A Banach space is a complete normed vector space: A vector space equipped with a norm such that every Cauchy sequence converges.

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84 views

A differential equation with continuous coefficient and no solution in a reflexive Banach space?

Is there a reflexive Banach space $B$ and a continuous map $f:B\to B$ such that the differential equation $$ \frac{d x (t)}{dt} = f(x(t)) $$ with some initial condition $x(0)=x_0$ has no solution?
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14 views

Dense subsets in tensor products of Banach spaces [migrated]

Assume $B_1$ and $B_2$ are Banach spaces of univariate functions. Moreover, assume that the sets $D_1 \subset B_1$ and $D_2 \subset B_2$ are dense with respect to the respective norms ...
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1answer
55 views

Infinitesimal generator is bounded [closed]

Consider a strongly continuous semigroup of bounded linear operators $S(t):X\to X$. The infinitesimal generator of $S(t)$ is the linear operator $A:D(A)\subseteq X \to X$ defined by ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

Let me start with a couple of notational reminders. For $\xi\in \mathbb R^n$, $$ 1=\varphi_{0}(\xi)+\sum_{\nu \ge 1}\varphi_{\nu}(\xi),\quad \varphi_{0}\in C^\infty_c(\mathbb R^{n}),\quad ...
3
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0answers
73 views

Approximating the norm of a finite dimensional representation on a Banach space by irreducible representations

Let $G$ be a compact group, let $X$ be a Banach space and let $\pi$ be a linear and isometric representation of $G$ on $X$ that is continuous with respect to the strong operator norm. For $v \in X$, ...
4
votes
2answers
167 views

Almost isometric embeddability implies isometric embeddability

Consider the following situation: Suppose $X$ is a Banach space such that for each finite metric space $M$ and each $\epsilon > 0$ for which $M$ bi-lipschitz embeds into $X$ with Lipschitz constant ...
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0answers
45 views

Quadratic Variation of a Martingale in Hlibert Spaces

I'm looking at a Martingale (actually a Martingale difference sequence), $$ M_n = \sum \delta M_n, $$ and I'd like to prove something about convergence. If Martingale is Hilbert space valued ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Operator on a Banach space

Let $T$ be a continuous operator on a Banach space $V$. Assume there exist $T$-stable finite-dimensional subspaces $V_i$ such that $\bigoplus_{i=1}^\infty V_i$ is dense in $V$, on $V_i$ the operator ...
8
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131 views

Subspaces and quotients in Banach space theory

In Banach space theory (closed) subspaces and quotient seem to play a symmetric role. However, since the behavior of subspaces is more intuitive, subspaces appear more frequently. E.g., the theory of ...
5
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0answers
77 views

Real interpolation space between the Wiener algebra and $L^2$

The Wiener algebra $W_n$ is the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R^n)$. What is the (complex) interpolation space between $W_n$ and $L^2(\mathbb R^n)$? It is probably not true that for ...
2
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0answers
38 views

Dual cone of 'positive' Bochner integrable functions

If we consider the space of integrable functions $L^1([0,1];\mathbb{R})$, it can be ordered by the convex cone of positive integrable functions $L^1([0,1];\mathbb{R}_+)$. It is known that the ...
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1answer
79 views

A nullspace identity for operator exponentials

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space. Does validity of $$ \mbox{ker}\left(e^{2\pi \imath \, T} - 1\right) = \overline{\sum\nolimits_{k\in \mathbb{Z}} \mbox{ker} (T-k) }\quad \forall \, T \in B(X,X) $$ ...
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0answers
39 views

interpolation between Bochner spaces

Is there a reference for the interpolation result stating the existence of an embedding \begin{equation} L^2(I;W^{2,p}(\Omega)) \cap H^1(I;L^p(\Omega)) \hookrightarrow ...
3
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0answers
76 views

independent symmetric 3-valued random variables in Lp

Consider the following excerpt from this paper: Given $1<p<2$, $0<w\leq 1$ and $n\in\mathbb{N}$, we fix once and for all a sequence $f_j^{(n)}=f_{p,w,j}^{(n)}$, $1\leq j\leq n$, of ...
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0answers
84 views

What is the trace of this operator in $L^\infty$ (if this question make sense)?

Let $\Omega$ be a closed domain in $\mathbb{R}^N$, and $\lambda$ the corresponding Lebesgue measure. We define in $(L^\infty(\Omega), \Vert \cdot \Vert_\infty)$ the following operator : ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Rearrangments of Fourier series

Suppose one has a schauder basis $\{f_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ for $L^p([0,1])$ and we wish to expand a function $f \in L^p([0,1])$ in our basis to get the expression $$f(y)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n ...
2
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1answer
106 views

A question on p-summing operators

Let $(x_{n})_{n}$ be a $p$-summable sequence in a Banach space $X$. Define an operator $T$ from $l_{q}$(where $q=p/(p-1)$) to $X$ by $Te_{n}=x_{n}(n=1,2...)$. Is $T$ a $p$-summing operator?
2
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1answer
110 views

When do Borel $\sigma$-algebras generated by the total variation norm and the weak* topology coincide?

I am almost certain that I read somewhere that the following is true, but I cannot seem to locate the reference. I would be most appreciative if someone could point me to a reference. The result was ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Banach-Stone Theorem in Lipschitz-free spaces

If $T$ is a nonlinear surjective isometry from Lipschitz-free space $\mathcal{F}(M)$ to $\mathcal{F}(N)$($M,N$ are metric spaces), is $M$ homeomorphic to $N$?
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1answer
203 views

Open problems in Banach spaces, universality

I have gathered a list of universality problems in Banach spaces which have been solved: 1.The non existence of a separable reflexive space universal for the class of separable reflexive spaces. ...
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113 views

SubGROUPs of Banach spaces, when are they dense in a vector subspace?

It’s relatively easy to show that if $J$ is a closed subgroup of a finite-dimensional real Banach space, $B$, then it is a vector subspace iff for all bounded linear functionals $\sigma$ of $B$, ...
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114 views

Matrix norm on $L^p$ operator algebras

I have a question about the framework of $L^p$ operator algebras ($1<p<\infty$), i.e. norm-closed subalgebras of $B(L^p(X,\mu))$ for some measure space $(X,\mu)$ (see e.g. ...
3
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1answer
119 views

Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that $$ \mathcal W\subset ...
5
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1answer
186 views

Location of a Banach Space inside its bidual

Let $X$ be a Banach Space and let $Y$ be a closed subspace of $X^{**}$ such that $X\bigcap Y=0$. Let $P$ be the quotient map from $X^{**}$ onto $X^{**}/ Y$. I need to prove or refute that ...
12
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1answer
539 views

Are “most” operators on an infinite-dimensional complex Banach space “diagonalizable”?

This is true for finite-dimensional spaces: the diagonal operators on a finite dimensional complex vector space form contain a dense open set and the nondiagonalizable operators have measure 0. To be ...
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100 views

Estimates of entropy of functional spaces

Let $M^n$ be a compact $n$-dimensional manifold. For $k\geq 0$ let us denote by $C^k(M)$ the Banach space of $k$ times continuously differentiable functions, and $B_{C^k}$ denote the unit ball of it. ...
3
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2answers
163 views

Basis equivalent with a monotone basis

Given a basis in a Banach space $X$, can one find, for every $\varepsilon>0$, an equivalent basis with basis constant at most $1+\varepsilon$? In $L_p[0,1]$ with $1<p<\infty$ any monotone ...
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votes
4answers
432 views

Between Tietze's and Dugundji's Extension Theorems

The celebrated Tietze Extension Theorem asserts that any continuous real-valued function defined on a closed subset of a normal space, can be extended to a continuous function on the whole space. Seen ...
4
votes
3answers
564 views

reflexive banach space

I want to ask this non-expert question: What does it mean geometrically for a Banach space to be reflexive? Well, we could say a Banach space is reflexive iff unit ball is weakly compact. Or some ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

A question in Banach space

Given $A\in\Bbb R^{m\times n}$, define $$\gamma_2(A)=\min_{XY=A}\max_{i,j}\|x_i\|_{\ell_2}\|y_j\|_{\ell_2}$$ where rows of $X$,columns of $Y$ given by $\{x_i\}_{i=1}^m,\{y_j\}_{j=1}^n$ respectively. ...
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198 views

Lipschitz-free spaces of $\mathbb R^n$

We define $$ \text{Lip}_0(\mathbb R^n)=\{f:\mathbb R^n\rightarrow \mathbb R, \text{such that $f(0)=0$ and } \sup_{x\not=y}\frac{\vert f(x)-f(y)\vert}{\vert x-y\vert}<+\infty. \} $$ It is well-known ...
2
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2answers
111 views

Infinite direct sum of $l_2^{(n_k)}$ contains a complemented isometric copy of $l_2$

How do I show that for any increasing sequence $(n_k) \subseteq \mathbb{N}$, the space $\left( \oplus _{k=1} ^\infty l_2 ^{(n_k)} \right) _\infty$ contains a complemented isometric copy of $l_2$?
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1answer
133 views

Banach space dual to $L^\infty(I,H^1(M))$

What is the dual to $L^\infty (I,H^1(M))$?, where $I$ is an interval in the real line; $H^1(M)$ is Sobolev space of degree 1, and $M$ is a compact manifold like the torus. Any references that show ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Predual of a subspace

Let $E$ be a Banach space, let $d\ge 1$ be an integer. Let $\mathcal G$ be a weakly closed subspace of $(E^*)^d$ with finite codimension. I would like know if the space $\mathcal G$ is a dual space ...
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126 views

Inductive/Projective Limits of Topological Algebras

It is common to form inductive/projective limits of Banach/Frechet spaces in order to come up with natural topologies for common vector spaces. For instance, For $k \ge 0$ and $K_n$ compact ...
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2answers
441 views

Ultraweak topology on B(X): Is the map X\otimes X* -> B(X)* isometric?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Consider the map $$ \alpha\colon X\hat{\otimes} X^* \to B(X)^*, $$ defined one simple tensors as $$ \alpha(\xi\otimes\eta)(a) = \eta(a(\xi)).\quad (\xi\in X, \eta\in X^*, ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Is this structure a Banach bundle?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Put $Y=\{ \phi\in X^{*}\mid\;\; \parallel \phi \parallel\leq 1\;\; \&\;\; \phi \neq 0\}$ which is a locally compact Hausdorf space with the weak star topology. ...
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0answers
93 views

A question on metric characterization of approximation property

My question is: a Banach space $X$ has the approximation property if and only if for every $\epsilon>0$ and every compact subset $K\subset X$, there exists a Lipschitz map $T: X\rightarrow X$ with ...
3
votes
4answers
659 views

Non-separable Banach space

The vector space $C_b(\mathbb R)$ of bounded continuous functions on $\mathbb R$ is non-separable: it is possible to produce a direct proof of this fact, mimicking the standard proof for the ...
6
votes
1answer
455 views

Are $L^\infty(\Bbb R)$ and $L^2(\Bbb R)$ homeomorphic?

It's easy to see that, for $1\le p,q< \infty$ the spaces $L^p(\Bbb R)$ and $L^q(\Bbb R)$ of $p$-th and $q$-th power integrable functions on the real line are homeomorphic as topological spaces. In ...
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vote
1answer
113 views

Approximation Property: Decomposition

This thread originated from MSE: Approximation Property: Decomposition Given a Banach space $E$. Consider a finite rank operator $F\in\mathcal{F}(X,E)$. Introduce a basis on the finite dimensional ...
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74 views

Approximation Property: Characterization

Problem Given a Banach space $E$. Denote compact sets by $\mathcal{C}$, compact operators by $\mathcal{C}(X,Y)$, and finite rank operators by $\mathcal{F}(X,Y)$. Suppose it has the approximation ...
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76 views

Compact Approximation

This thread originated from MSE: Compact Approximation This is meant as lemma for: Approximation Property Given a Banach space $E$. Denote compact domains by $\mathcal{C}$. Denote compact ...
5
votes
1answer
316 views

Non-reflexive Banach space s.t. X,X*,X**,… are separable

Is there an infinite-dimensional Banach space $X$, which is not reflexive, such that all the spaces $X,X^{\ast},X^{\ast\ast}, X^{\ast\ast\ast},\dots$ are separable?
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86 views

Can we conclude that $\varphi(L_xf_0)\neq0$ for every $x\in G$?

Let $H$ be a compact subgroup of locally compact topological group $G$ and $A=\{f\in L^1(G); R_hf=f(a,e)\forall h\in H\}$ as a subalgebra of $L^1(G)$ by convolution of $L^1(G)$. If $\varphi \in ...
7
votes
1answer
155 views

Dual of Banach-valued $L^p$ [duplicate]

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional Banach space and let $p\in(1,+\infty)$. We may define $L^p(\mathbb R;X)$. Is it always true that the topological dual of $L^p(\mathbb R;X)$ is $L^{p'}(\mathbb ...
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51 views

Completeness of spaces $\Lambda(\varphi, p)$

Definition 1. Let $f$ be measurable function on a mesurable subset $E\subset \mathbb R^n$. Non-increasing rearrangement of $f$ is a function $f^\ast(x)=\inf\{s>0: \operatorname{mes} E[|f| > s] ...
7
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113 views

Approximate singular value decomposition in Banach spaces

I am interested in generalisations to Banach spaces of the following construction, which relates to the singular value decomposition of a finite-dimensional linear map. If $V$, $W$ are ...
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72 views

A reasonable framework to study properties of operator $A \mapsto KAK$ on Banach space

Let $K$ be a continuous linear operator on $C[0,1]$ (more, precisely, it is a linear integral operator). Then $K$ defines a continous linear operator $\widehat K$ on $\mathcal L(C[0,1])$ by the rule ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Integration in C^* algebra

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a C${}^*$ algebra and $\mathbb{R}\ni s \mapsto \alpha_s$ a continuous family of its automorphisms. Is it true that $$ \int d s \, f(s)\, \alpha_s(A) $$ is well defined as a ...