# Tagged Questions

Questions designed to get an overview of a specific subject or body of results or to understand the relations among similar definitions, techniques or concepts appearing in different sub-fields of mathematics. While such questions by their very nature sometimes cannot be made very narrow and focused,...

0answers
78 views

### What are your favourite correspondences? [on hold]

For example, I like the Curry-Howard correspondence. But I'm interested in gathering up a bunch of interesting examples from various fields.
0answers
135 views

### How to explain the subject Operator Algebra to dummies? [closed]

I have to appear for an interview to pass the requirements of AI instructor. I have to explain what is operator algebra which is my subject to Professors of Department of Second Language Studies. Any ...
16answers
8k views

### Proposals for polymath projects

Background Polymath projects are a form of open Internet collaboration aimed towards a major mathematical goal, usually to settle a major mathematical problem. This is a concept introduced in 2009 by ...
1answer
392 views

### A morphism-revealing category? [closed]

Categories of sets and functions can be considered as subcategories of Set but when considered as subcategories of the category SubSet, of pairs of sets with pairs $(X,S)$, $S\subseteq X$, as objects ...
2answers
2k views

### Linear algebra in terms of abstract nonsense?

The categories of vector spaces and finite dimensional vector spaces are pretty much as nice as can be, I think. I was wondering what portions of basic linear algebra (first couple of courses) fall ...
25answers
7k views

### Where can square roots come from when they are not distances?

In a recent survey "Supergeometry in Mathematics and Physics", Kapranov points out cases in which observable quantities of immediate interest are represented as bilinear combinations of more ...
5answers
5k views

### Is the ABC conjecture known to imply the Riemann hypothesis?

I once heard from a graduate student that the ABC conjecture implies the Riemann hypothesis. I can't find a reference for this, but given the department the student is from I tend to believe he might ...
45answers
21k views

### Examples of eventual counterexamples

Define an "eventual counterexample" to be $P(a) = T$ for $a < n$ $P(n) = F$ $n$ is sufficiently large for $P(n) = T\ \ \forall n \in \mathbb{N}$ to be a 'reasonable' conjecture to make. where '...
22answers
10k views

### Examples of major theorems with very hard proofs that have NOT dramatically improved over time

This question complement a previous MO question: Examples of theorems with proofs that have dramatically improved over time. I am looking for a list of Major theorems in mathematics whose proofs ...
12answers
18k views

### What is an integrable system

What is an integrable system, and what is the significance of such systems? (Maybe it is easier to explain what a non-integrable system is.) In particular, is there a dichotomy between "integrable" ...
2answers
263 views

### Critical points in $ZF$ without Choice

Recall the definition of critical point for set theory: A critical point of an elementary embedding of one transitive class into another transitive class is the smallest ordinal not mapped to ...
136answers
31k views

### Fundamental Examples

It is not unusual that a single example or a very few shape an entire mathematical discipline. Can you give examples for such examples? (One example, or few, per post, please) I'd love to learn about ...
1answer
286 views

2answers
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### Integrable dynamical system - relation to elliptic curves

From seminar on kdV equation I know that for integrable dynamical system its trajectory in phase space lays on tori. In wikipedia article You may read (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrable_system): ...
22answers
9k views

### What's a groupoid? What's a good example of a groupoid? [closed]

Or more specifically, why do people get so excited about them? And what's your favorite easy example of one, which illustrates why I should care (and is not a group)?
1answer
484 views

### Axiom of choice as zero dimensionality

In the paper Quantifiers and Sheaves by Lawvere, at the bottom of the second page, the author writes: "... the condition that every epi splits, which geometrically we would call 0-dimensionality ...
17answers
23k views

### What recent discoveries have amateur mathematicians made?

E.T. Bell called Fermat the Prince of Amateurs. One hundred years ago Ramanujan amazed the mathematical world. In between were many important amateurs and mathematicians off the beaten path, but what ...
1answer
237 views

### What kinds of limits does localization of commutative rings reflect?

Localization of commutative rings is a left exact left adjoint, so it behaves nicely with plenty of things. Local-to-global principles are also abundant in commutative algebra, and I thought some of ...
34answers
11k views

### What notions are used but not clearly defined in modern mathematics?

"Everyone knows what a curve is, until he has studied enough mathematics to become confused through the countless number of possible exceptions." Felix Klein What notions are used but not ...
6answers
3k views

### A toolbox for algebraic topology

This question has a very general part and a rather concrete part. General: When one wants to prove something in algebraic topology (actually in all parts of mathematics) one obviously needs some ...
2answers
863 views

### how do you visualize characteristic class?

For cohomology, there are some equivalent definitions when the object we consider is sufficiently nice. Since I mainly work with algebraic variety, I will restrict the objects I am considering to be ...
2answers
613 views

### Hilbert's 3rd problem,number theory, motives, cyclic homology,…

This talk by Jinhyun Park connects a lot of interesting themes, making me curious to read more about that. Do you know where?