidentally" fell out of some high-powered machinery he was working on.
Say that two matrices $A$ and $B$ over the ...

**34**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Integer-valued factorial ratios

This historical question recalls
Pafnuty Chebyshev's estimates for the prime distribution function. In his derivation
Chebyshev used the factorial ratio sequence
$$
...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Binomial supercongruences: is there any reason for them?

One of the recent questions, in fact
the answer
to it, reminded me about the binomial sequence
$$
a_n=\sum_{k=0}^n{\binom{n}{k}}^2{\binom{n+k}{k}}^2,
\qquad n=0,1,2,\dots,
$$
of the Apéry ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Showing a matrix is negative definite [formerly Showing a sum is always positive]

For each $d$, I have a matrix $M$ with values
$$
M_{ij} = \begin{cases}
\frac{4ij}{d} - \binom{2d}{d} & i \neq j & \\\\
\frac{4i^2}{d} - \binom{2d}{d} -
...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

917 views

### Asymptotics of a Bernoulli-number-like function

Tony Lezard asked me the following question which seemed like it should not be too hard but which I did not immediately see how to answer. Define $f(n,k)$ recursively by $f(1,k) = 1$ and
$$f(n,k) = ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

515 views

### Variant of binomial coefficients

I've recently come across a variant of the binomial polynomials, and I'm curious if anyone has seen these before. If so, I'd love a reference, a name, etc.
First recall the following. If z is a ...