The binomial-coefficients tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

**6**

votes

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639 views

### Combinatorial identities

I have computational evidence that
$$\sum_{k=0}^n \binom{4n+1}{k} \cdot \binom{3n-k}{2n}= 2^{2n+1}\cdot \binom{2n-1}{n}$$
but I cannot prove it. I tried by induction, but it seems hard. Does anyone ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

262 views

### Sum of binomial coefficients weighted by a lower incomplete regularized gamma function

The following summation turned up in the course of my research:
$$S_n=\sum_{k=0}^n {n \choose k}\lambda^k P(k,t)$$
where $P(k,t)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(k)}\int_{0}^t e^{-x}x^{k-1}dx$ is the lower ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Asymptotic behaviour of Binomial Sum

I am interested in the behaviour of:
$\gamma_k=\sum_{i=0}^{k} {n \choose i}$
as n becomes large and where $k$ could potentially be a function of $n$ rather than a constant. One line of attack I can ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### About the number of the elements of a set related with binomial coefficients

For $N\in\mathbb N$, let
$$P_l(N)=\# \{(n,m)|0\le n\le N, 0\le m\le n,\binom{n}{m}\not\equiv 0 \mod l\}.$$
Suppose that $\binom{n}{0}=1$ for $n\ge 0$ and that $\# S$ represents the number of the ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Proving $\sum_{k=0}^{2m}(-1)^k{\binom{2m}{k}}^3=(-1)^m\binom{2m}{m}\binom{3m}{m}$

I found the following formula in a book without any proof:
$$\sum_{k=0}^{2m}(-1)^k{\binom{2m}{k}}^3=(-1)^m\binom{2m}{m}\binom{3m}{m}.$$
This does not seem to follow immediately from the basic ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

677 views

### An identity involving sum of probably binomial coefficients

How could I prove that
$$\sum _{m=v}^n \left(\left(\prod _{k=v}^{m-1} \frac{k^2}{m^2-k^2}\right)\left(\prod _{k=m+1}^n \frac{k^2}{k^2-m^2}\right)(-1)^{m-v}\right)=1$$
or, simplified,
$$\sum _{m=v}^n ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Congruences for generalized Franel numbers

Let us define generalized Franel numbers $f^{(m)}_n$ through recurrence relations:
$f^{(1)}_n=1$ for all $n$, and $$f^{(m)}_n=\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\binom{n}{k}^3f^{(m-1)}_k.$$ In fact ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Congruence for the Apery Numbers

Is it true that $$A_n\equiv (-1)^n\;\;(\mathrm{mod}\;3)\;\;?$$
Here $A_n$ is the Apery number:
$$A_n=\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}^2.$$
What is known about congruence properties ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Product of central binomial coefficients

I have a question about an equality involving products of central binomial coefficients. If $x_1,...,x_n$ and $y_1,...,y_n$ are positive integers, with $\sum_i x_i = \sum_i y_i$ and
$$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

257 views

### Recurrence relation for trinomial Apery numbers

It is well known (Beukers 1987) that the Apery numbers $$A_n\equiv A_n^{(2)}=\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}^2$$ satisfy the fancy recurrence relation
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

500 views

### Why are negative sets multisets? (Reference request)

It is easy to establish that
$$
\left({n\choose k}\right)=(-1)^k{-n \choose k},
$$
where the symbol on the left-hand-side counts the number of multisets of $k$ elements from $n$.
On the Wikipedia ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### alternating sum with Barnes G functions

Let $B(n)=(n-2)!(n-3)!\cdots 1!$ denote the Barnes G-function.
I am pretty sure that
$$
\sum_{m=0}^{k^2-1}
(-1)^m\binom{k^2-1}m
\frac{G(k+n-m+1)}{G(n-m+1)G(k+1)(k^2)!}
= n-2k^2-2k
$$ when $k$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Summing ratio of ratio of partial sums of binomial coefficients

I would like to approximate the following when $n \gg k$.
$\sum_{y = k + 1}^n \frac{\sum_{m = 0}^{k - 1} {y - 2 \choose m} (y - 1)}{\sum_{m = 0}^k {y - 1 \choose m}}.$
The formula can be re-written ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

257 views

### Weighted sum of ratio of partial sum of binomial coefficients

I would like to approximate the following sum when $n \rightarrow \infty$ and $n \gg k$,
$\sum_{x = k}^n \sum_{y > x}^n \frac{\sum_{m = 0}^{k - 1} {y - 2 \choose m}}{\sum_{m = 0}^k {y - 1 \choose ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

**2**

votes

**0**answers

436 views

### Another identity involving sums of (alternating) binomial coefficients.

I have derived two different solutions to the same problem involving computing the expected time to find $k$ swaps when collecting coupons. However to me the two sums, although apparently numerically ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

691 views

### Estimate on sum of squares of multinomial coefficients

I am interested in approximating the sum of the squares of the multinomial coefficients, i.e.
$a_\ell^p := \sum_{k_0+\ldots+k_p = \ell} (\frac{\ell!}{k_0! \ldots k_p!})^2$
or more general,
...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

941 views

### Solutions to $\binom{n}{5} = 2 \binom{m}{5}$

In Finite Mathematics by Lial et al. (10th ed.), problem 8.3.34 says:
On National Public Radio, the Weekend Edition program posed the
following probability problem: Given a certain number of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

450 views

### Elementary proof for identity involving sums of binomials

Is there an elementary proof of this identity?
$$n + 1 - \sum_{k=1}^{n} k^{k-1} \binom{n}{k} \frac{(n-k)^{n+1-k}}{n^{n}} =1 + \sum_{k=1}^n \frac{n!}{(n-k)!n^k}\;?$$
The term on the right is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### binomial transform, Hurwitz zeta function

For $j,n\in\mathbb Z_+$,
let
$$
L_{j,n}^{(t)}=
\sum_{m=0}^{n} \Bigl(-\frac 12\Bigr)^{n-m}{n\choose m}{m+j+1\choose m+1} \left(
\frac {1}{t+\frac 12}\right)^{m+j+2}
$$
and
$$
L_{j,n} ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### Sum involving binomial coefficients

I have the following sum
$\sum_{j=1}^K {K \choose j} (-1)^{j+1}/j$. Now I can write this as the integral $\int_{-1}^0 \frac{(1+x)^K - 1}{x} dx$. However, I wonder whether there is a closed form ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### A sum related to the Johnson association scheme

Hi everyone,
In the process of studying a problem in the Johnson association scheme I came across the following sum:
$$\sum_{k\geq 0}(-1)^k\binom{n}{k}\binom{a-k}{a-b}\binom{c+k}{b}.$$
All the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

717 views

### An identity involving a sum of binomial coefficients

I am moving through a classic paper (On Average Height of Planted Plane Trees by Knuth, de Bruijn and Rice, 1972), and I would like to trade a weaker result for simpler mathematical tools, because my ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

519 views

### Interpolating a sum of binomial coefficients using a sin function

While studying a problem about orthogonal polynomials I encountered the following
expressions
\begin{equation}
f(n)=\sum_{k=0}^{n}(-1)^k\binom{n+k}{2k} \frac{1}{k+1}\binom{2k}{k}
\end{equation}
and
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

683 views

### Calculating the Shapley value in a weighted voting game.

Given a special case of WVG (Weighted Voting Game) of $a$ 1s and $b$ 2s and a quota q, $ [q:1,1,1,1..1,2,2,..2] $. I need help with calculating the Shapley value of a player with a weight of $2$ and a ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

404 views

### Multinomial Coefficient Estimates

Hello,
Let $B$ and $n$ be positive integers. Let $p_i \ge 0 $ be such that $\sum_{i=0}^{2B} p_i= 1$.
I am interested in asymptotics (in terms of $B$, $n$, and $p_i$) for the coefficients of
$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### Sum involving integer compositions and binomial coefficients

I came across an identity involving binomial coefficients. I'm not sure if I'm looking at the identity the wrong way but I am not aware if this identity is known and if there is an (easy) proof for ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

263 views

### A coincidence concerning Fermat primes, binomial sums, and eta quotients?

Let $w_k$ be a primitive k th root of unity, where k is a power of 2. In response to a question, Robert Israel gave the solution,
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{\binom{kn}{kn/2}} = ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### sum calculation

I would like to calculate, or bound from above, the following sum
$$
\sum_{i=0}^n(n-2i)^p{p \choose i},
$$
here $p\geq 2$.
Any references are very welcome.
Thank you.

**2**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Estimating a partial sum of weighted binomial coefficients

There is a well-known estimate for the sum of all binomial coefficients $\binom{n}{k}$ satisfying $k \leq \alpha n$ for some $\alpha$ satisfying $0 < \alpha \leq 1/2$:
$$ \sum_{k=0}^{\alpha ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

179 views

### Asymtotic Complexity Analysis using logarithms and binomial coefficients

On page 11 of "Smaller decoding exponents: ball-collision decoding" by Berstein et.al. they have the formula \begin{equation}\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### (Asymptotics of) Sum involving alternating sign Chu-Vandermonde

While considering eigenvalues of a certain Cayley graph, I came across the following sum:
$$\sum_{r=0}^{d}\sum_{i=0}^{r} (-1)^{i} \binom{w}{i}\binom{n-w}{r-i}$$
where $d$, $w$, and $n$, are all ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### alternating sum of binomial coefficients

I would like to know a closed formula for
$\sum_{j=0}^{p-n } (-1)^j\binom{n^2}{p-n-j}
\binom{n+j-1}j\binom{2n+j}{n+j+1}$, especially in the
case $p$ is near $n^2/2$. Similarly, I would like a closed ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A limit involving binomial coefficients?

Experimentation suggests the limit
$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} (-1)^n\sum_{k=1}^n(-1)^k{n\choose k}^{-1/k}=\frac{1}{2}\ .$$
Does somebody have an idea for (a start of) a proof?
Added: There seem to ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

324 views

### Polynomials with presumably positive coefficients

The $q$-Pochhammer symbol
$(q) _ 0:=1$ and $(q) _ n:=\prod _ {j=1}^n (1-q^j)$ for $n > 0$ is clearly a polynomial in $q$ which has both positive and negative coefficients when $n>0$.
The ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

514 views

### Is there a closed formula for the generating function of some trinomial coefficients?

We learn in calculus how to obtain a sum of binomial coefficients $\frac{(2d)!}{(d!)^2}$ in terms of a generating function
$\sum_{d \geq 0} \frac{(2d)!}{(d!)^2} x^d$
by the Taylor series of ...

**37**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Alternating sum of square roots of binomial coefficients

Let
$$ c_n = \sum_{r=0}^n (-1)^r \sqrt{\binom{n}{r}}. $$
It is clear that $c_n = 0$ if $n$ is odd. Remarkably, it appears that despite the huge positive and negative contributions in the sum ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

468 views

### Does anyone know this sequence of polynomials?

A referee on a paper of mine showed me the following recurrence for polynomials $P_{n,k}\in\mathbb Q[q,q^{-1}]$ for $n\geq 0$ and $0\leq k\leq n/2$.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

334 views

### Limit of an infinite series, related to (generalised Newton's) binomial expansion

How to calculate the infinite sum of the following series, related to binomial expansion for rational number, $r$:
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

670 views

### Sums of binomials with even coefficients

While looking for a closed form of a expression I worked myself to a formula that resembles the Vandermonde convolution, but is summed over even binomial coefficients only.
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### non negative integer solutions : Diophantine Equations [closed]

I want to know the exact number of non-negative integer solutions of $a_1 + 2a_2 + \ldots + k \cdot a_k = n$.
I know that it is the co-efficient of $x^n$ in $(1 - x^{a_1})^{-1} \cdot (1 - ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

1k views

### How to calculate such sum of product of binomial coefficient?

..I wonder if the following formula can be calculated?
$
\sum_{k=0}^m {m \choose k} {2k \choose n}
$

**7**

votes

**3**answers

844 views

### Binomial coefficient in Andrews' partition book

First of all, i think MathOverflow is a very great community to discuss math, either basic or advanced, and i'm glad to participate here. It's my first post, so i'm sorry if i did anything wrong, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### $q$-binomials in terms of ordinary binomials

Is there a known identity that expresses the $q$-binomial coefficients (also known as Gaussian binomial coefficients) in terms of the (ordinary) binomial coefficients?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### What is the degree of a symmetric boolean function?

(previous title " Zero sum of binomials coefficients - a stronger version ")
This is a stronger version of another question.
Is there an $N\in \mathbb N$ and a sequence of non-constant functions $ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

749 views

### Closed form or/and asymptotics of a hypergeometric sum

Dear mathematicians,
I am a computer scientist wandering in the deep sea of combinatorics and asymptotics to pursue a recent interest in average case analysis of algorithms. In doing so, I designed ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

595 views

### Zero sum of binomial coefficients

Is there a function $p:\mathbb N\to \{ 1,-1 \} $ and a fixed $N\in \mathbb N$ such that for every $n \geq N$ we get:
$\sum _{i=0} ^{n} p(i)\binom {n}{i}=0$
?
Obviously $p(i)=(-1)^i$ works for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

690 views

### Yet another sum involving binomial coefficients

Let $k,p$ be positive integers. Is there a closed form for the sums
$$\sum_{i=0}^{p} \binom{k}{i} \binom{k+p-i}{p-i}\text{, or}$$
$$\sum_{i=0}^{p} \binom{k-1}{i} \binom{k+p-i}{p-i}\text{?}$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Bounding a hypergeometric sum

Is there a general method for finding upper bounds of hypergeometric sums?
The sum in particular I am trying to bound is $\sum_{j=1}^{k}\binom{k-1}{j-1}\binom{n-k-1}{j-1}4^{k-j}$.
This is a ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

722 views

### Cosine of a Partial Sum

Does anyone know of a closed formula for $cos(\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^m a_{n})$? I've seen formulas for $cos(\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_{n})$ and $tan(\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^m a_{n})$, but the ...