18
votes
0answers
595 views

The most important facts, modern surveys, and readable introductions to p-adic cohomology theories (crystalline cohomology and the mysterious functor)

I would like to organize a seminar on crystalline cohomology; I dream of understanding the Beilinson's recent paper on the mysterious functor ...
10
votes
2answers
843 views

Using schemes to prove things about rings

I apologize for asking a big list question, I've tried to avoid doing so for a while. I'll give my justification in a moment. The question is as follows: What are examples of strict applications ...
17
votes
6answers
1k views

Pathological Examples of Dimension

I am trying to wrap my head around all the different notions of dimension (and their equivalences). To get a sense of this, it would be nice to know the subtle difficulties that arise. I thus think it ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

What information is contained in the Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials?

The Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials contain all kinds of representation theoretic (and other kinds of) informations. For example the character of a simple module over a Lie algebra with Weyl group $W$ ...
28
votes
4answers
2k views

What motivates modern algebraic geometry for a combinatorial/constructive algebraist?

This is, basically, me trying to generalize "Why should I care for sheaves and schemes?" into a reasonable question. Whether successfully, time will tell, but let me hope that if not the question, ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Examples of naturally occurring Quadratic forms or quadrics.

I am always fascinated when a quadratic form (or a quadric) arises naturally. I have some elementary examples, but most of all, I want to learn more examples. I hope this question isn't considered too ...
12
votes
4answers
962 views

What formal properties should resolution of singularities have?

If I were going to propose a new construction as a "replacement for resolution of singularities", what properties would my replacement have to have? [I am going to do no such thing -- this is purely ...
27
votes
12answers
5k views

What is a good introductory text for moduli theory?

Hi,everyone. I am looking for an introductory textbook on moduli theory,about the background on algebraic geometry,I have read Hartshorne chapter1~4. could you please show some good books or roadmap ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Examples where the analogy between number theory and geometry fails

The analogy between $O_K$ ($K$ a number field) and affine curves over a field has been very fruitful. It also knows many variations: the field over which the curve is defined may have positive or zero ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

More upper/lower semi-continuous functions in (algebraic) geometry?

The notion of upper/lower semi-continuity is sometimes encountered in algebraic geometry. Here by upper semi-continuity one means a function on a topological space $f:X\rightarrow S$ with value in ...
46
votes
14answers
5k views

Facts from algebraic geometry that are useful to non-algebraic geometers

A professor of mine (a geometric topologist, I believe) once criticized the core graduate curriculum at my institution because it teaches all sorts of esoteric algebra, but does not include basic ...
18
votes
11answers
3k views

Algebraic geometry used “externally” (in problems without obvious algebraic structure).

This is a request for a list of examples of problems (or other mathematical situations) that are not initially of algebro-geometric nature, but can be solved or understood by using algebraic geometry. ...
118
votes
31answers
14k views

What should be learned in a first serious schemes course?

I've just finished teaching a year-long "foundations of algebraic geometry" class. It was my third time teaching it, and my notes are gradually converging. I've enjoyed it for a number of reasons ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

References for complex analytic geometry?

I'm looking for references on the "algebraic geometry" side of complex analytis, i.e. on complex spaces, morphisms of those spaces, coherent sheaves, flat morphisms, direct image sheaves etc. A ...
36
votes
11answers
4k views

Interesting results in algebraic geometry accessible to 3rd year undergraduates

On another thread I asked how I could encourage my final year undergraduate colleagues to take an algebraic geometry or complex analysis courses during their graduate studies. Willie Wong proposed me ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

A list of machineries for computing cohomology

This is not a question, but I just hope to hear more from everyone here on it. A list of ready-to-use machineries to compute the de Rham / Cech cohomology of a manifold / variety. As far as I know, I ...
14
votes
2answers
702 views

Collecting various theories on toy examples: Projective space

I am looking for text books/notes/papers/documents playing with toy examples: projective space, in particular, $P^{1}$. Because I think this is really a cute example. Although algebraic geometry on ...
2
votes
0answers
239 views

Forgetting extra structure inducing Symmetries

This is a major edit of the original post after receiving helpful comments. It is often the case when one adds additional structure to make a problem more tractable. When one attempts to forget this ...
72
votes
32answers
43k views

Best Algebraic Geometry text book? (other than Hartshorne)

I think (almost) everyone agrees that Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry is still the best. Then what might be the 2nd best? It can be a book, preprint, online lecture note, webpage, etc. One suggestion ...