**7**

votes

**1**answer

680 views

### Uniform boundedness of an $L^2[0,1]$-ONB in $C[0,1]$

Assume that we have an orthonormal basis of smooth functions in $L^2[0,1]$. Are there useful practical criteria to determine whether the sup-norm of the basis functions has a uniform bound? I am sure ...

**32**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### tr(ab)=tr(ba), part 2.

This is a Banach space version of Andre Henriques' question
Trace Question
for Hilbert spaces. Let $a:X\to Y$ and $b:Y\to X$ be bounded linear operators between Banach spaces s.t. $ba$ and $ab$ ...

**24**

votes

**0**answers

479 views

### Isometric embeddings of finite subsets of $\ell_2$ into infinite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a finite subset $F$ of $\ell_2$ and an infinite-dimensional Banach space $X$ such that $F$ does not admit an isometric embedding into $X$?
There are some results of the ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

995 views

### Approximating operators on Banach spaces by bounded operators on a proper dense subspace

While digging through old piles of notes and jottings, I came across a question I'd looked at several years ago. While I was able to get partial answers, it seemed even then that the answer should be ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

392 views

### Is a specific sequentially closed subset of $M([0,1])$ closed?

Let $M([0,1])$ be the set of finite signed measures on $[0,1]$
(with the topology generated by the sets $\left\{ \mu \in M([0,1]) : \left| \int f(x) \mu(dx)- a\right| \leq \delta\right\}$ for all ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

609 views

### What (classes of) Banach spaces are known to have Schauder basis?

Motivation:
I am trying to see for what class of Banach spaces the following result is true:
There exists an increasing sequence of finite dimensional subspace {$V_n$} of a Banach space X (with ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Is $\ell_p$ $(1<p<\infty)$ finitely isometrically distortable?

Let $Y$ be a Banach space isomorphic to $\ell_p$, $1<p<\infty$. Is it true that any finite subset of $\ell_p$ is isometric to some finite subset of $Y$?
It seems to me that it is an interesting ...

**64**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### Norms of Commutators

If an $n$ by $n$ complex matrix $A$ has trace zero, then it is a commutator, which means that there are $n$ by $n$ matrices $B$ and $C$ so that $A= BC-CB$. What is the order of the best constant ...

**38**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Absolute value inequality for complex numbers

I asked this question on stackexchange, but despite much effort on my part have been unsuccesful in finding a solution.
Does the inequality
$$2(|a|+|b|+|c|) \leq |a+b+c|+|a+b-c|+|a+c-b|+|b+c-a|$$
...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Are there non-reflexive vector spaces isomorphic to their bi-dual?

Let $V$ be an infinite dimensional topological vector space and consider the natural application $\iota\colon V\to V^{**}$. The space $V$ is said to be reflexive if $\iota$ is an isomorphism.
Are ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Brownian motion and spheres

Consider a Brownian motion on $[0;1]$. A (finite) discrete approximation of this Brownian motion consists of $N$ iid Gaussian random variables $\Delta W_i$ of variance $\frac{1}{N}$:
$$ ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Can $L^p(\mathbb{R})$ and $ L^q(\mathbb{R})$ be isomorphic?

Let $p,q \in (1,\infty)$ with $p\neq q$. Are the Banach spaces $L^p(\mathbb{R})$, $L^q(\mathbb{R})$ isomorphic?

**26**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Surjectivity of operators on $\ell^\infty$

Can anyone give me an example of an bounded and linear operator $T:\ell^\infty\to \ell^\infty$ (the space of bounded sequences with the usual sup-norm), such that T has dense range, but is not ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Banach-Mazur applied to a Hilbert space

The Banach-Mazur theorem says that every separable Banach space is isometric to a subspace of $C^0([0;1],R)$, the space of continuous real valued functions on the interval $[0;1]$, with the sup norm.
...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

477 views

### Ultraweak topology on B(X): Is the map X\otimes X* -> B(X)* isometric?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Consider the map
$$
\alpha\colon X\hat{\otimes} X^* \to B(X)^*,
$$
defined one simple tensors as
$$
\alpha(\xi\otimes\eta)(a) = \eta(a(\xi)).\quad (\xi\in X, \eta\in X^*, ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

499 views

### Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix.
For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation
$$
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Dual or pre-dual of BV

Was there any relevant work to determine the dual (or more likely the predual) of the space of bounded variation functions $BV(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (I recall the definition : a function in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

906 views

### Direct proof of injectivity of $L_\infty$

I would like to know a simple proof of isometric injectivity of $L_\infty$. The proof I've found in Topics in Banach space theory. F. Albiac, N. Kalton uses two deep result.
$L_\infty$ as ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

616 views

### “Vector bundle” with non-smoothly varying transition functions

I'm working my way through Lang's Fundamentals of Differential Geometry, and when he introduces vector bundles, he states that for finite dimensional bundles, the third axiom is redundant. I'm hoping ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

707 views

### A natural center of a convex weakly compact set in Banach space

Question: Let $S$ be a convex weakly compact set in Banach space $H$. Propose a natural way to define the unique center $O \in S$.
Motivation: A lot! For example, in game theory $S$ can be a set of ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Infinite convex combinations in a Banach space

Let's say that a subset $C$ of a Banach space $X$ is $\sigma$-convex if the following property holds:
For any sequence $(x_k)_{k\ge0}$ in $C$, and for
any sequence of non-negative real numbers ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Banach-Mazur distance between $\ell^p$-norms

Let $E^n$ be the real or complex space of dimension $n$. If $N$ and $M$ are two norms over $E^n$, and if $A$ is an endomorphism, then
$$\|A\|^M_N:=\sup_{x\ne0}\frac{M(Ax)}{N(x)}$$
is an operator norm ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

573 views

### B(H) as a direct sum of a closed two sided ideal and a subalgebra

Let $B(H)$ is the C*-algebra of all bounded linear operators on
Hilbert space $H$. Are there a closed two-sided ideal $I$ and a
subalgebra $A$ of $B(H)$ such that $B(H)=I \oplus A$ (direct sum I and ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

610 views

### Banach spaces $X$ with $\ell_2(X)$ not isomorphic to $L_2([0,1],X)$

Let $X$ be a Banach space. I think that some time ago I read somewhere that, in general, the space $\ell_2(X)$ of all sequences $(x_n)$ in $X$ with $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \|x_n\|^2<\infty$ is not ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

517 views

### Quotients of l^infty

Let $M$ be a closed subspace of $l^\infty$. Suppose that the quotient $l^{\infty}/M$ is isomorphic to $l^\infty$. Is it true that $M$ is complemented in $l^\infty$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### If $ F(x,\bullet) \in {L^{\infty}}(G,B) $ for all $ x \in G $, then is $ x \mapsto F(x,\bullet) $ strongly measurable?

Let $ (X,\Sigma,\mu) $ be a $ \sigma $-finite measure space and $ B $ a Banach space. A function $ f: X \to B $ is said to be strongly $ \mu $-measurable iff it is the almost-everywhere pointwise ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### Closure of $L(\ell^2,\ell^2)$ in $L(\ell^2,\ell^\infty)$

Let $\ell^2$, $\ell^\infty$ denote the usual sequence spaces and let $L(\ell^2,\ell^2)$ the Banach space of bounded linear operators from $\ell^2$ to $\ell^2$ as well as $L(\ell^2,\ell^\infty)$ the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

### Almost isometric embeddability implies isometric embeddability

Consider the following situation: Suppose $X$ is a Banach space such that for each finite metric space $M$ and each $\epsilon > 0$ for which $M$ bi-lipschitz embeds into $X$ with Lipschitz constant ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### series representation in injective tensor products

All books on tensor products of Banach spaces contain the well-known theorem of Grothendieck that every element of the completed projective tensor product
$X \tilde{\otimes}_ \pi Y$ has a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

286 views

### Self-dual finite-dimensional complex normed spaces

Suppose $X$ is a complex normed space of dimension 2 or 3 and $X$ is isometrically isomorphic to its dual. Is $X$ a Hilbert space?
Remarks: There are easy counterexamples in the real case, and in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Existence of normal structure in strictly convex Banach spaces

Does there exists a strictly convex Banach space which is not uniformly convex and has normal structure ?

**5**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Biorthogonal functionals

If $X$ is a separable Banach space and $(x_n)$ is a basic sequence, then we can define biorthogonal functionals $(x^{*}_n)$ in $X^{*}$ such that $x^{*}_n(x_k)=\delta_{nk}$.
What about conversely? If ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Info about Elton–Odell theorem

Hello everyone, could anyone please tell me where can I find information about the Elton–Odell theorem?
It states:
For any infinite dimensional Banach space $X$ there is a $q > 1$ so that $X$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

188 views

### Finitely isometrically persistent metric spaces

The goal of this question is to develop further the discussion
initiated in Under which conditions is it possible to find points with same distances under bi-Lipschitz map. The mentioned question was ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

394 views

### Continuity in Banach space for non-linear maps

I want to find an example of a Banach space $X$ and a continuous map $f:X\rightarrow X$ such that $f$ is not bounded on the unit ball. I do not doubt that such an example exists, but I cannot make it ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### Banach-Mazur distance to complex $\ell^1$ of a space containing real $\ell^1$

Consider a complex Banach space $X$ with a real subspace isometric to $\ell^1_{\mathbb R}$. What is the best constant $c$ such that $X$ contains a complex subspace $c$-isometric to $\ell^1_{\mathbb ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

416 views

### binary intersection property in finite dimension

I have recently discovered a survey article called "The Hahn-Banach Theorem: The Life and Times" by Narici and Beckenstein and I have read it with great amusement:
I was particularly fascinated by ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Is $L(\ell_2,\ell_2)$ dense in $L(\ell_2,c_0)$?

Let $\ell_2:=\{ x:\mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{R}: \sum_{j=1}^\infty x_j^2<\infty\}$ and
$c_0:=\{ x:\mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{R}: \lim_{j\to\infty}x_j=0,\, \sup_{j\in\mathbb{N}}|x_j|<\infty\}$ denote the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

614 views

### Constructing a continuous matrix valued function

Given $d<k$. Let ${\cal M}_{d\times k}(\mathbb{R})$ denotes the set of all $d\times k$ real matrices and suppose that $H:\mathbb{R}^k\rightarrow {\cal M}_{d\times k}(\mathbb{R})$ is a continuous ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

285 views

### Unambiguous “weak” vector valued $L^{+\infty}$ spaces?

For some time, I have been stuck to the problem to be described as follows. The (perhaps not so commonly known) facts given here are taken from R. E. Edwards' Functional Analysis (Holt, Rinehart and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Approximation Property: Characterization

Problem
Given a Banach space $E$. Denote compact sets by $\mathcal{C}$, compact operators by $\mathcal{C}(X,Y)$, and finite rank operators by $\mathcal{F}(X,Y)$.
Suppose it has the approximation ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### Banach space of discontinuous functions on a product space

Edit: According to comments of Eric Wofsy and Yemon Choi I edit the question.
For a (compact) topological space $X$, we put $A=\{f:X\to \mathbb{C}\mid f\text{ is bounded}\}$. We define a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Banach-Mazur distance estimate finite-dimensional $\ell_p$ spaces

Hey my fellow Banach space guys. Sorry for another elementary question, and yes I have looked for the past hour and a half to see if I can find it on Google or in my books at home.
Fix ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Integral in a σ−convex set.

Having had no (proper) answer to this question, I formulate the remaining case as a new question as follows. With $I=[0,1]$, let $E$ be a separable (real) Banach space, and let $\gamma:I\to E$ be ...