# Tagged Questions

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### On ultrafilters

Let $\mathcal{U}$ be a free ultrafilter of $\mathbb{N}$. Is true or false what $(C([0,1],\ell_p)^*)_{\mathcal{U}} = L_1(\mu, \ell_q)$, where $\mu$ is a measure, $C([0,1],\ell_p)^*$ is the dual of ...
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### On the existence of embeddings of $\ell_r$ into $L_1([0,1], \ell_p)$ for $r<p$

If $2<r<p$, is it true or false that $\ell_r \not \!\hookrightarrow L_1([0,1], \ell_p)$ ? In other words, if $r< p$, is it true or false that $L_1([0,1], \ell_p)$ contains a copy of $\ell_r$ ...
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### Birkhoff orthogonal of a Banach space in its bidual

Let $X$ be a Banach space embedded in $X^{**}$ in the usual way. We consider the set $$O_X := \{ x^{**}\in X^{**} : \|x^{**}-x\|\geq \|x\| \textrm{ for all }x\in X\}.$$ I think this is the ...
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### Existence of injective operators with dense range

Given two separable (infinite dimensional) Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, it is not difficult to show that there exists an injective (bounded linear) operator $T:X\to Y$ with range dense in $Y$. See S. ...
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### Contractively complemented subspaces without contractively complemented complement

Can someone give me an example of a Banach space $X$ and contractive projection $P\in\mathcal{B}(X)$ such that $\ker P$ is not a range of any contractive projection $Q\in\mathcal{B}(X)$?
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### tensorial product with Lp

Let us consider E a finite-dimensional normed space on $\mathbb{R}$ and a real number $p\geq 1$. Is it true that the projective tensorial product $E \widehat{\otimes}_\pi L^p(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R})$ ...
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### When is the bound in Riesz-Thorin Interpolation Theorem attained?

Let me recall the statement of Riesz-Thorin theorem (see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riesz%E2%80%93Thorin_theorem). Theorem (Riesz-Thorin): Let $(X,\mu)$ and $(Y,\nu)$ be $\sigma$-finite ...
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### On the classification of injective Banach spaces

A Banach space $E$ is injective when it is complemented in each Banach space $X$ that contains it as a closed subspace. The space $E$ is $1$-injective if the copy of $E$ in $X$ is the range of a ...
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### Open ideally convex sets

Background Recall that a subset $A \subseteq X$ of a Banach$^{1}$ space $X$ is said to be ideally convex if, for every bounded sequence $(x_n)_{n \in {\mathbb N}}$ in $A$ and every sequence ...
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### Rosenthal like inequality for weak $\mathbb L^p$-norms

Let $p$ be a real number greater than $1$. It is well known (see Hall and Heyde's Martingale limit theory and its applications, Theorem 2.10) that there exists a constant $C_p$ such that if ...
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### Grothendieck spaces and total subspaces of the dual

There is probably an embarrassingly simple counter-example to my question but I couldn't figure it out myself. Let me give it a try here. A Banach space $X$ is Grothendieck if weak*-convergent ...
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### The importance of basis constant in Banach spaces

Let $X$ be a Banach space an let $(e_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}$ be a Schauder basis of $X$. If we denote the sequence of the natural projections associated with $(e_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}$ by ...
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### Representation of Banach spaces partially ordered by solid, normal, minihedral cones

I've been using the representation result below, from Krasnosel'skij/Lifshits/Sobolev; Positive Linear Systems---The Method of Positive Linear Operators. Heldermann Verlag, 1989. Theorem. Let $E$ be ...
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### Containment of $c_0$

I have the following question. I guess it's quite simple for experts. Unfortunately, I could not come up with an answer yet. Let $X$ be a Banach space which contains no copy of $c_0$. Does it impply ...
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### Suprema and infima in spaces ordered by non-normal cones

Background We shall call a subset $V_+ \subseteq V$ of a Banach space $V$ a cone if $V_+$ is closed, $\alpha V_+ \subseteq V_+$ for all $\alpha \geqslant 0$, and $V_+ \cap (-V_+) = \{0\}$. Cones ...
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### Is the space of trace class operators finitely representable in an $L^1$-space?

I am interested in knowing whether the space of trace class operators is (crudely) finitely representable in an $L^1$-space. I suspect that the answer is negative but I am unable to find any argument ...
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### Banach algebra for measures induced by Haar measures

It is classical that $L^1(G, m)$ is a Banach algebra when $G$ is a locally compact group with Haar measure $m$ by using the operation of convolution via the integral ...
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### Is any order bounded continuous linear functionals a difference of positive continuous functionals?

Let $B$ be a Banach space and $K$ a closed proper cone in $B$ such that the induced partial order makes $B$ a vector lattice. Let $K'=\{x^*\in B':\langle x^*, x\rangle\geq 0\ \forall x\in K\}$ the ...
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### Precise versions of “differential operators are unbounded but closed linear operators”

I am trying to understand to what extent the following result of Hille is an extension of the usual theorems on differentiation under the integral sign. Theorem (Hille). Let $(\Omega,\Sigma,\mu)$ ...
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### Quotients of $\ell_\infty$ by separable subspaces

Given a (closed) separable subspace $M$ of $\ell_\infty$, I am interested in conditions implying that the quotient $\ell_\infty/M$ is isomorphic to a subspace of $\ell_\infty$. It is not difficult ...
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### Quasi-reflexive spaces which are not isometric to dual spaces

My question may sound weird and I have no deep motivation behind it other than curiosity. As is well-known, quasi-reflexive spaces have the Radon-Nikodym property hence their balls have lots of ...
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### Meager subspaces of a Banach space and weak-* convergence

I previously asked a version of this question on Math.SE, but didn't receive an answer. (But there is a bounty there if you want to claim it!) Let $X$ be a Banach space. (If it helps, feel free to ...
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### Complex interpolation of a Banach space and its antidual when the space has a basis

Given a complex Banach space $X$ and its antidual $\hat X^*$, it is possible in some cases to apply the complex interpolation method, and get as $(X,\hat X^*)_{1/2}$ a Hilbert space. See [F. Watbled, ...
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### How hard (P, NP, NP-hard) is it to compute Schur norms of matrices (as multipliers)?

Given a matrix $A\in M_n(\mathbb{C})$, I will denote by $||A||_\infty$ the operator norm of $A$, as seen acting on the Hilbert space $\mathbb{C}^n$. This makes $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ into a Banach space ...
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### Does the topological Varopoulos algebra consist of functions that are continuous and Varopoulos norm bounded?

Let $X_1,\dots,X_n$ be compact Hausdorff spaces. Let's define the Varopoulos algebra as the projective tensor product: $$V(X_1,\dots,X_n) := C(X_1) \hat{\otimes} \dots \hat{\otimes} C(X_n),$$ i.e. the ...
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### Quotients of l^infty

Let $M$ be a closed subspace of $l^\infty$. Suppose that the quotient $l^{\infty}/M$ is isomorphic to $l^\infty$. Is it true that $M$ is complemented in $l^\infty$?
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### Cameron Martin space

I have seen two definitions of Cameron Martin space of a Gaussian measure $\nu$ on a Banach space (say $W$) and am unable to establish their equivalence. Any help would be appreciated. 1) It is the ...
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### Approximation of an integral over the unit ball of L_1

For every $\varepsilon>0$ find a piecewise continuous function $q:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $\int_0^1 q(x)dx=1$ and \int_{0}^1 \int_{0}^{s} \left|\frac{q(s)q(t/s)}{s}- ...
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### The space $L_{1}(\beta\mathbb{N},\mu)$ [closed]

Is the space $L_{1}(\beta\mathbb{N},\mu)$ ($\mu$ is a regular Borel measure on $\beta\mathbb{N}$ and not purely atomic) isomorphic to $L_{1}[0,1]$ with the usual Lebesgue measure?
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### extending compact operators to c0

Lindenstrauss has the following paper: http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/1962-68-05/S0002-9904-1962-10787-3/S0002-9904-1962-10787-3.pdf I would like to see the proof for the following theorem (from ...
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### Uniqueness up to isometric isomorphism of predual of $(\sum_{\lambda\in\Lambda} H_\lambda)_{l_\infty}$ where $H_\lambda$ are Hilbert spaces

This fact is an easy consequence of results of the paper by Leon Brown and Takashi Ito, but it looks like an overkill. Does anyone know a simpler proof?
Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
### Contractively complemented subspaces of $c_0(I)$
Does every contractively complemented subspace of $c_0(I)$ is isometric to $c_0(J)$ for some $J\subseteq I$? May be someone has a counterexample?